Monday, 29 August 2016

DU30's 4 POINT AGENDA AGAINST TAX EVADERS

Discover the indicators of being a tax evader! Register using the link below:
http://emelinotmaestro.com/…/63-fingerprints-of-tax-evasion/
DU30's 4 POINT-AGENDA aganist TAX EVADERS
1. AUDIT INVESTIGATION so that a clear and concrete evidences may be uncovered which will be used against a suspected tax evaders and in support of mentioning the names of suspected tax evaders in quad-media
2. PUBLIC HUMILIATION so that the kids and spouse of a suspected tax evader will be the talk of their school, neigbourhood, community and circles of friends, bank-employees, suppliers and customers
3. POLICE ARREST/INVITATION so that uniformed policemen will knock on the doors of a suspected tax evaders' offices, houses or residences, invite the suspected tax evader for questioning at their police station and escort them, in full view of their neighbours, relatives and friends, to a waiting police car
4. HOLD DEPARTURE ORDER so that a suspected tax evader may no longer travel outside the Philippines' archiepelago
You have until September 13 to register for a free 2-day lecture, training and workshop on 63 Fingerprints of Tax Evasion else you will pay certain fee. If you value your privacy and needs utmost confidentiality, you may contact ETM for a one-on-one lecture and guidance on how to cure your disability or disease which may be called TAX EVASION
ATTEND: Upcoming 5th and 6th Trabaho at Negosyo for all Small and Start-up Accountants, Bookkeepers and Consultant for details please go toEmelinoTMaestro.com

Saturday, 27 August 2016

RAO 1-2013 BIR organisation

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE
BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE
Quezon City

February 12, 2013


REVENUE ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 1-2013

SUBJECT       :       ORGANIZATION   AND   FUNCTIONS   OF   THE   INTERNAL
                               AFFAIRS SERVICES, ITS DIVISION S AND SECTIONS

TO                 :       All Internal Revenue Officials and Employees


I.           OBJECTIVE:

                  This Order defines the organization and functions of the Internal   Affairs Service including its divisions and their sections pursuant to the Rationalization Plan under Executive Order No. 366.

II.         ORAGANIZATION:

             The Internal Affairs Service shall be under the direct supervision of the Deputy Commissioner for Legal Group. It shall be headed by an Assistant Commissioner and shall be composed of the following divisions with their respective sections:

A.      Internal Investigation Division
1.       Anti-Graft and Investigation Section
2.       Security and Inspection Section

B.      Personnel Adjudication Division
1.       Hearing Panel Section I
2.       Hearing Panel Section II
3.       Hearing Panel Section III

III.         FUNCTIONS:

INTERNAL AFFAIRS SERVICE

1.     Performs   staff,     advisory    and    consultative    functions     relative     to
        Preliminary/fact-finding      Investigation     and       prosecution,         formal
 Investigation/hearing     of   administrative    cases   filed   against   revenue
Personnel   and   security    program    of   the    Bureau,    as   well   as     the
Implementation   of   the   anti-corruption   program   under   the   integrity
Development Action Plan (IDAP); 
   

2.    Formulates policies and administers work programs, standards,   guidelines
       And procedures, including forms relative to the abovementioned functions;

3.    Formulates,     Implements       and       monitors       the         anti-corruption
       Programs/projects, including other matters covered under the IDAP;

4.    Conducts   preliminary   fact-finding    investigation    and   prosecution    of
       Administrative cases filed against revenue personnel;

5.    Conducts formal investigation/hearing of administrative charges   formally
       filed against erring revenue personnel;

6.    Prepares and recommends appropriate actions/decisions on administrative
       cases heard;

7.    Implements  physical  security  program  to  safeguard  personnel,  records,
       Equipment, installation and other properties of the Bureau.

8.    Provides  guidance   and   operational   directional  direction to all  divisions
       Under the service relative to the abovementioned functions;

9.    Coordinates    with     proper    offices   in    the     implementation    of    the
       Abovementioned functions;

10.  Monitors,   evaluates   and   improves programs and activities under the
        Responsibility of the Service;

11.  Reviews, recommends and/or approves all reports and other actions of
        The division under the Service;

12.   Monitors   and   coordinates   the   activities of the Regional Investigation
         Division of the Regional Offices pertaining to the fact-finding investigation
         Of administrative cases of Bureau personnel;

13.   Consolidates   and/or prepares prescribed   reports for submission to the
        Offices concerned; and

14.   Performs other functions as may be assigned.

A.    Internal Investigation Division

1.       Formulates and implements policies, work programs, standards, guidelines and procedures, including forms, relative to the preliminary/fact finding investigation and prosecution of administrative.
                 
               Cases filed against revenue personnel and the physical security
               program of the Bureau;

2.       Maintains systematic records of all administrative cases handled by the Division, courts and Civil Service Commission decision, resolutions and doctrines on administrative cases;

3.        Coordinates with the proper offices in the implementation of the abovementioned function thru the Assistant Commissioner, Internal Affairs Services;

4.       Prepares prescribed reports for submission to the offices concerned;

5.       Prepares revenue issuances relative to the abovementioned functions; and

6.       Performs other functions as may be assigned.

1.       Anti-Graft and Investigation Section

1.1       Evaluates the merits of all denunciations/complaints  and  reports
Against  revenue  officials  and  employees  involving violations of the  provisions  of  the  Administrative  Code of 1987 (EO 292) and the  Omnibus  Rules  Implementing  Book  V  of  the said Code and related  Civil  Services  Laws,  The  Code   of   Conduct  and  Ethical Standards  of  Public  Officials  and  Employees (RA 6713), the Law on   Sexual   Harassment   (RA 7877),   Anti-Graft   and  Corrupt  as implemented  by   RMO 53-2010,   illegal   enrichment   cases  and other   allied   laws,    administrative   issuances,   regulations  and prosecution thereon;

1.2       Investigates   all   allegations   of   fraud  or  falsification  or  those
Involving   misrepresentation  or  misdeclaration  in  the  personal data  of  BIR  employees  in  their  201  files  such  as   status,  age, educational  qualification,  Board/Bar/Civil Service  eligibility, and other pertinent data as may be referred for investigation;

1.3       Investigates matters regarding the failure  of  concerned  revenue
Personnel to correct and/or submit  his/her  Statement  of Assets, Liabilities  and  Networth  and  Disclosure  of   Business  Interest & Financial Connections as mandated by law;  
  
1.4     Conducts    integrity    monitoring   and   investigation   as  may  be
        directed    to   determine    whether   the    Bureau   personnel   are
        personally benefiting from taxpayers and their representatives, or
        from suppliers  or others  with whom the Bureau transacts official
        business;

1.5     Conduct     spot-checking    of   revenue    personnel   to   ascertain
        compliance   with   the   Civil   Service   Laws   and  Revised Code of
        Conduct for Revenue Officials and Employees;

1.6     Collates   and   evaluates   pieces   of   evidence  gathered after the investigation;  If  prima facie case exists, prepares the appropriate Formal    Charge/s    and/or   Preventive   Suspension   Order/s,   If warranted,      against      revenue      personnel      concerned    for consideration   and   approval   of   the   Commissioner of Internal Revenue;   If   no   prima   facie   case   exists,   prepares   a closing memorandum   for   consideration   and   approval   of the Deputy Commissioner,   Legal Group,   detailing   therein the facts and the law upon which is based  and  attaching therein pertinent records or documents;

1.7     Refers   the   entire   docket   of   the   administrative    cases   with
Approved   Formal    Charges against revenue   personnel   to the
                        Personnel Adjudication Division and retains certified photocopies
                        of said dockets for the formal investigation of hearing, and acts as
                        Prosecutors in the proceedings of the said administrative cases;

1.8     Refers regional cases to the concerned Revenue Regional Director
         for the  filling  of  the  appropriate  criminal case in case there are
         Factual and legal bases therefor;

1.9     Process   and   issues   clearance   and   certification  of no pending
         Administrative case for revenue personnel; and

               1.10. Performs other functions as may be assigned.     

2.       Security and Inspection Section

2.1     Oversees   the   implementation   of   approved   physical   security
Program   and   measures for the safeguarding of the personnel,
                        Records,   supplies   and   materials, facilities and building of the
                        Bureau,   particularly its computers   and other   communication
                        equipment;

2.2     Ensures  that  the  security  guards assigned in the Bureau perform
        Their duty in accordance with terms and conditions of the


         Contract entered into between the BIR and the private security
         Agency contractor;

2.3      Requires the submission of incident/spot reports by the private
Security agency, If necessary, and validates the same;

2.4     Conducts spot-checking of assigned security guards on duty;

2.5      Verifies the authenticity/correctness of the Summary Report of
Attendance of Security Guards and other related documents for submission to the Accounting Division for Billing Statement purposes;

2.6      Prepares and submit pertinent documents for security service
Contract requirements to the Bids and Awards Committee as requires under R.A. 9184;

2.7     Coordinates with the government agencies on security matters;
And

2.8     Performs other functions as may be assigned.

B.    Personnel Adjudication Division        
      
1.       Formulates and implements policies, work programs, standards, guidelines and procedures, including forms governing formal investigation/hearing of administrative cases of Bureau personnel for speedy, fair and judicious disposition of cases;

2.       Ensures the proper conduct of administrative investigation/hearing without necessarily adhering strictly to the ethical rules of procedure and evidence applicable to judicial proceedings;

3.       Prescribes and enforces rules and regulations to carry out its mandate;

4.       Maintains a systematic compilation and computerized files and digest of decisions and doctrines of court and administrative bodies;

5.       Coordinates with the proper offices and agencies of government in the implementation of the abovementioned functions;

6.        Prepares prescribed reports for submission to the offices concerned;

7.        Prepares revenue issuances relative to the abovementioned function; and

8.       Performs others functions as may be assigned.


       Hearing Panel Sections I, II and III           

1.       Conducts hearing of administrative charges filed by the Regional Offices, Formal charges prepared by the Anti-Graft and Investigation Section and approved by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, including sworn written complaint by any person involving illegal enrichment cases against revenue personnel, violations of Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act, Offences Punishable under the Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292), Civil Service laws and regulations and memoranda circulars;

2.        Causes the service of the approved formal charge/s  and/or preventive suspension order/s and other notices to the respondent/s and/or through his/her office;

3.        Evaluates testimonies of witnesses, as well as evidence presented during formal investigation/hearing submitted by the Internal Investigation Division, acting as prosecutors, or those files by respondent/s or his/her lawyer/s;

4.       Conducts studies and researches and issues resolutions on all questions that may arise during formal investigation, including issues on existing jurisprudence and principles on administrative law and adjudication;

5.       Prepares and recommends appropriate actions/decisions on administrative cases pending before it;

6.       Serves the approved decision/resolutions to the Internal Investigation Division, respondent/s regional Office, Personnel Division, Acounting Division and other concerned offices;

7.       Processes and issues clearance and certification of employees of pending administrative case; and

8.       Performs other functions as may be assigned.

IV.        REPEALING CLAUSE:

             All issuances or portions thereof not consistent with the provisions of this Order are hereby repealed or amended accordingly.


V.         EFFECTIVITY:

            This Order shall be effect immediately. 

Friday, 26 August 2016

Emelson, Dont place this in ETM Website, PSOC

Philippine Standard Occupational Classification 2002 Update

PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Able seaman 8340 Aircraft avionics maintenance 3145 Abrasives maker 8139 Aircraft cabin attendant 5111 Accountant (General) 2411 Aircraft loader 9333 Accupressure technician 3229 Aircraft maintenance officer 3143 Acidizer (oil and gas wells) 3117 Aircraft mechanic technician 3144 Acrobat 3474 Aircraft mechanic technician 3145 Actor 2455 Aircraft pilot (except transport) 3143 Actuarial assistant 3434 Aircraft production/maintenance 3145 Actuarial systems program analyst 2132 Airduct worker 7213 Actuary 2121 Airfield power technician 3145 Acupuncturist 2229 Airfield Services Officer 3144 Adjudicator 2421 Airframe fitter 7232 Administrative clerk 4190 Airlines steward and hostess 5111 Administrator 1110 Airmotive & equipment mechanic 7232 Admission clerk 4222 Airport control operator 3144 Advertising account executive 2419 Airport Engineer 2151 Advertising copywriter 2451 Airways communications services supervisor 1429 Advocate 2421 Airways communicator 3144 Aerial photo analyst 3131 Ambassador 1110 Aerialist 3474 Anaesthesiologist 2221 Aerobic instructor 3475 Anaesthetist 2221 Aeromechanic 7232 Analytical chemist 2113 Agar-agar cultivators 6414 Anatomist 2212 Agenda minutes officer 3439 Anesthesiologist 2229 Agent, employment 3423 Animal industry development technician 3219 Agent, employment placement 3423 Animal keeper 6590 Agent, literary 3429 Animal quarintine inspector 3219 Agent, musical performance 3429 Animal scientist 2212 Agent, railway goods 4133 Animal vaccinator 3223 Agent, sports 3429 Annealer 8123 Agent, theater 3429 Announcer, radio 3472 Agricultural breeding technician 3219 Announcer, television 3472 Agricultural production technician 3219 Anthropologist 2442 Agricultural products inspector 3219 Apiarist 6290 Agriculturist 2213 Apiary worker 9211 Agronomist 2213 Applier, veneer 7422 Aid, nursing, home 5133 Appraiser 3417 Air navigation services supervisor 1422 Aquaculture supervisor 1430 Air navigation system specialist 3143 Aquaculturist 2213 Air terminal supervisor 1422 Archaeologist 2442 Air traffic control specialist, station 3144 Architect 2141 Air traffic control specialist, tower 3144 Architect, building 2141 Air traffic controller 3144 Architect, landscape 2141 Air traffic controller 3144 Archivist 2430 Air traffic coordinator 3144 Art gallery and museum curator 2430 Air traffic safety technician 3145 Artesian well driller 8113 Air transport pilot 3143 Artificial breeding technician 3219 Air Transport Service Supervisors 1422 Artificial limb and brace maker 3229 Air-compressor operator 8163 Artist, commercial 3471 Aircraft accident fire-fighter 5161 Artist, concert 2453 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Artist, display 3471 Attorney 2421 Artist, forensic 2452 Auctioneer 3418 Artist, lithographic 3118 Audio visual aids technician 3131 Artist, recording 2453 Audio visual operator 3131 Asbestos cement product maker 8212 Audio visual systems technician 3114 Assembler, aircraft 8271 Audiometry nurse 2231 Assembler, composite products 8290 Audio-visual and other teaching aid specialist 2391 Assembler, electrical equipment 8272 Auditor 2411 Assembler, electronic equipment 8273 Author 2451 Assembler, leather products 8276 Auto body repairman 7213 Assembler, mechanical machine 8271 Auto Fuel dispatcher 4133 Assembler, paperboard products 8276 Autocad designer 2131 Assembler, precision-instrument 7311 Autocad operator 3122 Assembler, textile products 8276 Autolight mechanic 7231 Assembler, vehicle 8271 Automated assembly-line operator 8171 Assembler, watch and clock 7311 Automotive body builder 7213 Assembler, wood products 8275 Autopsy attendant 5153 Assembling laborer 9321 Auxiliary midwife 3232 Assembly-line worker, agricultural machinery 8271 Auxiliary nurse 3231 Assembly-line worker, aircraft engine 8271 Aviation Group Commander 3143 Assembly-line worker, doll and stuffed toy 8276 Aviation safety regulation officer 3143 Assembly-line worker, heavy machinery 8271 Baby sitter 5131 Assessment examiner 3417 Background digital artist 2131 Assessor, claims/insurance 3417 Background digital artist 3131 Assestment clerk 4121 Bacteriologist 2212 Assistant Bureau Director 1110 Baggage handler 9151 Assistant culture center worker 3460 Baggage porter 9151 Assistant Executive Director 1110 Bailiff 5169 Assistant land registration examiner 3439 Baked goods machine operator 8264 Assistant psychiatric social worker 3460 Baker, general 7412 Assistant Secretary, Office of the President 1110 Ballet dancer 2454 Assistant social worker 3460 Ballistician 2113 Assistant, administrative 3431 Ballroom dancer 3473 Assistant, computer maintenance 3121 Band conductor 3473 Assistant, computer/programming 3121 Band leader 3473 Assistant, computer/systems analysis 3121 Band Manager 1319 Assistant, Data Base 3121 Band-saw operator 8141 Assistant, EDP operators 3121 Bank collector 4215 Associate Dean, university 1229 Bantay Dagat 9213 Associate Judge 2422 Bar keeper 5123 Associate Solicitor General 1110 Barangay affairs worker 3460 Astrologer 5141 Barangay Chairman/Captain 1130 Astronomer 2111 Barangay health aide 5132 Astronomical scientist 2111 Barber 5151 Athlete 3475 Barber-hairdresser 5151 Attache 1110 Barker 9152 Attendant midwife 3232 Bartender 5123 Attendant, gasoline 5220 Bartender helper 5123 Attendant, nursery school 5131 Basketry weaver 7425 Attendant, Sauna Bath/Body massage/Foot sp 5151 Batch still operator, chemical processes, except petr 8154 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Beam warper 8252 Bottle sorter 9321 Beater operator 8142 Bottler /canner 7414 Beautician 5151 Bottling supervisor 1430 Beauty care equipment operator 5151 Bouncer 5169 Beauty consultant 5151 Boxer 3475 Beef cattle farm worker 9211 Braid maker, hand 7432 Bell boy 9151 Braid maker, machine 8259 Belly dancer 3473 Bread baker 7412 Bender, glass tube 7322 Breeder, pet dog 6290 Bessemer furnaceman, steel converting 8121 Brewer 8268 Bet bookmaker 4213 Brewmaster 7415 Beverage machine operator 8268 Bricklayer, chimney building 7122 Bill courier 4215 Bricklayer, construction 7122 Billing clerk 4215 Bridge or gantry crane operator 8333 Biochemist 2212 Bridge station supervisor 1421 Biologist (General) 2211 Bridge/Drainage engineer 2151 Biologist, aquatic 2211 Broadcast operations technician 3114 Biometrician 2122 Broadcast program traffic officer 3472 Biophysicist 2212 Broker, insurance 3412 Black & White Scanner 3131 Broom maker, hand 7425 Black and white developer 7344 Brush maker, hand 7425 Blacksmith, general 7221 Brush-painter 7324 Blast furnaceman, ore smelting 8121 Bucker 6320 Blaster 7112 Budgeting aide 4121 Bleacher operator 8142 Budgeting clerk 4121 Bleaching machine operator 8254 Buffing machine operator 7224 Blender, petroleum refining 8155 Builder, coach body 7422 Blender, tobacco 7416 Builder, nipa house 7121 Block layer and setter 7122 Builder, organ 7312 Blower, glass 7322 Builder, traditional material 7121 Blower, glass, scientific 7322 Builder, wooden boat 7123 Board Directors and Members, organization/e 1210 Building grounds maintenance supervisor 149 Board Member, organization/enterprise 1210 Building inspector 3151 Board secretary 3431 Building maintenance man 7129 Boat loader 9333 Bulldozer operator 8332 Boatman 8340 Bureau Director 1110 Boatswain 8340 Bus driver 8323 Body welder 7212 Bus inspector/supervisor 1429 Bodyguard 5169 Business conservation analyst 2419 Boiler fireman 8162 Business development/marketing specialist 2419 Boiler operator 8162 Butcher, abbatoir 7411 Boilersmith 7213 Butcher, general 7411 Boiling pan tender 8266 Butter maker 7413 Book editor 2451 Buyer 3416 Book embosser, hand and machine 7345 C T Scan technologist 3133 Bookbinder, hand and machine 7345 Cabinet maker 7422 Bookkeeper 3433 Cable and line installer 7246 Boring-machine operator, metal 8211 Cable driller, gas well 8113 Boring-machine setter-operator 7223 Cable driller, oil well 8113 Botanist 2211 Cable pulling 7246 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Cable splicer 7215 Cashier 4211 CAD/CAM engineer 2153 Cashier aide 4211 CAD/CAM operator 3131 Cashier Aide 4211 Calculating machine operator 4114 Cashier, bank 4211 Call center assistant/representative 4222 Cashier, cash desk 4211 Camber mechanic 7231 Cast concrete product maker 8212 Cameraman 3131 Cast stone maker 8212 Cameraman, photogravure 7343 Caster, hand, pottery and porcelain 7321 Candle maker 8229 Casting finisher 8223 Candle making 7333 Cataloguer 2430 Candy hand packer 9322 Catcher, fish, for aquarium 6490 Canvasser 5220 Catechist 3480 Captain 3142 Cattle herder 6211 Car driver 8322 CCTV operator 3132 Car washer 9120 CCTV/ Evidence Custodian 2153 Car window cleaner 9120 Cell phone technician 3139 Carageenan cultivators 6414 Cellophane bag maker, machine 8143 Carbonation man, sugar refining 8266 Cement finisher 7122 Card- and tape-punching machine operator 4113 Cementer, gas well 7122 Card dealer 4213 Cementer, oil well 7122 Cardboard lining machine operator 8143 Centrifugal separator operator 8153 Cardiologist 2221 Ceramics kiln operator 8131 Care giver 5133 Ceramics plant operator 8139 Career Executive Service Officer 1110 Cereal machine operator 8264 Career relation payphone & access services 4223 Chairman 1110 Caretaker, building 9141 Chairman, Commission on Human Rights 1144 Cargo checker 4133 Chamber maid 5121 Carpenter, bench 7123 Chancellor 1110 Carpenter, construction 7123 Chaperon 5152 Carpenter, finish 7123 Chaplain 2460 Carpenter, general 7123 Charcoal maker 6330 Carpenter, rough 7123 Cheese maker 7413 Carpenter, ship's 7123 Chef 5122 Carpenter, stage 7123 Chemical bleacher operator 8159 Carpenter, studio 7123 Chemical filtering equipment operator 8153 Carpet weaver, hand 7432 Chemical heat-treating plant operator 8152 Carpet weaver, machine 8252 Chemical Laboratory technician 3116 Cart pusher 9331 Chemical mixing machinery operator 8151 Cartographer 2157 Chemical processer, radioactive materials 8159 Cartographer 2157 Chemical processing plant operator, n.e.c. 8159 Cartographer, police & detective 3450 Chemical separating equipment operator 8153 Cartoonist 2452 Chemical still and reactor operator 8154 Cartwright 7422 Chemist (General) 2113 Carver, hand, stone 7113 Chemotherapy nurse 2231 Carver, wood 7422 Chief Education Supervisor 1411 Carver-setter, monument 7113 Chief Executive Officer 1210 Case worker 3460 Chief executive, corporation 1210 Case-hardener 8123 Chief inspector 3450 Cash clerk 4211 Chief justice 2423 Cash registrar clerk 4211 Chief of police 3450 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Chief of Staff 1110 Clerk, bookkeeping 4121 Chief of staff (jail) 3450 Clerk, bookkeeping machine 4114 Chief Operation Officer 1210 Clerk, calculating machine 4114 Chief penal institution program officer 3450 Clerk, cargo 4131 Chief prosecutor 1110 Clerk, coding 4143 Chief steward, ship 1490 Clerk, compilation/directory 4190 Chief, village, traditional 1130 Clerk, computing machine 4114 Chieftain, tribe 1130 Clerk, correspondence 3431 Child-care worker 5131 Clerk, cost computing 4121 Chipperman 8142 Clerk, counter 4212 Chiropodist 5151 Clerk, court 3432 Chiropractor 2229 Clerk, data entry/computer 4113 Chocolate maker 7412 Clerk, data entry/converter (card to tape) 4113 Chocolate products machine operator 8264 Clerk, data entry/electronic mail 4113 Choral group singer 2453 Clerk, data entry/punching machine (card and tape) 4113 Choreographer 2454 Clerk, data processor 4113 Cigar maker 7416 Clerk, Data tabulator 4113 Cigar production machine operator 8269 Clerk, Data transcriber 4113 Cigarette maker 7416 Clerk, disbursing 4211 Cigarette maker, machine 8269 Clerk, dispatching and receiving 4131 Cigarette production machine operator 8269 Clerk, enumerator 4190 Cinema projectionist 3132 Clerk, filing 4141 Cinematographer 3131 Clerk, finance 4122 Circuit equipment operator 3139 Clerk, fiscal 4190 Circus performer 3474 Clerk, information 4222 City community affairs officer 3460 Clerk, inquiries 4222 Civil Registrar 1110 Clerk, insurance 4122 Civil secretary 3431 Clerk, inventory 4131 Civil security officer 3450 Clerk, judge 3432 Clay mixer 8139 Clerk, law 3432 Clay slip maker 8139 Clerk, library 4141 Cleaner, aircraft 9132 Clerk, list/addresses 4190 Cleaner, building exterior 7133 Clerk, loan 4214 Cleaner, hotel 9132 Clerk, mail sorting 4142 Cleaner, office 9132 Clerk, material planning 4132 Cleaner, trains & buses 9132 Clerk, mortgage 4122 Cleaner, vehicle 9142 Clerk, payroll 4121 Cleaner, window 9142 Clerk, personnel 4121 Cleaning crew, restaurants & food chains 9132 Clerk, post office counter 4212 Cleaning machine operator 8254 Clerk, posting/verifier 4142 Clearing agent 3422 Clerk, processing & control 4132 Clerk ,data enumerator 4113 Clerk, production planning 4132 Clerk of works 3112 Clerk, proof-reading 4143 Clerk, dispatcher 4131 Clerk, records/personnel 4190 Clerk, accounting 4121 Clerk, securities 4122 Clerk, accounting machine 4114 Clerk, statistical 4122 Clerk, adding machine 4114 Clerk, stock 4131 Clerk, admission 4222 Clerk, stock control 4131 Clerk, appointments 4222 Clerk, stock controller 4131 Clerk, billing 4215 Clerk, stock records 4131 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Clerk, stockchecker 4131 Commercial traveller 3415 Clerk, storekeeper 4131 Commissioned police officer 3450 Clerk, storeroom 4131 Commissioner 1110 Clerk, supply canvasser 4131 Commissioner, constitutional body 1110 Clerk, supply checker 4131 Commodity broker 3421 Clerk, telefax 4112 Communication development engineer 2153 Clerk, telegraphic transfer service 4212 Communication rigger 7245 Clerk, teleprinter 4112 Communication telephone operator 4223 Clerk, telex 4112 Community development worker 2449 Clerk, ticket 4211 Community relation officer 1130 Clerk, ticket issuing/except travel 4211 Community worker 3460 Clerk, timekeeper 4190 Companion 5152 Clerk, transport 4133 Compere (emcee/show host) 3472 Clerk, travel agency 4221 Composer, music 2453 Clerk, treasury 4122 Compositor, cold type 7341 Clerk, wages 4121 Compositor, hot metal 7341 Clerk, warehouse 4131 Comptroller 1231 Clerk, weighing 4131 Computer application engineer 2157 Clerk, word processing 4112 Computer applications engineer 2131 Clicker cutter, machine 7442 Computer engineer 2157 Climatologist 2112 Computer file librarian 2139 Clinical associate 3221 Computer formatter 2132 Cloth weaver, machine 8252 Computer graphic layout operator 3122 Clown 3474 Computer keyer 4113 Coal-gas maker 8159 Computer librarian 2430 Coating machine operator 8143 Computer maintenance specialist 2139 Cocoa bean roaster 8267 Computer programmer 2132 Cocoa processing machine operator 8267 Computer services chief 2139 Coffee blender 8267 Computer systems engineer 2157 Coffee processing machine operator 8267 Computer technicians 3122 Coffee roaster 8267 Computer telephony integration engineer 2157 Coffee taster 7415 Concert pianist 2453 Coil winder, hand 8272 Concert singer 2453 Coil winder, machine 8272 Concertmaster 2453 Coke burner 8159 Concessionaire 6320 Cold roller, steel 8122 Concierge, building 9141 Collection clerk 4215 Conciliator 2421 Collector, bill 4215 Concrete finisher 7122 Collector, cash 4215 Concrete finisher, general 7122 Collector, charity 4215 Concrete shutterer 7122 Collector, debt 4215 Concrete-mixer operator 8212 Collector, money, vending machine 4215 Concrete-mixing-plant operator 8212 College Administrator 1412 Conductor, bus 5112 Color developer 7344 Conductor, orchestra 2453 Color seperation technician 3131 Conductor, passenger car 5112 Columnist 2451 Conductor, road freight 5112 Combat soldier (AFP) 0121 Cone operator, mine 8112 Commanding officer (AFP) 0111 Confectioner 7412 Commentator, extempore 2451 Confectionery maker 7412 Commercial artist 2459 Confidential agent 5169 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Congressman 1120 Coxswain 8340 Constable 5162 Crawler crane operator 8333 Construction digger 9311 Creative and performing artists 2459 Constructional steel erector 7214 Creative arts specialist 2452 Consul General 1110 Credit and collection clerk 4211 Consuls 1110 Cremator 5153 Consultant, dietetic/food processing 2225 Critic 2451 Consultant, nutrition 2225 Crocheter, hand 7432 Continuity and script editor 2451 Crocheter, machine 8259 Continuous mill roller, steel 8122 Crop protection technician 3219 Continuous mining machine operator 8111 Croupier 4213 Continuous still operator, chemical processes, 8154 Crude oil treater, oilfield 8153 Continuous sugar refining machine operator 8266 Crusher operator 8151 Contractor, construction 1313 Crushing machinery operator 8151 Controller, medical equipment 3133 Crystallizer operator, sugar refining 8266 Controller, robot, industrial 3123 Cultivator, bangus farm 6411 Controlman, petroleum refining 8155 Cultivator, fish farm 6411 Cook 5122 Cultivator, mussel farm 6413 Cook, private service 5122 Cultivator, oyster farm 6413 Cooker, chemical and related processes 8152 Cultivator, prawn farm 6412 Cooper 7422 Cultivator, seaweed 6414 Coppersmith 7213 Cultivator, tilapia farm 6411 Copy reader 2451 Cultural dancer 2454 Copy Writer 2451 Cupola furnaceman 8122 Core driller 8113 Curing machine operator 8254 Coremaker, hand 7211 Curricula developer 2391 Coremaker, machine 7211 Currier, leather 7441 Corn farmer 6112 Custom service officer 3441 Coroner 2429 Customer service supervisor 149 Corporate compliance manager 1239 Customer service assistant 4222 Corporate legal officer 3432 Customs inspector 3441 Corporate quality assurance manager 1239 Cutter, crystal glass 7323 Corporate secretary 3431 Cutter, garment 7434 Correspondent 2451 Cutter, glass 7322 Cosmetologist 5151 Cutter, glass, optical 7322 Cosmetologist (stage & studio) 5151 Cutter, hand, stone letter 7113 Cost accountant 2411 Cutter, leather 7434 Cost analyst 2411 Cutter, mosaic 7122 Cost controller 2411 Cutter, silk-screen stencil 7346 Cottage caretaker 9141 Cutter, stone 7113 Cottage industry worker 7331 Cutter, textile 7434 Cotton production technician 3219 Cutting machine operator, mine 8111 Councilor 1120 Cylinder pressman 7347 Counter checker 5220 Cytologist 2211 Counter clerk 4222 Dairy farm laborer 9211 Courier 4142 Dairy farm worker 9211 Court administrator 2423 Dairy product maker 7413 Court clerk 3432 Dairy product pasteurizing machine operator 8262 Court interpreter 2423 Dairy product processing machine operator 8262 Court legal service chief 3432 Dairy products machine operator 8262 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Dairy technician 3219 Developer, black and white 7344 Dancer, ballet 2454 Developer, color 7344 Dancer, beerhouse 3473 Developer, film color 7344 Dancer, cultural 2454 Dialysis technician 3133 Dancer, nightclub 3473 Die maker 7222 Dancing partner 5159 Die-caster 8122 Dangerous drug relations officer 2229 Die-caster furnace operators 8122 Data analyst 2139 Die-presser, pottery and porcelain 7321 Data communications engineer 2157 Dietician (general) 2225 Data encoder 2139 Dietician, administrative 2225 Data entry machine operator 3122 Dietician, teaching 2225 Data entry operator 4113 Dietician, therapeutic/clinic 2225 Data management chief 2139 Diffuser operator, beet sugar 8266 Day care worker 3460 Digester operator 8142 Dean 1412 Digital systems computer operator 3122 Dean, university 1229 Dipper, ceramics 7324 Debt collector 4215 Direct lithographic pressman 7347 Decorator, ceramics 7324 Director 1110 Decorators and commercial designers 3471 Director of photography (motion picture) 3131 Decorators, lazers 7321 Director of the Board 1210 Deeds registry inspector 3439 Director, corporation 1210 Defense research officer 3450 Director, finance 1231 Dehairer, hide 7441 Director, government agency 1110 Delivery boy, newspaper 9151 Director, motion picture 2455 Delivery man 9151 Director, radio or television 2455 Deliveryman/crew 9151 Director-General 1110 Demographer 2122 Disbursing clerk 4211 Demolition worker 7129 Dishwasher 9131 Dental aide 5132 Disk jockey 3472 Dental assistant 3222 Dispatch rider 8321 Dental associate 3222 Dispatcher, aircraft 4133 Dental hygienist 2222 Dispatcher, road transport 4133 Dental technicians 3222 Dispatcher, train 4133 Dentist (General) 2222 Distribution manager 1235 Dentist, public health 2222 Diver, oyster 6490 Department Secretary 1110 Diver, pearl 6490 Deputy Administrator 1110 Dock master, dry-dock 3115 Deputy administrator, organization/enterprise 1210 Docker 9333 Deputy Commissioner 1110 Dockman-diver 8340 Deputy Director General 1110 Dockman-rigger 8340 Deputy Governor of Central Bank 1110 Doctor, medical 2221 Dermatologist 2221 Doctor's receptionist 4222 Derrickman, gas well 8113 Documentation Engineer Computer Graphic artist 2131 Derrickman, oil well 8113 Domestic cleaner 9131 Designer, industrial and commercial products 3471 Domestic helper 9131 Designer, interior decoration 3471 Doorkeeper 9152 Designing electrical engineer 2152 Dorm caretaker 9141 Desk clerk 4222 Dormitory manager 3439 Desulphurization treater, petroleum refining 8155 Doubler 8251 Detective, police 3450 Draftmans researcher 3118 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Draftmans technician 3118 Election field officer 3439 Draftsman, architectural 3118 Electric arc furnaceman, steel refining 8121 Draftsman, cartographical 3118 Electric power generation engineer 2152 Draftsman, civil engineering 3118 Electrical control operator 3139 Draftsman, electrical 3118 Electrical engineer (general) 2152 Draftsman, general 3118 Electrical fitter 7242 Draftsman, mechanical 3118 Electrician, aircraft 7241 Dredge operator 8332 Electrician, building 7241 Dredgeman 8113 Electrician, general 7241 Dressmaker 7433 Electrician, maintenance 7241 Drier operator, chemical and related processe 8152 Electrician, ship's 7241 Drilling machine operator, mine and quarry 8111 Electrician, stage and studio 7241 Drilling machine setter-operator 7223 Electrician, vehicle 7241 Drilling-machine operator 8211 Electricity and magnetism physicist 2111 Driver, ambulance 8322 Electro-cardiograph technician 3133 Driver, animal drawn vehicle, road 9332 Electromechanical equipment engineer 2152 Driver, animal train 9332 Electronic equipment assembler 8273 Driver, bus 8323 Electronics engineer (general) 2153 Driver, courier 8322 Electronics physicist 2111 Driver, dump-truck 8324 Electroplater 8223 Driver, engine, mine 8311 Electrotyper 7342 Driver, firetruck 8324 Elevated train driver 8311 Driver, locomotive 8311 Embalmer 5153 Driver, school bus 8323 Embroiderer 7435 Driver, trailer 8324 Embroiderer, multi-head machine 7435 Driver, train 8311 Embroidering machine operator 8253 Driver, tricycle 8321 Enameller, glass 7324 Drop-hammer worker 7221 Enforcement & intelligence officer 3450 Drug regulation officer 3449 Engine driver, mine and quarry 8311 Dry cleaner (hand) 9133 Engineer, aerodrome construction 2151 Dry-cleaning machine operator 8254 Engineer, aeronautical 2154 Dump truck driver 8324 Engineer, agricultural 2154 Dumper, garbage 9161 Engineer, automotive 2154 Dustman 9161 Engineer, bridge construction 2151 Dustwoman 9161 Engineer, building construction 2151 Dyeing machine operator 8254 Engineer, cartographic 2157 Dyer, leather 7441 Engineer, chemical 2155 Echocardiography technician 3133 Engineer, chemical (general) 2155 Ecologist 2211 Engineer, chemical process 2155 E-commerce administrator 2131 Engineer, civil (General) 2151 Econometrician 2441 Engineer, computer 2153 Economic enterprise manager 1233 Engineer, electrical 2152 Economist (General) 2441 Engineer, electromechanical equipment 2152 Economist (Specialized) 2441 Engineer, electronics 2153 Edge sawyer 8141 Engineer, geodetic 2157 Edible oils, press operator 8265 Engineer, heating, ventilation and refrigeration 2154 EDP data controller 2132 Engineer, highway construction 2151 EDP Input machine operator 3122 Engineer, hydraulics 2151 Education methods adviser 2391 Engineer, industrial 2158 EENT (ear,eyes,nose,throat) technician 3133 Engineer, industrial efficiency 2158 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Engineer, industrial machinery and tools 2154 Escort 5159 Engineer, marine 2154 Estate agents 3413 Engineer, mechanical 2154 Estate management officer 3413 Engineer, mechanical (general) 2154 Etcher, glass 7323 Engineer, methods 2158 Etcher, metal engraving 7343 Engineer, mining (general) 2156 Etcher, photogravure 7343 Engineer, mining, coal 2156 Etcher, printing 7343 Engineer, mining, metal 2156 Ethnologist 2442 Engineer, nuclear power 2154 Evaporator operator 8154 Engineer, outside plant 2153 Examiner 2411 Engineer, petroleum and natural gas, chemica 2155 Excavating machine operator 8332 Engineer, petroleum and natural gas, mining 2156 Executive Assistant, organization/enterprise 1210 Engineer, production 2158 Executive Director 1110 Engineer, public health 2151 Executive sales agent 3415 Engineer, radio transmission 2153 Executive Secretary 3431 Engineer, railway construction 2151 Executive Secretary, Office of the President 1110 Engineer, robotics 8172 Executive Vice-Pres., organization/enterprise 1210 Engineer, sanitary engineer 2151 Expeller, oil 7414 Engineer, ship 3141 Experienced worker seeking reemployment 0920 Engineer, ship construction 2154 Extractor operator 6330 Engineer, ship's, chief 3141 Extruder operator, metal 8124 Engineer, soil mechanics 2151 Fabric dyer 8254 Engineer, street construction 2151 Fabric examiner 7432 Engineer, structural 2151 Fabric repairer 7432 Engineer, telecommunications 2153 Faith healer 3242 Engineer, time and motion study 2158 Faller 6320 Engineering geologist 2114 Family caseworker 2446 Engineering/electronics technologist 2153 Farm demo technician 3212 Engineering/telecommunications engineer 2153 Farm demonstrator 3212 Engraver and etcher (Artistics) 2452 Farm extension service officer 3212 Engraver, jewelry 7313 Farm foreman 1430 Engraver, linoleum block, hand 7343 Farm machinery mechanic 7234 Engraver, lithographic stone 7343 Farm management technician 3212 Engraver, metal printing die, hand 7343 Farm technician 3212 Engraver, metal printing plate, hand 7343 Farmer, abaca 6115 Engraver, metal printing roller, hand 7343 Farmer, African oil palm 6123 Engraver, metal printing roller, machine 7343 Farmer, agave 6115 Engraver, printing 7343 Farmer, alligator 6290 Engraver, rubber, hand 7343 Farmer, banana 6122 Engraver, wood, hand 7343 Farmer, bean 6114 Engravers, glass 7323 Farmer, black pepper 6119 Enlarger, photograph 7344 Farmer, cabbage 6114 Enlisted personnel not elsewhere classified (A 0129 Farmer, cacao 6124 Entomologist 2211 Farmer, carabao 6219 Entry & Exit Vessels Processing technician 3141 Farmer, cashew nut 6123 Environmental sanitation inspector 3152 Farmer, cassava 6116 Environmentalist 2449 Farmer, cattle 6211 Epidemiologist, veterinary 2223 Farmer, chicken 6221 Erector, radioaerial 7244 Farmer, citrus 6122 Erector, structural metal 7214 Farmer, coconut 6121 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Farmer, coffee 6124 Felt hood former 8259 Farmer, cotton 6115 Fengshui 5142 Farmer, crocodile 6290 Fermenting room man 8268 Farmer, dairy 6211 Fiber aide 7431 Farmer, deer 6219 Fiber blender 7431 Farmer, eggplant 6114 Fiber carder 7431 Farmer, gabi 6116 Fiber classer 7431 Farmer, game cock 6290 Fiber comber, textile 7431 Farmer, garlic 6119 Fiber development officer 2214 Farmer, geese 6229 Fiber drawer, textile 7431 Farmer, ginger 6119 Fiber grader 7431 Farmer, goat 6219 Fiber lapper 7431 Farmer, grapevine 6129 Fiber mixer 7431 Farmer, hog raising 6212 Fiber picker 7431 Farmer, jute 6115 Fiber preparer 7431 Farmer, kapok 6115 Fiber preparing machine operator 8251 Farmer, kenaf 6115 Fiber rover, textile 7431 Farmer, maguey 6115 Fiber technician 7431 Farmer, mango 6122 Fiberglass maker 8139 Farmer, mongo beans 6117 Field clerk 4190 Farmer, papaya 6122 Field reporter 3472 Farmer, passion fruit 6129 Fighter Pilot 3143 Farmer, peanuts 6117 Fighter Pilot Escape & Evasion Training Instructor 2320 Farmer, pechay 6114 Filater press operator, chemical and related material 8153 Farmer, pili nut 6123 Film custodian 3131 Farmer, pineapple 6119 Film editor 3131 Farmer, quail 6229 Film preview assistant 3131 Farmer, ramie 6115 Final audit process engineer 2411 Farmer, root and tuber crop 6114 Finance associate professional, n.e.c. 3419 Farmer, root and tuberous vegetable 6114 Financial Planner/analyst 2411 Farmer, rubber tree 6129 Finisher, glass 7322 Farmer, salago 6115 Finisher, wooden furniture 7422 Farmer, sisal 6115 Finishing machine operator 8254 Farmer, soy bean 6117 Fire aide 5161 Farmer, spices and condiments 6114 Fire captain 3151 Farmer, sweet potato 6116 Fire control officer 3151 Farmer, tea 6129 Fire inspector 3151 Farmer, tobacco 6119 Fire marshall 3151 Farmer, tomato 6114 Fire protection specialist 3151 Farmer, tree nut 6123 Firebrick layer 7122 Farmer, turkey 6229 Fire-brigade/marshall 5161 Farmer, turtle 6290 Fire-fighter (General) 5161 Farmer, vineyard 6122 Firefighter specialist 3151 Farmer, white potato (Irish potato) 6116 Fire-fighting operative 5161 Farmer,beans and peas, except soybean 6114 Fireman 5161 Farmer,ube 6116 Fire-prevention specialist 3151 Farmhand 9211 Fire-salvaged specialist 5161 Farming adviser 2213 First mate 3142 Fashion designer 3471 Fiscal 2421 Feature Writer 2451 Fiscal examiner 3432 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Fish processing machine operator 8261 Food attendant 5123 Fishermen, coastal waters 6420 Food chemist 2113 Fishermen, deep-sea 6430 Food grader 7415 Fishermen, inland waters 6420 Food packer 9322 Fishery caretaker 9213 Food preparer 7411 Fishery enforcer 3219 Food preserver 7414 Fishery enumerator 3219 Food production coordinator 1222 Fishery helper 9213 Food production supervisor 1430 Fishery laborer 9213 Food repacker 9322 Fishery product inspector 3219 Food server 5123 Fishery technician 3219 Food taster 7415 Fishmonger 7411 Food-drug regulation officer 2229 Fitter, agricultural machinery 7234 Foodstuffs dehydrator 8265 Fitter, aircraft engine 7232 Foreman, general 1430 Fitter, aircraft, pipe and tube 7136 Forensic chemist 2113 Fitter, earth-moving equipment 7234 Forest concession guard 3449 Fitter, electrical 7242 Forest Ranger 2214 Fitter, electrical elevator 7242 Forest ranger 6310 Fitter, electrical generator 7242 Forest technician 6310 Fitter, electrical instrument 7242 Forester 2214 Fitter, electrical motor 7242 Forestry laborer 9212 Fitter, electrical switchgear and control appara 7242 Forestry technician 3219 Fitter, electrical transformer 7242 Forging press worker 7221 Fitter, electrical, general 7242 Fork lift operator 8334 Fitter, electronic computer 7243 Fortune teller 5142 Fitter, electronic signalling systems 7243 Forwarding agent 3422 Fitter, electronics, general 7243 Foundry worker 7222 Fitter, engine marine 7233 Franchise area manager 1317 Fitter, industrial equipment 7243 Franchise relation officer 3415 Fitter, medical equipment 7243 Freezer, meat and fish 8261 Fitter, metalworking machine tool 7234 Freight & shipping specialist 3142 Fitter, mining machinery 7234 Freight handler 9333 Fitter, office machinery 7234 Fruit and vegetable processing machine operator 8265 Fitter, printing machinery 7234 Fruit press operator 8265 Fitter, radar equipment 7243 Fuel tender 8159 Fitter, radio 7243 Fumigation supervisor 2229 Fitter, television 7243 Fumigator 3219 Fitter, textile machinery 7234 Funeral undertaker 5153 Fitter, turbine (except aircraft and marine) 7234 Fur bearing animal farm worker 9211 Fitter, woodworking machinery 7234 Fur fiber mixer, machine 8259 Fitter-assembler, internal combustion engine, 8271 Furnace operator, converting, non-ferrous metal 8121 Flesher, hide 7441 Furnace operator, hardening, metal 8123 Flight engineer 3143 Furnace operator, heat-treating, metal 8123 Flight instructor 2320 Furnace operator, melting, metal 8122 Flight navigator 3143 Furnace operator, refining, steel, openhearth furnace 8121 Flight radio operator 3132 Furnace operator, smelting, metal, blast furnace 8121 Flight stewardess 5111 Furnaceman, metal melting, except cupola 8122 Floatation worker, mineral 8112 Furnaceman, metal reheating 8122 Float-glass bath operator 8131 Furnaceman, non-ferrous metal converting and refin 8121 Flutist 2453 Furnace-operator, glass production 8131 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Geographer 2442 Groundskeeper 9141 Geological scientist 2114 Groundsman 9211 Geologist 2114 Grower, insecticidal plant 6139 Geophysical scientist 2114 Grower, medicinal plant 6139 Geophysicist 2114 Grower, nursery 6131 Germination worker, malting 8268 Grower, orchid plant 6131 Glass former 8139 Grower, ornamental plant 6131 Glass kiln operator 8131 Grower, perfumery plant 6139 Glass mixer 8139 Grower, rose 6131 Glass plant operator 8139 Grower, seaweed 6414 Glass temperer 8131 Grower, shellfish 6419 Glass tube maker 8131 Guard patrol 5169 Glass-annealing furnaceman 8131 Guide, sightseeing 5113 Glass-drawing machine operator 8131 Guide, travel 5113 Glass-making furnaceman 8131 Gunsmith 7222 Glass-pressing machine operator 8131 Gynecologist 2221 Glaze maker 8139 Hairdresser 5151 Glazier 7135 Hammersmith 7221 Glazier, building 7135 Hand compositor 7341 Glazier, construction 7135 Hand embroiderer 7435 Glazier, leaded-glass 7135 Hand launderers and pressers 9133 Glazier, patent roofing 7135 Hand packer 9322 Glazier, plate-glass 7135 Hand riveter 7214 Glazier, roofing 7135 Hand sewer 7435 Glazier, vehicle 7135 Hand sewer, fur 7435 Glove cutter 7434 Hand sewer, leather 7435 Glove, cutter, leather 7434 Hand-dipper 7324 Gold panner 9311 Handicraft designer 7331 Goldsmith 7313 Handicraft laborer (unskilled) 9321 Golf caddie 9152 Handicraft model maker 7331 Government Administrator 1110 Handicraft worker, carpet 7332 Government licensing official 3444 Handicraft worker, leather 7332 Government social benefits official 3443 Handicraft worker, paper 7331 Government tax and excise official 3442 Handicraft worker, stone articles 7331 Governor 1120 Handicraft worker, textile 7332 Governor of the Central Bank 1110 Handicraft worker, wooden articles 7331 Grader, hide and skin 7441 Harbor master 3142 Grader, stone 7113 Harbor patrol 5169 Grader, tobacco 7416 Hardener 8123 Graft investigation officer 2423 Harvester operator 8331 Grain milling machine operator 8263 Hat blocking machine operator 8259 Grave digger 5153 Hatter 7433 Greaser 7233 Head cook 5122 Greenkeeper 9131 Head waiter 5123 Grinder, card 7224 Head, village/tribe 1130 Grinder, glass edge 7322 Healer, drugless treatment 3241 Grinder, textile card 7224 Healer, herbal 3241 Grinding equipment operator 8151 Health physics technician 3119 Grinding machinery operator 8151 Health program research assistant 3221 Ground signalling technician 3145 Health program researcher 3221 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX 1229 Healthcare analyst 3229 Info communication service officer 1429 Heat physicist 2111 Information clerk 4222 Heating equipment operator 8163 Information editor 2451 Heavy equipment operator 8332 Information technologist 2139 Heavy truck driver 8324 Information technology officer 2131 Historian 2443 In-house counsel 2423 Hoist operator, construction 8333 Inlayer, marquetry 7422 Hoist operator, mine 8333 In-line reviser 3119 Home economist 2419 Inmate guidance officer 5163 Home-based personal care worker 5133 Inorganic chemist 2113 Homeopath 3229 Inspector, claims 3417 Honing-machine setter operator 7223 Inspector, electrical products 7242 Horticulture analyst 3212 Inspector, electronic products 7243 Horticulturist 2213 Inspector, government health 3152 Hospital aide 5132 Inspector, mechanical products 7233 Hospital attendant 5132 Inspector, postal 1425 Hospitality girl 5159 Inspector, quality 3152 Hostess 5159 Inspector, safety 3152 Hot roller, steel 8122 Inspector, sales 1449 Hot-dip plater 8223 Inspector, transport service, railway 1429 Hotel concierge 5139 Inspector, vehicles/pollution 3152 Hotel receptionist 4222 Inspector, zoning 3152 House detective ( Hotel) 5169 Installer, airconditioning plant 7233 House painter 7141 Installer, central office equipment 7245 House steward 5121 Installer, radio equipment 7245 Houseboy 9131 Installer, refrigeration plant 7233 Housebuilder (except traditional materials) 7123 Installer, telecommunication equipment 7245 Housekeeper (institutional) 5121 Installer, telegraph 7245 Housekeeper (private service) 5121 Installer, telephone 7245 Housemaid 9131 Institutional worker 5121 Houseparent 5133 Institution-based personal care worker 5132 Housing & Home site regulation officer 3413 Instruction supervisor 1412 Human resource development specialist 2412 Instrument technician 3119 Hunter 6510 Instrumentalist 2453 Hunting laborer 9214 Insulation worker 7134 Hydraulic, back hoe, excavator operator 8332 Insulation worker, acoustical 7134 Hydroelectric station operator 8161 Insulator, air-conditioning equipment 7134 Hydrogenation operator, oils and fats 8265 Insulator, boiler 7134 Hydro-geologist 2114 Insulator, building, general 7134 Ice cream machine operator 8262 Insulator, building, machine 7134 Illustrator 2452 Insulator, pipe 7134 Illustrator, technical 3118 Insulator, refrigeration equipment 7134 Imam 2460 Insurance adjuster 3412 Immigrant services officer 3441 Insurance assistant 3432 Immigration officer 3441 Insurance examiner 3412 Impersonator 8163 Insurance representatives 3412 Imposer 2158 Insurance risk analyst 3443 Impresario 2412 Insurance salesman 3412 Industrial robot operator 8172 Integrated social forestry technician 3219 Industrial security inspector 3450 Intelligence agent 3450 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Interior decorator 3471 Knitting machine operator, hosiery 8252 Internal combustion engine fitter-assembler 7231 Knitting machine setter 8252 Interpreter 2444 Kutsero 9332 Interviewer, media 3472 Labor & General foreman 1430 Investigation agent 3450 Labor contractor 3423 Investigator, police 3450 Laboratory clerk 4190 Investment development analyst 2419 Laboratory technician 3119 IPC & staff inventory supervisor 2139 Laborer, construction 9312 Iron works fabricator 7214 Laborer, construction building 9313 Irrigator 9211 Laborer, demolition 9313 ISP supervisor 1429 Laborer, maintenance 9312 IT and LAN technician 3122 Laborer, manufacturing 9322 Jacquard card cutter 8252 Laborer, mining 9311 Jacquard design copyist 8252 Lace weaver, machine 8252 Jacquard weaver 8252 Laminator, plastic 7345 Jail guard 5163 Land management officer 3449 Janitor 9132 Language researcher 2444 Jeweller, general 7313 Laser private operator 3133 Jewelry caster, hand 7313 Laster 7442 Jewelry caster, machine 7313 Lathe operator, capstan, metalworking 8211 Jewelry finisher 7313 Lathe setter-operator 7223 Jewelry polisher 7313 Launch master 3142 Jig maker 7222 Launch patron 3142 Jig tender 8112 Launch service supervisor 3142 Jiggerman, pottery and porcelain 7321 Launderer, general 8254 Job placement officer 3423 Launderer, hand 9133 Joiner 7123 Laundering machine operator 8254 Joiner, aircraft 7123 Laundry machine operator 8254 Joiner, construction 7123 Laundry pressing machine operator 8254 Jointer, electric cable 7246 Lawyer 2421 Journalist 2451 Lay evangelist 3480 Judge 2422 Lay minister 3480 Judicial Officer 2421 Lay preacher 3480 Judicial staff officer 2423 Layer, floor 7132 Justice 2423 Layer, tile, composition 7132 Kaingeros 9212 Layout man, stonework 7113 Kapok, farmer 6115 Leader, political party 1141 Key-punch operator 4113 Leather cutter 7442 Kilnman, brick and tile 8131 Leather goods maker, general 7442 Kilnman, malting 8268 Leather products assembler 8276 Kilnman, porcelain 8131 Leather sewer, hand 7442 Kilnman, pottery 8131 Leather sewer, machine 7442 Kiln-operator, brick and tile 8131 Leather-preparing machine operator 8255 Kiln-operator, chemical and related processes 8152 Lecturer 2399 Kiln-operator, porcelain 8131 Lecturer, college and university 2310 Kiln-operator, pottery 8131 Legal Councel 2421 Kitchen helper 9131 Legal adviser 2429 Knitter 7432 Legal analyst 2421 Knitter, hand-operated machine 7432 Legal and related business associate professionals 3432 Knitting machine operator, garment 8252 Legal assistant 3432 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Legal clerk 3432 Loomfixers 7234 Legal consultant 2423 Lorry driver 8324 Legal counsellor 2429 Lubrication man 7233 Legal liason 2423 Luggage porter 9151 Legal researcher 2423 Lumber grader 6320 Legislative Official 1120 Lyricist 2453 Legislative staff officer 3432 Macaroni maker 7412 Letter carrier 9151 Machine embroiderer 8253 Lexicographer 2444 Machine operator, braid production 8259 Librarian 2430 Machine operator, bread production 8264 Librarian aide 4141 Machine operator, candle production 8229 Library assistant 4141 Machine operator, carving, wood 8240 License examiner 3444 Machine operator, chocolate production 8264 License inspector 3444 Machine operator, coating, metal 8223 Licenser 3444 Machine operator, coffee bean processing 8267 Licensing officer 3444 Machine operator, confectionery production 8264 Life guard 5169 Machine operator, crushing, chemical and related pr 8151 Lifting truck operator 8334 Machine operator, drawing, wire 8124 Light and optics physicist 2111 Machine operator, extruding, metal 8124 Light rail transit (LRT) driver 8311 Machine operator, extruding, rubber 8231 Light van driver 8322 Machine operator, fiber-preparing 8251 Lighthouse keeper 9141 Machine operator, finishing, metal 8223 Lighthouse man 9152 Machine operator, footwear production 8256 Line installer 7246 Machine operator, furniture production 8240 Line technician 3114 Machine operator, halogen gas production 8229 Lineman 7246 Machine operator, hat-making 8259 Lineman, cable television 7246 Machine operator, labelling 8290 Lineman, electric power 7246 Machine operator, linoleum production 8229 Lineman, electric traction 7246 Machine operator, malting, spirits 8268 Lineman, telegraph 7246 Machine operator, meat processing 8261 Lineman, telephone 7246 Machine operator, milling, rubber 8231 Linguistic specialist 2444 Machine operator, packing 8290 Linoleum maker 8229 Machine operator, pastry production 8264 Liquor taster 7415 Machine operator, pattern making, textiles 8259 Livestock & poultry technican 3219 Machine operator, plating, metal 8223 Livestock worker 9211 Machine operator, soft drinks production 8268 Load dispatcher, electric power 8161 Machine operator, staining, leather 8255 Loan processor 4214 Machine operator, sugar production 8266 Local legislative staff officer 3432 Machine operator, tanning 8255 Lock operator, canal or port 8163 Machine operator, tea leaf 8267 Locksmith 7222 Machine operator, tire production 8231 Locomotive engine driver 8311 Machine operator, twisting, thread and yarn 8251 Log grader 6320 Machine operator, weaving 8252 Log marker 6320 Machine operator, winding, thread and yarn 8251 Log scaler 6320 Machine operator, wood products 8240 Log sorter 6320 Machine operator, woodworking 8240 Logger 6320 Machine riveter 7214 Logistics clerk 4122 Machine sewer 7435 Logistics manager 1235 Machine tool operator 8211 Loom threader, machine 8252 Machine-operator, ammunition products 8222 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Machine-operator, blowing, glass 8131 Maker, paper box, hand 7331 Machine-operator, bottling 8290 Maker, photographic film 7344 Machine-operator, canning/freezing fruits & ve 8265 Maker, photographic paper 7344 Machine-operator, cast stone products 8212 Maker, piano 7312 Machine-operator, cast-concrete products 8212 Maker, pottery and porcelain 7321 Machine-operator, casting, metal 8122 Maker, precious metal leaf 7313 Machine-operator, detergent production 8221 Maker, precision instrument 7311 Machine-operator, developing/photography 8224 Maker, stringed musical instrument 7312 Machine-operator, enlarging/photography 8224 Maker, umbrella 7435 Machine-operator, explosives production 8222 Maker, wooden model 7422 Machine-operator, grinding, wood 8142 Maker, woodwind instrument 7312 Machine-operator, grinding/chemical and relat 8151 Maker-up, printing 7341 Machine-operator, ice cream cones & wafers 8264 Make-up artist 5151 Machine-operator, leather production 8256 Make-up man (stage & studio) 5151 Machine-operator, match production 8222 Malt cooker 8268 Machine-operator, milling/flour 8263 Management information analyst 2139 Machine-operator, mixer 8268 Management information system designer 2131 Machine-operator, mixing, chemical and relate 8151 Manager, accounting 1231 Machine-operator, pharmaceutical products 8221 Manager, administration 1231 Machine-operator, photographic/film productio 8224 Manager, advertising department 1234 Machine-operator, printing/photography (black 8224 Manager, airport 1226 Machine-operator, printing/photography (colou 8224 Manager, automotive services 1226 Machine-operator, snack products such as co 8264 Manager, aviation 1226 Machine-operator, sugarcane crushing 8266 Manager, benefits 1231 Machine-operator, toiletries production 8221 Manager, broadcast stations 1234 Machinery erector and installer 7233 Manager, brokerage office 1226 Machinery fitter, aircraft engine 7232 Manager, budgeting 1231 Machinery fitter, general 7231 Manager, cargo and ramp service 1226 Machinery fitter-assembler, general 7231 Manager, circulation 1232 Machinery mechanic, general 7233 Manager, cleaning services 1228 Machine-tool setter 7223 Manager, communications station 1226 Magician 3474 Manager, compensation 1231 Magistrate 2422 Manager, computing services 1236 Magnetic recorder operator 3114 Manager, credit and collection 1233 Mail carrier 4142 Manager, credit card operations 1233 Mail messenger 4142 Manager, customer credit 1233 Maintenance clerk 4190 Manager, customer service 1232 Maintenance electrician 7241 Manager, dance studio 1239 Maintenance storekeeper 5220 Manager, department, mutual benefits 1232 Maintenance technician 3115 Manager, distribution 1235 Maker, accordion 7312 Manager, EDP 1236 Maker, brass instrument 7312 Manager, equipment 1239 Maker, dental prosthesis 7311 Manager, external audit 1231 Maker, ice cream 7413 Manager, finance 1231 Maker, instrument, meteorological 7311 Manager, flight control 1226 Maker, instrument, surgical 7311 Manager, flight operation 1226 Maker, jewelry 7313 Manager, flight reservation 1226 Maker, metal wind instrument 7312 Manager, front office 1233 Maker, optical instrument 7311 Manager, handicraft shop 1239 Maker, orthopedic appliance 7311 Manager, harbor department 1226 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Manager, industrial relations 1232 Manager, warehouse 1226 Manager, industrial zone 1232 Manager, welfare 1231 Manager, internal audit 1231 Manager/proprietor, catering services 1315 Manager, machinery rental 1233 Manager/Proprietor, construction 1313 Manager, marketing 1233 Manager/proprietor, guest House 1315 Manager, messengerial services 1226 Managing proprietor, communications 1316 Manager, personal care services 1228 Managing proprietor, storage 1316 Manager, personnel 1232 Managing proprietor, transport 1316 Manager, planning 1233 Managing-Proprietor, business services 1317 Manager, port traffic 1226 Managing-Proprietor, cleaning services 1318 Manager, production and operations, business 1227 Managing-proprietor, construction 1313 Manager, production and operations, commun 1226 Managing-Proprietor, personal care services 1318 Manager, production and operations, construc 1223 Manicurist/Pedicurist 5151 Manager, production and operations, hotels 1225 Manipulator, rolling mill 8122 Manager, production and operations, manufac 1222 Manufacturers' agent 3415 Manager, production and operations, restaura 1225 Marine craft mechanic 7233 Manager, production and operations, retail tra 1224 Marine engineer 3141 Manager, production and operations, storage 1226 Marine engineer officer 3141 Manager, production and operations, transpor 1226 Marine engineman 3141 Manager, production and operations, wholesa 1224 Marine machinery mechanic 7233 Manager, production and operations/agricultur 1221 Marine superintendent (deck) 3142 Manager, production and operations/fishing 1221 Marine superintendent (technical) 3141 Manager, production and operations/forestry 1221 Marine surveyor 3142 Manager, production and operations/hunting 1221 Maritime industry development specialist 3141 Manager, project development 1237 Maritime Industry Specialist 3141 Manager, promotions department 1234 Maritime Transport Service Supervisors 1423 Manager, public relations 1234 Marker tender 5220 Manager, purchasing 1235 Marker, garment 7434 Manager, railway 1226 Market Supervisor, retail trade 1442 Manager, research and development 1237 Market supervisor, wholesale trade 1441 Manager, sales 1233 Market aide 9131 Manager, scientific publication 1239 Market analyst 2419 Manager, specialized 1239 Market garden worker 9211 Manager, statement clerks 1231 Market inspector 3152 Manager, stockroom 1233 Market research analyst 2419 Manager, storage 1316 Marketing and Career Adviser 2419 Manager, storeroom 1233 Marketing Director, organization/enterprise 1210 Manager, student placement service 1239 Marketing executive 1210 Manager, supply 1235 Mascot 3474 Manager, technical publication 1239 Mason (general) 7122 Manager, telecommunications services 1226 Mason, monument 7113 Manager, telegraph office 1226 Masseur 3229 Manager, telephone services 1226 Master electrician 2152 Manager, traffic 1226 Master fisherman 6430 Manager, transport 1316 Master, railway station 1424 Manager, transport area 1226 Material planning/procurement officer 3416 Manager, transport station 1226 Mathematical assistant 3434 Manager, transportation 1226 Mathematical associate professional 3434 Manager, travel agency 1227 Mathematical statistician 2122 Manager, TV stations 1234 Mathematician (Applied Math.) 2121 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Mathematician (Pure Math.) 2121 Member of the Provincial Board (Sangguniang Panla 1120 Mathematician aide 3434 Member, Judicial and Bar Council 2423 Mattress maker 7436 Message handling operator 4223 Mayor 1120 Message writer 2451 Meat cutter 7411 Messenger 9151 Meat processing machine operator 8261 Metal bluer 8223 Mechanic motorcycle 7231 Metal caster 8122 Mechanic, agricultural machinery 7234 Metal cleaner 8223 Mechanic, airconditioning plant 7233 Metal coating machine operator 8223 Mechanic, aircraft engine 7232 Metal drawer 8124 Mechanic, aircraft engine service 7232 Metal extruder 8124 Mechanic, automobile 7231 Metal finisher 7224 Mechanic, automotive, light duty 7231 Metal finishing machine operator 8223 Mechanic, diesel engine 7231 Metal former, hand 7221 Mechanic, diesel engine (except motor vehicle 7233 Metal marker 7222 Mechanic, electrical 7242 Metal melter 8122 Mechanic, metalworking machine-tool 7233 Metal pattern maker 7222 Mechanic, mining machinery 7234 Metal plating machine operator 8223 Mechanic, motor truck 7231 Metal pourer 8122 Mechanic, motor vehicle 7231 Metal products assembler 8274 Mechanic, office machines 7235 Metal shipwright 7214 Mechanic, plant maintenance 7233 Metal sprayer 8223 Mechanic, printing machinery 7234 Metal-bending machine operator 8211 Mechanic, radio 7244 Metallurgical technician 3117 Mechanic, reciprocating steam-engine 7233 Metallurgist 2156 Mechanic, refrigeration plant 7233 Metallurgist, extractive 2156 Mechanic, small engine 7231 Metallurgist, physical 2156 Mechanic, telephone 7245 Metal-press operator 8211 Mechanic, television 7244 Metal-wheel grinder 7224 Mechanic, turbine (except aircraft and marine) 7233 Metalworking-machine setter, general 7223 Mechanic, woodworking machinery 7234 Metalworking-machine setter-operator, general 7223 Mechanical plant operator 8161 Meteorological scientist 2112 Mechanics physicist 2111 Meteorologists 2112 Media production specialist 2419 Meter reader 4215 Mediator-arbiter 2421 Metro aide 9162 Medical Aide 5132 Micro Biologist 2212 Medical assistant 3221 Micro computer operator 3122 Medical associate 3221 Micro editor operator 3122 Medical claims processor 3443 Microbiologist 2212 Medical radiation technician 3133 Microfilming machine operator 3122 Medical service aide 3221 Midwife, auxiliary 3232 Medical social welfare officers 3221 Midwife, professional 2232 Medical technologist 2227 Midwife, supervising 2232 Medical technologist, nuclear 2227 Midwifery associate professionals 3232 Medical volunteer 3221 Milk collector 7413 Medicine ward officer 3221 Milker 7413 Medico-legal nurse 2231 Miller-grinder 8151 Member of the Barangay Council (Sanggunian 1120 Milliner 7433 Member of the City Council (Sangguniang Pam 1120 Milling-machine operator 8211 Member of the Municipal Council (Sanggunian 1120 Milling-machine setter-operator 7223 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Millwright 7422 Native cakes/kakanin makers 7412 Mine and quarry brakeman 8312 Natural gas refining plant operator 8155 Mine cageman 8333 Naturopath 3241 Mine manager 1239 Nautical writer 2451 Miner (general) 7111 Naval architect 2141 Mineral analyst 2114 Neonetal nurse 2231 Mineralogist 2114 Net and system administrator 1236 Mining claims examiner 2114 Net and systems operation administrator 2131 Mining geologist 2114 Net maker, hand 7432 Mining plant operator 8111 Net maker, machine 8252 Minutes agenda officer 3431 Netwok development officer 2131 Missionary 2460 Neurosurgeon 2221 Mixer operator 8212 New accounts clerk 4122 Mixing- and blending-machine operator 8151 New worker seeking employment 0910 Mobile crane operator 8333 News analyst 3472 Model, advertising 5210 News commentator (broadcasting) 2451 Model, artist 5210 News correspondent/reporter 3472 Model, fashion 5210 Newscaster/broadcaster, radio & tv 3472 Model, mannequin 5210 Newspaper and periodical editor 2451 Modeller, pottery and porcelain 7321 Newspaper and periodical sub-editor 2451 Molder, abrasive wheel 7321 Nightclub dancer 3473 Molder, bench, metal 7211 Nightclub singer 3473 Molder, brick and tile 7321 Non-ordained religious associate professional 3480 Molder, floor and pit 7211 Noodle makers 7412 Molder, glass lens 7322 Notary public 2429 Molder, machine 7211 Nuclear physicist 2111 Molder, metal castings 7211 Numerical control machine setter-operator 7223 Money changer 4212 Numerologist 5142 Moneylender 4214 Nun 3480 Monks 2460 Nurse, auxiliary 3231 Mortuary beautician 5151 Nurse, consultant 2231 Motion picture camera operator 3131 Nurse, occupational health 2231 Motor grader operator 8332 Nurse, practitioner, independent 2231 Motorcycle driver 8321 Nurse, private 2231 Motorcycle escort 5169 Nurse, professional (general) 2231 Motorcyclist 8321 Nurse, public health 2231 Motorized farm plant operator 8331 Nurse, school 2231 Motorized forestry plant operator 8331 Nurse, specialized 2231 Motorpool supervisor 1421 Nursemaid 5131 Mountaineering guide 5113 Nursery aide 5132 Multimedia artist 3131 Nursery aide 5131 Museum guide 5113 Nursery laborer 9211 Museum researcher 2430 Nursery worker 9211 Musical arranger 2453 Nursing assistant 3231 Musical director 2453 Nursing associate professionals 3231 Musical director 2453 Nursing attendant 5132 Musician 2453 Nutrition program coordinator 2225 Mycologist 2211 Nutritionist 2225 National intelligence specialist 3450 Nutritionist, community/public health 2225 National security specialist 3450 Nutritionist, dietary 2225 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Nutritionist, public health 2225 Operator, electronic computer 3122 Nutritionist-dietician 2225 Operator, electronic equipment, n.e.c. 3139 Nutritionist-dietician, research 2225 Operator, engraving pantograph 7343 Ob- Gyenologist 2221 Operator, fertilizer plant 8159 Obstetrician 2221 Operator, fish hatchery 6419 Occupational analyst 2412 Operator, hydroelectric power plant 8161 Occupational theraphy technician 3229 Operator, incinerator, refuse disposal 8163 Odd-job person 9162 Operator, lathe, stone 7113 Office cashier 4211 Operator, lens grinding-machine 7322 Office equipment clerk 4190 Operator, lens polishing machine 7322 Office machine operator, reproduction process 7347 Operator, linotype 7341 Officer, excise 3442 Operator, loader 8331 Officer, flight operation 4133 Operator, metal furnace 8121 Officer, passport checking 3441 Operator, mill, chemical and related processes 8151 Officer, pension 3443 Operator, mineral crushing machine 8112 Officer, social security claims 3443 Operator, mineral milling machine 8112 Officer, social benefits 3443 Operator, mineral ore processing plant 8112 Officer, tax 3442 Operator, mobile plant 8162 Official, consular 3439 Operator, monotype keyboard 7341 Offset Camera technician 3131 Operator, nuclear power plant 8161 Offset pressman 7347 Operator, nursery farm 6419 Offset pressman, sheet fed 7347 Operator, optical equipment, n.e.c. 3139 Offset pressman, web fed 7347 Operator, ore furnace 8121 Oil pressman, edible oil 8265 Operator, ornamental fish farm 6419 Oiler 7233 Operator, paper pulp plant 8142 Ombudsman 1110 Operator, paper-making plant 8143 Open hearth furnaceman, steel 8121 Operator, paraffin plant 8155 Opening bridge operator 8333 Operator, photo-type-setting machine 7341 Operations manager 1421 Operator, plywood core-laying 8141 Operations research analyst 2121 Operator, power plant 8161 Operator, assembly-line, automated 8171 Operator, pumping-station, water 8163 Operator, blender, petroleum and natural gas 8155 Operator, punched-card machine 3122 Operator, boiler, ship 8162 Operator, reactor, chemical processes, except petro 8154 Operator, boring equipment, well 8113 Operator, roasting equipment, chemical and related 8152 Operator, cement production plant 8152 Operator, robot, industrial 8172 Operator, centrifugal casting machine 8122 Operator, rolling mill, non-ferrous metal 8122 Operator, chipper, paper pulp 8142 Operator, sand pro 8332 Operator, clay extruding-press 7321 Operator, sawmill 8141 Operator, coke production plant 8159 Operator, separator, chemical and related materials 8153 Operator, computer equipment 3122 Operator, solar power plant 8161 Operator, computer peripheral equipment 3122 Operator, steam engine 8162 Operator, continuous rod-casting machine 8122 Operator, steam power plant 8161 Operator, converter, chemical processes, exce 8154 Operator, still, petroleum and natural gas refining 8155 Operator, derrick, gas well 8113 Operator, still, turpentine 8154 Operator, derrick, oil well 8113 Operator, stone processing machine 8112 Operator, desk top publishing 7347 Operator, stone processing plant 8112 Operator, die casting machine 8122 Operator, synthetic fiber production plant 8159 Operator, drilling equipment, well 8113 Operator, telephone switchboard 4223 Operator, EDP 3122 Operator, teleprinter 4112 Operator, electric power plant 8161 Operator, tobacco conditioner 7416 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Operator, tobacco cutting machine 7416 Paper maker, hand 8143 Operator, treating equipment, crude oil 8153 Paperboard products assembler 8276 Operator, type-casting machine 7341 Paperhanger, wall 7141 Operator, typewriter, telegraphic 4112 Papermaking machine operator, back end 8143 Operator, water purification plant 8163 Papermaking machine operator, wet end 8143 Operator, wood processing plant 8141 Paper-making plant operator 8143 Opthalmologist 2221 Paraffin plant operator 8155 Optician 2226 Paralegal officer 3432 Optician, dispensing 2226 Paramedic nurse 2231 Optician, ophthalmic 2226 Parasitologist 2211 Optometrist 2226 Park administrator 3439 Orchard worker 9211 Park maintenance laborer 9162 Orchestra director 2453 Park sweeper 9162 Orchestrator 2453 Parking attendant 9152 Ordinary seaman 8340 Parks & games warden 5169 Organic chemist 2113 Parquetry worker 7132 Orthodontist 2222 Passport issuing officer 3444 Orthopedic footwear maker 7442 Pastor 2460 Orthopedic technician 3229 Pastry maker 7412 Osteopath 2229 Pastrycook 7412 Other barangay officials 1130 Pasture in-charge 6211 Outreach project worker 3460 Patent agent 2419 Oven/fryer man 7412 Pathologist 2212 Overseas operations officer 3423 Pathologist, forensic 2212 Overseas worker welfare officer 3423 Pathologist, medical 2212 Oxygen furnaceman, steel converting 8121 Pathologist, veterinary 2212 Package counterman 5230 Patrolman, police 5162 Pain clinic & ancology nurse 2231 Patrolwoman, police 5162 Paint sprayer, varnishers 7142 Patternmaker 7433 Painter 7141 Patternmaker, garment 7434 Painter, artistic 2452 Patternmaker, hat and cap 7434 Painter, automotive 7142 Patternmaker, leather 7434 Painter, building 7141 Patternmaker, textile 7434 Painter, ceramics 7324 Patternmaker, wooden 7422 Painter, construction 7141 Paviour 7122 Painter, decorative 7324 Pawnbroker 4214 Painter, glass 7324 Pay loader 8332 Painter, manufactured articles 7142 Paymaster 4211 Painter, portrait 2452 Pea farmer 6114 Painter, ship 7141 Painter, structural steel 7141 Peanut (ground nut) farmer 6114 Painter, upholstery 7142 Pedal vehicle driver 9331 Painting restorer 2452 Peddler 9112 Paleontologist 2114 Pediatrician 2221 Palmist 5142 Pedicab driver 9331 Pan handler 9311 Pedodontist 2222 Paper bag and envelope maker, machine 8143 Penal institution program officer 3450 Paper box cutting- and creasing-press operato 8143 Peon(unskilled laborer) 9311 Paper box maker, machine 8143 Periodontist 2222 Paper cutting machine operator 7347 Permit & licensing officer 3444 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Personal maid 5152 Planner, city 2142 Personnel specialist 2412 Planner, town 2142 Pest control technician 3219 Planner, traffic 2142 Petroleum refining plant operator 8155 Planner, urban 2142 Petrologist 2114 Plant entomologist 2214 Pharmaceutical assistant 3224 Plant quarintine inspector 3219 Pharmacist (general) 2224 Planter, forest tree 6310 Pharmacist, industrial 2224 Plasterer, fibrous 7122 Pharmacologist 2224 Plasterer, general 7122 Pharmacy Aide 3224 Plasterer, ornamental 7122 Philatelic artist 2430 Plasterer, stucco 7122 Philologist 2444 Plastic molding engineer 2155 Philosopher 2443 Plastic pattern maker 7222 Photo editor 3131 Plastic products assembler 8274 Photo lithographic technician 3131 Plastics extruding machine operator 8232 Photo-engraver 7343 Plastics injection-molding machine operator 8232 Photogrammetrist 2157 Plastics laminator 8232 Photogrammetry Laboratory technician 3131 Plastics products fabricator 8232 Photograph enlarger 7344 Plate metal worker 7213 Photograph printer 7344 Plate-glass polisher 8131 Photographer, commercial illustrator 3131 Plate-glass rollerman 8131 Photographer, general 3131 Platen press operator 7341 Photographer, news 3131 Platen pressman 7347 Photographic color processor 3131 Plumber 7136 Photographic equipment repairer 7344 Plywood press operator 8141 Photographic film and paper maker 7344 Pneumatic riveter 7214 Photolithographic lay-out man 3131 Podiatrist 2228 Photostat machine operator 3131 Police inspector 3450 Phychometrician 2445 Policeman 5162 Physical chemist 2113 Policewoman 5162 Physical therapist 2228 Polisher, metal 7224 Physical trainer 3475 Polishing machine operator 7224 Physician 2221 Political affairs officer 3439 Physician, public health 2221 Political scientist 2443 Physician/practitioner, general 2221 Pollution control aide 3152 Physicist (General) 2111 Polygraph examiner 3450 Physiologist 2212 Pond Aide 9213 Physiotherapist 2228 Population program worker 3439 Pickler, food 7414 Porcelain kilnman 8131 Pig farm worker 9211 Portrait photographer 3131 Pile-driver operator 8332 Post runner 9151 Pin boy 9152 Postal clerk 4142 Pipe fitter 7136 Postal Service Supervisors 1425 Pipe fitter, gas 7136 Posting clerk 4142 Pipe fitter, marine 7136 Postman 4142 Pipe layer 7136 Postmaster 1425 Piping charge hand 7136 Postmaster General 1110 Piping inspector 7136 Potter 8139 Planing-machine operator 8211 Potter, general 7321 Planing-machine setter-operator 7223 Pottery kilnman 8131 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Poultry farm laborer 9211 Printing scheduler 7347 Poultry hatchery worker 9211 Prison guard 5163 Power distribution and transmission engineer 2152 Private detective 5169 Power plant mechanic 7234 Private inquiry agent 5169 Power plant operator, steam 8161 Private investigators/criminology 5169 Power production plant operator 8161 Private police guard 5162 Power reactor operator 8161 Private secretary 3431 Power switchboard operator 8161 Procurement officer 3439 Power-shear operator 8211 Producer, chicken egg 6221 Practicum coordinator 2412 Producer, chicken meat 6221 Precipitator 8112 Producer, duck egg 6222 Precision-grinding-machine operator 8211 Producer, duck meat 6222 Precision-grinding-machine setter-operator 7223 Producer, motion picture 1227 Preparer, tobacco 7416 Producer, radio program 1226 Preserver, food 7414 Producer, television program 1226 Preserver, fruit 7414 Producer, theatrical 1227 Preserver, vegetables 7414 Product demonstrator 5220 Preserving cook, general 8261 Product manager 1233 President 1110 Production clerk 4132 President of the Republic of the Philippines 1110 Production inspector 3152 President of the Senate 1120 Production process operator 8212 President, college 1229 Production supervisor 1430 President, employers' organization 1142 Professional monk 2460 President, organization/enterprise 1210 Professional nun 2460 President, political party 1141 Professional regulation officer 3444 President, trade union 1143 Professional tutor 2399 President, university 1229 Professional, technical and related worker (AFP) 0113 Presidential legislative adviser 1120 Professor, college and university 2310 Presidential staff officer 3431 Programmer analyst 2132 Press operator, printing, cylinder 7347 Programmer application 2132 Press operator, printing, offset 7347 Project consultant manager 1237 Press operator, printing, rotary 7347 Project manager/contractor 1223 Press roller maker 7347 Promo girl 5220 Press secretary 1110 Promo merchandiser 5220 Presser, hand 9133 Proof-reader 4143 Presser, hand, pottery and porcelain 7321 Propagator, foliage 6131 Pressman 2451 Property custodian 3413 Pressman, letterpress 7347 Property officer 3439 Press-proof revisor 2451 Property/maintenance supervisor 149 Priest 2460 Prosecutor 2421 Prime miner operator 8111 Prosthodontist 2222 Principal 1412 Psychiatrist 2221 Principal, assistant 1412 Psychic healer 3242 Printer, block 7346 Psychologists 2445 Printer, general 7341 Public address equipment operator 3132 Printer, photograph 7344 Public relations officer 2419 Printer, silk-screen 7346 Public service supervisor 149 Printer, textile 7346 Publication circulation officer 3429 Printing machine operator 7347 Publicity writer 2451 Printing quality inspector 7347 Pulmonary therapist 2229 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Pump operator 8111 Reader, water meter 4215 Pumpboat operator 8340 Reading and writing teacher 2331 Pumping station operator 8163 Real estate broker 3413 Pumpman, petroleum refining 8155 Real property appraiser 3413 Purchasing agent 3416 Realtor 3413 Quality assurance/control inspector 3152 Receiving clerk 4222 Quality control chemist 2113 Receptionist (General) 4222 Quality control supervisor/foreman 1430 Receptionist, medical 4222 Quality control technician 3119 Recital coordinator 2453 Quality management representative 2419 Reconcilement specialist 3431 Quarry digger (manual) 9311 Recording artist 2453 Quarryman (general) 7111 Records management analyst 3431 Rabbi 2460 Records officer 3431 Radio and television journalist 2451 Recreation facilities attendant/aide 9152 Radio and television transmitting equipment o 3132 Recreational attendant 5113 Radio announcer 3472 Referee 3475 Radio communication operator 3132 Refining machine operator, oils and fats 8265 Radio communication technician 3132 Reflexologist 2229 Radio controller 3132 Refrigeration system operator 8163 Radio dispatcher 3132 Regional Director 1110 Radio engineer 2153 Regional Postmaster 1110 Radio frequency coordinator 3132 Registration officer 3439 Radio frequency engineer 2153 Reinforced concreter, general 7122 Radio laboratory technician 3132 Reinforcing iron worker 7122 Radio monitoring operator 3132 Relief and rehabilitation worker 3460 Radio phone operator 3132 Relief telegraphic operator 3132 Radio photo equipment operator 3132 Religion minister 2460 Radio station manager 1226 Religious professionals 2460 Radio, tv commentator 3472 Religious workers 3480 Radio-telephone operator (land-based) 3132 Remote sensing technologist 2112 Radiotherapeutic nurse 2231 Repairer, dental prosthesis 7311 Rafter 6320 Repairer, jewelry 7313 Railway & road vehicle loader 9333 Repairer, optical instrument 7311 Railway brakeman, freight train 8312 Repairer, orthopedic appliance 7311 Railway braker 8312 Repairer, photographic equipment 7344 Railway engine driver 8311 Repairer, precision instrument 7311 Railway passenger train guard 5112 Repairer, saw 7224 Railway shunter 8312 Repairer, telecommunication equipment 7245 Railway signalman 8312 Repairer, watch and clock 7311 Railway steam-engine fireman 8162 Repairman 7231 Railway transport service supervisor 1429 Repairman, electric meter 7242 Railway vehicle loader 9333 Repairman, electrical 7241 Railways Transport Service Supervisors 1424 Repairman, instrumentation 7242 Raiser, duck 6222 Repairman, telegraph 7245 Raiser, frog 6419 Repairman, telephone 7245 Raiser, hog 6212 Repairman, transformer 7242 Raiser, pearl culture 6419 Repairman, video electronics 7244 Rattan binder 7331 Reporter 2451 Reader, electric meter 4215 Reporter, verbatim 3431 Reader, gas meter 4215 Repro-cameraman 7344 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Reservation clerk 4222 Rubber goods assembler 8274 Resettlement and development officer 3413 Rubber millman 8231 Respiratory therapist 2229 Rubber molding-press operator 8231 Retoucher, photogravure 7343 Rubber plantation worker 9211 Retoucher, printing plate 7343 Rubber products machine operator 8231 Revenue collector 4215 Saddler and harness maker 7442 Revenue officer 2419 Sailor 8340 Rewinder, electric machine 7242 Sakada 9211 Rice farmer, irrigated 6111 Sales & collection supervisor, retail trade 1442 Rice farmer, lowland 6111 Sales & collection supervisor, wholesale trade 1441 Rice farmer, rainfed 6111 Sales analyst 3415 Rice farmer, upland 6111 Sales associate professional, n.e.c. 3419 Rice milling machine operator 8263 Sales consultant 3415 Rickshaw driver 9331 Sales helper/baggers 5220 Rigger 7215 Sales supervisor 3415 Rigger, aircraft 7215 Sales supervisor, retail trade 1442 Rigger, gas-drilling 7215 Sales supervisor, wholesale trade 1441 Rigger, hoisting equipment, construction 7215 Salesman, advertising 3429 Rigger, hoisting equipment, general 7215 Salesman, business services/advertising 3429 Rigger, oil-drilling 7215 Salesman, insurance 3412 Rigger, ship 7215 Salesman, real estate 3413 Ring spinner 8251 Salesman, retail trade 5220 Risk management analyst 2412 Salesman, technical 3415 Riveter 7214 Salesman, wholesale trade 5220 Road grader and scraper operator 8332 Salesman/saleslady 5220 Road roller operator 8332 Salesperson, door-to-door 9113 Road service worker 9312 Salesperson, market 5230 Road Transport Service Supervisors 1421 Salesperson, promo 9113 Road vehicle loader 9333 Salesperson, property 3413 Road-roller operator 8332 Salesperson, special offer 9113 Roaster, chemical and related processes 8152 Salesperson, stall 5230 Roller, non-ferrous metal 8122 Salesperson, street stall 5230 Roller, precious metal 7313 Salesperson, telephone 9113 Roller, seamless pipe and tube 8122 Salted egg maker 7414 Rolling mill operator 8122 Salvationist 2460 Roofer 7131 Sampler, mine 7111 Roofer, asphalt 7131 Sandblaster 7133 Roofer, composition 7131 Sandblaster, building exterior 7133 Roofer, metal 7131 Sandblaster, glass 7323 Roofer, slate 7131 Sauna bath attendant 5151 Roofer, thatcher 7131 Sausage maker 7414 Roofer, tile 7131 Sawmill sawyer, general 8141 Rotary driller, gas well 8113 Sawyer, precision woodworking 7423 Rotary driller, oil well 8113 Scaffolder 7129 Rotary pressman 7347 School dental assistant 3222 Rotary-drum filterer 8153 School President 1412 Rotogravure pressman 7347 School Principals 1412 Rough terrain crane operator 8333 School Supervisors 1411 Rubber calender operator 8231 Science research technician 3211 Rubber extruding-machine operator 8231 Scientist, animal 2213 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Scientist, bacteriological 2212 Sericulturist 6290 Scientist, forestry 2214 Service and related worker (AFP) 0123 Scientist, soils 2213 Service crew 5123 Scrap buyer 9113 Servicer, audio electronics 7244 Scribe 4144 Setter, marble 7132 Scriptwriter 2451 Setter, mosaic 7132 Sculptor 2452 Setter, tile 7132 Sea patrol supervisor 1423 Setter, woodworking machine 7423 Seaman 8340 Setter-operator 7223 Seamless pipe and tube drawer 8124 Setter-operator, wood lathe 7423 Seamstress 7433 Setter-operator, wood routing machine 7423 Seaperson 8340 Setter-operator, wood-planing machine 7423 Secretary 4115 Setter-operator, wood-shaping machine 7423 Secretary general 1110 Setter-operator, wood-spindle-carving machine 7423 Secretary, administrative 3431 Setter-operator, woodworking machine 7423 Secretary, community organizer 4115 Sewer 7435 Secretary, confidential 3431 Sewer, garment 7435 Secretary, executive, committee 3439 Sewing machine operator, industrial 8253 Secretary, executive, government administrati 3439 Sexton 9141 Secretary, legal 4115 Sharpener, cutting instrument 7224 Secretary, marketing 4115 Sharpener, saw 7224 Secretary, medical 4115 Sharpener, tool 7224 Secretary, office 4115 Sheep farm worker 9211 Secretary, parish 4115 Sheet-metal marker 7213 Secretary, sales 4115 Sheet-metal worker, aircraft 7213 Secretary, stenographic 3431 Sheet-metal worker, general 7213 Secretary-General, employers' organization 1142 Sheet-metal worker, ornamental 7213 Secretary-General, trade union 1143 Sheet-metal worker, vehicle 7213 Securities & Finance dealers 3411 Ship boarding inspector 4133 Securities and Exchange analyst 3411 Ship fitter 7233 Securities and finance dealers and brokers 3411 Ship pilot 3142 Securities custodian 3411 Ship plater 7214 Securities salesman 3411 Ship radio operator 3132 Security agent 5169 Ship sterward 3142 Security guard 5169 Ship wright appraiser 3142 Seismologist 2114 Shipping agent 3422 Senator 1120 Shipping broker 3421 Senior Deputy Governor of Central Bank 1110 Shipping operations inspector 3141 Senior network administrator 1234 Shipping operations officer 3142 Senior official, economic-interest organization 1142 Shipping supervisor 1423 Senior official, employers' organization 1142 Ship's cook 5122 Senior official, humanitarian organization 1144 Ship's deck crew 8340 Senior official, labor organization 1143 Ship's fireman 8162 Senior official, labor union 1143 Ship's master (inland waterways) 3142 Senior official, political party 1141 Ship's master (sea) 3142 Senior official, special-interest organization 1144 Ship's navigating officer 3142 Senior official, trade union 1143 Ship's oiler and greaser 8162 Senior Vice-President, organization/enterprise 1210 Ship's purser 5111 Sepulturero 5153 Ship's radio officer 3132 Sericulture worker 9211 Ship's steward 5111 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Shipwright, wood 7123 Sole pressman 7442 Shoe cleaner 9120 Solicitor 2421 Shoe cutter, hand 7442 Solicitor general 1110 Shoe finisher 7442 Song Group Manager 1319 Shoe patternmaker 7442 Sorter, newspaper & other paper products 9321 Shoe polisher 9120 Sound physicist 2111 Shoe repairer 7442 Speaker of the House of Representatives 1120 Shoe repairman 9120 Special assistant supervisor, organization/enterprise 1210 Shoe sewer, machine 7442 Specialist, education methods 2391 Shoemaker 7442 Speech therapist 2229 Shoemaking machine operator 8256 Speech transcriber 2451 Shop assistant 5220 Speech writer 2451 Shop superintendent, retail trade 1442 Spice milling machine operator 8263 Shop superintendent, wholesale trade 1441 Spinner, thread and yarn 8251 Shotfirer, mine 7112 Spinning machine operator 8251 Shotfirer, quarry 7112 Splicer, rope and cable, general 7215 Shunter, railway 8312 Splitter, hide 7441 Shuttle-car operator, mine 8324 Splitter, stone 7113 Signaller, railway 8312 Sports & Games Regulation Officer 3475 Sign-maker 7324 Sports & Entertainment Manager 1319 Sign-painter 7324 Sports coach 3475 Silk degummer 8254 Sports official 3475 Silk weighter 8254 Sports Trainor 3475 Silverer, mirror 7324 Sportsman 3475 Silversmith 7313 Spotter (dry cleaner) 9133 Silviculturist 2214 Sprayman 7141 Singer, nightclub 3473 Spray-painter, ceramics 7324 Singer, opera 2453 Spray-painter, except construction 7142 Singer, professional 2453 Staff officer (AFP) 0112 Singer, pub 3473 Stage director 2455 Site Manager 1313 Stainer, leather 7441 Slaughterer 7411 State College Vice President 1110 Slaughterhouse master 3223 State College President 1110 Sleeping or pullman-car attendant 5112 State Counsel 2421 Smoker, fish 7414 State University & Colleges President 1412 Smoker, meat 7414 State University Chancellor 1110 Smoking-pipe maker 7422 State University President 1110 Snuff maker 7416 Stationary engine operator, general 8163 Soap making 7333 Stationary jib crane operator 8333 Social science teacher, secondary education 2332 Statistical aide 3434 Social security examiner 3443 Statistical aide 3434 Social welfare officer 2446 Statistical assistant 3434 Social work associate professional 3460 Statistical associate professional 3434 Social worker, general 2446 Statistical processor 3434 Sociologist 2442 Statistical researcher 3434 Software designer 2131 Statistician (Applied Stat.) 2122 Software developer 2131 Statistician (General) 2122 Software engineer 2157 Statistics billing assistant 3434 Soil technologist 3211 Steam engine operator 8162 Sole fitter 7442 Steelman 7214 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Steeplejack 7129 Supervisor, transport service, air 1422 Stenographer and typist 4111 Supervisor, transport service, railway 1424 Stenographer, clerk 4111 Supervisor, transport service, road 1421 Stenographer, legal 4111 Supervisor, transport service, water 1423 Stenographer-typist (General) 4111 Supervisor/adviser, dietetic management 2225 Stenographic reporter 4111 Surgeon, general 2221 Stenorecorder 4111 Surgeon, oral 2222 Stereotyper 7342 Surgery attendant 5132 Sterilizing machine operator 8261 Survelliance officer 5169 Stevedore 9333 Survey statistician 2122 Stillman, petroleum refining 8155 Surveyor (general) 2157 Stock broker 3411 Surveyor, aerial 2157 Stone carver 7113 Surveyor, cadastral 2157 Stone cutter 7113 Surveyor, geodetic 2157 Stone splitter 7113 Surveyor, hydrographic 2157 Stone treater 8112 Surveyor, land 2157 Stonemason, construction 7122 Surveyor, marine 3115 Store assistant 5230 Surveyor, mine 2157 Store manager 1317 Surveyor, quantity 2159 Storekeeper 4131 Suspension bridge cable worker 7215 Story teller, radio or television 2455 Sweeper, market 9162 Street car washer 9120 Switchman (central office equipment technician) 7245 Street dancer 3473 Synthetic fiber maker 8159 Street singer 3473 Syrup man 7414 Street sweeper 9162 Systems analyst 2131 Stripper, black and white 7344 Systems designer 2131 Stripper, colored 7344 Systems researcher 2131 Stripper, tobacco, hand 7416 Tailor 7433 Stripper, tobacco, machine 7416 Tanner 7441 Structural metal maker 7214 Tapestry maker, hand 7432 Structural steel worker, workshop 7214 Tar spreading machine operator 8332 Sub-Contractor, construction 1313 Tariff analyst 3442 Sugar cane grinder 8266 Taster, coffee 7415 Sugar production machine operator 8266 Taster, food 7415 Sugarcane farmer 6113 Taster, liquor 7415 Supercalender operator 8143 Taster, tea 7415 Superintendent, school, city 1411 Taster, wine 7415 Superintendent, school, division 1411 Tatooist 3471 Supervising governor, organization/enterprise 1210 Tax collector 4215 Supervising maritime industry development 1423 Tax consultant 3442 Supervisor, communications service 1429 Tax enforcer 3442 Supervisor, district 1411 Tax mapper 2142 Supervisor, postal service 1425 Tax researcher 3442 Supervisor, production 1430 Taxi driver 8322 Supervisor, railway service 1424 Taxidermist 3211 Supervisor, sales workers 1449 Taxonomist, plants and animals 2211 Supervisor, sales, retail trade 1442 Tea blender 8267 Supervisor, sales, wholesale trade 1441 Tea plantation worker 9211 Supervisor, telecommunications service 1429 Tea processing machine operator 8267 Supervisor, transport service 1429 Tea taster 7415 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Teacher aide 3300 Teaching aids specialist 2391 Teacher for adult literacy 2352 Teaching assistant 3300 Teacher for the abnormal children 2353 Teaching associate professionals 3300 Teacher for the blind 2353 Teaching fellow 3300 Teacher for the deaf 2353 Teaching technology specialist 2391 Teacher for the exceptionally intelligent 2399 Technical and commercial sales representatives 3415 Teacher for the mentally handicapped 2353 Technical and vocational instructors/trainors 2320 Teacher for the physically handicapped 2353 Technical sales representative 3415 Teacher in advanced nursing 2310 Technical service adviser 3415 Teacher in agricultural science, tertiary educat 2310 Technical specialist manager 1239 Teacher in economics and commerce, tertiary 2310 Technical writer 2451 Teacher in education, tertiary education 2310 Technician, adding machine 7235 Teacher in engineering and architecture, tertia 2310 Technician, aeronautical engineering 3115 Teacher in history, philosophy, and sociology 2310 Technician, agricultural 3219 Teacher in home industries 2320 Technician, agronomy 3212 Teacher in industrial arts 2320 Technician, animal husbandry 3219 Teacher in languages and literature, tertiary ed 2310 Technician, automotive engineering 3115 Teacher in law, tertiary education 2310 Technician, biological 3211 Teacher in life and medical sciences, tertiary e 2310 Technician, chemical engineering (general) 3116 Teacher in Mathematics, tertiary education 2310 Technician, chemical engineering (petroleum) 3116 Teacher in medical therapy 2310 Technician, chemistry 3111 Teacher in physical sciences, tertiary educatio 2310 Technician, civil engineering (general) 3112 Teacher in social sciences 2310 Technician, cobalt machine 3133 Teacher in trades 2320 Technician, electric typewriter 7235 Teacher, agricultural science, secondary educ 2333 Technician, electrical engineering (general) 3113 Teacher, commercial and secretarial, seconda 2333 Technician, electrical engineering (high voltage) 3113 Teacher, domestic science, secondary educat 2333 Technician, electronics business machines 7244 Teacher, elementary mathematics 2342 Technician, electronics engineering 3114 Teacher, elementary school 2341 Technician, engineering, electronics 8172 Teacher, elementary science 2342 Technician, engineering/aeronautics 3115 Teacher, fine arts, secondary education 2333 Technician, engineering/chemical 3116 Teacher, general nursing, secondary educatio 2333 Technician, engineering/industrial-efficiency 3119 Teacher, head 1412 Technician, extractive metallurgy 3117 Teacher, kindergarten 2351 Technician, forestry 3219 Teacher, language, primary educatin 2341 Technician, geology 3111 Teacher, language, secondary education 2331 Technician, heating, ventilation and refrigeration 3115 Teacher, literature, secondary education 2331 Technician, industrial machinery and tools 3115 Teacher, mathematics, secondary education 2332 Technician, mechanical engineering (general) 3115 Teacher, natural science, secondary educatio 2332 Technician, mechanical engineering (motors and eng 3115 Teacher, non-formal education 2352 Technician, medical scanner 3133 Teacher, nursery school 2351 Technician, medical science 3211 Teacher, preparatory school 2351 Technician, medical X-ray 3133 Teacher, primary education 2341 Technician, metallurgical engineering 3117 Teacher, professional, primary education 2341 Technician, mining (general) 3117 Teacher, reading and writing, primary educatio 2341 Technician, mining engineering 3117 Teacher, reading and writing, secondary educ 2331 Technician, PABX 7245 Teacher, social studies, primary education 2341 Technician, petroleum and natural gas extraction 3117 Teacher, social studies, secondary education 2331 Technician, physical metallurgy 3117 Teacher, technical education, secondary educ 2333 Technician, production engineering 3119 Teacher, vocational education, secondary 2333 Technician, quantity surveying 3119 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Technician, reprographic equipment 7235 Therapist, physical 2229 Technician, skilled, semi-skilled worker (AFP) 0122 Threader, loom, hand 7432 Technician, standard manual typewriter 7235 Thrower, pottery and porcelain 7321 Technician, surveyor's 3112 Ticket checker 4211 Technician, telecommunications engineering 3114 Ticket collector 9152 Technician, time and motion study 3119 Ticket custodian 4211 Technician, ultrasound machine 3133 Ticket issuer 4211 Technologist, blood-bank 2227 Ticket sorter/encoder 4211 Technologist, ceramics and glass 2159 Tile setter, general 7132 Technologist, food and drink 2155 Timber carrier driver 8331 Technologist, fuel 2155 Timber inspector 6320 Technologist, microbiology 2227 Timberman, underground 7111 Technologist, process 2155 Timekeeper 4132 Technologist, radiologic 2227 Tinsmith 7213 Technologist, textile 2159 Tire builder 8231 Technologist, wood 2159 Tire molder 8231 Telecommunication service supervisor 1429 Tire rebuilder 8231 Telecommunications engineer 2153 Tobacco blender 7416 Telegram carrier 4142 Tobacco grader 7416 Telegraph carrier 4142 Tobacco preparer 7416 Telegraph operator - communications 3139 Tobacco processing machine operator 8269 Telegrapher 3132 Tobacco production machine operator 8269 Telegraphic trasfer service supervisor 1429 Toll fee collector/teller 4211 Telegraphic typewriter operator 4112 Tool grinder, machine tool 7224 Telephone switchboard operator 4223 Tool maker 7222 Telephone system supervisor 1429 Toolmaker foreman 7222 Telephone technicians 3132 Tour coordinator 3414 Teleprinter operator 4112 Tour guide 3414 Teletypist 4112 Tower crane operator 8334 Television announcer 3472 Toxicologist 2113 Television camera operator 3131 Toymaker, doll 7435 Television station manager 1226 Toymaker, stuffed 7435 Teller 4212 Tractor driver 8331 Teller, bank 4212 Trade broker 3421 Temperer 8123 Traditional medicine practitioners 3241 Tender, boiler 8162 Traffic Aide 5162 Terminal operations specialist 3441 Traffic enforcer 5162 Terrazo worker 7122 Traffic operations officer 3439 Test technician 3119 Train driver 8311 Tester, electrical products 7242 Trainor, vocational/technical 2333 Tester, electronic products 7243 Traning Center Manager 1319 Tester, mechanical products 7233 Transferer, direct lithographic 7343 Textile bleacher 8254 Transferer, photo-mechanical 7343 Textile calender operator 8254 Translator 2444 Textile fuller 8254 Transmission engineer 2153 Textile products assembler 8276 Transport conductor 5112 Textile shrinker 8254 Transport service operation manager 1421 Textile washer 8254 Transport tax processor 3442 Theater Manager 1319 Trapper 6510 Therapist, occupational 2229 Trapping laborer 9214 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Travel agency clerk 4221 Vendor, sidewalk stall 9111 Travel assistant 3414 Vendor, street ambulant 9112 Travel attendant 5111 Vendor, street food 9112 Travel consultant 3414 Vendor, wet market 9111 Travel organizer 3414 Veneer cutter 8141 Travel steward 5111 Ventilation equipment operator 8163 Travel tax officer 3441 Vermiculturist 6290 Treasurer of the Philippines 1110 Veterans assistance officer 3460 Tree bucker 6320 Veterinarian (general) 2223 Tree feller 6320 Veterinarian quarantine aide 3223 Tree marker 6320 Veterinarian, public health 2223 Tree tapper 9211 Veterinary assistant 3223 Trench-digging machine operator 8332 Veterinary laboratory technician 3223 Trimmer 7433 Vice Governor 1120 Trolley pusher 9331 Vice mayor 1120 Truck mounted crane operator 8333 Vice president 1110 Tuner, musical instrument 7312 Vice-Governor 1120 Turbine operator, power station 8161 Vice-President, college 1229 Tutor (own account) 3300 Vice-President, organization/enterprise 1210 TV Microscopist technician 3133 Vice-President, university 1229 TV-AUDIO operator 3132 Videographer 3131 Twister 8251 Vinegar maker 8268 Typesetter 7341 Vineyard worker 9211 Typist 4111 Violinist 2453 Typist, clerk 4111 Virologist 2212 Umbrella repairman 9120 Visual merchandiser 3131 Underground train driver 8311 Vocal group conductor 2453 Undersecretary 1110 Vocational education teaching professionals 2333 Undertaker 5153 Vocational School Administrator 1412 Underwriter 3412 Vocational/guidance counsellor 2412 Upholsterer 7436 Volcanologist 2114 Upholsterer, automotive 7436 Volunteer midwife 3232 Upholsterer, furniture 7436 Volunteer service officer 3460 Upholsterer, vehicle 7436 Waiter, formal service 5123 Uppers preparer 7442 Waiter, general 5123 Usher 5159 Waitress 5123 Valet 5152 Wallpaper printer 7347 Valuer 3417 Warden 5163 Van driver 8322 Wardrobe mistress, stage 7433 Varnisher 7142 Wardrobe mistress, studio 7433 Varnisher, manufactured articles 7142 Warehouse aide 9141 Vegetable farmer 6114 Warehouse inspector 3441 Vehicle cleaner 9142 Warehouse porter 9333 Vendor, candy 9112 Warehouse shipping officer 3441 Vendor, cigarette stand 9111 Warehousing manager 1239 Vendor, cigarette, ambulant 9112 Watcher, farm 9152 Vendor, dry goods market 9111 Watcher, fishpond 9152 Vendor, flower 9111 Watchman 5169 Vendor, newspaper stand 9111 Watch-your-car boy 9152 Vendor, newspaper, ambulant 9112 Water treatment plant operator, waterworks 8163 PHILIPPINE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION ALPHABETICAL INDEX Watershed forester 6310 Wood pattern maker 7222 Water-treatment plant operator 8163 Wood products assembler 8275 Weather facilities specialist 2112 Wood products machine operator 8240 Weather observer 2112 Wood seasoning worker 7421 Weather services chief 2112 Wood treater 7421 Weather specialist 2112 Wood treating worker 7421 Weaver 7432 Wood turner 7423 Weaver, cloth, hand 7432 Woodworking machine operator, general 8240 Weaver, cloth, Jacquard loom 7432 Wool carbonizer 8254 Web administrator 2131 Wool scourer 7431 Web designer/developer/master 2131 Worker not reporting any occupation 0940 Web offset operator 3122 Worker reporting occupation unidentifiable 0930 Web programmer 2132 Worker welfare assistant 3423 Welder 7212 Working proprietor, cafe 1315 Welder, electric 7212 Working proprietor, catering 1315 Welder, electric arc, general 7212 Working proprietor, guest house 1315 Welder, electric arc, machine 7212 Working proprietor, hotel 1315 Welder, gas 7212 Working proprietor, lodging 1315 Welder, gas tungsten arc 7212 Working proprietor, restaurant 1315 Welder, resistance 7212 Working proprietor, retail trade 1314 Welder, shielded metal arc 7212 Working proprietor, wholesale trade 1314 Welder, thermite 7212 Wrestler 3475 Well borer 8113 Yarn dyer 8254 Well digger 7129 Yeast maker 8268 Well driller 8113 Youth development officer 3460 Well driller, cable tools 8113 Zoning officer 2142 Well puller, gas well 8113 Zoologist (General) 2211 Well puller, oil well 8113 Well testing crew 8113 Wheel loader operator 8332 Wheelwright 7422 Winch operator 8333 Winder 8251 Winding machine operator 8251 Window cleaner 9142 Wine steward/stewardess 5123 Wine taster 7415 Wine waiter 5123 Wine worker 8268 Wine-making machine operator 8268 Wiper 9142 Wire drawer, hand 7221 Wire drawer, machine 8124 Wire-coating machine operator 8223 Women's hairdresser 5151 Wood and sash maker 7123 Wood carver 7331 Wood finisher, furniture 7142 Wood grader 8141 Wood grinder 8142 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 0. SPECIAL OCCUPATIONS 01 ARMED FORCES Workers in this sub-major group are those who are serving in any branch of the military, including women's auxiliaryservices, whether on a voluntary or involuntary basis, and who are not free to accept civilian employment. Included are members of the Army, Constabulary, Navy and Airforce and other military services, as well as temporary members enrolled for full-time training or other service for a period of six months or more Excluded, however, are persons in civilian employment, such as administrative staff of government establishments concerned with defense questions; police (other than military police); customs inspectors and members of other armed civilian services; members of military reserves not currently on full-time active from civilian life for a short period of military trainin 011 OFFICERS Workers in this minor group plan, organize, direct, control and monitor military operations and civic action and related programs; and perform administrative, professional, technical and related function, such as preserving order in the military organization, rendering religious services and attending to the spiritual needs of its members, artistic and entertaining functions and the lik 0111 COMMANDING OFFICERS Workers in this unit group plan, organize, direct, control and monitor military operations during wartime and national emergencies and implement civic action and related social programs during peace time in accordance with a master plan drawn up by general headquarters and are designated in accordance with their specific units of command in the four major branches of the Armed Services including auxiliary units 0112 STAFF OFFICERS Workers in this unit group draw up plans and programs for a coordinated and effective military operation and civic action work and evaluate their effectiveness; render advisory functions to commanding officers in their respective field of specialty; and perform administrative functions such as manpower organization, training, allocation, comptrollership, logistics and other related functions. 0113 PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL AND RELATED OFFICERS Workers in this unit group apply scientific knowledge and methods to a variety of technological, economic, social and industrial problems arising from military operations; and perform professional and highly technical functions auxiliary to scientific research, development and practice for application to trategic and tactical requirements 0119 OFFICERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group perform military police duties; attend to spiritual needs of military personnel includingthe performance of religious rites; and render literary, artistics and entertaining functionsand other specialized professional services not elsewhere classifie Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 012 ENLISTED PERSONNEL Workers in this minor group perform primarily combat and civic action duties, skilled, semiskilled and related functions in support of military operations and implementation of civic action and related programs. Included are those assigned minor command and supervisory duties and are designated in accordance with the branches of service where they are assigne 0121 COMBAT SOILDIERS Workers in this unit group perform primarily combat duties by executing orders from superior officers in accordance with battle plans. In times of peace, they perform civic action and other related duties. They may be assigned to special unit in accordance with type of training complete 0122 TECHNICIAN, SKILLED, SEMI-SKILLED WORKERS Workers in this unit group assemble, operate and repair military equipment such as tanks, armored cars, aircraft, ships, communications equipment including radar, ordnance and the like; perform traffic control operations in the ground, air and sea; operate construction equipment in infrastructure projects; and demonstrate latest techniques in agricultural and other civic action projects. They may be assigned minor supervisory duties in the implementation of such project 0123 SERVICE AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group render paramedical and first aid functions; police and courier duties; kitchen and other personal services; and other related functions 0129 ENLISTED PERSONNEL NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group perform highly classified or confidential functions and include other enlisted personnel not elsewhere classified 09 OTHER OCCUPATIONS NOT CLASSIFIABLE Workers in this sub-major group include new workersseeking employment, workers reporting occupations whichcannot be identified, workers reporting occupations not sufficiently described to permit classification in any of the preceding major groups and workers not reporting any occupation. 091 NEW WORKERS SEEKING EMPLOYMENT Workers in this minor group include young personsand other new workers seeking work who do not have previous work experience at all or have had only casual work experienc 0910 NEW WORKERS SEEKING EMPLOYMENT Workers in this unit group include young personsand other new workers seeking work who do not have previous work experience at all or have had only casual work experienc 092 EXPERIENCED WORKERS SEEKING REEMPLOYMENT Workers in this minor group include those persons seeking work who have previous work experience. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 0920 EXPERIENCED WORKERS SEEKING REEMPLOYMENT Workers in this unit group include those persons seeking work who have previous work experience. 093 WORKERS REPORTING OCCUPATIONS UNIDENTIFIABLE OR INADEQUATELY DEFINED Workers classified in this minor group includeworkers reporting occupations which cannot be identified,workers reporting occupations not sufficiently well described to permit classification in one of the preceding major groups and workers reporting occupationnot classifiable elsewhere because of erroneous reportingor for other reasons 0930 WORKERS REPORTING OCCUPATIONS UNIDENTIFIABLE OR INADEQUATELY DEFINED Workers classified in this unit group include workers reporting occupations which cannot be identified, workers reporting occupations not sufficiently well described to permit classification in one of the preceding major groups and workers reporting occupation not classifiable elsewhere because of erroneous reporting or for other reasons 094 WORKERS NOT REPORTING ANY OCCUPATION Workers classified in this minor group are those not reporting any information as to their occupation. 0940 WORKERS NOT REPORTING ANY OCCUPATION Workers classified in this unit group are those not reporting any information as to their occupation. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 1. OFFICIALS OF GOVERNMENT AND SPECIAL-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS, CORPORATE EXECUTIVES, MANAGERS MANAGING PROPRIETORS AND SUPERVISORS Workers in this major group determine, formulate, direct or advise on government policies, as well as those of special-interest organizations, formulate laws, public rules and regulations, represent governments and acts on their behalf, oversee thei nterpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation, orplan,direct,control and coordinate the policies and activities of enterprise or organizations,or their internal departments or sections. Tasks performed usually include: determining, formulating or advising on policies of national, regional or local governments; formulating laws, public rules and regulations;representing governments and acting on their behalf; overseeing the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation; performing similar tasks on behalf of political parties, trade unions, and other special-interest organizations;planning,directing, controlling and coordinating the policies and activities of enterprises or organizations,or their internal departments or sections.Supervision of other workers may be included. 11 OFFICIALS OF GOVERNMENT AND SPECIAL-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this sub-major group determine, formulate or advise on and direct government policies, make, ratify,amend and repeal laws, public rules and regulations,represent governments and acts on their behalf, oversee the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation, or carry out similar tasks on behalf of special-interest organizations. Tasks performed usually include: determining and formulating, or advising on and directing policies of national, regional or local governments; making, ratifying,amending orrepealing laws, public rules and regulations;representing governments or acting on their behalf;overseeing the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation by government or inter governmental departments and agencies; performing similar functions for political parties, trade unions,and other special-interest organizations, including negotiations on behalf of such like organizations, their members and clients. Supervision of other workers maybe included. 111 GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATORS (INCLUDING CAREER EXECUTIVE SERVICE OFFICERS) Workers in this minor group advise government on policy matters, oversee the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation, represent the country abroad, or carry out similar task in inter governmental organizations. Tasks performed usually include: advising national, regional or local governments on policy questions;overseeing the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation; representing the country abroad; performing similar tasks in inter-governmental organizations. Supervision of other workers may be included. 1110 GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATORS (INCLUDING CAREER EXECUTIVE SERVICE OFFICERS) Workers in this unit group advise government on policy matters, oversee the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation by government departments and agencies, represent the country abroad and act on its behalf, or carry out similar tasks in inter governmental organizations. Their tasks include: advising national, regional or local governments on policy matters; advising on the preparation of government budgets, lawsand regulations, including amendments; overseeing the interpretation and implementation of government policies and legislation by government departments and agencies; representing the country abroad; performing similar tasks in inter governmental organizations. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Administrators, government department or agency - Commissioner, constitutional body - Director, government department or agency - Ambassadors - Attache - Chairman - Chancellor - Chief of Staff - Chief prosecutor - Civil Registrar - Consuls - Ombudsman - Press secretary - President - Secretary general - Solicitor general - Treasurer of the Philippines - Vice president 112 LEGISLATIVE OFFICIALS Workers in this minor group formulate policies of national, regional or local governments and make, ratify, amend or repeal laws, public rules and regulations. Tasks performed usually include: presiding over or participating in the proceedings ofl egislative assemblies and administrative councils of national, regional or local governments; determining and formulating policiesof national, regional or local governments; making, ratifying, amending or repealing laws, public rules and regulations.Supervision of other workers may be included. 1120 LEGISLATIVE OFFICIALS Workers in this unit group determine, formulate and direct policies of national, regional or local governments, and make, ratify, amend or repeal laws, public rules and regulations. Their tasks include: presiding over or participating in the proceedings of legislative bodies and administrative councils of national, regional or local governments or legislative assemblies; determining, formulating and directing policies of national, regional or local governments; making, ratifying, amending or repealing laws, public rulesand regulations within the framework of a constitution determining their powers and fields of jurisdiction; serving on government administrative boards or official committees; promoting the interests of the constituencies which they represent; directing senior administrators and officials of government departments and agencies inthe interpretation and implementation of government policies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Senator - Congressman - Member of the Provincial Board (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) - Councilor - Mayor - Vice mayor - Governor - Vice Governor - President of the Senate - Presidential legislative adviser - Speaker of the House of Representatives Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 113 TRADITIONAL CHIEFS AND HEADS OF VILLAGES Workers in this minor group perform a variety of legislative, administrative and ceremonial tasks and duties, determined by ancient traditions, as well as by the division of rights and responsibilities between village chiefs and the local, regional and national authorities. Tasks performed usually include: allocating the use of communal land and other resources among households in the community; collecting and distributing surplus production of the community or village; settling disputes between members of the community or village; disciplining members of the community or village for violation of rules and customs; performing ceremonial duties in connection with births, marriages,deaths, harvests and other traditional feasts; representing the community or village on ocal or regional councils; being responsible for informing the community or village about government rules and regulations. Supervision of other workers may be included. 1130 TRADITIONAL CHIEFS AND HEADS OF VILLAGES Workers in this unit group perform a variety of legislative, administrative and ceremonial tasks and duties, determined by ancient traditions, as well as by the division of rights and responsibilities between village chiefs and the local, regional and national authorities. Their tasks include: allocating the use of communal land and other resources among households in the community or village; collecting and distributing surplus production of the community or village; settling disputes between members of the community o rvillage; disciplining members of the community or village for violation of rules and customs; performing ceremonial duties in connection with births,marriages, deaths, harvests and other traditional feasts; representing community or village on local or regional councils; being responsible for informing the community or village about government rules and regulations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Chief, village - Chieftain, tribe - Head, village/tribe - Barangay Chairman/Captain - Community relation officer - Other barangay officials 114 SENIOR OFFICIALS OF SPECIAL-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this minor group determine, formulate and direct the implementation of policies of specialinterest organizations, such as political-party organizations, trade unions,employers' organizations, trade and industry associations, humanitarian and charity organizations, or sports associations and represent their organizations and act on their behalf. Tasks performed usually include: determining and formulating the policies, rules and regulations of the organization; negotiating on behalf of the organization, its members and relevant special-interest groups; promoting the interests of the organization, its members and relevant special-interest groups before the legislature, government or general public;planning, organizing and directing sections charged with implementing the organization's policies, rules and regulations. Supervision of other workers may be included. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1141 SENIOR OFFICIALS OF POLITICAL-PARTY ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this unit group determine and formulate policies, rules and regulations of political-party organizations, direct their application, represent these organizations and act on their behalf. Their tasks include: determining and formulating the political-party'spolicies, rules and regulations ; negotiating on behalf of the political-party and its members; planning and organizing campaigns, on behalf of thepolitical-party, for the election of its candidates to political offices; planning and organizing campaigns to recruit and educate political-party members; planning, organizing and directing sections charged with implementing the political-party's policies, rules and regulations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Leader, political party - President, political party - Senior Official, political party 1142 SENIOR OFFICIALS OF EMPLOYERS' AND OTHER ECONOMIC-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this unit group determine and formulate policies rules, and regulations of their respective organizations, direct their application, represent these organizations and act on their behalf. Their tasks include: deciding and formulating the organization's policies, rules and regulations; negotiating on behalf of the organization and its members; promoting the interests of the organization and its members before the legislature, government or general public; planning and organizing campaigns to recruit and educate members; planning, organizing and directing sections charged with implementing the organization's policies, rules and regulations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - President, employers' organization - Secretary-General, employers' organization - Senior Official, employers' organization 1143 SENIOR OFFICIALS OF WORKERS' AND LABOR ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this unit group determine and formulate policies rules, and regulations of their respective organizations, direct their application, represent these organizations and act on their behalf. Their tasks include: deciding and formulating the organization's policies, rules and regulations; negotiating on behalf of the organization and its members; promoting the interests of the organization and its members before the legislature,government or general public; planning and organizing campaigns to recruit and educate members; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC planning, organizing and directing sections charged with implementing the organization's policies, rules and regulations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - President, trade union - Secretary-General, trade union - Senior Official, trade union 1144 SENIOR OFFICIALS OF HUMANITARIAN AND OTHER SPECIAL-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS Workers in this unit group determine and formulate policies, rules and regulations of humanitarian organizations, sports associations or other special-interest organizations, direct their application, represent these organizations and act on their behalf. Their tasks include: determining and formulating the organization's policies, rules and regulations; negotiating on behalf of the organization, its members and relevant special-interest groups; promoting the interests of the organization and its members before the legislature, government or general public; planning and organizing campaigns to recruit and educate members; planning, organizing and directing sections charged with implementing the organization's policies, rules and regulations. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Senior Officials, special-interest organization - Chairman, Commission on Human Rights 12 CORPORATE EXECUTIVES AND SPECIALIZED MANAGERS Workers in this sub-major group determine and formulate policies and plan, direct, control and coordinate the activities of enterprises and organizations, or their internal departments or sections. Task performed usually include: determining and formu-lating policies; planning, directing, controlling and co-ordinating the activities of the business enterprise or other organization as a whole or of their internal departments or sections. Supervision of other workers may be included. 121 DIRECTORS AND CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF CORPORATIONS Workers in this minor group head enterprises or organizations (except special-interestorganizations) and with the help of at least two (2) other managers, determine andf ormulate policies, plan, direct and coordinate the activities of enterprises ororganizations, usually within the guidelines set up by a board of directors or a governing body to whom they are answerable for the operations undertaken and results obtained. Tasks performed usually include: determining and formulating policies, planning,directing, controlling and coordinating the general functioning of the enterprise ororganization with the help of a least two other managers and as a rule, within guidelines set up by a board of directors or a governing body; reviewing the operations and results of the enterprise or organization; reporting on results to the board of directors or to the governing body; representing the enterprise or organization in its dealings with outside bodies, including government and other authorities. Supervision of other workers maybe included. 1210 DIRECTORS AND CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF CORPORATIONS Workers in this unit group head enterprises or organizations (except special-interestorganizations) and, with the help of at least two (2) other managers, determine and formulate policies and plan, direct, control and coordinate the general functioning of the enterprise or organization usually within the guidelines set up by a board of directors ora governing body, to whom they are answerable for the operations undertaken andresults obtained. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: determining and formulating policies of the enterprise or organization; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the general functioning of the enterprise or organization; determining and directing a particular policy, through consultation with subordinate managers; reviewing the operations and results of the enterprise or organization, and reporting to governing bodies; representing the enterprise or organization in its dealings with outside bodies, including government or other authorities. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - President, organization/enterprise - Vice-President, organization/enterprise - Executive Vice-President, organization/enterprise - Board Member, organization/enterprise - Chief Executive Officer - Chief Operation Officer - Deputy administrator, organization/enterprise - Director of the Board - Executive Assistant, organization/enterprise - Marketing Director, organization/enterprise - Marketing executive - Special assistant supervisor, organization/enterprise - Supervising governor, organization/enterprise 122 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS Workers in this minor group are managers of enterprises or organizations requiring a total of three or more managers plan, direct, control and coordinate activities concerning the production of goods or the provision of services under the broad guidance of directors and chief executives and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Tasks performed usually include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the production of goods or the provision of services by the enterprise or organization; directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; reviewing the results and reporting them to directors and chief executives; liaising with managers of other departments; representing their departmentin its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Supervision of other workers may be included. 1221 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN AGRICULTURE, HUNTING, FORESTRY AND FISHERY Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of farming and related enterprises which are concerned with the production of goods, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the production of goods; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fulfillment of production quotas; planning and directing daily operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/agriculture - Manager, production and operations/fishing, hunting & forestry A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1311 agriculture - Station Manager, Breeding (Agriculture) 1311 - Manager, Fish Farm 1311 1222 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN MANUFACTURING Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with the production of goods, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the manufacture ofgoods, or extraction of solid minerals from underground and surface mines and quarries, or the production and distribution of electricity, gas and water; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fulfillment of production quotas; planning and directing daily operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with otherparts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Manager, production and operations/manufacturing - Food production coordinator A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - General Manager/ Managing Proprietor, 1312 manufacturing 1223 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN CONSTRUCTION Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which areconcerned with the production of goods, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning construction work; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fulfillment of production quotas; planning and directing daily production operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Manager, production and operations/construction - Project manager/contractor A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1313 construction 1224 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE Workers in this unit group plan, control, direct and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with trade, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning trade carried out by the enterprise; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fullfillment of trade quotas; planning and directing daily trade operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealing with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/retail trade - Manager, production and operations/wholesale trade Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1314 wholesale trade - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1314 retail trade 1225 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN RESTAURANT AND HOTELS Workers in this unit group plan, direct and co-ordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with the provision of accommodation, catering and related services, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the provision of accommodation, catering and related services; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fullfilment of schedules; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC planning and directing daily operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance ofstaff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/hotel - Manager, production and operations/restaurant Some related occupations classified elsewhere: - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1315 restaurant - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1315 hotel 1226 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATIONS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with providing relevant services, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing and coordinating activities concerning the provision of relevant services; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fullfilment of service quotas; planning and directing daily service operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance ofstaff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/communications - Manager, production and operations/storage - Manager, production and operations/transport Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - General Manager, storage 1316 - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1316 communications - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1316 transport 1227 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN BUSINESS SERVICES Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with providing external business services, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the provision ofe xternal business services such as banking, insurance, real estate, data processing,market research, accounting, architecture, engineering, building cleaning, technica ltesting and analysis, advertising or packaging; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fulfillment of schedules; planning and directing daily operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Manager, production and operations/ business services Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - General Manager, business services 1317 - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1317 business services 1228 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS IN PERSONAL CARE, CLEANING AND RELATED SERVICES Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate those activities of the enterprise which are concerned with providing relevant services, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the provision of relevant services; ensuring the efficient use of resources and the fullfillment of schedules; planning and directing daily operations; controlling expenditure; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; overseeing the application of work safety and related procedures; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the enterprise or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/cleaning - Manager, production and operations/personal care Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - General Manager, personal care 1318 - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1318 cleaning Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1229 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group cover department managers not classified elsewhere in Minor group 122: Production and operations department managers. Tasks performed usually include: planning, directing,controlling and coordinating activities of the enterprise or organization concerning government administrative and other operations, public or private education services,health and social work services, recreational, cultural, and sporting events and services, and operations of extra-territorial organizations and bodies. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating government operations concerning public service activities,such as control of the money supply or taxation schemes,various government business regulations, as well as civil service administration and related activities; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the administration and operation of foreign affairs and public order and safety avtivities; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the administration and operation of foreign affairs and public order and safety avtivities; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the administration and operation of government-funded social security schemes; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning public or private education; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning health and social services; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning recreational, cultural and sporting operations and events; planning, directing, controlling and coordinating activities concerning the operations of extra-territorial organizations and bodies performing related tasks. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, production and operations/ extra-territorial organizations Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - General Manager, education 1319 - General Manager/Managing Proprietor, 1319 recreation - Managing Director, enterprise/health 1319 - Managing Director, organization/ 1319 extra-territorial - Manager, Broadcast Station 1319 123 SPECIALIZED MANAGERS Workers in this minor group (requiring a total of three or more managers) plan, direct,control and coordinate particular activities , under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Tasks performed usually include: planning, directing,controlling and coordinatingactivities of their department; directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; reviewing the results and reporting them to directors and chiefexecutives; liaising with managers of other departments; representing the department inits dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. 1231 FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate the internal administration or financial operations of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the internal administration or financial operationsof the enterprise or organization; assessing the financial situation of the enterprise or organization, preparing budgets and overseeing various financial operations; controlling expenditure and ensuring efficient use of resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, administration - Manager, finance - Manager, accounting - Manager, external audit - Manager, internal audit 1232 PERSONNEL AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate policies concerning personnel and the industrial relations activities of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating policies concerning personnel and the industrial relations activities of the enterprise or organization; planning and organizing procedures for recruitment, training, promotion, determination of wage structures and negotiations about wages, liaison and consultation with workers, and related personnel matters; overseeing safety, health and related programs and activities, with the participation of all concerned; controlling expenditures and ensuring the efficient use of resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance ofstaff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, industrial relations - Manager, personnel/human resource - Manager, industrial zone - Manager, circulation - Manager, customer service 1233 SALES AND MARKETING MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate the sales and marketing activities of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the sales and marketing activities of the enterprise or organization; planning and organizing special sales and marketing programs based on sales records and market assessments; determining price lists, discount and delivery terms, sales promotion budgets, sales methods, special incentives and special campaigns; controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient use of resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the department in its dealings with other parts of the organization or withoutside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, marketing - Manager, sales - Manager, planning - Product manager - Economic enterprise manager 1234 ADVERTISING AND PUBLIC RELATIONS MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate the advertising, public relations and public information activities of the enterprise or organization,under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the advertising and public relations activities of the enterprise or organization; negotiating advertising contracts with officials of newspapers, radio and television stations, sports and cultural organizations and advertising agencies; planning and managing fund-raising activities for educational, humanitarian and othern on-profit-making organizations; controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient use of resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the departments in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager, advertising - Manager, public relations - Manager, broadcast stations - Manager, TV stations - Senior network administrator Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1235 SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, control and coordinate the supply and distribution activities of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the supply, storage and distribution activities of the enterprise or organization; negotiating purchase contracts, agreeing a suitable price with suppliers and ensuring the quality of the goods purchased; planning and installing systems for inventory control; controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient use of resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performanceof staff; representing the departments in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Purchasing Manager - Distribution manager - Logistics manager 1236 COMPUTING SERVICES MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, controland coordinate the computing services of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of the directors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments or sections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating the computing services of the enterpriseor organization; directing the selection, installation, use and maintenance of computing equipment and software and the purchase of externally provided computing services; planning the overall data processing policies of the enterprise or organization and coordinating the search for alternatives; controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient useof resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the departments in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - EDP/ MIS/IT Managers - Net and system administrator Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1237 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MANAGERS Workers in this unit group plan, direct, controland coordinate the research and development activities of the enterprise or organization, under the broad guidance of thedirectors and chief executives, and in consultation with managers of other departments orsections. Their tasks include: planning, directing, controlling and coordinating research and development activities,in-house or commissioned from external research organizations, to develop new orimproved technical processes, products or utilization of materials for the enterprise ororganization; planning the overall research and development program of the enterprise or organization, specifying goals and budgetary requirements; controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient useof resources; establishing and directing operational and administrative procedures; planning and directing daily operations; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff; representing the departments in its dealings with other parts of the organization or with outside bodies. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Research and Development Manager - Project consultant manager 1239 OTHER SPECIALIZED MANAGERS Workers in this unit group are those managers not classified elsewhere in Minor group123: Specialized Managers. As such, they perform other managerial activities not elsewhere classified. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Equipment Manager - Dance Studio Manager - Corporate compliance manager - Corporate quality assurance manager - Mine manager - Technical specialist manager - Warehousing manager 13 GENERAL MANAGERS OR MANAGING-PROPRIETORS Workers in this sub-major group head various small business undertakings or partnerships which they manageon their own behalf, or on behalf of the proprietors,withthe assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Tasks performed usually include: planning, formulating and implementing policies;managing daily operations and reviewing their results; negotiating with suppliers,customers and other enterprises; planning and controlling the use of resources and thes election of staff; reporting to owners, if any; supervising other workers. 131 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS Workers in this minor group head various small business undertakings which theymanage on their ownbehalf, or on behalf of the proprietors, with the assistance of nomore than one other manager and somenon-managerial help. Tasks performed usually include: planning, formulating and implementing policies;managing daily operations and reviewing results; negotiating with suppliers, customers and other enterprises; planning and controlling the use of resources and the selection of staff; reporting to owners, if any; supervising other workers. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1311 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN AGRICULTURE, HUNTING, FORESTRY AND FISHING Workers in this unit group head small agricultural farms or hunting, forestry or fishing businesses and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan,direct, control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - General Manager, agriculture - General Manager, fishing - General Manager, forestry/hunting Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Manager, production and operations agriculture 1311 - Crop Farmer, field 611 1312 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN MANUFACTURING Workers in this unit group head small manufacturing businesses and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct, control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupations classified here is: - General Manager/Proprietor, manufacturing A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Manager, production and operations, manufacturing 1222 1313 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN CONSTRUCTION Workers in this unit group head small construction businesses and on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct, control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Contractor, construction - Manager/Proprietor, construction - Sub-Contractor, construction - Site Manager 1314 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE Workers in this unit group head small wholesale and retail businesses and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct, control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Manager/proprietor, wholesale trade - Manager/proprietor, retail trade 1315 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS OF RESTAURANTS AND HOTELS Workers in this unit group head small restaurant or hotel businesses and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct, control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - General Manager, hotel - General Manager, restaurant - Manager/proprietor, catering services - Manager/proprietor, guest House 1316 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND COMMUNICATIONS Workers in this unit group head small transport, storage or communications businesses and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct,control and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupation classified here is: - General Manager, communication - Manager, transport - Manager, storage 1317 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS OF BUSINESS SERVICES Workers in this unit group head small firms providing various business services and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct,control and coordinate thea ctivities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Franchise area manager - Store manager 1318 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS IN PERSONAL CARE, CLEANING AND RELATED SERVICES Workers in this unit group head small businesses providing personal care, cleaning and related services and,on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct,control and coordinate the activities of the business with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupations classified here is: - General Manager, massage parlor - General Manager, personal care 1319 GENERAL MANAGERS/MANAGING-PROPRIETORS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group are those general managers not elsewhere classified in Minor group 131: General Managers. Classified here are those who head small businesses in the fields of education, health, or recreational, cultural or sporting activities and, on their own behalf or on behalf of the proprietor, plan, direct and coordinate the activities of the business, with the assistance of no more than one other manager and some non-managerial help. Their tasks include: planning and implementing policies; making budgetary estimates; negotiating with suppliers and customers and with other organizations; planning and controlling the use of resources and hiring workers; managing daily operations; reporting to owners, if any. Example of the occupations classified here is: - General Manager, travel agency - Band Manager - Song Group Manager - Sports & Entertainment Manager - Theater Manager - Traning Center Manager 14 SUPERVISORS Workers in this sub-major group put into effect policy decisions and implement laws,rules and regulations under the direction of government administrators, plan, direct,organize and supervise the daily activities of workers in the section or unit concerned with the production of goods or the provision of services, subject to general directives ofmanagers. Tasks performed usually include: implementing laws,rules and regulations; planning,directing, organizing and supervising the daily activities of workers; devising proceduresto ensure quality control and efficient use of resources. 141 SCHOOL SUPERVISORS AND PRINCIPALS Workers in this minor group plan, organize, direct and administer the affairs of the school, oversee the improvement of instruction and instructional methods, or supervise the work of teachers and principals or other field school officials. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usually include: planning, organizing, directing and administering the affairs of the school ;overseeing the improvement of instruction and instructional methods; supervising the work of principals and other field school officials. 1411 SCHOOL SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group supervise the work of teachers and principals or other field school officials,plan and organize in-service training programs, workshops or seminarsf or field school personnel, act as consultant or resource persons in teachers' meetings,conferences or community assemblies. Their tasks include: supervising the work of teachers and principals or other field school officials; planning and organizing in-service training programs, workshops or seminars for field school personnel; acting as resource person or consultant in teachers' meetings, conferences or community assemblies; administering educational tests and evaluating results; overseeing the improvement of instruction and instructional methods. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Division School Superintendent - City School Superintendent - District Supervisor - Chief Education Supervisor 1412 SCHOOL PRINCIPALS Workers in this unit group plan, organize, direct and administer affairs of the school,supervise the work of teachers, conduct teachers' meetings, community assemblies and PTA meetings. They may conduct one or more classes in case of small schools. Their tasks include: planning, organizing, directing and administering teaching activities and affairs of the school; giving advise on teaching methods and instructional aids; supervising the work of teachers; conducting teachers' meetings, community assemblies and PTA meetings; administering achievement tests and evaluating results. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Principal - Assistant Principal - Head Teacher - College Administrator - Dean - Instruction supervisor - School President - State University & Colleges President - Vocational School Administrator 142 TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this minor group supervise, control, co-ordinate and inspect land, air,water borne transport service operations and telecommunications service operations. Tasks performed usually inlude: supervising and coordinating the activities of workers engaged in route planning, scheduling and distributing services. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 1421 ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group supervise and coordinate one or more of the service activities of the traffic department, section or unit engaged in road transport undertaking. They may prepare and give evidence to public authorities in support of applications for route and service authorization. Their tasks include: supervising, directly or through subordinates, and coordinating the activities of workers engaged in route planning and scheduling of passenger and goods handling services; allocating vehicles and drivers according to operating requirements; authorizing departure of vehicles, cleaning and servicing of vehicles or other operational services. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Road transport service supervisor - Bridge station supervisor - Operations manager - Motorpool supervisor - Transport service operation manager 1422 AIR TRANSPORT SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group supervise and coordinate one or more activities of the traffic department, section or unit engaged in air transport undertaking. They may prepare evidence for submission to regulatory agencies. Their tasks include: supervising, directly or through subordinates, and co-ordinating passenger and cargo handling services, including organization of seat reservations, preparation of passengerlists and freight manifests; coordinating arrangements for flights and ensuring required flight authorizations are obtained; directing and coordinating the activities of workers; organizing staff training; preparing reports for the guidance of management, as required. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Air transport service supervisor - Air navigation services supervisor - Air terminal supervisor 1423 MARITIME TRANSPORT SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group supervise and coordinate one or more activities of the traffic department, section or unit engaged in marine transport undertaking. They may prepare evidence for submission to regulatory agencies. Their tasks include: supervising, directly or through subordinates, and co-ordinating passenger and cargo handling services, including organization of seat reservations, preparation of passenger lists and freight manifests; coordinating arrangements for trips and ensuring required trip authorizations are obtained; directing and coordinating the activities of workers; organizing staff training; preparing reports for the guidance of management, as required. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of occupation classified here are: - Sea patrol supervisor - Shipping supervisor - Supervising maritime industry development 1424 RAILWAYS TRANSPORT SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group organize, control and coordinate passenger and related railway services at railway stations and supervise the operation of trains within the station limits. Their tasks include: organizing and controlling railway passenger services at stations, including sale and collection of tickets,handling of baggages, parcels and mail bags and providing information to clients; supervising operation of all trains within the station limits; coordinating the activities of workers; exercising surveillance of application of security measures; attending to complaints against the service; reporting periodically to divisional or regional supervisors. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Railway station master - Train dispatcher - Railway service supervisor 1425 POSTAL SERVICE SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group supervise and coordinate post office operations within an urban locality or other limited geographical area. Their tasks include: planning mail routes, collection points and collection and delivery schedules, and coordinating local with national mail distribution services; supervising and coordinating the activities of postal workers engaged in collecting and receiving incoming mails, checking and cancelling postage paid, sorting letters, packages and parcels, and recording registered mails; inspecting post offices; assisting in the prevention, detection and punishment of any frauds or delinquencies committed by the staff; attending to customer complaints; reporting to the Postmaster General or regional director of postal services any neglect,incompetence, delinquency or malfeasance in office of any officer or employee of the Bureau; they may publicize postal services, negotiate with local suppliers of goods and variousservices; hire temporary staff; and may control sub-post offices in the area. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Postal inspector - Postal service supervisor - Postmaster 1429 TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE SUPERVISORS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group are those workers not classified elsewhere in Minor group144: Transport and Communications Service Supervisors. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Classified here are those who organize, control, coordinate and supervise directly orthrough subordinates,other workers engaged in the traffic department, section or unit of public or private organizations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Airways communications services supervisor - Telecommunication service supervisor - Info communication service officer - Telegraphic trasfer service supervisor - Telephone system supervisor - Railway transport service supervisor - ISP supervisor - Bus inspector/supervisor 143 PRODUCTION SUPERVISORS AND GENERAL FOREMEN Workers in this minor group supervise, within an industrial enterprise or organization, theproduction activities of a distinct sector or unit concerned with extracting, processing,fabricating or construction work. Tasks performed usually include: controlling, coordinating and supervising, directly or through subordinates, subject to the general directives of the General Manager or Production and Operations Manager, the activities of workers engaged in various occupations inthis unit, including the activities of subordinates,supervisors and foremen. 1430 PRODUCTION SUPERVISORS AND GENERAL FOREMEN Workers in this unit group supervise, subject to the general directives of the General Manager or Production and Operations Manager with an industrial enterprise ororganization, the production activities of a distinct sector or unit concerned with extracting, processing, fabricating or construction work. Their tasks include: coordinating and controlling the activities of workers engaged in various occupations in this unit, including the activities of subordinates, supervisors and foremen; organizing activities of workers; training workers on a particular skill or task. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Aquaculture supervisor - Bottling supervisor - Farm foreman - Food production supervisor - Labor & General foreman - Production supervisor - Quality control supervisor/foreman 144 SALES SUPERVISORS IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE Workers in this minor group are engaged in, or directly associated with, buying and selling of goods and services for use on behalf of wholesale, retail, industrial or other establishments and organizations. Tasks performed usually include: selling activities and buying goods for resale on behalfo f wholesale, retail, industrial or other establishments and organizations. 1441 SALES SUPERVISORS IN WHOLESALE TRADE Workers in this unit group supervise workers in wholesale trade establishments engaged in buying goods for resale and selling them to retailers and to industrial,commercial or other large consumers. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: estimating needs of business and purchasing or authorizing the purchase of goods of the types, qualities and quantities required; supervising and instructing sales and other staff of the sales department in their day-to-day work; ensuring that the credit and other sales policies ofthe undertaking are observed. they may hire staff and initiate other personnel action such as promotion, transfer,discharge and disciplinary measures and may supervise travelling salesmen in a specified territorial division. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Sales supervisor, wholesale trade - Market supervisor, wholesale trade - Sales & collection supervisor, wholesale trade - Shop superintendent, wholesale trade 1442 SALES SUPERVISORS IN RETAIL TRADE Workers in this unit group supervise workers in retail trade establishments engaged in buying goods for resale and selling them for personal or household consumption or other use. Their tasks include: estimating needs of business and purchasing orauthorizing the purchase of goods ofthe types, qualitiesand quantities required; supervising and instructing sales and other staff of the sales department in their day-to-day work; ensuring that the credit and other sales policies ofthe undertaking are observed. they may hire and initiate other personnel action such as promotion, transfer, discharge and disciplinary measures, and may make recommendations concerning sales promotionand pricing policies. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Sales Supervisor, retail trade - Market Supervisor, retail trade - Sales & collection supervisor, retail trade - Shop superintendent, retail trade 1449 OTHER SALES SUPERVISORS Workers in this unit group perform sales supervisory duties not classified elsewhere in Minor group 146: SalesSupervisors in Wholesale and Retail Trade. Their tasks include: supervising canvassing, display or demonstration activities; inspecting sales activities in various branches ordepartments of a retail or wholesale establishments; supervising sales workers employed in the sales departmentof a manufacturing enterprise or organization; supervising sales workers employed in the sales departmentof a manufacturing enterprise or organization; inspecting the activities and results of distribution agencies within a specified territorial division engaged in selling the products of an industrial, import orother activity; giving expert advice on sales promotion methods. 149 OTHER SUPERVISORS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this minor group are those supervisors not classified elsewhere in sub-major group 14: Supervisors. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Classified here are those who organize, supervise and carry out housekeeping functions of domestic staff in hotels, clubs, on board ships and other similar establishments. 1490 OTHER SUPERVISORS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group are those supervisors not classified elsewhere in Major group14: Supervisors. Their tasks include: organizing and supervising the work of domestic staff in hotels, hospitals and similar establishments; controlling the purchase, storage and issue of supplies and supervising domestic service in hotels, restaurants and clubs; planning, coordinating and supervising the activities of crew engaged in housekeeping and meal serving on board passenger or cargo vessels; organizing and supervising domestic staff and supervising general welfare and conduct of individuals in residential institutions. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Chief Steward, ship - Customer service supervisor - Property/maintenance supervisor - Public service supervisor - Building grounds maintenance supervisor Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 2. PROFESSIONALS Workers in this major group increase the existing stock of knowledge,apply scientific or artistic concepts and theories, teach about the foregoing in a systematic manner, or engage in any combination of these three activities. Their tasks usually include: conducting analysis and research, and developing concepts, theories and operational methods, and advising on or applying existing knowledge related to physical sciences including mathematics, engineering and technology, and to life sciences including the medical profession, as well as to social sciences and humanities; teaching the theory and practice of one or more disciplines at different educational levels; teaching and educating handicapped persons; providing various business, legal and social services; creating and performing works of art; providing spiritual guidance; preparing scientific papers and reports. 21 PHYSICAL, MATHEMATICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to fields such as physics, astronomy, meteorology, chemistry, geophysics, geology, mathematics, statistics, computing, architecture, engineering and technology. Their tasks include: conducting research, enlarging, advising on or applying scientific knowledge obtained through the study of structures and properties of physical matter and phenomena, chemical characteristics and processes of various substances, materials and products,and of mathematical, statistical and computing concepts and methods; advising on, designing and directing construction of buildings, towns and traffic systems, or civil engineering and industrial structures, as well as machines and other equipment, and advising on and applying mining methods, and ensuring their optimum use; surveying and sea and making maps; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials,products and processes, and on efficiency of production and work organization; preparing scientific papers and reports. 211 PHYSICISTS, CHEMISTS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to physics, astronomy,meteorology, chemistry, geology and geophysics. Their tasks include: enlarging scientific knowledge through research and experiments related to mechanics,thermo dynamics, optics, sonics, electricity, magnetism, electronics, nuclear physics, astronomy, various branchesof chemistry, as well as to atmospheric conditions, or the physical nature of the earth, and advising on or applying this knowledge in such fields as manufacturing, agriculture, medicine, navigation, space exploration, oil,gas, water and mineral exploitation, telecommunications andother services, or civil engineering; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2111 PHYSICISTS AND ASTRONOMERS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to physics and astronomy in industrial, medical, military or other fields. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: conducting research, and improving or developing concepts,theories and operational methods related to physics and astronomy; conducting experiments, tests and analyses in fields such as mechanics, thermo dynamics, optics, sonics, electricity, magnetism, electronics and nuclear physics, or astronomy; conducting experiments, tests and analyses of the structure and properties of matter in solid state and its behavior under temperature, pressure, stress and other conditions; evaluating results of investigations and experiments and expressing conclusions, mainly using mathematical techniques and models; developing or improving industrial, medical, military andother practical applications of the principles and techniques of physics or astronomy; observing, analyzing and interpreting celestial phenomena and developing methods and techniques to be used in fields such as navigation or space exploration. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Astronomer - Physicist (general) - Light and optics physicist - Astronomical scientist 2112 METEOROLOGISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts,theories and operational methods related to the composition, structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, and prepare detailed or long-term weather forecasts used in aviation, shipping, agriculture and other areas and for the information of the general public. Their tasks include: conducting research and improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods related to the composition, structure and dynamics of the atmosphere; investigating direction and speed of air movements, pressures, temperatures, humidity and other phenomena such as cloud formation and precipitation, electrical disturbances or solar radiation; studying data collected from weather stations, preparing weather maps and forecasts used in aviation, shipping, agriculture and other areas and for the information of the general public; conducting experiments in rain making and other types of weather control. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Meteorologist - Meteorological scientist Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Climatologist - Weather forecaster - Remote sensing technologist - Weather facilities specialist - Weather observer - Weather services chief - Weather specialist 2113 CHEMISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to chemistry, mainly to test, develop and improve materials, and industrial products and processes. Their tasks include: conducting research and improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods related to chemistry; synthesizing or preparing products involving the use of chemical, physico-chemical, bio chemical, or micro biological changes; conducting experiments, tests and analyses to investigate chemical composition, energy, and chemical changes in various natural, artificial or synthetic substances, materials and products; conducting industrial chemical research and development work, consultancy,evaluation and project studies on problems related to change or prevention ofchange of matter, or to chemical, physicochemical, biochemical, or micro biological induced processes, or to the use of chemicals in products formulations; evaluating results of investigations and experiments and deriving conclusions; managing and directing chemical quality control laboratories and chemical quality control or assurance, procedures and practices; developing or improving pharmaceutical and other industrial materials, products and processes ; preparing scientific papers and reports; supervising chemical technicians. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Chemist (general) - Pharmaceutical chemist - Organic/Inorganic chemist - Forensic chemist - Toxicologist - Ballistician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Biochemist 2212 - Pharmacologist 2212 - Pharmacist 2224 2114 GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to geology and geophysics in such fields as oil, gas and mineral exploitation, water conservation, civil engineering, telecommunications and navigation. Their tasks include: conducting research and improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods related to geology and geophysics; studying composition and structure of the earth's crust, examining rocks, minerals, fossil remains, etc., to determine processes affecting the development of the earth, trace evolution of past life and establish nature and chronology of geological formations; interpreting research data and preparing geological reports, maps,charts and diagrams; applying results of research to assess development potential of mineral, gas and oil deposits and underground water resources; applying geological knowledge to problems encountered in civil engineering projects such as construction of dams, bridges, tunnels and large buildings; investigating and measuring seismic, gravitational, electrical, thermal and magnetic forces affecting the earth; investigating and measuring optical and acoustic phenomenain the atmosphere; estimating weight, size and mass of the earth and composition and structure of its interior, and studying nature and activity of volcanoes and earthquakes; charting the earth's magnetic field and applying this and other collected data for purposes of broadcasting and navigation; studying and measuring physical properties of seas and atmosphere and their inter relationship, such as the exchange of thermal energy; locating and determining nature and extent of oil, gas and mineral deposits and of ground water resources, utilizing seismological, gravimetric, magnetic, electrical or radiometric methods; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Geologist - Geophysicist - Oceanographer - Volcanologist Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Hydrologist - Mineral analyst - Mining claims examiner - Hydro-geologist 212 MATHEMATICIANS, STATISTICIANS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research, improve or develop mathematical, actuarial or statistical concepts, theories and operational methods and techniques, and apply this knowledge to a wide range of tasks in such fields as engineering, business or medicine as well as in other areas of natural, social or life sciences. Their tasks include: conducting research in fundamental mathematics and advising on or applying mathematical, actuarial and statistical principles and techniques; dealing with, and advising on, actuarialmatters, including design of insurance and pension schemes;planning,designing and conducting statistical collections;evaluating, organizing, processing, interpreting and analyzing statistical data; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2121 MATHEMATICIANS AND ACTUARIES Workers in this unit group conduct research and improve or develop mathematical and actuarial concepts,theories and operational methods and techniques and advise on or engage in their practical application in such fieldsas engineering, business or medicine as well as in other areas of natural, social or life sciences. Their tasks include: studying, improving and developing mathematical and actuarial theories and techniques; advising on or applying mathematical principles, models and techniques to a wide range of tasks in such fields as engineering, agronomy and medicine, as well as in other areas of natural, social or life sciences; conducting logical analyses of management problems,especially in terms of input-output effectiveness, and formulating mathematical models of each problem usually for programming and solution by computer; designing and putting into operation pension schemes and life, health, social and other types of insurance systems; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Actuary - Operations research analyst - Mathematician (applied mathematics) - Mathematician (pure mathematics) Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Mathematical statistician 2122 - Actuarial assistant 3434 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Mathematical assistant 3434 - Actuarial clerk 4122 2122 STATISTICIANS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop mathematical and other aspects of statistical concepts, theories and operational methods and techniques,and advise on or engage in their practical application,in such fields as business or medicine, as well as in other areas of natural, social or life sciences. Their tasks include: studying, improving and developing statistical theories and methodologies; planning and organizing surveys and other statistical collections, and designing questionnaires; evaluating, processing, analyzing, and interpreting statistical data and preparing them for publication; advising on or applying various data collection methods and statistical methods and techniques, and determining reliability of findings, especially in such fields as business or medicine as well as in other areasof natural, social or life sciences; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Demographer - Statistician (general) - Mathematical statistician - Statistician (applied statistics) 213 COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group conduct research, plan,develop and improve computer-based information systems,software and related concepts, develop principles and operational methods as well as maintain data dictionary and management systems of data bases to ensure integrity and security of data. Their tasks include: conducting research into the theoretical aspects ofand operational methods for the use of computers, such as computer architecture and design,data structures and databases, algorithms, artificial intelligence, computer languages, data communication and robotics; evaluating, planning and designing hardware and software configurations for specific applications;designing, writing, testing and maintaining computer programs; preparing scientific papers and technical reports, documentation and manuals. 2131 SYSTEMS ANALYSTS AND DESIGNERS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop computing concepts and operational methods, and advise on or engage in their practical application. Their tasks include: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC researching into the principles and operational methods of computers and computer-based systems for information communication and processing, planning, design, process control and production; development and maintenance of computer software, as well as data structures and databases, algorithms, artificial intelligence and robotics; maintaining data dictionary and management systems of databases to ensure validity and safety of data; contributing to and keeping up with technical developments of computers, peripherals, computing methods and software, their potential and limitations; analyzing computer users' requirements, by consultation, to determine hardware and software configurations and development needs and preparing cost-benefit analyses; writing programming specifications and preparing technical reports and instruction manuals specifying methods of operation and maintenance of the computer hardware and software configurations; designing, writing, maintaining and updating software which controls the overall functioning of computers and which links hardware and computer applications software; developing improved methods and instruments, including computer languages, for writing, documenting and maintaining computer software; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Systems analyst - Systems designer - Software designer - Autocad designer - Background digital artist - Documentation Engineer Computer Graphic artist - Information technology officer - Management information system designer - Net and systems operation administrator - Netwok development officer - Software developer - Systems researcher - Web administrator - Web designer/developer/master - E-commerce administrator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Computer applications engineer 2139 - Computer technician 3121 - Computer, clerk 4112 2132 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group write, test and maintain computer programs to meet the needs of users of computer systems. Their tasks include: studying program intent, output requirements, nature and sources of input data, internal checks and other controls required in consultation with systems analysts and designers and subjectmatter specialists; preparing detailed logical work flow charts and diagrams and establishing sequence of steps for data input and computer processing operations; writing and providing detailed documentation of computer programs in a machine code, assembler, or high-level language such as PL/1, COBOL,FORTRAN, PASCAL, BASIC or C,based when necessary on specifications provided by systems analysts and designers, and testing programs to eliminate errors; maintaining computer programs and their documentation to take account of changed input or output specifications or hardware configurations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Computer programmer - Database programmer - Communications programmer - Computer formatter - EDP data controller - Web programmer - Actuarial systems program analyst - Programmer analyst - Programmer application 2139 OTHER COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group covers computer professionals not classified elsewhere in minor group 213, Computer Professionals. For instance, here should be classified those who havea general knowledge of both computer hardware and software. Their tasks include: designing and implementing computer software applications, and computer operating systems; maintaining and updating computer software applications, and computer operating systems; installing computers and performing diagnostics on computer hardware. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Computer file librarian - Computer maintenance specialist - Computer services chief Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Data analyst - Data encoder - Data management chief - Information technologist - IPC & staff inventory supervisor - Management information analyst 214 ARCHITECTS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply existing knowledge in architecture, as well as in the field of technological and economic efficiency of production processes. Their tasks include: conducting research and advising on and designing residential, commercial and industrial buildings, towns, traffic and landscape systems, and advising on and directing their maintenance and repairs; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2141 ARCHITECTS Workers in this unit group conduct research and advise on and design residential, commercial and industrial buildings, landscape systems, and plan and monitor their construction, maintenance and rehabilitation. Their tasks include: developing new or improved architectural theories and methods; inspecting sites, consulting with clients and making recommendations regarding style and other aspects of construction; designing buildings, preparing detailed drawings and plans for their construction and rehabilitation and making necessary contacts to ensure feasibility of projects regarding style, cost, timing, compliance with regulations,etc.; identifying and finding best solutions for problems regarding function and quality of interior environments of buildings, and making necessary designs, drawings and plans; monitoring construction to ensure compliance with specifications; planning and designing development of land areas for parks,schools, institutions, airports, roadways, and relatedprojects, and for commercial, industrial and residential sites; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Building architect - Interior architect - Landscape architect - Naval architect Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Interior decorator 3471 - Decoration designer 3471 2142 TOWN PLANNERS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group conduct research and advise on and design layout of towns, traffic systems, and plan and monitor their maintenance and rehabilitation. Their tasks include: planning layout and coordinating development of urban areas; planning and advising on routing and control of road and other traffic for efficiency and safety; maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Town planner - Traffic planner - Urban planner - City planner - Tax mapper - Zoning officer 215 ENGINEERS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply existing knowledge in engineering, as well as in the field of technological and economic efficiency of production processes. Their tasks usually include: conducting research and advising on, designing, and directing the construction of civil engineering and other industrial structures, or electrical and electronic products and systems, as well as machines, machinery and industrial plant; developing and applying commercial-scale chemical processes for the production of various substances and materials; developing and applying commercial-scale methods to extract water,oil, gas and other minerals from the earth, ormetals from their ores, or to develop new materials; surveying land,sea and other areas and producing graphic, digital and pictorial representations; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials, products and processes and on efficiency of production and work organization; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2151 CIVIL ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group conduct research and advise on, design, and direct construction, and manage the operation and maintenance of civil engineering structures, or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials. Their tasks include: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC conducting research and developing new or improved theories and methods related to civil engineering; advising on and designing structures such as bridges, dams,docks, roads, airports, railways, canals, pipelines, waste-disposal and flood-control systems, and industrial and other large buildings; advising, directing and supervising underground constructions such as tunnels, basements, foundations, and also scope protection, infrastructures, water containment and distribution systems; determining and specifying construction methods, materials and qualitystandards, and directing construction work; maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialist; establishing control systems to ensure efficient functioning of structures as well as safety, and environmental protection; investigating existing structures, retrofitting and strengthening the same; organizing and directing maintenance and repair of existing structures; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Civil engineer - Aerodrome construction engineer - Building construction engineer - Highway and street construction engineer - Airport Engineer - Bridge/Drainage engineer 2152 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group conduct research and adviseon, design, anddirect construction of electrical systems,motors and equipment, and adviseon and direct their functioning, maintenance and repairs, or study andadvise on technological aspects of particular materials, products or processes. Their tasks include: supervising any electrical construction or installation,operation, tending and maintenance of any electric generating plant; supervising the sale or distribution of any electric supply or utilization equipment requiring engineering calculations and/or application of engineering principles and data; supervising the operation, tending and maintenance of any electric generating plant voltages up to 4,800 volts, or supervising any electric wiring or installation of utilization equipment; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC supervising the operation, tending and maintenance of any electric generating plant employing voltages up to 750volts, or supervising any electric wiring or installation of utilization equipment; supervising the operation, tending and maintenance of any electric generating plant for public utility or for use in connection with the operation of a public utility or convenience employing voltages up to 250 volts; supervising the construction or installation of any electric supply equipment for public service communication or signalling or for X-ray or electronic equipment requiring the employment of dangerous voltages; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Electrical engineer - Electric power generation engineer - Electromechanical equipment engineer - Power distribution and transmission engineer - Master electrician - Designing electrical engineer 2153 ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group conduct research and advise on, design, and direct construction, installation and maintenance of electronic systems and equipment, and advise on and direct their functioning, maintenance and repairs, or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials, products or processes. Their tasks include: advising on, teaching and designing electronic devices, systems and equipment such as computers or telecommunications equipment; specifying production or installation methods, materials and quality standards and directing production or installation work of electronic or telecommunications products and systems; maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists; establishing control standards and procedures to ensure efficient functioning and safety of electronic systems, motors and equipment; locating and correcting malfunctions; organizing and directing maintenance and repair of existing electronic systems, motors and equipment; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials,products or processes; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Electronics engineer - Telecommunications engineer - Radio engineer/transmission engineer - Outside plant engineer - Communication development engineer - CAD/CAM engineer - CCTV/ Evidence Custodian - Radio frequency engineer Some related occupations classified elsewhere: - Computer telephony integration engineer 3122 2154 MECHANICAL ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group conduct research and advise on, design and direct production of machines, machinery and industrial plant, equipment and systems,and advise on and direct their functioning, maintenance and repairs, or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials,products or processes. Their tasks include: advising on and designing machinery and tools for manufacturing, mining,construction, agricultural work and other industrial purposes; advising on and designing steam, internal combustion and other non-electric motors and engines used for propulsion of railway locomotives, road vehicles or aircrafts, or for driving industrial or other machinery; advising on and designing hulls and super-structures of ships and other vessels; advising on and designing airframes, undercarriages and other equipment for aricraft; advising on and designing heating, ventilation and refrigeration systems and equipment; advising on and designing mechanical plant and equipment for the release, control and utilization of nuclear energy; advising on and designing non-electrical parts of apparatus or products such as word processors, computers, precision instruments, cameras and projectors,etc.; specifying and checking production or installation methods and work of agricultural and other machines, machinery,tools, motors, engines, industrial plant, equipment or systems; maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists; establishing control standards and procedures to ensure efficient functioning and safety of machines, machinery, tools, motors, engines, industrial plant, equipment or systems; locating and correcting malfunctions; organizing and directing maintenance and repair of existing machines, machinery, tools, motors, engines, industrial plant, equipment or systems; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials, products or processes; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Mechanical engineer - Aeronautical engineer - Agricultural engineer - Marine engineer - Nuclear power engineer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Ship engineer 3141 2155 CHEMICAL ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group conduct research and develop, design and advise on unit processes and unit operations and direct commercial-scale chemical processes and operations in the production of various substances and items such as crude oil, petroleum derivatives, food and drink products,medicaments, or synthetic materials, and direct maintenance and repair of industrial plant, or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials, products or processes. Their tasks include: conducting research and advising on, and developing and designing commercial-scale chemical processes and equipment to refine crude oil and other liquids or gases,and to produce substances and items such as petroleum derivatives, explosives, food and drink products,medicaments or synthetic materials; specifying relevant aspects of the construction of manufacturing plants and oil refineries; specifying production methods, materials and quality standards and ensuring that they conform to specifications; specifying production methods, materials and quality standards and ensuring that they conform to specifications; maintaining technical liaison and consultancy with other relevant specialists; establishing control standards and procedures to ensure safety,environmental protection and efficiency in manufacturing operations and processes; locating and correcting malfunctions of equipment and processes; organizing and directing maintenance and repair of existing equipment; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials, products or processes; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC preparing scientific papers and reports; performing other related tasks such as managing the process industries or teaching chemical engineering professional subjects. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Chemical engineer - Chemical process engineer - Process technologist/engineer - Plastic molding engineer 2156 GEODETIC AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group apply surveying methods and techniques to deter-mine exact position of natural and constructed features and boundaries of land,seas, underground areas and celestial bodies, and prepare or revise graphic, digital and pictorial representations; Their tasks include: surveying, measuring and describing land surfaces for various purposes, including mapmaking, construction work or establishment of property boundaries; surveying mines, delineating underground surfaces, noting exact position ofvarious features and making charts and maps with a view to controlling direction and extent of mining; surveying seas, rivers, and lake beds, delineating underwater surfaces, noting exact position of various features and making charts and maps to be used in particular in determining navigable waters and channels, and in planning construction of marine structures; planning and conducting aerial photographic surveys; analyzing aerial and other photographs, remote sensing and surveying data to prepare and revise topographic maps and charts, utility maps and other thematic maps; studying and advising on technical, aesthetic and economic aspects of maps production; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cartogpaher - Land surveyor - Photogrammetrist - Geodetic surveyor 2157 COMPUTER ENGINEERS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group include computer engineers and related professionals not classified elsewhere in minor groups 214 and 215. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Computer engineer Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Computer application engineer - Computer systems engineer - Software engineer - Computer telephony integration engineer - Data communications engineer 2158 INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group study, advise on and implement methods to promote the efficient, safe and economic utilization of personnel, materials and equipment. Their tasks include: studying and advising on the organization and layout of,and methods employed in, production and processes and commercial and administrative procedures; planning and conducting time and motion studies; developing work measurement methodology; advising on and initiating measures to prevent industrial accidents and diseases. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Industrial efficiency engineer - Time and motion study engineer - Methods engineer - Production engineer - Industrial design engineer 2159 OTHER ENGINEERS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group include mining, metallurgist , material engineers and related professionals not classified elsewhere in minor group 214 and 215. Their tasks include: conducting research and advising on, designing and developing new or improved methods to deal with engineering aspects of mining and oil, gas or water extraction; determining most suitable methods of efficient mining and extraction, types of machinery to be used, planning layout and directing construction of shafts and tunnels; planning and directing storage, initial treatment and transportation of water, oil or gas; establishing safety standards and procedures and first-aid facilities, especially undergrounds; conducting research, developing methods of extracting metals from their ores and advising on their application; investigating properties of metals and alloys, developing new alloys and advising on and supervising technical aspects of metal and alloy manufacture and processing; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC testing and evaluating metals and alloys by means of metallurgist, destructive and non-destructive methods to determine their suitability for particular applications or to determine causes of failures and defects of metals and alloys; studying and advising on technological aspects of particular materials or processes; maintaining technical liaison an consultancy with relevant specialists, in particular with geologist and geophysicists; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Mining engineer - Extractive metallurgist - Coal mining engineer - Metal mining engineer - Material engineer 22 LIFE SCIENCE AND HEALTH PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to fields such as biology, zoology, botany, ecology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, agronomy, and medicine. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: conducting research, enlarging, advising on or applying scientific knowledge obtained through the study of all forms of human, animal and plant life, including specific organs, tissues, cells and micro organisms and the effect of nvironmental factors, or drugs and other substances, on them; studying human, animal or plant illnesses, advising on and applying preventive,curative and nursing measures, or promoting health; preparing scientific papers and reports. 221 LIFE SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research, improve or develop concepts,theories and operational methods, or apply scientific knowledge relating to biology, microbiology, botany, zoology, ecology, anatomy, bacteriology, biochemistry, physiology, cytology, genetics, agronomy, pathology, orpharmacology. Tasks performed usually include: conducting research and obtaining scientific knowledge through the study of all forms of human, animal and plant life, including specific organs, tissues, cells and micro organisms and the effect of environmental factors, or drugs and other substances, on them; advising on or applying this knowledge in such fields as agriculture,pharmaceutical and other industries, or medicine; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2211 BIOLOGISTS, BOTANISTS, ZOOLOGISTS AND RELATED SCIENTISTS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, and apply scientific knowledge relating to biology, microbiology, cytology, genetics, zoology, botany and ecology,especially in the fields of medicine and agriculture. Their tasks include: conducting research, improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods in their respective fields; conducting field and laboratory experiments concerning all forms of life by identifying and classifying human, animal, insect or plant specimens, and studying their origin, development, chemical and physical form, structure,composition, and life and reproductive processes; studying and conducting experiments concerning the factors involved in the origin, development and transmission of hereditary characteristics in human beings, animals or plants; studying all forms of plant life and developing practical applications in fields such as agriculture and medicine; studying all forms of animal life and developing practical applications in fields such as agriculture and medicine; studying and conducting experiments concerning the structure and functions of living cells, and the influence of physical and chemical factors upon normal and abnormal cells; developing industrial, medical and other applications of knowledge in their respective fields; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Biologist - Botanist - Ecologist - Zoologist - Entomologist 2212 BACTERIOLOGISTS, PHARMACOLOGISTS, PATHOLOGISTS AND RELATED SCIENTISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, and apply scientific knowledge relating to anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, bacteriology, pathology, or pharmacology, in such fields as medicine, agriculture or industry. Their tasks include: conducting research, improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods in their respective fields; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC studying and conducting experiments concerning the form, structure and other anatomical characteristics of living organisms; studying and conducting experiments concerning the life processes and functions of human, animal or plant organs, tissues, cells, glands and systems under normal and abnormal or exceptional conditions; studying and conducting experiments concerning the structure, development and characteristics of micro-organisms such as bacteria or viruses; studying and conducting experiments concerning the nature,causes and development of human, animal or plant diseases and disorders; studying and conducting experiments concerning the effects of drugs and other substances on the tissues, organs and physiological processes of human beings and animals, and improving existing or developing new drugs; developing industrial, medical and other applications of knowledge in their respective fields; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Anatomist - Biochemist - Bacteriologist - Pathologist - Micro Biologist - Virologist 2213 AGRONOMISTS AND RELATED SCIENTISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, and apply scientific knowledge relating to crop and animal husbandry. Their tasks include: researching into field crops and grasses and developing new or improved cultivation methods; researching into horticultural crops and developing new or improved cultivation methods; researching into animal husbandry and developing new or improving breeding methods; researching into characteristics, use capability and productivity of soils and applying findings to developmentof improved agricultural and horticultural practices; researching into, and developing new or improved methods for economic exploitation of grazing lands; advising farmers on farming methods and problems; preparing scientific papers and reports. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Agronomist - Animal scientist - Horticulturist - Farming adviser - Agriculturist - Aquaculturist Some related occupations classified elsewhwere are: - Soil technologist 3211 2214 FORESTERS AND RELATED SCIENTISTS Workers in this unit group supervise and coordinate the scientific conservation, management and development of forest resources for the continuous and judicious utilization of wood and nonwood forest products including the management of national parks, other protected areas and conservation of wildlife resources. Their tasks include: providing services in the form of technical consultation, investigation, planning, preparation and implementation of management plans for forestry, national parks, other protected areas and conservation of wildlife and the determination of the suitability of public forest for multiple uses; supervising and directing the management of natural forest, in the conduct of logging, forest reconnaisance and timber estimate; supervising and directing the conduct of scaling and grading of logs and lumber; supervising the planning and implementation of soil conservation and watershed rehabilitation activities; supervising the design and construction of forest structures and the preparation of forest maps; teaching forestry courses and conducting/supervising extension activities; identifying woods and other forest products; administering, managing and supervising forest plantations agro forestry farms and tree farm leases within the public forest; protecting and conserving game and wildlife; preparing and implementing reforestation and afforestation plans; supervising activities related to the conservation of biological diversity; supervising activities such as forest protection, silviculture and maintenance of restoration of ecological balance; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC preparing and conducting basic and applied research including policy analysis in areas related to development,utilization, management and administration of natural and plantation forests. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Forester - Forestry scientist - Silviculturist - Fiber development officer - Plant entomologist - Forest Ranger 222 HEALTH PROFESSIONALS (EXCEPT NURSING) Workers in this minor group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, andapply scientific knowledge relating tomedicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, and promotion of health. Tasks performed usually include: conducting research and obtaining scientific knowledge through the study of human and animal disorders and illnesses and ways of treating them; advising on or applying preventive and curative measures, or promoting health; preparing scientific papers and reports. 2221 MEDICAL DOCTORS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts,theories and operational methods, and apply preventive or curative measures. Their tasks include: conducting research into human disorders and illnesses and preventive or curative methods; conducting medical examinations and making diagnoses; prescribing and giving treatment for diagnosed illnesses, disorders or injuries; performing surgical operations; giving specialized medical or surgical treatment for particular types ofillnesses, disorders or injuries; giving advice on and applying preventive medicine methods and treatments; teaching medical students and other health sciences students, physicians and other health professionals; managing hospitals and health services programs; participating in the development and implementation of public health laws and regulations for safeguarding and promoting the health of a community; preparing scientific papers and reports. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Ophtalmologist - Physician - Psychiatrist - Surgeon - Cardiologist - Dermatologist - Ob- Gyenologist 2222 DENTISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improveor develop concepts, theories and operational methods, and apply medical knowledge in the field ofdentistry. Their tasks include: conducting research on dental and oral diseases, disorders and anomalies tobe able to arrive at definitive approach to preventive and treatment procedures; making diagnoses, advising on and giving necessary dental treatment; rendering efficient preventive, surgical and restorative forms of treatment for particular types of oral and dental diseases, disorders and anomalies; participating in continuing dental education to upgrade professionalism and work efficiency; participating in public action to maintain or improve standards of oral health and dental care; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Dentist - Oral surgeon - Pedodontist - Orthodontist - Dental hygienist 2223 VETERINARIANS Workers in this unit group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, and apply medical knowledge in the veterinary field. Their tasks include: conducting research, improving or developing concepts, theories and operational methods; conducting examinations and diagnosing diseases or injuries of animals; administering surgical or medical veterinary treatment; testing dairy and other herds and inoculating animals against diseases; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC advising on care and breeding of animals; inspecting quality, purity and safety of food made wholly or partly from raw materials of animal origin intended for human consumption; assisting in epidemiological, radiological and other surveillance of animal health; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Veterinarian - Veterinary epidemiologist - Public health veterinarian 2224 PHARMACISTS Workers in this unit group are responsible for the safety, quality, potency and efficacy of all drugs and medications, as such, apply pharmaceutical concepts and theories in the preparation and dispensing or selling medicaments and drugs. Their tasks include: A. In the pharmaceutical industry -- Workers in this unit group are responsible for the safety, quality, potency and efficacy of all drugs and medications, as such, apply pharmaceutical concepts and theories in the preparation and dispensing or selling medicaments and drugs. supervising the quality control/quality assurance functions, testing of drugs to determine identity, purity,strength and safety; developing new drugs, stability testing and developing new testing procedures; coordinating with medical and marketing experts regarding clinical trial sample preparation; preparing all protocols and documentation regarding regulatory requirements concerning drug registration; monitoring the manufacture of prohibited and regulated drugs and reporting accountability to the Dangerous Drugs Board; B. In the hospital and community -- preparing or directing the preparation of medicaments according to prescriptions of medical, dental and veterinary practitioners, or established formula; checking prescriptions to ensure that recommended dosages are not exceeded, and that instructions are understood by patient, and advising on possible drug incompatibility; dispensing medicaments and drugs in hospitals or selling them in pharmacies; maintaining records, especially of narcotics, poisons and habit-forming drugs issued; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC advising patients on generic equivalent and lowest cost of drugs; preparing scientific papers and reports. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Pharmacist - Industrial pharmacist - Pharmacy adviser - Pharmacologist A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Pharmaceutical chemist 2113 2225 NUTRITIONISTS-DIETITIANS Workers in this unit group conduct research on, improve or develop concepts and operational methods concerning preparation and application of diets for general and therapeutic purposes. Their tasks include: planning and directing all aspects of food service in hospitals and other healthcare facilities; giving dietary advice or counselling to sick and well individuals; planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating food and nutrition programs at the sub-national level (regional,provincial, community); participating in the intersectoral planning,implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the National Food and Nutrition Plan (NFNP); translating local and foreign research findings on thefood and nutritional needs in health and disease into practical dietary recommendations; planning and implementing research studies on food and nutrition; giving consultatory/advisory services on matters relating to food and nutrition; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Dietitian - Dietary Nutritionist - Administrative Dietitian - Therapeutic/Clinic Dietitian - Teaching Dietitian - Research Nutritionist/Dietitian - Community/Public Health Nutritionist - Dietetic Management Supervisor/Adviser - Nutrition program coordinator Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 2226 OPTOMETRISTS AND OPTICIANS Workers in this unit group prescribe and fit glasses and contact lenses and advise on their use, on proper lighting for work and reading and other visual aids. Their tasks include: examining eyes and prescribing glasses, contact lenses or other treatment to improve vision, referring cases which may require medication or surgery to medical doctor; advising on the proper use of glasses and contact lenses, appropriate lighting for work or reading and other visual aids; fitting prescribed lenses into frames and fitting frames or contact lenses to customers; attending continuing education program to update practice of the profession(at least 30 hours annualy under thesupervision of the Board of Optometry and the accredited national organization "Samahan ng Optometrist saPilipinas". Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Dispensing optician - Ophthalmic optician - Optometrist A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Ophthalmologist 2221 2227 MEDICAL TECHNOLOGISTS Workers in this unit group engage in the work of medical technology underthe supervision of a pathologist or licensed physician authorized by the Department of Health in places where there is no pathologist, and who having passed the prescribed course Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology/Bachelor of Science in Hygiene, training and examination, is registered under the provision of R.A. No.5527. Their tasks include: receiving specimens for laboratory, or obtaining such body materials as urine, blood,pus, and tissue directly from patient, and making quantitative and qualitative chemical analyses; cultivating, isolating and identifying pathogenic bacteria, parasites, and other micro organisms; cutting, staining, and mounting tissue sections for study by pathologist; performing blood tests for transfusions, studying morphology of blood; grouping or typing of blood and cross matching that of donor and recipient to as certain compatibility; engaging in medical research to further control and cure disease; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC grouping or typing of blood and cross matching that of donor and recipient to ascertain compatibility; engaging in medical research to further control and cure disease; may calibrate and use equipment designed to measure glandular and other bodily activity; providing the physician necessary medical data for diagnostic purposes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Medical technologist - Nuclear medical technologist - Microbiology technologist - Radiologic technologist 2228 PHYSIOTHERAPIST Physiotherapist and related associate professionals treat disorders of bones,muscles and parts of the circulatory or the nervous system by manipulative methods, and ultrasound, heating, laser or similar techniques, or apply physiotherapy and related therapies as part of the treatment for the physically disabled mentally ill or unbalanced. Their tasks include: advising communities and individuals on correct body postures, for work or otherwise, to avoid injuries and strain and to strenghten muscles; conducting examinations to make diagnoses of disorders of bones, muscles and parts of the circulatory or the nervous system to determine proper treatment or refer to Medical doctors, if necessary; treating disorders of bones, muscles and parts of the circulatory or the nervous system by manipulative methods and the use of ultrasound, heating, laser or similar techniques; massaging client of patient to improve circulation, soothe or stimulate nerves, facilitate elimination of waste matter, strech contracted tendons and produce other therapeutic effects; examining body deformities and disorders to determine and writes pecifications for artificial limbs or other appliances, helping to fit them and explaining their use; applying physiotherapy and related techniques as part of the treatment of the mentally ill or unbalanced; performing related tasks; supervising other workers Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Physiotherapist - Physical therapist Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Podiatrist 2229 OTHER HEALTH PROFESSIONALS (EXCEPT NURSING) Workers in this unit group provide professional medical, dental, veterinary and related services not elsewhere classified. Their tasks include: diagnosing and treating, mainly by manipulation methods, disorders of bones, muscles, blood vessels and other tissues of the human body; relieving illnesses due to pressure upon the nervous system; treating sprains, healing fractures, paralysis and circulatory or nervous disorders by physical means, usually as prescribed by a physician; participating in planned medically oriented vocational, educational or recreational activities designed to rehabilitate physically or mentally disabled persons; massaging clients or patients to improve circulation,soothe or stimulate nerves, facilitate elimination of waste matter, stretch contracted tendons and produce other therapeutic effects. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Osteopath - Chiropractor - Occupational therapist - Reflexologist - Anesthesiologist - Dangerous drug relations officer - Food-drug regulation officer - Fumigation supervisor - Pulmonary therapist - Respiratory therapist - Speech therapist 223 NURSING AND MIDWIFERY PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group apply medical concepts and principles relating to the delivery of babies and to nursing of the ill; injured or disabled, and of mothers and their newborn babies. Tasks performed usually include: helping medical doctors in the practical application of preventive and curative measures and dealing with emergencies in their absence; providing professional nursing services, care and advice for the sick, injured, physically and mentally disabled and others in need of such care, and directing auxiliary nursing staff; delivering or assisting in the delivery of babies, and instructing mothers in baby care. 2231 PROFESSIONAL NURSES Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group assist medical doctors in their tasks, deal with emergencies in their absence, and provide professional nursing care for the sick, injured, physically and mentally disabled, and others in need of such care. Their tasks include: giving professional nursing care and treatment, either as curative or preventive measures, to ill, injured, disabled and other patients, and newborn babies and their mothers, in hospitals, clinics or other establishments; supervising and coordinating the work of nursing and other non-medical staff in operating theatre and assisting surgeons during operation; administering medicine and drugs, applying surgical dressings and giving other forms of treatment prescribed by physicians; participating in preparations for physical and psychological treatment of mentallyill patients; giving professional nursing care to patients in their homes; providing professional nursing services,care and advice within a community or at a workplace; specializing in consultant services to industrial and other organizations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Professional nurse - Specialized nurse - Occupational health nurse - Private nurse - Independent nurse practitioner - Audiometry nurse - Chemotherapy nurse - Medico-legal nurse - Neonetal nurse - Pain clinic & ancology nurse - Paramedic nurse - Radiotherapeutic nurse Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Associate professional nurse 3231 2232 PROFESSIONAL MIDWIVES Workers in this unit group deliver or assist in the delivery of babies, provide prenatal and post natal care and instruct parents in baby care. Their tasks include: checking on general health and progress of expectant mothers during pregnancy, and giving them professional advice and care; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC delivering babies in normal birth and assisting doctors with difficult deliveries; attending to mothers in the postnatal period to supervise their recovery, to checkon babies' progress, and to instruct parents in baby care; advising on and administering birth control methods; giving immunization and taking care of babies under six years old. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Professional midwife - Supervising midwife A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Associate professional midwife 3232 23 TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group teach the theory and practice of one or more disciplines at different educational levels, conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods pertaining to their particular discipline, and prepare scholarly papers and books. Their tasks include: conducting classes, courses or tutorials at a particular educational level, for educational or vocational purposes, including private lessons; conducting adult literacy programs; teaching and educating handicapped persons; designing and modifying curricula; inspecting and advising on teaching methods and aids; participating in decisions concerning the organization of teaching and related activities at schools and universities;conducting research in their particular subjects to improve or develop concepts, theories or operational methods for application in industrial and other fields; preparing scholarly papers and books. 231 COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY AND HIGHER EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group teach their subjects at different levels after the termination of secondary education, conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods pertaining to their particular discipline, and prepare scholarly papers and books. Their tasks include: designing and modifying curricula; conducting courses, giving seminars andtutorials or delivering lectures; participating in decisions concerning the organization of university teaching and related activities; conducting research in their particular subjects to improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods for application in industrial and other fields; preparing scholarly papers and books. 2310 COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY AND HIGHER EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group teach their subjects at different levels after the termination of secondary education, conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods pertaining to their particular discipline, and prepare scholarly papers and books. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: designing or modifying curricula and preparing courses of study in accordance with requirements; delivering lectures and conducting tutorials, seminars and laboratory experiments; stimulating discussion and independent thought among students; supervising, where appropriate, experimental and practical work undertaken by students; administering, evaluating and marking examination papers and tests; directing research of post-graduate students or other members of department; researching into and developing concepts, theories and operational methods for application in industrial and other fields; preparing scholarly books, papers or articles; attending conferences and seminars; participating in decision-making processes concerning college or univerrsity departmental, budgetary and other policy matters; assisting with extracurricular activities, such as debating societies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - College lecturer - University lecturer - College professor - University professor 232 TECHNICAL, VOCATIONAL AND RELATED INSTRUCTORS AND TRAINORS Workers in this unit group teach specific vocational training subjects in specific trades to the students or trainees in public or private institutions normally at thepost-secondary levels or in industrial plants. They may be identified according totrade or theory taught or type of establishment in which training is conducted. 2320 TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL INSTRUCTORS/TRAINORS Workers in this unit group teach specific vocational training subjects in specific trades to students or trainees in public or private institutions normally at thepost-secondary levels or in industrial plants. They may be identified according totrade or theory taught or type of establishment in which training is conducted. Their tasks include: organizing program of practical and technical instruction,involving demonstrations of skills required in trade, and lecturing on theory, practices, methods, processes and terminology; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC instructing students in subject areas, such as safety precautions, mathematics, science, drawing, use and maintenance of tools and equipment, and codes or regulations related to trade; planning and supervising work of students in shop or laboratory; testing and evaluating achievement of student in technical knowledge and trade skills; instructing student pilots and ground crew in flight procedures and techniques, aviation regulations, meteorology and navigation; instructing individuals in proper care and handling of motor vehicles, and in highway regulations; training employees in the operation and maintenance of specified types of equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Teacher in industrial arts - Teacher in home industries - Teacher in trades - Flight instructor - Fighter Pilot Escape & Evasion Training Instructor 233 SECONDARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group teach one or more subjects, for educationalor vocational purposes, at someor all levels between the termination of primary education and the beginning of studies at colleges or universities. Their tasks include: designing and modifying curricula; conducting classes or giving courses in one or more subjects, for educational or vocational purposes, including private lessons; conducting adult literacy programs; participating in decisions concerning the organization of school teaching and related activities. 2331 GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group teach academic subjects at the second level of education such as language, literature and social studies at some or all levels between the termination of primary education and the beginning of studies at colleges or universities. Their tasks include: designing or modifying curricula and preparing educational courses of study in accordance with requirements; giving lessons in language, literature and social studies and supervising pupils' classwork and discipline; preparing, assigning and correcting exercises; administering tests and examinations to evaluate pupils' progress and marking them; writing reports about pupils' work and conferring with other teachers and parents; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC participating at meetings concerning school's educational or organizational policies; organizing or assisting with extra curricular activities such as debating societies or hobby clubs; giving private lessons. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Language teacher - Literature teacher - Social studies teacher - Reading and writing teacher 2332 SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group teach academic subjects at the second level of educationin science and mathematics. Their tasks include: giving instruction in one or more natural science subjects such as chemistry, physics, biology, physiology, zoology or botany; giving instruction in mathematics and related subjects; preparing, assigning and correcting exercises; administering tests and examinations to evaluate pupils' progress and marking them; writing reports about pupils' work and conferring with other teachers and parents; participating at meetings concerning school's educational or organizational policies; organizing or assisting with extra curricular activities such as debating societies or hobby clubs; giving private lessons. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Natural science teacher, secondary education - Mathematics teacher, secondary education - Social science teacher, secondary education 2333 VOCATIONAL EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group teach vocational and technical education subjects at the second level of education. Their tasks include: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC designing and modifying curricula and preparing vocational courses of study in accordance with requirements; giving lessons, in an institution of general or specialized secondary education, in subjects such as fine arts, commercial and secretarial, agricultural science, domestic science and general nursing, crafts, industrial arts and other technical subjects; administering and marking tests and examinations to evaluate pupils' progress. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fine arts teacher, secondary education - Vocational training teacher, secondary education - Agricultural science teacher,secondary education - Technical education teacher, secondary education 234 ELEMENTARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group teach a range of subjects at the primary level of education. Their tasks include: preparing program of learning and giving instruction in arange of subjects at the primary level; preparing reports. 2341 GENERAL ELEMENTARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group teach a range of subjects at the primary education level. Their tasks include: preparing program of learning and giving instruction in areas such as reading,writing and other subjects, within prescribed or recommended curriculum; preparing, administering and marking tests and projects and assignments to train pupils and to evaluate their progress, and giving remedial instruction if necessary; encouraging personal development of pupils and discussing their progress with parents and head teacher. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Professional teacher, primary education - Language teacher, primary education - Reading and writing teacher, primary education - Social studies teacher, primary education Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Primary education associate 3300 - College professor 2310 2342 SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS ELEMENTARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONAL Workers in this unit group teach science and mathematics in the first level of education. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: preparing program of learning and giving instruction inscience and mathematics within prescribed or recommended curriculum; preparing, administering and marking tests and projects and assignments to train pupils and to evaluate their progress,and giving remedial instruction if necessary; encouraging personal development of pupils and discussing their progress with parents and head teacher. 235 SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group organize educational activities for children below primary school age, or teach children with special needs, physically or mentally handicapped children, young persons or adults, orthose with learning difficulties, at a given level of education. Their tasks include: planning and organizing designed to facilitate children's development of language, physicaland social skills; adapting curriculum to suit the particular group of mentally or physically handicapped persons,or those with learning difficulties; teaching one or more subjects to, for instance, deaf or blind persons by using braille, lip-reading and other special aids and techniques; preparingreports. 2351 PRE-ELEMENTARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group organize group and individual play and educational activities to support and promote physical, mental and social development of children below primary-school age. Their tasks include: planning and organizing activities designed to facilitate the children's development of physical and social skills; promoting language development through story telling, roleplay, songs, rhymes and informal conversations and discussions; observing children in order to evaluate progress and discuss progress and possible problems with parents; supervising children's activities to ensure safety and resolve conflicts. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Nursery school teacher - Kindergarten teacher - Preparatory school teacher 2352 NON-FORMAL EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS OTHER THAN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINORS/INSTRUCTORS Workers in this unit group teach out-of-school youths and adults in various subjects through non-traditional methods outside the formal education system. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: participating in adult training or cottage extension programs; teaching, promoting and motivating the students'development and advancementinto higher levels of learning and achievements; performing other related tasks. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Non-formal education teacher- Teacher for adult literacy 2353 TEACHING PROFESSIONALS FOR THE HANDICAPPED AND DISABLED Workers in this unit group teach children with special needs,physically or mentally handicapped children, young persons, or adults,or those with learning difficulties, ata given level of education. Their tasks include: designing or modifying curricula and preparing lessons and activities in accordance with requirements; giving instruction using techniques or special aids, suchas braille or lip-reading, appropriate to pupil's handicap and level, and supervising work in class; encouraging pupils to have confidence, helping them to discover and adopt methods which would decrease limitations imposed by their handicap, ang giving them a feeling of achievement; administering tests, evaluating and noting progress of each pupil and discussing it with head teacher, therapists,social workers, parents, etc.; giving private instruction; preparing reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Teacher for the blind - Teacher for the deaf - Teacher for the mentally handicapped - Teacher for the physically handicapped - Teacher for the abnormal children 239 TEACHING PROFESSIONALS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this minor group conduct research and develop or advise on teaching methods and aids, or review and examine teachers' work and the results achieved in applying a particular curriculum program and suggest changes and improvements, if necessary. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: carrying out research on current developments in curricula, teaching methods and othe reducational practices, including teaching aids, and advising on necessary changes and improvements;carrying out periodic inspection of teachers' work in the application of a particular curriculum program and suggesting changes and improvements if necessary; preparing reports. 2391 EDUCATION METHODS SPECIALISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research and develop or advise on teaching methods and aids. Their tasks include: researching into current developments in curricula, teaching methods and other educational practices, and advising on necessary changes and possible improvements; advising on contents of courses and methods of examination; researching into audio-visual and other teaching aids and advising on,planning and organizing their introduction in educational establishments; preparing papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Education methods adviser - Curricula developer - Teaching aids specialist - Audio-visual teaching aid specialist 2399 OTHER TEACHING PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group perform teaching and related tasks not elsewhere classified. Their tasks include: teaching exceptionally intelligent and problem students; teaching juvenile delinquents remanded to establishments for corrective training; assisting schoolchildren who have scholastic, behavioral or personality problems and working out with children, parents and teachers ways for over coming difficulties; participating in extension programs and/or services. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Professional tutor - Teacher for the exceptionally intelligent - Lecturer 24 OTHER PROFESSIONALS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this sub-major group conduct research, improve or develop concepts,theories and operational methods, or apply knowledge relating to information dissemination and organization of business, as well as to philosophy, law, pyschology, politics, economics, history,religion, languages, sociology, other social sciences, and to arts and entertainment. Their tasks include: dealing with information dissemination and operational methods relating to organization of business; application of the law; enlarging, advising on or applying knowledge obtained through the study of individual or group behavior, language development, and philosophical, political, economic, juridical,educational, social, religious and other doctrines, concepts, theories, systems and organizations,from a current and historical perspective; conceiving and creating or performing works of art; preparing scholarly papers and reports. 241 BUSINESS PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group improve, advise on orapply operational methods relating to organization of business. Their tasks include: studying, planning, advising on and executing accounting services, or services related to personnel policies and vocational guidance; dealing with other business matters such as marketing ,advertising,public relations, application of rules concerning patents,or steps to be taken in setting up a business; advising on principles of home 2411 ACCOUNTANTS AND AUDITORS Workers in this unit group practice consultancy and accountancy, which covers public accountants, accounting educators, government accountants and accountants in commerce and industry. Their tasks include: advising on, planning and installing budgetary, accounts controlling and other accounting policies and systems; preparing financial statements for presentation to management, shareholders, statutory or other bodies; preparing or assisting in preparing tax returns, advising on taxation problems and contesting disputed claims before tax officials; preparing or reporting on profit forecasts and budgets; conducting financial investigations in matters such as suspected fraud , in solvency and bankruptcy; auditing accounting records and documents leading to the preparation of auditors'reports therein; teaching and conducting lectures on accounting and auditing subjects. Examples of the occupations classified here are: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Accountant - Auditor - Cost Accountant - Cost analyst - Cost controller - Examiner - Final audit process engineer - Financial Planner/analyst Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Bookkeeper 3433 - Accounting clerk 4121 - Auditing Examiner 4121 - Audit analyst 4121 2412 PERSONNEL AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group provide professional business services related to personnel policies such as employee recruitment or development, occupational analyses and vocational guidance. Their tasks include: advising on and performing personnel functions relating to employee recruitment, placement, training, promotion, compensation, and employee-management relations orother areas of personnel policy; studying and analyzing jobs performed in an establishment by various means, including interviews with workers,supervisors and management, and writing detailed post, job and occupation descriptions from data obtained; preparing occupational information booklets or working onoccupational classification systems; advising and working on the foregoing and other aspects of job and occupation analyses in such fields as personnel administration, manpower research and planning, training,or occupational information and vocational guidance; studying and advising individuals on employment opportunities, career choices and further education or training that may be desirable;. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Personnel specialist - Vocational/guidance counsellor - Occupational analyst - Human resource development specialist - Industrial relations management specialist - Practicum coordinator - Risk management analyst 2419 OTHER BUSINESS PROFESSIONALS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group study, advise on and apply operational methods relating to various aspects of business undertakings, such as marketing, advertising, public relations, application of rules concerning patents, orsteps to be taken in setting up and running a business, and how to apply home economics principles. Their tasks include: conducting research on, determining and advising on existing level of sales for particular products or services, and assessing potential markets and future trends; planning, advising on or directing and coordinating production of advertising campaigns for particular clientsof an advertising agency; studying, interpreting and informing about and advising on principles of home economics and management with a view to promoting welfare of families,as well as the consumption of household goods, or the promotion of new products; giving advice concerning patents and assisting in preparing applications or examining applications submitted for registration, and writing reports setting out reasons for or against grant of patent; studying and advising on financial, legal, organizational, marketing and other aspects connected with setting up and running a business; studying, interpreting and, through lectures and radio or television programs, informing about and advising on principles of home economicsand management with a view to promoting welfare of families as well as consumption of household goods, or production of new ones. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Advertising account executive - Home economist - Public relations officer - Patent agent - Business conservation analyst - Business development/marketing specialist - Investment development analyst - Market analyst - Marketing and Career Adviser - Media production specialist - Quality management representative - Revenue officer 242 LEGAL PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research on legal problems, draft laws and regulations, advise clients on legal aspects of problems, and plead cases or conduct prosecutions in courts of justice, or preside over judicial proceedings and pronounce judgement in courts of justice. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: giving clients legal advice,undertaking legal business on clients' behalf, and conducting litigation when necessary; orpresiding over judicial proceedings and pronouncing judgements in courts of justice. 2421 LAWYERS Workers in this unit group give clients legal adviceon a wide variety of subjects and plead cases or conduct prosecutions in courts of justice, or instruct barristers or advocates to plead in higher courts of justice. Their tasks include: conducting research on legal theories and principles and their relationship to specific laws or court judgements; drafting legislation and preparing government regulations based on existing laws; giving clients, including the government, legal advice on a wide variety ofsubjects and undertaking legal business on clients' behalf; assisting clients to negotiate settlements in matters which involve legal disputes; examining the circumstances of disputes or reported crimes to as certain facts and their legal implications; preparing pleadings or cases for plaintiff or defendant and conducting themin court; representing clients in the lower court or instructing barristers or advocates to plead in higher courts of justice; accepting briefs and pleading in the higher court; acting as prosecutor on behalf of the government in criminal cases; drawing up legal documents. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Lawyer - Prosecutor - Advocate - Conciliator - Fiscal - Judicial Officer - Legal Councel - Legal analyst - Mediator-arbiter - Adjudicator - Solicitor - State Counsel A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Legal clerk 3432 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 2422 JUDGES Workers in this unit group hear and judge cases in courts of justice, or pronounce judgement. Their tasks include: hearing and weighing arguments and evidence; ruling on questions of procedure; determining the rights and obligations of the parties involved; pronouncing judgement. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Judge - Magistrate - Associate Judge 2423 JUSTICES Workers in this unit group try cases in higher courts,study and deliberate cases, complaints and appeals thathave been acted upon by the lower courts, promulgate rules,and pronounce judgements. Their tasks include: giving advice on legal aspects of personal, business and administrative problems; drawing up legal documents, taking affidavits and administering oaths and affirmations; arranging property transfers; determining, by inquest, the causes of any death not obviously due to natural causes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Notary public - Legal adviser - Coroner - Graft investigation officer - In-house counsel - Legal consultant - Legal liason - Legal researcher - Court administrator - Court interpreter - Judicial staff officer 243 LIBRARIANS, ARCHIVISTS AND CURATORS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this minor group develop and maintain the collection of archives, libraries, museums, art galleries, and similar establishments. Their tasks include: conducting research, appraising or developing and organizing the contents of archives and artifacts of historical, cultural and artistic interest,and ensuring their safe-keeping and preservation;organizing the collections of, and exhibitions at, museums,art galleries ands imilar establishments; developing and maintaining the systematic collection of recorded and published material and making available to users inlibraries and related institutions; preparing scholarly papers and reports. 2430 LIBRARIANS, ARCHIVISTS AND CURATORS Workers in this minor group develop and maintain the collection of archives, libraries, museums, art galleries,and similar establishments. Their tasks include: organizing, developing and maintaining a systematic collection of books,computer-based data and program files,and other recorded materials and making them available to library users; collecting, organizing and preserving permanent records and historically valuable documents; directing and organizing museums, art galleries and similar establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Librarian - Archivist - Art gallery and museum curator - Cataloguer - Museum researcher - Philatelic artist 244 SOCIAL AND RELATED SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group conduct research, improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods, or apply knowledge relating to philosophy, politics,economics, sociology, anthropology, history, philology,languages, psychology, and other social sciences, or they providesocial services to meet the needs of individuals and families in a community. Their tasks include: formulating and applying solutions to present or projected economic, political or social problems; researching into and analyzing past events and activities and tracing the origin and evolution of the human race; studying the origin and development of languages, ortranslating or interpreting them; studying mental processes and behavior of individuals and groups;providing social services; preparing scholarly papers and reports. 2441 ECONOMISTS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group conduct research to improve or develop economic concepts, theories and operational methods used to understand and describe the behavior of national and international markets for goods,services and labor, and advise on or apply the knowledge to draw up economic policies and to formulate solutions to present o rprojected economic problems. Their tasks include: studying, advising on or dealing with various economic aspects, such as production and marketing methods, national and international trade trends, monetary, fiscal and pricing policies, employment, income, productivity and consumption; compiling, analyzing and interpreting economic data using a variety of statistical and other techniques; advising on economic policy and course of action to be followed in the light of analyses of present and foreseen economic factors; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Economist - Econometrician 2442 SOCIOLOGISTS, ANTHROPOLOGISTS AND RELATED PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group investigate and describe the social structure of societies, the origin and evolution of humanity, and the interdependence between environmental conditions and human activities, and make the knowledge obtained available as a basis for policy decisions. Their tasks include: conducting research on the origin, development, structure, social patterns, organizations and interrelationships of human society; tracing the origin and evolution of humanity through the study of changing physical characteristics and cultural and social institutions; tracing the development of humanity through the material remains of its past, such as habitations, temples, pottery,coins, weapons, tools or sculpture; studying physical and climatic aspects of areas and regions, and correlating these findings with economic, social and cultural activities of the same parts; advising on the practical application of these findings inthe determination ofp hysical and ethnic boundaries between states, economic exploitation of specific regions, potential markets or optimum trade routes; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are : Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Anthropologist - Archaeologist - Ethnologist - Geographer - Sociologist 2443 PHILOSOPHERS, HISTORIANS AND POLITICAL SCIENTISTS Workers in this unit group conduct research and describe past events and activities, including the development of social and economic structures,or cultural and political institutions and movements, and make the knowledge obtained available as a basis for political, diplomatic and related policies. Their tasks include: researching, mostly by reasoning, into the general causes, principles and meanings of the world, human actions,experience and existence, and interpreting and developing philosophical concepts and theories; consulting and comparing primary sources, such as original or contemporary records of past events, and secondary sources such as archaeological or anthropological findings; extracting relevant material, checking its authenticity, and researching into and describing the history of a particular period, country or region, or a particular facet(e.g., economic, social or political) of its history; conducting research in such fields as political philosophy and past and present theory and practice of political systems, institutions and behavior; observing contemporary political institutions and collecting data on them from various sources, including interviews with government and political party officials and other relevant persons; presenting findings and conclusions for publication or use by government,political parties or other organizations and interested persons; tracing the genealogical background of particular families; preparing scholarly papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Philosopher - Historian - Political scientist - Genealogist 2444 PHILOLOGISTS, TRANSLATORS AND INTERPRETERS Workers in this unit group study the origin, development and structure of languages, and translate or interpret from one language into another. Their tasks include: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC studying relationships between ancient parent languages and modern language groups, tracing the origin and evolution of words, grammar and language forms, and presenting findings; advising on or preparing language classification systems, grammars, dictionaries and similar materials; developing methods for the use of computers and other instruments to improve productivity and quality of translations; translating from one language into another and ensuring that the correct meaning of the original is retained, that legal, technical or scientific works are correctly rendered, and that the phraseology and terminology of the spirit and style of literary works are conveyed as far as possible; interpreting from one language into another, in particular at conferences,meeting and similar occasions, and ensuring that the correct meaning, and as far as possible the spirit, of the original are transmitted; preparing scientific papers and reports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Philologist - Interpreter - Translator - Lexicographer - Language researcher - Linguistic specialist A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Court interpreter 2429 - Editor 2451 2445 PSYCHOLOGISTS Workers in this unit group research into and study mental processes and behavior of human beings and advise on or apply this knowledge to promote personal, social, educational or occupational adjustment and development. Their tasks include: planning and carrying out tests to measure mental, physicaland other characteristics such as intelligence, abilities, aptitudes, potentialities, etc., interpreting and evaluating results, and providing advice; analyzing the effect of heredity, social, occupational and other factors on individual thought and behavior; conducting counselling or therapeutic interviews, and providing follow-up services; maintaining required contacts, such as those with family members, educational authorities or employers, and recommending possible solutions to and treatment of problems; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC studying psychological factors in the diagnosis, treatmentand prevention of mental illnesses and emotional and personality disorders, and conferring about it with related professions; preparing scientific papers and reports. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Psychologist - Phychometrician 2446 SOCIAL WORK PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group provide guidance to clients in social and related matters to improve people's problem-solving capabilities, enhance their coping abilities, and develop their innate capacity for self-fulfillment and self-actualization in order to createa just and responsible society. Their tasks include: helping individuals and families with their personal andsocial problems; collecting information relevant to clients' needs and advising them on their rights and obligations; analyzing the client's situation and presenting alternative approaches to resolving problems; compiling case records or reports for courts and other legal proceedings; planning, evaluating, conducting social research, developing and providing welfare services; working to prevent delinquency or to achieve rehabilitation of delinquents by organizing and supervising social, recreational and educational activities in youth clubs, community centers and similar organizations, or by other means; helping physically or mentally handicapped persons to obtain adequate treatment and improve their ability to function in society; planning, organizing or providing home-help services. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Social worker - Family caseworker - Social welfare officer 2449 OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group conduct research on,improve or develop concepts and operational methods, orengage in the practical application of knowledge relating to social sciences not elsewhere classified. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Example of the occupations classified here is: - Community development worker - Environmentalist 245 WRITERS AND CREATIVE OR PERFORMING ARTISTS Workers in this minor group conceive and create or perform literary, dramatic, musical and other works of art. Their tasks include: writing literary works; appraising merits of literary and other works of art;collecting information about current affairs and writing about them; sculpting, painting, engraving, or creating cartoons; restoring paintings; composing music; dancing oracting in dramatic productions or directing such productions. 2451 AUTHORS, JOURNALISTS AND OTHER WRITERS Workers in this unit group write literary works for publication or presentation in dramatic form, appraise merits of literary and other works of art and of artistic productions, and write and edit news, stories and commentaries. Their tasks include: conceiving and writing literary works for publication or presentation in dramatic form; writing scripts and continuities and preparing programs forstage, film, radio and television production; appraising and writing about merits of literary, musical and other works of art, and about artistic performances; collecting, commenting and reporting on news and current affairs for publication in newspapers and periodicals, or broadcasting by radio or television; interviewing politicians and other public figures at press conferences and onother occasions, including individual interviews recorded for radio or television; writing editorials and selecting, revising, arranging and editing submitted articles and other material for publication in newspapers and periodicals; appraising manuscripts submitted for publication in bookform, making recommendations thereon and editing or supervising editing of the material; writing advertising copy praising merits of particular products or services; selecting, assembling and preparing publicity materials about business or other organizations for issue through press, radio, television and other media; writing advertising copy praising merits of particular products or services; selecting, assembling and preparing publicity materials about business or other organizations for issue through press, radio, television and other media; designing and writing brochures, handbooks and similar technical publications. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Author - Advertising copywriter - Critic - Editor - Journalist - Columnist - Copy reader - Copy Writer - Correspondent - Feature Writer - Information editor - Message writer - Nautical writer - Pressman - Press-proof revisor - Scriptwriter - Speech transcriber - Speech writer - Technical Writer 2452 SCULPTORS, PAINTERS AND RELATED ARTISTS Workers in this unit group create and execute works of art by sculpting, painting, drawing, creating cartoons, engraving or using related techniques. Their tasks include: creating representational or abstract three-dimensional orrelief forms by shaping and combining materials such as wood, stone, clay, or metal; creating representational on abstract drawings and paintings using pencils, ink, chalk, oil paints, water colors or through the application of other techniques; creating drawings and engraving or etching them on metal, wood or other materials; creating cartoons to depict persons and events, often in caricature; creating and executing designs and illustrations for books, magazines, advertising and similar purposes; restoring damaged, soiled and faded paintings and other art objects; painting miniatures from portraits. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Artist, commercial - Cartoonist - Portrait painter - Commercial artist - Sculptor - Creative arts specialist Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Illustrator A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Industrial products designer 3471 2453 COMPOSERS, MUSICIANS AND SINGERS Workers in this unit group compose and adapt musical works and conduct and participate in performances of them. Their tasks include: conceiving and writing musical compositions; adapting, arranging or copying music for particular instrumental groups, instruments or occasions; conducting instrumental and/or vocal performances; playing one or more musical instruments as a soloist or as a member of an orchestra; singing as soloists or members of vocal groups. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Music composer - Orchestra conductor - Vocal group conductor - Instrumentalist - Concertmaster - Musical director - Musician - Orchestra director - Recital coordinator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Band conductor 3473 - Nightclub singer 3473 - Street singer 3473 - Band leader 3473 - Folk Singer 3473 2454 CHOREOGRAPHERS AND DANCERS Workers in this unit group conceive and create orperform dances. Their tasks include: conceiving and creating dances, which often convey a story, theme, idea or mood, by a pattern of steps, movements and gestures; performing dances as a soloist, with a partner or as a member of a dancing group. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Choreographer - Ballet dancer - Cultural dancer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Nightclub dancer 3473 - Ballroom dancer 3473 2455 ACTORS AND STAGE DIRECTORS Workers in this unit group act in or direct motion pictures, television or radio productions and stage shows. Their tasks include: learning lines and cues and playing parts in dramatic productions on stage, television, radio or in motion pictures; telling stories or reading literary works aloud to educate or entertain listeners; studying script to determine artistic interpretation, instructing actors on acting methods, and directing allaspects of dramatic productions on stage, television, radioor in motion pictures, including choice of actors, and final decisions concerning costumes, set designs, sound or lighting effects. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Actor/Actress ( Stage, Theather, Motion picture & Radio) - Director ( Stage, Theather, Motion picture,& Radio) - Radio or television story teller 2459 OTHER CREATIVE OR PERFORMING ARTISTS Workers in this unit group create or perform various works of art not elsewhere classified. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Commercial artist 246 RELIGIOUS PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group function as perpetuators of the sacred traditions, practices and beliefs and celebrate or administer at the rituals of initiation, preside over ritual re-enactments of creative, redemptive or salvatory events, and offer sacrifices to the gods or to one God. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: perpetuating sacred traditions, practices and beliefs; conducting religious services, rites and ceremonies; undertaking various administrative and social duties within the framework of a particular religious organization; providing spiritual and moral guidance in accordance with the religion professed; preparing religious sermons and preachings. 2460 RELIGIOUS PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group conduct research on, develop and interpret religious concepts and advise on or participate in their application. Their tasks include: perpetuating sacred traditions, practices and beliefs; conducting religious services, rites and ceremonies; undertaking various administrative and social duties, including attending committees and meetings of religious organizations; providing spiritual and moral guidance in accordance with religion professed; propagating religious doctrines in own country or abroad; preparing religious sermons and preachings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Priest - Rabbi - Imam - Religion minister - Pastor - Monks A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Lay preacher 3480 - Lay ministers 3480 - Parish worker 3480 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 3. TECHNICIANS AND ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this major group perform mostly technica land related tasks connected with research and application of scientific or artistic conceptsand operational methods and government or business regulations, and assist teaching or teaching at certain educational levels. It should be stressed that in the case of some of the occupations in this major group the needed skills, or apart of them, may be acquired through innate abilities and appropriate work experience combined with thorough on-the-job training. For new entrants a period of on-the-job training maybe necessary. Tasks performed by workers in this major group usually include: undertaking and carrying out technical work connected with research and the application of concepts and operational methods in the fields of physical sciences including engineering and technology, life sciences including the medical profession, social sciences and humanities. Tasks also include: assisting teaching or teaching children and adult in special cases; initiating and carrying out various technical services related to trade, finance, administration including some of the government laws and regulations, and to social work; providing artistic and sports entertainment; executing some religious tasks. They may receive guidance/supervision from Government Administrators, Managers or Professionals. 31 PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group perform technical tasks connected with research and the application ofconcepts and operational methods in the field of physical science, as well as in computing and engineering, or they control and operate technical equipment, fly aircraft, navigate ships, and investigate safety aspects of manufacturing and other processes and products. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include assisting or undertaking and carrying out technical work in the field of physical science, as well as computing and engineering; controlling and operating optical, electronic and related equipment and systems; flying aircraft and navigating ships; inspecting application of safety standards and procedures relating to structures, equipment, processes. They may receive guidance / supervision from Senior government officials Managers, Professionals. 311 PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this minor group perform technical tasks in research and application of physical science and engineering principles in planning, building and controlling the operation of complex structures machinery and equipment and inspecting the safety of structures,equipment, processes and products. Tasks performed usually include: undertaking and carrying out technical work related to chemistry, physics, geology, meteorology or astronomy as well as engineering, technical drawing and economic efficiency of production processes. They may receive supervision/guidance from Managers or Professionals. 3111 CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasksconnected with research in chemistry, physics, geology, geophysics, meteorology, and astronomy, as well as with the development of industrial, medical, militaryand other practical applications of research results. Their tasks include: collecting samples and preparing materials and equipment for experiments, tests and analyses; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC assisting with the design of and performing experiments, tests and analyses; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for projects, according to the specifications given; applying knowledge of scientific principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of the work; organizing maintenance and repair of equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, chemistry - Technician, geology - Technician, physics 3112 CIVIL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks normally under the direction and supervision of Civil Engineers, Building Architects or Geodetic Engineers, contributory to planning and execution of building and civil engineering projects, including design,construction, repair and maintenance of building and other structures, such as water supply and sewerage systems,bridges, roads, dams and airports. Their tasks include : performing or helping with field and laboratory tests of soils and construction materials; providing technical assistance connected with the construction of buildings and other structures, and with surveys or the preparation of survey reports; representing building architects and civil engineers on construction sites to ensure compliance with design specifications and maintenance of desired standards of materials and work; applying technical knowledge of building and civil engineering principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work; assisting with the preparation of detailed estimates of quantities and cost of materials and labor required for projects, according to the specifications given; organizing maintenance and repairs. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, civil engineering (general) - Technician, surveyor's A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Quantity surveyor 2159 3113 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks normally under the direction and supervision of electrical engineers, contributory to thedesign, development,construction, installation, maintenance and repair of electrical systems and equipment. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: assisting in research and development work concerning electrical systems, equipment and facilities and testing prototypes; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for manufacture and installation; assisting in design and layout of electrical installation and circuitry; designing and preparing blueprints of electrical installation and circuitry according to specification given; assisting with technical supervision in the manufacture, installation and utilization, maintenance and repair of electrical systems and equipment; designing and preparing blue prints of electrical installation and circuitry according to specification given; applying knowledge of electrical engineering theory and practice to recognize and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Electrical engineering technician (general) - Electrical engineering technician (high voltage) Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Electrical wiremen 7246 - Electrical equipment assembler 8272 - Electrical mechanic 7242 3114 ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group normally under the supervision of an electrical engineer perform technical tasks connected with electronic and telecommunications engineering research as well as with the design, manufacture, assembly, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of electronic equipment and electronic and electro mechanical communications. Their tasks include: assisting in research and development work concerning electronic and communications equipment and prototype; assisting in design and lay out of electronics circuitry; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for manufacture; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for manufacture; assisting with technical supervision of manufacture, utilization, maintenance and repair of electronic equipment and telecommunications system to ensure satisfactory performance and compliance with specifications and regulations; applying knowledge of electronic and telecommunications engineering principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, engineering/electronics (general) - Technician, enginering/telecommunications - Audio visual systems technician - Broadcast operations technician - Line technician - Magnetic recorder operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assembler, electronic equipment 8273 - Fitter, electronics 7243 3115 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks normally under the direction and supervision of mechanical engineers, contributory in the design, development,manufacture, construction, installation, maintenance and repair of mechanically functioning plant and equipment. Their tasks include: assisting in research and development work concerning machine tools,engines, vehicles, airplanes, heating and ventillating and refrigerating installations andother mechanically functioning plant and equipment; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for manufacture and installation; designing and preparing layouts of machines and mechanical installations, facilities and components according to specifications; assisting with technical supervision in the manufacture, utilization, maintenance and repair of mechanical plant and equipment; assisting in the development and monitoring the implementation of safety standards and procedure for marine survey work in relation to ships'hulls, equipment and cargoes; applying knowledge of machinery and mechanical engineering theory and practices to recognize andsolve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, engineering/aeronautics - Technician, engineering/marine - Technician, engineering/mechanical - Technician, engineering/nuclear - Maintenance technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assembler, mechanical machinery 8271 - Mechanic, industrial machinery 7234 - Mechanic, plant maintenance 7234 3116 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks,normally under the direction and supervision of Chemical Engineers contributory to the development of industrial chemical processes and design, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of chemical plant. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: assisting in research to develop new or improved processes and manufacturing plant for the chemical or physical transformation of substances on a commercial scale; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for manufacture and installation of plant according to specification given; assisting with technical supervision in the construction, installation, operation, maintenance and repair of chemical plant to ensure satisfactory performance and compliance with specification and regulation; providing technical assistance regarding technical aspects of particular products, materials and processes; applying knowledge of chemical engineering principles and practices to recognize and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, engineering/chemical - Technician, engineering/chemical processes - Technician, engineering/petroleum - Chemical Laboratory technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, blending/chemical related processes 8151 - Kiln operator, chemical and related processes 8152 - Bleacher operator, chemical 8159 - Filter press-operator, chemical & related materials 8153 3117 MINING AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks,normally under the direction and supervision of Miningand Metallurgical Engineers contributory to thei mprovement/development of methods of extracting from the earth and preparation for distribution or processing of minerals such as coal, iron, copper, gold, silver, petroleum, gas, stone, clay and salt and development and control of processes for extraction of metals from their ores and metal refining, research into properties of metals,development of new alloys, and technical supervision of metal and alloy manufacture and processing. Their tasks include : assisting in research and development work concerning properties of metals and new alloys, for improved methods of extraction of solid minerals, oil and natural gas, and of transporting and storing oil and natural gas , and testing proto types; assisting in geological and topographical surveys, and in the design and layout of oil, natural gas and mineral ore extraction, and transporting systems and processing and refining plants for minerals and metals; preparing detailed estimates and costs of materials and labor required for mineral, oil and natural gas exploration, extraction and transporting projects and plant processing and refining minerals; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC assisting technical supervision of the construction, installation,operation, maintenance and repair of mineral ore, oil and natural gas exploration, extraction, transport and storage installation and mineral processing plants to ensure satisfactory performance and compliance with specifications and regulations; applying knowledge of mining, oil and natural gas extractor, transport and storage installations and of metallurgical principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Technician, engineering/ mining - Technician, metallurgy/extractive - Metallurgical technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, drilling/mine 8111 - Miner 7111 - Quarrier 7111 - Mining, machinery fitter-assembler 7234 - Metal technologist 2156 3118 DRAFTSMEN Workers in this unit group prepare technical drawings and maps and illustrations from sketches, measurements and other data and copy drawings and paintings on to printing plates. Their tasks include : preparing working drawings from designers' sketches and specifications for such purposes as manufacture and installation of machinery and equipment or for construction of buildings, bridges,dams, roads, and other civil engineering projects; preparing topographical, political, economic, nautical and other maps and charts from survey and other data; preparing and revising technical illustrations for reference works, brochures and technical manuals dealing with assembly, installations, peration, maintenance and repair of machinery and other equipment; copying drawings and paintings on stone or metal plates for printing; operating computer-assisted drawing equipment to create, modify and generate hard copy and digital representation of working drawings. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Draftsman - Draftsman, architectural - Draftsman, cartographical - Draftsman, engineering/civil - Illustrator, technical - Draftmans technician - Draftmans researcher A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Supervising blueprint machine operator 7344 - Illustrator 2452 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3119 OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group cover physical and engineering science technicians not classified elsewhere. For instance, those who assist engineers with production engineering matters, time and motion, studies or preparation of cost estimates and bills of qualities. Their tasks include : collecting data and providing technical assistance regarding: planning and production methods; efficient, safe and economic utilization of personnel, materials and equipment; methods of work and sequence of operations and supervision of their implementation; time and motion aspects of work organization; and efficient lay-out of plant or establishment; participating in the work concerning identification of potential hazardsand introducing safety procedures and devices; collecting data and providing technical assistance regarding the preparation and monitoring of cost estimates and bills of quantities for construction and architectural projects. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Technician, engineering/industrial- efficiency - Technician, engineering/production - Technician, engineering/ time and motion study - Technician, quantity surveying - Health physics technician - Instrument technician - Laboratory technician - Quality control technician - In-line reviser - Test technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Engineer, production 2158 - Engineer, time and motion study 2158 - Surveyor, quantity 2159 312 COMPUTER ASSISTANTS AND COMPUTER EQUIPMENT CONTROLLERS Workers in this minor group provide assistance tousers of micro-computers and standard software packages,control and operate computers and peripheral equipment and carry out limited programming tasks connected with the installation and maintenance of computer hardware and software. Tasks performed usually include: assisting users of micro-computers and standard software systems and installation and when problems occur;installing new computer programs on particular hardware and operating system configurations and installing new peripheral units;making minor changes and adjustments to existing programs to update and maintainthem; operating and controlling computers and peripheral equipment;organizing computing jobs; keeping log of computing operations;performing back-up operations ; activating industrial robots;programming them to specific functions and controlling their operations. They may receive guidance from Managers and Professionals. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3121 COMPUTER ASSISTANTS Workers in this unit group provide assistance tousers of micro-computers and standard software systems at installation and when problems occur, install new computer programs on particular hardware and operating system configurations, install new peripheral units and maintainand update existing programs by making minor changes and adjustments to them under the guidance of Computer Professionals. Their tasks include: assisting users of micro-computers and standard software systems at installation and when problems occur; installing new computer programs on particular hardware and operating systems configurations; installing new peripheral units and making necessary parameters adjustments in operating systems and drives; installing, maintaining and updating computer programs by making minor changes and adjustments to them, under the guidance of Computer Professionals; maintaining and updating documentation of computer programs and installations; applying knowledge of principles and practices in the area of programming and computing in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assistant, computer/programming - Assistant, computer/systems analysis - Assistant, computer maintenance - Assistant, Data Base - Assistant, EDP operators Some related occupations classified elsewhere: - Mechanic, electronics 7244 - Technician, engineering/electronics 3114 - Information Technology Officer 2131 - Web designer 2131 3122 COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and control peripheral and related computer equipment used forrecording, storing, transmitting and processing digital data and for displaying data as letters, numbers or graphs on screen, paper or film. Their tasks include : operating and controlling peripheral and related computer equipment which is used to record, store, transmit and process digital data and to display data as letters, numbers or graphs on screen, paper or film as requested by users; organizing computing jobs as specified by users to ensure timely, safe and efficient execution; mounting magnetic tapes and disks as needed for processing or recording data in machinereadable form and keeping library of disks and tapes; keeping log of computing operations; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC performing back-up operations according to regular procedures; applying knowledge of principles and practices of computers and peripheral equipment in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their use and making minor repairs and adjustments. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Operator, computer peripheral equipment - Operator, EDP - Autocad operator - Computer graphic layout operator - Computer technicians - Data entry machine operator - Digital systems computer operator - EDP Input machine operator - IT and LAN technician - Micro computer operator - Micro editor operator - Microfilming machine operator - Web offset operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Mechanic, electronics 7244 - Technician, engineering/electronics 3114 - Information Technologist 2139 3123 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT CONTROLLERS Workers in this unit group activate industrial robots, program or reprogram them for specific functions, control their operation and provide basic maintenance and on-the-spot adjustments. Their tasks include: programming or reprogramming industrial robots for specific functions within the range of capabilities; activating industrial robots; controlling and ensuring the smooth functioning of industrial robots; trying, by careful and systematic control, to foresee and if possible to prevent malfunctioning of industrial robots; providing on-the-spot adjustments of the robot mechanism. Example of occupations classified here is: - Controller,robot Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Engineer, robotics 8172 - Operator, robot 8172 - Technician, engineering/electronics 8172 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 313 OPTICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CONTROLLERS Workers in this minor group take photographs, control motion pictures and video cameras and other equipment to record and edit images and sound,control broadcasting and telecommunications equipment and systems, as well as technical equipment used for medical diagnoses or treatment. Tasks performed usually include: taking photographs; controlling motion picture and video cameras and other equipment to record and edit images and sound; controlling technical functioning of radio and television broadcasting equipment used to diagnose or treat illnesses or disorders. 3131 PHOTOGRAPHERS AND IMAGE AND SOUND RECORDING EQUIPMENTOPERATORS Workers in this unit group take photographs, control motion pictures and video cameras and other equipment to record and edit images and sound. Their tasks include: taking photographs for advertising or other commercial, industrial or scientific purposes and to illustrate stories and articles in newspapers, magazines and other publication; taking portrait photographs of persons and group of persons; setting and operating motion picture, video, microscopic and otherspecialized cameras including those for aerial photography, to record images; controlling equipment to record sound for motion pictures, video tapes, gramophone records, audio tapes, digital discs, direct broadcasting or other purposes; controlling equipment to edit and mix image and sound recording to ensure satisfactory quality and to create special image and sound effects; applying knowledge and principles and practices of image and sound recording and editing in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Photographer, general - Operator, motion picture camera - Operator, television camera - Photographer, commercial illustrator - Aerial photo analyst - Audio visual aids technician - Audio visual operator - Background digital artist - Black & White Scanner - CAD/CAM operator - Cameraman - Cinematographer - Color seperation technician - Film custodian - Film editor - Film preview assistant - Multimedia artist - Offset Camera technician - Photo editor - Photo lithographic technician - Photogrammetry Laboratory technician - Photographic color processor Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Photolithographic lay-out man - Photostat machine operator - Videographer - Visual merchandiser Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Mechanic, electronics 7244 - Repairer, photographic equipment 7344 3132 BROADCASTING AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group control technical functioning of equipment for transmitting radio and television broadcasts of pre-recorded or live images and sounds, as well as other types of telecommunication signals on land and sea or in aircraft. Their tasks include: controlling transmitting and broadcasting systems and satellite systems for radio and television programs; controlling radio communication systems, satellite services and multiplex systems on land, sea and aircraft; controlling cinema projection equipment; applying knowledge of principles and practices of broadcasting, telecommunication terminals and transmission systems in order toidentify and solve problems arising in the course of their work and maintain equipment; keeping logged operations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, broadcasting equipment/radio - Operator, radio-telephone - Operator, transmitting equipment - CCTV operator - Radio communication operator - Radio communication technician - Radio controller - Radio dispatcher - Radio frequency coordinator - Radio laboratory technician - Radio monitoring operator - Radio phone operator - Radio photo equipment operator - Relief telegraphic operator - Ship radio operator - Telephone technicians - TV-AUDIO operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Mechanic, electronics 7244 - Cinema projectionist 3132 - Telecommunication equipment technician 3114 - Audio-Visual technician 3114 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3133 MEDICAL EQUIPMENT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group control technical equipment used to diagnose or treat illnesses and disorders. Their tasks include : controlling technical equipment used to diagnose illnesses and disorders of the nervous system and organs, or in radiography or anesthetics; applying knowledge of technical equipment and some principles and practices in medicine in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work and maintain equipment. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Technician, medical x-ray equipment - Technician, cobalt machine - Technician, medical scanning equipment - Technician, ultrasound machine - C T Scan technologist - Dialysis technician - Echocardiography technician - EENT (ear,eyes,nose,throat) technician - Electro-cardiograph technician - Laser private operator - Medical radiation technician - TV Microscopist technician A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Mechanic, electronics 7244 3139 OTHER OPTICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT OPERATORS NOTELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group cover optical and electronic equipment operators not classified elsewhere in Minor Group 313. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cell phone technician - Circuit equipment operator - Electrical control operator - Telegraph operator - communications 3141 SHIP AND AIRCRAFT CONTROLLERS AND TECHNICIANS Workers in this minor group command and navigate ships and aircraft and perform technical functions toensure safe and efficient movement and operations. Their tasks include: controlling and participating in the operation, maintenance and repair of mechanical, electrical and electronic equipment and machinery on boardship; ordering fuel and other engine room department stores and maintaining record of operations; performing technical supervision in the installation, maintenance and repair of ships' machinery and equipment to ensure compliance with specifications and regulations; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC applying knowledge of principles and practices relating to ships'machinery and equipment to ensure compliance with specifications and regulations. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Ship engineer - Entry & Exit Vessels Processing technician - Marine engineer - Marine engineman - Maritime industry development specialist - Maritime Industry Specialist - Shipping operations inspector Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Engineer, marine officer 3141 - Marine Superintendent (Technical) 3141 3142 SHIPS' DECK OFFICERS AND PILOTS Workers in this unit group command and navigate ships and direct marine services on shore for shipping company vessels arriving in port. Their tasks include: taking complete charge of sea going inland waterway vessels of interisland vessels; planning, supervising and coordinating deck and bridge-watch activities on vessels; navigating vessels into and out of ports and through channels, straits and other waters where special knowledge and skills are required; directing or arranging supply of ships' storage and equipment, recruitment of crews and provision of other services except engineering for company vessels arriving in port; performing technical supervision of maintenance and repair of ship to ensure compliance with specification and regulations; ensuring safe loading and unloading of cargoes and observance of safety regulations and procedures by crews and passengers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Ships' master (sea) - Ships' master (inland waterways) - Ships' navigating officer - Ships' pilot - Captain - First mate - Freight & shipping specialist - Harbor master - Launch master - Launch patron - Launch service supervisor - Marine surveyor - Ship sterward - Ship wright appraiser - Shipping operations officer Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Sailor 8340 - Engineer, marine 2154 - Cabin crew examiner 8340 - Ship scheduler 8340 - Docking & Rigging foreman 8340 3143 AIRCRAFT PILOTS, NAVIGATORS AND FLIGHT ENGINEERS Workers in this unit group control the operation of mechanical, electrical and electronic equipment in orderto navigate aircraft for transporting passengers, mail and freight and perform pre-flight and in-flight tasks. Their tasks include: flying and navigating aircraft in accordance with established control and operating procedures; preparing and submitting flight plan or examining standard flight plan; controlling the operation of the mechanical, electrical and electronic equipment and ensuring that all instruments and controls work properly; applying knowledge of principles and practices of flying in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Air transport pilot - Aircraft pilot (except transport) - Flight navigator - Flight engineer - Air navigation system specialist - Aircraft maintenance officer - Aviation Group Commander - Aviation safety regulation officer - Fighter Pilot A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Instructor, flight 2320 - Fighter Pilot Escape & Evasion Training Instructor 2320 3144 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS Workers in this unit group direct aircraft movements in airspace and on the ground, using radio, radar and lighting systems and provide information relevant to the operation of aircraft. Their tasks include: directing and controlling aircraft approaching and leaving airport and their movement on the ground; directing and controlling aircraft operation in designated airspace sector; examining and approving flight plans; informing flight crew and operations staff about weather conditions,operational facilities, flight plans and air traffic; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC applying knowledge and principles and practices of airtraffic control in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work; initiating and organizing emergency search and rescue services and procedures. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Air traffic coordinator - Air traffic control specialist, station - Air traffic control specialist, tower - Airport control operator - Air traffic controller - Airways communicator - Airfield Services Officer - Aircraft mechanic technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Control tower-radio operator - Flight control tower operator 3145 AIR TRAFFIC SAFETY TECHNICIAN Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks concerning the design, installation, operation, maintenance and repair of air traffic control and air navigation systems. Their tasks include: carrying out technical duties related to development work concerning electronics and electro mechanical equipment of air navigation systems and testing prototypes; providing technical help in the design and lay-out of specific interface circuitry of air navigation and aircraft detection tracking systems; contributing to the preparation of cost estimates and technical and training specifications for air traffic control and safety equipment; assisting with the technical supervision of construction, installation and operation of ground-based air navigation equipment and its maintenance and repair to ensure that standards and recommendations are met; applying knowledge of air traffic safety engineering principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work; modifying existing ground-based air navigation equipment to adapt it to new air traffic control procedures; controlling and calibrating the ground-based air navigation instruments to ensure maximum accuracy and safety of flight, take-off and landing operations. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Technician, air traffic safety - Aircraft mechanic technician - Aircraft production/maintenance - Aircraft avionics maintenance - Airfield power technician - Ground signalling technician Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Aeromechanic 7232 315 BUILDING, SAFETY, HEALTH AND QUALITY INSPECTORS Workers in this minor group, on behalf of the government or industrial and other enterprises, examine the implementation of rules and regulations relating to fire prevention and other hazards, occupational safety,protection of health and the environment, safety of production processes, and goods and services produced, used or sold, as well as those relating to the quality standards and specifications of manufacturers. Tasks performed usually include: ensuring that buildings and other structures comply with approved building plans, grading and zoning laws and fire regulations; advising on and inspecting fire-prevention systems;inspecting industrial and other enterprises on the grounds of occupational safety, and safety of production processes, as well as of goods produced, usedor sold, ensuring compliance with health and environment protection rules and regulations; ensuring compliance withthe quality standards and specifications of manufacturers. 3151 BUILDING AND FIRE INSPECTORS Workers in this unit group on behalf of the government or industrial and other enterprises, inspect new and existing houses, industrial plant, hotels and other buildings and structures to ensure compliance with building, grading and zoning laws and with approved plans,specifications and standards, or inspect fire prevention systems and investigate fire sites to determine cause of fire. Their tasks include : advising those erecting buildings and other structures on the implementation of building, grading and zoning laws, as well as other rules concerning quality and safety of buildings; inspecting buildings and structures during and after construction to ensure that they comply with building, grading, zoning and safety lawsand approved plans, specifications and standards as well as other rules concerning quality and safety buildings; inspecting industrial plant, hotels, cinemas and other buildings and structures to detect fire hazards and advice on how they can be removed; advising on the installation of fire detectors and sprinkler systems and the use of materials in the construction of buildings and means of transportation to reduce risk of fire and extent of damage and danger if fire occurs; investigating fire sites to determine cause of fire. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fire prevention specialist - Building inspector - Fire inspector - Fire captain - Fire control officer - Fire protection specialist - Firefighter specialist - Fire marshall A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fire fighter 5161 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3152 SAFETY, HEALTH AND QUALITY INSPECTORS (VEHICLES, PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS) Workers in this unit group on behalf of the government or industrial and other enterprises, inspect places of work on the grounds of occupational safety, and safety of production processes, or of goods produced, usedor sold, and ensure compliance with health and environment protection rules and regulations as well as with the quality standards and specifications of manufacturers. Their tasks include : advising employers and workers representatives on the implementation of government and other rules and regulations concerning occupational safety and working environment; inspecting places of work to ensure that the working environment, machinery and equipment conform to government and other rules and regulations; inspecting places of work and by interviews, observations and other means, obtaining facts about work practices and accidents to determine compliance with safety rules and regulations; inspecting areas of production, processing, transport, handling, storage and sale of products to ensure conformity with government and other rules and regulations; inspecting finished products or parts for conformity with manufacturer's specifications and standards; advising enterprises and the general public on the implementation of government and other rules and other regulations concerning hygiene, sanitation, purity and grading of primary products, food, drugs,cosmetics and similar goods; advising producers, operators and those maintaining and repairing aircraft, cars and other vehicles on the implementation of government and other rules and regulations concerning technical standards and conditions of vehicles; inspecting vehicles and places authorized to maintain and repair vehicles to ensure that they conform to technical standards of government and other regulations; inspecting establishments to ensure that they conform to government and other rules and regulations concerning emission of pollutants and disposal of dangerous wastes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Inspector, government health - Inspector, safety - Inspector, vehicles/pollution - Environmental sanitation inspector - Inspector, zoning - Market inspector - Pollution control aide - Production inspector - Quality assurance/control inspector Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Inspector, sanitary - Inspector, wage Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 32 LIFE SCIENCE AND HEALTH ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group perform technical tasks related to research and practical application ofconcepts, principles and operational methods particular to life sciences including agriculture, forestry, sanitation, medicine, pharmacy and related fields and provide nursing, midwifery, traditional medicine and faith healing care. Task performed by workers in this sub-major groupusually include : undertaking and carryingout research and technical work pertaining to life sciences, including agriculture, forestry, sanitation, medicine, veterinary medicine, midwifery, traditional medicine and faith healing care. They may receive guidance from Life Science and Health Professionals. 321 LIFE SCIENCE TECHNICIANS AND RELATED ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group perform technical tasks related to research and the practical applications ofconcepts, principles and operational method particular to life sciences, such as biology, botany, zoology, bacteriology and biochemistry, as well as to agriculture, agronomy and forestry. Tasks performed usually include: undertaking and carrying out technical work connected either with researchin the field of life sciences, or with the application of their concepts, principles and operational methods, especially in the areas of medicine, agriculture orpharmaceutical manufacture. 3211 LIFE SCIENCE TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group perform technical tasks, normally under the direction and supervision of Life Scientists, contributory to research to increase scientific knowledge in life sciences and to develop industrial, agricultural,, medical, public health and other practical applications of research results. Their tasks include : preparing and collecting specimen, materials and equipment and growing cultures of micro organism for tests, analyses and experiments; assisting with and performing experiments, tests, analyses, recording observation results and other relevant information and using laboratory instruments and equipment; collecting data and estimating quantities and costs of materials and labor required for projects; organizing maintenance and repair of research equipment; applying knowledge of scientific principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Technician, biological - Technician, medical science - Taxidermist - Science research technician - Soil technologist 3212 FARM TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group provide technical assistance and advise armers on farming methods and problems. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: keeping abreast of relevant farming methods and techniques; advising on ways of raising quality of output, increasing yield and measures to increase efficiency and operations and to conserve natural assets and the environment; advising on measures to deal with problems such as soil erosion or pest infestation; collecting data and estimating quantities and costs of materials and labor required for projects; organizing demonstrations, giving lectures and distributing materials to promote adoption of improved practices and techniques; applying knowledge of scientific principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Farm technician - Farm extension service officer - Agronomy technician - Farm demonstrator - Farm management technician - Farm demo technician - Horticulture analyst Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Technician, forestry 3219 - Technician, animal husbandry 3219 - Assistant veterinary 3223 3219 OTHER LIFE SCIENCE TECHNICIANS Workers in this unit group include life science technicians not elsewhere classified in Minor Group 321. For instance, those workers involved in forestry, fishery,plant and animal production and related fields. Their tasks include: preparing materials and equipment for experiments, tests and analyses; collecting and preparing specimen from plant and animal for experiments, tests and analyses; applying knowledge of scientific principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician , forestry - Technician, animal husbandry - Technician, agricultural - Agricultural breeding technician - Agricultural production technician - Agricultural products inspector - Animal industry development technician Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Animal quarintine inspector - Artificial breeding technician - Cotton production technician - Crop protection technician - Dairy technician - Fishery enforcer - Fishery enumerator - Fishery product inspector - Fishery technician - Forestry technician - Fumigator - Integrated social forestry technician - Livestock & poultry technican - Pest control technician - Plant quarintine inspector Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm technicians 3212 - Extension officer 3212 322 HEALTH ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS (EXCEPT NURSING) Workers in this minor group perform technical tasks related to research and application of concepts, principles and operational methods in the fields of medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, sanitation, promotion of health and related disciplines. Tasks performed usually include : carrying out a limited number of advisory and diagnostic duties including both preventive and curative medical, dental or veterinary work; advising on action to improve hygiene and sanitary conditions; examining eyes and prescribing glasses or contact lenses; advising on prevention and treating disorders of bones and muscular systems; assisting in the dispensing and preparing medicaments and other pharmaceutical products; applying homeopathic treatment or treating speech and other impediments. They may work under the guidance of Health Professionals. 3221 MEDICAL ASSISTANTS Workers in this unit group carry out advisory,diagnostic, preventive and curative medical tasks, more limited in scope and complexity than those carried out by Medical Doctors. They work independently or with the guidance and supervision of Medical Doctors in institutions or in the field as part of the public health service, and may work mainly with diseases and disorders common in their region or mainly apply specific types of treatment. Their tasks include: advising communities and individuals on birth control, hygiene, diet and other preventive medical measures; conducting medical examinations to make diagnoses or refer more difficult cases to Medical Doctors if possible; prescribing medicine and giving treatment for diagnosed illness, disorders or injuries; performing simple surgical operations. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Medical assistant - Health program research assistant - Health program researcher - Clinical associate Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Medical associate - Medical service aide - Medical social welfare officers - Medical volunteer - Medicine ward officer 3222 DENTAL ASSISTANTS Workers in this unit group carry out advisory, diagnostic, preventive and curative dental tasks, more limited in scope and complexity than those carried out by Dentists, and they assist Dentists by preparing and taking care of instruments and other equipment, preparing materials and helping patients prepare for examination and treatment. Their tasks include: advising communities and individual on dental hygiene, diet and other preventive dental measures; conducting dental examinations to make diagnoses and refer more difficult cases to Dentists when needed; cleaning teeth, preparing cavities and placing fillings; performing certain types of prosthetic work and surgical procedures; preparing and taking care of dental instruments and equipment; preparing dental materials; helping patients prepare for examination or treatment. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Assistant, dental - Dental technicians - Dental associate A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Mechanic, dental 7311 3223 VETERINARY ASSISTANTS Workers in this unit group carry out advisory, diagnostic, preventive and curative veterinarian tasks,more limited in scope and complexity than those carried out by Veterinarians, and they assist Veterinarians by preparing materials and getting animals ready for examination and treatment. Their tasks include: advising communities and individual on the treatment of animals andtheir diseases and injuries; conducting examinations of animals to make diagnoses or refer more difficult cases to Veterinarians when needed; treating ill or injured animals especially for common diseases and disorders; preparing and taking care of instruments and materials used in the treatment of animals; carrying out tasks connected with artificial insemination of animals; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC getting animals ready for examination or treatment and holding them during treatment, when necessary. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Assistant, veterinary - Equine evaluator - Animal vaccinator - Slaughterhouse master - Veterinarian quarantine aide - Veterinary laboratory technician 3224 PHARMACEUTICAL ASSISTANTS Workers in this unit group dispense and prepare medicaments, lotions and mixtures under the guidance of Pharmacists, in pharmacies, hospitals and dispensaries. Their tasks include : preparing medicaments and other pharmaceutical compounds under the guidance of Pharmacists; dispensing medicines and drugs and giving written and oral instructions on their use, as prescribed by Medical Doctors, Veterinarian or other authorized workers; cleaning and preparing equipment and containers used to prepare and dispense medicines and pharmaceutical compounds. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Assistant, pharmaceutical - Pharmacy Aide 3229 OTHER HEALTH ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS (EXCEPT NURSING) Workers in this unit group cover Health AssociateProfessionals (exceptnursing) not classified elsewhere in Minor Group 322 Health Associate Professionals. For instance, here should be classified those who practice homeopathy, plan and carry out therapeutical activities to help the mentally unbalanced or ill, or physically handicapped, deal with speech impediments, provide eye exercises as remedial treatment or deal with orientation problems of the blind. Their tasks include: treating a particular illness by giving the patient infinitesimal doses of the bodies which provoke similar illnesses; planning or carrying out therapeutic activities connected with education, vocational training or recreation in order to help the mentally unbalanced, ill or physically handicapped; dealing with pronunciation defects; correcting sonority of language pronunciation; applying remedial treatment to the eye muscles by means of eye exercises; treating orientation problems of the blind. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Technician, orthopedic - Homeopath - Accupressure technician - Artificial limb and brace maker - Occupational theraphy technician - Healthcare analyst 323 NURSING AND MIDWIFERY ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group apply medical concepts and principles relating to the delivery of babies and tonursing of the ill, injured or disabled, and of mothers and their new born babies. Tasks performed usually include : helping Medical Doctors or Nursing and Midwifery Professionals in the practical application of preventive and curative measures and dealing with emergencies in their absence; providing nursing services , care and advice of the sick, injured, physically and mentally disabled and others in need of such care, delivering or assisting in the delivery of babies and instructing mothers in baby care. 3231 NURSING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group provide nursing care for the sick, injured and others in need of such care and in the absence of Medical Doctors or Professional Nurses, deal with emergencies. Their tasks include : providing nursing care, treatment and advice to the ill, injured, disbaled and others in need of such care; assisting Medical Doctors and Professional Nurses in their tasks like administering medicines and drugs, applying surgical dressings and giving other forms of treatment under instructions from Physician or Professional Nurse; assisting in giving first-aid treatment in emergencies; assisting in preparations for physical and psychiatric treatment of mentally ill patients; assisting in preparations for social adjustment, development ande ducation of mentally or physically handicapped patients; providing nursing care to patients in their homes; providing nursing services, care and advice within the community or at workplace. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Auxiliary nurse - Nursing assistant 3232 MIDWIFERY ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group deliver or assist Doctors or Midwifery Professionals in the delivery of babies, provide prenatal and post natal care and instruct parents in baby care. Their tasks include: advising expectant mothers on appropriate diet, exercises and behavior to ease pregnancy and childbirth, and noting their general health and progress; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC delivering babies or more often assisting Doctors or Professional Midwives in deliveries; attending to mothers in the post natal period to supervise their recovery, to check on babies progress and to instruct parents in baby care; advising on and administering birth control methods. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Auxiliary Midwife - Attendant midwife - Volunteer midwife A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Midwife, professional 2232 324 TRADITIONAL MEDICINE PRACTITIONERS AND FAITH HEALERS Workers in this Minor Group advise on methods to preserve or improve health, and treat human mental and physical illness by techniques traditionally used in the community and believed to cure through assisting and stimulating nature or by power of faith and spiritual advice. Tasks performed usually include : advising clients onproper behavior and diet to preserve or regain mental and physical health and strength; treating patients by applying traditional techniques which cure sickness by mental influence, suggestion and power of faith. 3241 TRADITIONAL MEDICINE PRACTITIONERS Workers in this unit group treat human mental and physical sickness by herbs, medicinal plants and other techniques traditionally used in the community and believed to cure and heal by assisting or stimulating nature,and advise on methods to preserve or improve the health and wellbeing of a person. Their tasks include: treating sickness and injuries using herbs, medicinal plants, insects and other traditionally used treatment in the community which is believed to cure and heal by assisting or stimulating nature; advising community and individual on proper diet and behavior top reserve or improve health and well-being. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Healer, drugless treatment - Healer, herbal - Naturopath 3242 FAITH HEALERS Workers in this unit group endeavor to cure human mental and physical sickness by mental influence and suggestion and power of faith and spiritual advice. Their tasks include: advising community or individual on proper behavior and faith to achieve improved health and wellbeing; endeavoring to cure human mental and physical ailments by power of faith. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Example of the occupations classified here is: - Faith healer - Psychic healer 33 TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group assist the Teaching Professionals in teaching activities and organize educational activities to facilitate the delivery of instruction whether in group or individually. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: preparing learning programs; assisting in learning activities and monitoring activities of the students. 330 TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group plan, assist and organize activities with teaching professionals to facilitate learning and rendering teaching services in the areas of special concern individually or in group. Tasks performed usually include : preparing teaching aids and materials to suit the needs of children and adults; assisting teaching professionals in organizing educational activities and monitoring activities of students. 3300 TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group plan, assist and organize educational activities with teaching professionals to facilitate learning or instruction for the development of mental, physical and social skills of children/adults whether in the classroom or at home. Their tasks include: planning and organizing educational activities of children and adult; checking of attendance, test papers, projects and assignments; arranging and preparing the physical facilities of a classroom, audio visual aids and equipment; observing and supervising students' activities to evaluate progress and problems and to ensure safety and resolve conflicts; giving private lessons or training to children or adults. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Teaching assistant - Teaching fellow - Teacher aide - Tutor (own account) 34 RELATED ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this sub-major group perform technical tasks connected with the practical application of knowledge relating to finance and sales, or business enterprise administration, bookkeeping, legal, statistical and other services, government activities relating to customs, travel, tax, welfare,job placement, licensing, police force as well as social work, entertainment, sports and religion. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed by workers in this Sub-Major Group usually include : undertaking specialized business in thef ield of securities, insurance or property, organizing travel, engaging in the wholesale trade of technical and other goods, acting as appraisers, valuers or auctioneers, providing business services as agents, trade brokers, labor contractors, engaging in enterprise administration, bookkeeping, legal, statistical and other services; executing government work related to various fields such as border control, customs, travel, tax, welfare, job placement, licensing, police force, performing socialwork, designing products and creating interior decoration schemes; performing in the fields of entertainment and sports, executing some religious tasks. They may receive guidance from Managers, Professionals or Senior Government Officials. 341 FINANCE AND SALES ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group buy and sell financial instruments, foreign exchange or commodities, different types of insurance, real estate, travel and other busines sservices; act as agents or sales representatives for producers of installations, equipment and goods or as buyers on behalf of organizations or they appraise the value of commodities, real estate andother properties and sell these by auction. Tasks performed usually include analyzing market trends for financial instruments, foreign exchange, commodities and real estate and buying and selling on behalf of clients or on their own behalf; advising on and selling insurance coverage, ensuring proper recording of transfers of financial instruments and ownership of real estate; organizing, advising on and selling travel arrangements; negotiating business contracts on behalf of artists and other sellers and buyers of goods or services;selling goodsor wholesale basis on behalf of producer or importer or selling technical installations and equipment; buying goods or services on behalf of organizations;appraising the value of commodities, real estate or other property and selling the value of commodities, real estate or other property and selling in auctions. They may receive guidance from Managers or Professionals. 3411 SECURITIES AND FINANCE DEALERS AND BROKERS Workers in this unit group buy and sell securities,stocks, bonds and financial instruments and deal on the foreign exchange on spot or on future markets, on behalf of their own company or for customers on a commission basis and recommend transactions to clients or senior management. Their tasks include: obtaining information about the financial circumstances of customers and companies in which investments may be made; analyzing market trends for securities, bonds, stocks and other financial instruments, including foreign exchange; informing prospective customers about market conditions and prospects; advising clients and participating in the negotiation of terms for, and organization of loans and placement of stocks and bonds in the financial market to raise capital for customers; recording and transmitting buy and sell orders for securities, stocks, bonds or other financial instruments and for foreign exchange for future or immediate delivery. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Salesman, securities - Stockbroker - Securities & Finance dealers - Securities and Exchange analyst - Securities custodian Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Clerk, securities 4122 3412 INSURANCE REPRESENTATIVES Workers in this unit group advise on and sell life, accident, automobile, liability, endowment, fire, marine and other types of insurance to new and established clients. Their tasks include: obtaining information about customers circumstances necessary to determine appropriate type of insurance and conditions; negotiating with customers to determine type and degree of risk for which insurance is derived, extent of coverage and terms of payment; negotiating and placing reinsurance contracts; advising or, negotiating terms for and placing insurance contracts for large or special types of projects, installations or risks. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Underwriter/agent, insurance - Salesman, insurance - Broker, insurance - Insurance adjuster - Insurance examiner Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assessor, insurance 3417 - Clerk, insurance 4122 3413 ESTATE AGENTS Workers in this unit group arrange the sale, purchase rental and lease of real property, usually on behalf of clients and on a commission basis. Their tasks include: obtaining information about properties to be sold or leased, the circumstances of their owner and the needs of prospective buyers or tenants; showing properties to be sold or leased to prospective buyers ortenants and explaining terms of sale or conditions of rent or lease; arranging the signing of lease agreements and transfer of property rights; collecting rent and bond monies on behalf of owner and inspecting properties before, during and after tenancies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Salesman, real estate - Realtor - Salesperson, property - Estate management officer - Housing & Home site regulation officer - Property custodian Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Real estate broker - Real property appraiser - Resettlement and development officer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Clerk, mortgage 4122 3414 TRAVEL CONSULTANTS AND ORGANIZERS Workers in this unit group plan itinerary and schedule travel accommodations for customers, and organize or sell complete group travel tours for business or leisure. Their tasks include: obtaining information on the availability, cost and convenience of different types of transport and accommodations, ascertaining customers' requirements and advising them on travel arrangements; making and confirming travel and hotel reservations, giving customers'tickets and vouchers and receiving payments; organizing complete group tours for business or leisure travel and selling them to groups or individuals; helping customers in obtaining necessary certificates and travel documents. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Consultant, travel - Organizer, travel - Tour coordinator - Tour guide - Travel assistant Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Clerk, ticket issue 4211 - Clerk, travel agency 4221 3415 TECHNICAL AND COMMERCIAL SALES REPRESENTATIVES Workers in this unit group sell various goods on a wholesale basis including installations, equipment and technical products and related services and provide specialized information as required. Their tasks include : soliciting orders and selling goods to retail, industrial, wholesale and other establishments; selling technical equipment, supplies and related services to business establishments or individuals; providing prospective customers with general and specialized information and the characteristics and functions of the equipment and demonstrating its use; reporting customers' reactions and requirements to manufacturers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Service adviser, technical - Commercial traveller Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Manufacturer's agent - Technical sales representative - Sales consultant - Sales analyst - Sales supervisor - Executive sales agent - Franchise relation officer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Salesperson, retail establishment 5220 3416 BUYERS Workers in this unit group buy goods and services on behalf of industrial, commercial or other enterprises and organizations. Their tasks include: negotiating and contracting for the purchase of equipment, raw materials, products and supplies for industrial plant, utilities,government units or other establishments and the purchasing of merchandise for release; obtaining information about requirements and stock, and determining quantity and quality to be purchased, costs, delivery dates and other contract conditions. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Buyer - Buyer, merchandise/retail trade - Purchasing agent - Material planning/procurement officer 3417 APPRAISERS AND VALUERS Workers in this unit group determine the value of property and goods and assess losses covered by insurance policies. Their tasks include: determining the quality or value of raw materials, real estate, industrial equipment, personal and household effects, works of art, gems and other objects offered for sale or to be insured; assessing the extent of damage or loss and liabilities of insurance companies and underwriters for losses covered by insurance policies. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Appraiser - Assessor, claims/insurance - Inspector, claims - Valuer - Assessment examiner 3418 AUCTIONEERS Workers in this unit group make inventories and sell commodities, properties and goods by auction. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: making inventories of goods, commodities for sale and issuing catalogue; selling by auction various kinds of property, cars, art, jewelry, livestock, commodities and other objects. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Auctioneer 3419 OTHER FINANCE AND SALES ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group cover finance and sales associate professionals not classified elsewhere in Minor Group 341, Finance and Sales Associate Professionals. 342 BUSINESS SERVICES AGENTS AND TRADE BROKERS Workers in this minor group establish necessary contacts between buyers and sellers, buy and sell commodities usually in bulk, carry-outcustoms clearance procedures and ensure that insurance and export/import licenses are in order, match jobseekers with vacancies known to government placement offices, find workers for vacant posts on a commission basis, or contract labor for particular projects and sell various other business services. Tasks performed usually include: buying and selling commodities in bulk; carrying out customs clearance procedures and ensuring that insurancesand export/import licenses are in order; matching jobseekers with vacancies known to government placement offices or advising on training schemes; finding workers for various posts or contracting labor for particular projects at the request of enterprises and other institutions including government; finding jobs for jobseekers on a commission basis; establishing business contracts; selling business services such as advertising space in the media, transport services and other facilities, or credit and other business information; arranging contracts for performances of entertainers and artists, as well as the publication of books, production of plays, recording and sale of music. They may receive guidance from Managers or Professionals. 3421 TRADE BROKERS Workers in this unit group buy and sell commodities usually in bulk, at auctions on the spot or future markets. Their tasks include: establishing contact between buyers and sellers of commodities; discussing the buying and selling requirements of clients and giving advice accordingly; arranging for the production of auction catalogues, fixing reserve prices, attending auctions on the spot or future markets and bidding on behalf of clients; negotiating purchase/sale by private treaty of goods not sold at auction; obtaining cargo space and fixing and collecting freight charges from clients. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Broker, commodity - Broker, shipping - Broker, trade Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3422 CLEARING AND FORWARDING AGENTS Workers in this unit group carry out customs clearing procedures and ensure that insurance, export/import licenses and other formalities are in order. Their tasks include: carrying out customs clearing procedures for exports or imports; ensuring that insurance is in order; ensuring that export/import licenses and other formalities are done properly; signing and issuing bills of lading. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Agent, clearing - Agent, forwarding - Agent, shipping 3423 LABOR CONTRACTORS AND EMPLOYMENT AGENTS Workers in this unit group match jobseekers with vacancies, find workers for employers and contract laborfor particular projects at the request of the enterprises including government institutions and find places for jobseekers in a commission basis. Their tasks include: matching jobseekers with vacancies known to government job placement offices, or advising on training scheme; finding workers for vacant posts against a commission from the employer or worker; discussing with enterprises/organizations the needed skills and other characteristics of the workers to be employed or contracted; finding workers with appropriate skills, etc., and undertaking the necessary formalities according to national or international regulations and requirements; ensuring that the employment contracts meet legal requirements and signing them. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Agent, employment placement - Contractor, labor - Officer, job placement - Overseas operations officer - Worker welfare assistant - Overseas worker welfare officer 3429 OTHER BUSINESS SERVICES AGENTS AND TRADE BROKERS Workers in this unit group cover those that are not classified elsewhere in Minor Group 342, Business Services Agents and Trade Brokers. For instance, those workers who establish business contacts, sell business services such as advertising space in the media, transport services and other facilities,credit and other business information, arrange contracts for performances of athletes, entertainers and artists as well as for the publication of books, the production of plays or the recording, performing and sale of music. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: obtaining information about services to be sold and needs of prospective buyers; negotiating contracts on behalf of seller or buyer and explaining terms of sale and payment to clients; signing agreements on behalf of seller or buyer and ensuring that contract is honored; making sure that the business service purchased is made available to the buyer in the agreed form at the agreed period. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Agent, literary - Agent, musical performance - Agent, sports - Agent, theater - Salesperson, business services/ advertising - Publication circulation officer 343 ADMINISTRATIVE ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this Minor Group implement and support the communication, documentation and internal managerial coordination activities of an organizational unit, to assist the head of unit and other staff; making verbatim reports of proceedings, examining and summarizing legal records and documents, maintaining complete records of financial transactions;collecting, processing and presenting mathematical, statistical and actuarial data. They may receive guidance from Managers or Professionals. 3431 ADMINISTRATIVE SECRETARIES AND RELATED ASSOCIATEPROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group implement and support the communication, documentation and internal managerial coordination activities of an organizational unit to assist the head of the unit and other members of staff and make verbatim reports of proceedings. Their tasks include: drafting administrative correspondence and minutes; obtaining, proposing and monitoring deadlines and follow-up dates; screening requests for meetings, scheduling and organizing meetings and travel arrangements for the head of the unit and other members of staff; assisting in the preparation of budgets, monitoring of expenditures, drafting of contracts and purchasing or acquisition orders; assisting the head of unit and other staff with inquiries of an administrative or organizational structure; making verbatim reports of proceedings in legislative assemblies, courts of law or other places in shorthand or by other means; assisting the head of the unit in organizing and hosting hospitality functions for outside visitors or members of staff; writing and answering business or technical letters and other similar correspondence. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Administrative secretary/ assistant - Assistant correspondence - Reporter, verbatim - Board secretary - Civil secretary - Corporate secretary - Executive Secretary - Minutes agenda officer - Presidential staff officer - Private secretary - Reconcilement specialist - Records management analyst - Records officer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Secretary 4115 3432 LEGAL AND RELATED BUSINESS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group assist Corporate Managers,General Managers,and business professionals in connection with legal matters, including those related to insurance contracts, granting of loans and other financial transaction. Their tasks include: examining or making arrangements for examining legal records and other relevant documents; preparing paper, summarizing legal positions, setting out conditions of loans or insurance; advising clients and agents on legal or technical matters relating to their particular cases; preparing documents relating to transfer of real estate, stocks or other matters requiring formal registration; checking validity of documents and forwarding them to company's share register. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Legal assistant - Insurance assistant - Bailiff - Clerk, court/judge/law - Corporate legal officer - Court legal service chief - Fiscal examiner - Legislative staff officer - Local legislative staff officer - Paralegal officer 3433 BOOKKEEPERS Workers in this unit group maintain complete records of financial transactions of an undertaking and verify accuracy of documents and records relating to such transactions. Their tasks include: maintaning complete records of all financial transactions of an undertaking according to general bookkeeping principles with guidance from Accountants; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC verifying accuracy of documents and records relating to payments, receipts and other financial transactions; preparing financial statements and reports for specified periods; applying knowledge of bookkeeping principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Bookkeeper Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Accountant 2411 - Clerk, bookkeeping 4121 - Financial Planner/analyst 2411 3434 STATISTICAL, MATHEMATICAL AND RELATED ASSOCIATEPROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group assist in planning the collection, processing and presentation of mathematical, statistical or actuarial data and in carrying out these operations, usually working under the guidance of Mathematician and Related Professionals or Statisticians. Their tasks include: assisting in planning and performing mathematical, actuarial, statistical, accounting and related calculations; preparing detailed estimates of quantities and costs of materials and labor required for statistical census and survey operations; performing technical tasks connected with establishing, maintaining and using registers and sampling frames for census and survey operations; performing technical tasks connected with data collection and quality control operations in censuses and surveys; using standard computer software packages to perform mathematical, actuarial, statistical, accounting and related calculations; preparing mathematical, actuarial, statistical, accounting and other results for presentation in graphical or tabular forms; applying knowledge of mathematical, actuarial, statistical, accounting and related principles and practices in order to identify and solve problems arising in the course of their work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assistant statistician - Assistant actuary - Assistant accountant - Statistical processor - Statisticaresearcher - Statistics billing assistant - Statistical aide - Mathematician aide Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Actuary 2121 - Clerk, statistical 4122 - Mathematician 2121 - Statistician 2122 3439 OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group cover those administrative associate professionals not elsewhere classified in Minor Group 343. Examples of occupation classified here are; - Agenda minutes officer - Assistant land registration examiner - Deeds registry inspector - Dormitory manager - Election field officer - Park administrator - Political affairs officer - Population program worker - Procurement officer - Property officer - Registration officer - Traffic operations officer 344 CUSTOMS, TAXATION, LICENSING, WELFARE AND RELATED ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this Minor Group enforce or apply relevant government rules and regulations relating to national borders, taxes, social benefits and provide or examine applications for licenses or authorizations inconnection with travel, exports and imports of goods, establishment of business, erection of buildings and other activities subject to government regulations. Tasks performed usually include: checking persons and vehicles, travel and transport documents and goods transported from other countries to ensure enforcement of government rules and regulations; examining tax returns to determine taxes payable by person and businesses;examining and deciding on applications for government authorizations and licenses necessary to travel, export or import goods, construct buildings; establish a business or undertake other activities subject to government regulations;monitoring the application of price, wage or weights and measures regulations. They may receive guidance from Senior Government Officials or Managers. 3441 CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION INSPECTORS Workers in this unit group check persons, baggages,goods, vehicles and related matters coming/leaving the country to enforce relevant government rules and regulations. Their tasks include: checking persons, export and import goods leaving/entering the countryto stop illegal entry or leaving as well as illegal importing or exporting currency or goods; checking travel documents of persons coming/leaving the country to ensure proper authorizations and certificates; inspecting the luggage of persons coming/leaving the country to ensure that it conforms to government rules and regulations concerning importor export of goods and currencies; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC checking transport documents and freight vehicles coming/leaving the country to ensure conformity with government rules and regulations concerning import and export of goods and to verify the necessary payments have been made; testifying, when necessary, in court of law about circumstances and results of investigations carried out. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Inspector, customs - Officer, passport checking - Custom service officer - Immigrant services officer - Immigration officer - Travel tax officer - Terminal operations specialist - Warehouse inspector - Warehouse shipping officer 3442 GOVERNMENT TAX AND EXCISE OFFICIALS Workers in this unit group examine tax returns, bill of sale and other documents to determine the type and amount of taxes, duties and other types of fees to be paid by individual or businesses, referring exceptional or important cases to Senior Government Officials or Managers. Their tasks include: advising organizations, enterprises and the general public on the proper understanding of government laws, rules and regulations concerning the determination and payment of taxes, duties and other government fees and on the public rights and obligations; examining tax returns, bills of sale and other relevant documents to determine type and amount of taxes, duties and other types of fees to be paid. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Officer, tax - Officer, excise - Tariff analyst - Transport tax processor - Tax consultant - Tax enforcer - Tax researcher 3443 GOVERNMENT SOCIAL BENEFITS OFFICIALS Workers in this unit group examine applications for benefits, in cash or in kind to determine eligibility and amount of benefit, referring exceptional or important cases to Senior Government Officials or Managers. Their tasks include: advising individual and organizations on the proper understanding of government laws, rules and regulations concerning government benefits and the determination and disbursement of payments as well as on the public rights and obligations; examining applications and other relevant documents to determine type and amount of benefit which individuals should receive. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Officer, pension - Officer, social benefits - Officer, social security claims - Insurance risk analyst - Medical claims processor - Social security examiner 3444 GOVERNMENT LICENSING OFFICIALS Workers in this unit group examine applications for licenses to export and import goods, set up a business, build a house or other structures, or to obtain a passport and determine whether the applications for licenses or passports are to be approved and whether specific conditions are to be attached to the license, referring exceptional or important cases to SeniorGovernmentOfficials or Managers. Their tasks include: advising individuals on the proper understanding of government laws and regulations concerning the type of license required and the conditions attached to such licenses and on the public's rights and obligations; examining applications and relevant documents and determining whether a license can be granted and the conditions which should be attached; examining applications and approving the issue of passports. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Officer, licensing - Officer, passport issuing - License examiner - License inspector - Licenser - Permit & licensing officer - Professional regulation officer 3449 OTHER GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group cover all those related government associate professionals not elsewhere classified in Minor Group 344 Customs.Taxation, Licensing, Welfare and Related Associate Professionals. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Inspector, price - Forest guard - Forest concession guard - Land management officer - Drug regulation officer 345 POLICE INSPECTORS AND DETECTIVES Workers in this minor group investigate facts and circumstances relating to crimes committed and obtain information not readily available or apparent concerning establishments or the other circumstances and behavior of persons, mostly in order to prevent crimes. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3450 POLICE INSPECTORS AND DETECTIVES Workers in this unit group investigate facts and circumstances relating to crimes committed and obtain information not readily available or apparent concerning establishments or the other circumstances and behavior ofpersons, mostly in order to prevent crimes. Their tasks include: establishing contacts and sources of information about crimes planned or committed in order to prevent crimes or identify culprits; investigating events and circumstances suspected of being criminal in nature to obtain evidence and identify the perpetrators; establishing contacts and sources of information not readily available or apparent concerning establishments or the circumstances and behavior of persons usually with the aim of preventing a crime; investigating possible cases of theft of goods, money or information from business establishments and of other possible cases of unlawful behavior by customers or employees; investigating establishments or other circumstancesand behavior of persons on behalf of legal authorities or clients; making arrests or assisting in making arrests, if authorized; testifying in court of law or reporting to Superiors or clients about circumstances and results of investigations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Detective - Police/criminal investigator - Agent - Cartographer, police & detective - Chief inspector - Chief of police - Chief of staff (jail) - Chief penal institution program officer - Civil security officer - Defense research officer - Enforcement & intelligence officer - Industrial security inspector - Intelligence agent - Investigation agent - National security specialist - National intelligence specialist - Penal institution program officer - Polygraph examiner 346 SOCIAL WORK ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this Minor Group provide guidance to clients in social and related matters to enable them to find and use resources to overcome difficulties and achieve particular goals. Tasks performed usually include : helping individuals and families with personal and social problems; working to prevent development of delinquency or to achieve rehabilitation of organizing and supervising social activities of individuals and groups; helping physicallyor mentally handicapped persons to obtain adequate treatment and improve their ability to function in society. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 3460 SOCIAL WORK ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group provide guidance to clients in social and related matters to enable them to find and use resources to overcome difficulties and achieve particular goals. Their tasks include: helping individuals and families with personal and social problems; collecting information relevant to the clients' needs and advising them on their rights and obligations; analyzing the clients' situation and presenting alternative approaches to resolving problems; compiling case records or reports for courts and other legal proceedings; planning, evaluating, improving and developing welfare services; working to prevent development of delinquency or to achieve rehabilitation of delinquents by organizing and supervising social, recreational and educational activities in youth clubs, community centers and similar organizations, or by other means; helping physically or mentally handicapped persons to obtain adequate treatment and improve their ability to function in society; planning, organizing or providing home help services. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Social welfare assistant - Social welfare aide - Barangay affairs worker - Case worker - City community affairs officer - Community worker - Day care worker - Outreach project worker - Relief and rehabilitation worker - Veterans assistance officer - Volunteer service officer - Youth development officer 347 ARTISTIC, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORTS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group design products or decorate interiors, present information through the media, entertain audiences by performing spectacular, amusing or exciting acts on stage, in the streets or incircuses, or participate in sports competitions and in some cases trainor direct those who perform such activities. Tasks performed usually include: designing products, creating interior decorating schemes; presenting information through the media; entertaining audiences by performing on stage or in the streets; performing amusing antics, tricks of illusion or difficult and spectacular acrobatics; participating in sports competition. 3471 DECORATORS AND COMMERCIAL DESIGNERS Workers in this unit group apply artistic techniques to product design, interior decoration and sales promotion. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: designing industrial and commercial products, including new types and styles of clothing and accessories and endeavoring to harmonize aesthetic considerations with technical and other requirements; creating interior decorating schemes and planning furnishings for homes, public buildings, ships and other places; designing and painting stage scenery; tattooing decorative designs on clients' skin; creating and executing artistic effects for use in show windows and other display areas. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Artist, display - Decorator, interior - Designer, fashion - Tattooist Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Architect, interior 2141 - Artist, commercial 2452 3472 RADIO, TELEVISION AND OTHER ANNOUNCERS Workers in this unit group read news bulletin, conduct interviews, and make other announcements or introductions on radio, televisions or in theaters and other establishments. Their tasks include:reading news bulletins and making announcements on radio or television; introducing performing artists or persons being interviewed, and making related announcements on radio, television or in theaters, clubs and other establishments; interviewing persons in public, specially on radio and television. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Announcer, radio/ television - Compere' - Interviewer, media - Broadcast program traffic officer - News analyst - News correspondent/reporter - Newscaster/broadcaster, radio & tv - Disk jockey - Field reporter - Radio, tv commentator 3473 STREET, NIGHTCLUB AND RELATED MUSICIANS, SINGERS AND DANCERS Workers in this unit group conduct and participate in performances such as singing, dancing and playing musical instruments in streets, night clubs and other places whether solo or in group. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: playing one or more musical instruments as a soloist or as a member of popular music orchestra of circus or other bands; singing popular arias as a soloist or as a member of vocal groups in nightclubs or on the streets; performing dances as a soloist , with a partner or as a member of dancing groups, in places such as circuses, nightclubs, or on the streets. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Band leader - Dancer, nightclub - Musician, nightclub - Singer, nightclub/street/Folkhouse/Choir - Ballroom dancer - Impersonator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Conductor, orchestra 2453 - Dancer, ballet 2454 - Cultural dancer 2454 - Instrumentalist 2454 3474 CLOWNS, MAGICIANS, ACROBATS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group entertain audiences in circuses and other places by performing a variety of acts. Their tasks include: performing tricks of illusion and slight of hand, and feats of hypnotism; performing difficult and spectacular acrobatics and gymnastic or juggling feats; training and performing with animals. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Acrobat - Aerialist - Clown - Magician 3475 ATHLETES AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group participate for monetary gain in sporting events, train athletes and regulate the progress of these events. Their tasks include: participating in competitive sporting events; conducting sports training to develop ability in and knowledge of the sport; compiling rules concerning the conduct of sporting competitions and controlling progress of these events; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC instructing persons in development and maintenance of their physical fitness by means of gymnastics and other exercises. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Athlete, all sports - Coach, sports - Official, sports - Sports & Games Regulation Officer - Sports Trainor 348 NON-ORDAINED RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this minor group participate in the practice of religious works or devote their lives to contemplative prayer or meditation, or preach and propagate the teachings of their particular religion. Tasks performed usually include: participating inthe practice of religious works; devoting their lives to contemplative prayer or meditation and preaching and propagating the teachings of their particular religion. 3480 NON-ORDAINED RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS Workers in this unit group undertake religious works, devote their lives to contemplative prayer or meditation and preach and propagate the teachings of their particular religion. Their tasks include: undertaking religious works; living as a member of a separate community and observing its rules and practices; devoting their lives to contemplative prayer or meditation; preaching and propagating the teachings of a particular religious faith. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Catechist - Lay minister - Lay preacher - Lay evangelist - Religious workers Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 4. CLERKS Workers in this major group record, organize, store and retrieve information related to the work in question; compute numerical, financial and statistical data; and perform a number of client-oriented clerical duties especially in connection with money-handling operation, travel arrangements and business information and appointments. Tasks performed by clerks usually include: stenography, typing and operating word processors and other office machines, entering data into computers; carrying out secretarial duties; recording and computing numerical data; keeping records relating to stocks, production and transport; carrying out clerical duties in libraries, filing documents; carrying out duties in connection with mail services;preparing and checking material for printing; writing on behalf of illiterate persons; performing money-handling operations; dealing with travel arrangements; supplying information requested by clients and making appointments; operating a telephone switchboard. Supervision of other workers may be included. 41 OFFICE CLERKS Workers in this sub-major group record, organize,store and retrieve information related to the work inquestion and compute financial, statistical and other numerical data. Tasks performed by office clerks usually include: stenography and typing, operating wordprocessors or data entry, calculating, bookkeeping and similar office machines; carrying out secretarial duties; recording and computing statistical, actuarial, financial and other numerical data; keeping records of production schedules, levels of stocks and timely delivery of goods; keeping record of operational aspects and coordinating the timing of passenger andf reight transport; carrying out clerical duties in libraries, filing documents; carrying out duties in connection with mail services; preparing and checking material for printing; writing on behalf of illiterate persons; performing a wide range of general clerical duties. Supervision of other workers may be included. 411 SECRETARIES AND KEYBOARD-OPERATING CLERKS Workers in this minor group record oral or written information on paper or in machinereadable form, operate bookkeeping and calculating machines, edit and transcribe correspondence and documents to conform to office standard, and perform other secretarial duties. Tasks performed usually include: recording dictated and other matter in shorthand;typing it on paper orusing word processors or teleprinters; entering various data into electronic equipment or in the form of perforations on cards or special tapes; operating bookkeeping and calculating machines; editing and transcribing correspondence and documents to conform to office standard;performing various secretarial duties. Supervision of other workers may be included. 4111 STENOGRAPHERS AND TYPISTS Workers in this unit group record oral or written matter in shorthand and, using typewriters, produce documents on paper. Their tasks include: taking dictation and recording other matter in shorthand; typewriting correspondence, business forms and other documents; making transcriptions in typewritten form; performing limited clerical duties such as filing or using photocopying machines. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Stenographer, legal - Stenographer-typist - Typist - Stenographic reporter - Stenorecorder Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Filing clerk 4141 - Secretary, typing 4115 - Verbatim reporter 3431 4112 WORD PROCESSOR AND RELATED OPERATORS Workers in this unit group type, edit and print various documents using word-processing equipment or send and receive messages and facsimiles by means of a teleprinter, telefax or similar machines. Their tasks include: typing correspondence, business forms and other documents into word-processing machines; planning and executing layout and format, if not pre-set; altering, rearranging and editing typed text; operating printer, usually linked to the word processor; sending and receiving messages or facsimiles by means of a teleprinter, tele fax or similar machines; performing limited clerical duties. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, telefax - Clerk, teleprinter - Clerk, telex - Clerk, word processing 4113 DATA ENTRY OPERATORS Workers in this unit group enter numerical and other data into electronic equipment for processing and transmission or enter data on cards and tapes,using punching machines. Their tasks include: entering numerical and other data from source material into computer compatible storage and processing devices; recording data from source material in the form of perforations on cards or paper tapes; correcting entered data, if needed. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, data entry/encoder - Clerk, data entry/converter (card to tape) - Clerk, data entry/electronic mail Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Clerk, data entry/punching machine (card and tape) - Clerk ,Data enumerator - Clerk, Data transcriber - Clerk, Data tabulator - Computer keyer - Clerk, data processor Some related occupations classified elsewhere: - Data controller 2132 4114 CALCULATING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate bookkeeping and calculating machines. Their tasks include: operating bookkeeping machines to make records of business transactions; operating electrical or manual machines to make arithmetical calculations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, accounting machine - Clerk, adding machine - Clerk, bookkeeping machine - Clerk, calculating machine 4115 SECRETARIES Workers in this unit group use typewriters or word processing equipment to check and transcribe correspondence and other documents, deal with incoming and outgoing mail, screen request of meeting or appointments, record and screenleave and other staff entitlements, organize and supervise filing systems and dealwith routine correspondence on their own initiative. Their tasks include: checking and transcribing correspondence, minutes and reports from dictation or written drafts to conform to office standards, using typewriter or word processing equipment; dealing with incoming or outgoing mail; scanning, recording and distributing mail, correspondence and documents; screening requests for meetings or appointments and helping to organize meetings; organizing and supervising filing systems. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Secretary, office - Secretary, legal - Secretary, medical - Secretary, community organizer - Secretary, sales - Secretary, parish - Secretary, marketing Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere: - Clerk, correspondence 3431 - Secretary, administrative 3431 412 NUMERICAL CLERKS Workers in this minor group obtain, compile and compute accountancy, bookkeeping, statistical,financial and other numerical data, and take charge of cash transactions incidental to business matters. Tasks performed usually include: helping with accounting and book keeping records and computations;calculating unit production costs; calculating wagesand in some cases preparing wages pockets and paying wages; taking charge of cash transactions incidental to the business; obtaining,compiling and computing statistical or actuarial data; performing transactions of a bank or similar establishments. 4121 ACCOUNTING AND BOOKKEEPING CLERKS Workers in this unit group help with accounting and bookkeeping records and computations, wages and production costs computations as well as with cash payments. Their tasks include: making entries in accounting and bookkeeping records; making necessary calculations; performing other limited accounting and bookkeeping functions; calculating wages due from records of hours worked, o rwork performed by individual employees; taking charge of cash and keeping records of cash transactions incidental to the business; may prepare wage and pay wages. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Clerk, accounting - Clerk, bookkeeping - Clerk, cost computing - Clerk, wages/payroll - Accounting sales clerk - Audit clerk - Assestment clerk - Budgeting clerk - Budgeting aide Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assistant, accounting 3434 - Bookkeeper 3433 4122 STATISTICAL AND FINANCE CLERKS Workers in this unit group obtain, compile and compute statistical or actuarial dataor perform clerical tasks relating to the transactions of a bankand other financial establishments. Their tasks include: obtaining and compiling statistical or actuarial data based on routine or special sources of information; calculating totals, averages, percentages and other details and presenting them in the required tabular form; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC preparing financial documents, and calculating interest or brokerage charge and stamp duties payable; maintaining records of bonds, shares and other securities bought or sold on behalf of clients or employer. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, finance - Clerk, brokerage - Clerk, securities - Clerk, statistical - Logistics clerk - Clerk, treasury - Clerk, mortgage - Clerk, insurance - New accounts clerk Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assistant, statistical 3434 - Broker, stocks and shares 3411 - Broker, trade 3421 413 MATERIAL RECORDING AND TRANSPORT CLERKS Workers in this minor group keep records of goods produced, purchased, stocked, dispatched, and of materials needed at specified procution dates or keep records of operational aspects and coordinate the timing of passenger and freight transport. Tasks performed usually include: recording produced, stocked, ordered and dispatched goods; recording production materials received, put into stock or issued; computing quantities of the production materials required at specified dates and helping with preparation and checking of production operation schedules; keeping records of operational aspects and coordinating the turning of passenger and freight transport. Supervision of other workers may be included. 4131 STOCK CLERKS Workers in this unit group maintain records of goods produced and production materials received, weighed, issued, dispatched or put into stock. Their tasks include: arranging and controlling receipt and dispatch of goods and keeping relevant records; maintaining stock records, verifying issue of goods, estimating needs and making requisitions of new stocks; receiving, storing and issuing tools, spare parts, or various equipment and maintaining relevant records; weighing goods received, issued, produced, or dispatched and maintaining relevant records; compiling investments of furniture and other items received for storage. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, freight/dispatching and receiving - Clerk, inventory - Clerk, stock/records - Clerk, stock/storeroom - Clerk, stock controller - Clerk, supply canvasser - Clerk, supply checker - Clerk, warehouse - Clerk, dispatcher - Clerk, cargo - Clerk, stockchecker - Clerk, storekeeper - Clerk, weighing 4132 PRODUCTION CLERKS Workers in this unit group compute of materials required at specified dates for the production program and prepare and check production operation schedules. Their tasks include: computing quantities, qualities and types of materials required by production program; preparing production requirements schedules, ensuring that materials are available when needed and keeping relevant records; verifying stocks, arranging deliveries and investigating delays. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, order/materials - Clerk, planning/materials - Clerk, production/planning - Clerk, schedule/materials - Clerk, processing & control 4133 TRANSPORT CLERKS Workers in this unit group keep records of operational aspects and coordinate the timing of train, road and air passenger and freight transport, and prepare reports for management. Their tasks include: keeping records of operational aspects, and coordinating the timing of passenger and freight transport; directing train routings within a division or zone ofa railway system and keeping related records; directing, controlling and keeping records of freight handling at a railway yard; coordinating and keeping records of operational activitiesconcerning road transport, such as allocation and scheduling of vehicles and drivers, loading and unloading of vehicles and storage of goods in transit; coordinating and keeping records of operational activities concerning air transport of passengers and freight, such as passenger lists and freight manifests; preparing reports for management. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of occupations classified here are: - Dispatcher, aircraft - Dispatcher, road transport - Dispatcher, train - Auto Fuel dispatcher - Cargo checker - Ship boarding inspector 414 LIBRARY, MAIL AND RELATED CLERKS Workers in this minor group perform clerical dutiesin libraries and post offices;file documents; prepare data for processing; check material for printing and write on behalf of illiterate person. Tasks performed usually include: recording information regarding acquisition, issue and return of books; classifying and filing various documents and other records; sorting; recording and delivering mail from post offices, as well as from within an enterprise; coding; correcting proofs; performing a number of miscellaneous clerical duties; writing on behalf of illiterate persons. Supervision of other workers may be included. 4141 LIBRARY AND FILING CLERKS Workers in this unit group maintain library services or perform duties related to the filing and classification of records. Their tasks include: maintaining library records relating to the acquisition, issue and return of books and other publications; photocopying or reproducing documents and other records; classifying and systematically filing papers, documents and other records. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assistant, library - Clerk, filing - Clerk, library - Librarian aide photocopying or reproducing documents and other records; classifying and systematically filing papers, documents and other records. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assistant, library - Clerk, filing - Clerk, library - Librarian aide 4142 MAIL CARRIERS AND SORTING CLERKS Workers in this unit group perform sorting, recording, delivery and other duties in connection with mail services from post offices or related organizations,as well as from or within an establishment. Their tasks include: performing mail handling duties in public post offices; sorting and delivering mail to private houses and elsewhere; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC sorting and keeping simple records of incoming and outgoing correspondence and dispatching outgoing mail in various establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, mail/dispatch - Clerk, mail/sorting - Post carrier - Postman - Clerk, posting/verifier - Courier - Mail messenger - Postal clerk - Posting clerk - Telegram carrier - Telegraph carrier 4143 CODING, PROOF-READING AND RELATED CLERKS Workers in this unit group convert information into codes, verify and correct proofs, and perform a number of miscellaneous clerical duties. Their tasks include: converting information into codes and classifying information by codes; comparing proofs of texts and related material prepared for printing with original material, correcting errors and working texts for printer according to the established rules; sorting forms and working them with identification numbers; sorting documents for filing or to collate sets of pages; addressing circulars and envelopes by hands. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, coding - Proof-reader, clerical - Signature verifier - Typereader 4144 SCRIBES AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group write letters and complete forms on behalf of illiterate persons. Their tasks include: reading letters and other written matter to illiterate persons and providing necessary interpretation and information; writing letters and completing forms on behalf of illiterate persons; offering advice to individuals and interpreting and helping with the completion of government and other official forms. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Scribe Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 419 OTHER OFFICE CLERKS Workers in this minor group perform a wide range of general clerical duties, mostly connected with the keeping of various office records. Tasks performed usually include: keeping address lists; keeping mail lists; keeping personnel or any other office records; or performing clerical services such as filing, photocopying, or mimeographing. Supervision of other workers may be included. 4190 OTHER OFFICE CLERKS Workers in this unit group perform a wide range of general clerical dutiesmostly connected with the keeping of various office records. Their tasks include: filing vouchers, receipt, letters and other documents; keeping personnel records of all the organization's employees, showing name, address, and other details; keeping personnel records of employees' leave and other information; preparing and maintaining the organization's address and telephone lists. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Clerk, compilation/directory - Clerk, list/addresses - Clerk, records/personnel - Clerk, enumerator - Clerk, fiscal - Clerk, timekeeper - Field clerk - Laboratory clerk - Maintenance clerk - Office equipment clerk - Administrative clerk 42 CUSTOMER SERVICES CLERKS Workers in this sub-major group deal directly with clients in connection with money handling operations, travel arrangements, request of information, appointments, and by operating telephone switchboards. Tasks performed by customer services clerks usually include: performing money handling operations in banks, post offices, betting and gambling establishments, or as payments or goods and services bought or pledged; dealing with travel arrangements; supplying information requested by clients and making appointments; operating a telephone switchboard. Supervision of other workers may be included. 421 CASHIERS, TELLERS AND RELATED CLERKS Workers in this minor group usually include:receiving payments from clients for goods and services bought; dealing with clients of banks or post offices in connection with money operations or postal services; receiving and paying off bets on results of sporting events; conducting gambling games, lending money against articles deposited or other securities; collecting debts and other payments. Supervision of other workers may be included. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 4211 CASHIERS AND TICKET CLERKS Workers in this unit group receive directly from clients, payments for goods or services bought in establishments such as stores and ticket offices or they pay out cash in banks related organizations. Their tasks include: receiving and verifying cash, check or credit card payments in stores, ticket offices or similar establishments; giving change and issuing receipts; issuing tickets at ticket offices, and taking corresponding payments; paying out cash, mostly in banks, against written orders, credit notes, or resulting from currency exchanges and obtaining receipts; keeping records and reconciling them with cash balance; receiving incoming cash of an establishment, checking it against sales slips and other documents, and preparing it for deposit at bank; paying out wages to establishments personnel; operating cash register. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cashier, bank - Cashier, office - Clerk, disbursing - Clerk, ticket issuing/except travel - Cash clerk - Cash registrar clerk - Credit and collection clerk - Disbursing clerk - Ticket custodian - Ticket sorter/encoder - Toll fee collector/teller - Cashier Aide - Paymaster - Ticket checker 4212 TELLERS AND OTHER COUNTER CLERKS Workers in this unit group deal directly with clients of banks or post offices in connection with receiving, changing and paying out money, or providing mail services. Their tasks include: receiving money or checks from clients; paying out money to clients; paying bills and making money transfers on client's behalf; crediting and debiting clients accounts; changing money from one currency to another, as requested by clients; making records of all transactions and reconciling them with cash balance; receiving mail, selling postage stamps and conducting other post office counter business such as bill payments, money transfers and related business. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, post office counter - Money Changer - Teller, bank - Clerk, telegraphic transfer service 4213 BET BOOKMAKERS AND CROUPIERS Workers in this unit group determine odds and receive and pay off bets on results of sporting or other events, or conduct games of chance in gambling establishments. Their tasks include: determining risks to decide odds and to hedge or refuse bets; preparing and issuing lists of approximate odds; distributing cards, rolling dice or spinning a roulette wheel; explaining and interpreting operating rules of a gambling establishments; announcing winning numbers, paying winners and collecting payments from losers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bookmaker, bet - Card dealer - Croupier 4214 PAWNBROKERS AND MONEY LENDERS Workers in this unit group lend money against articles deposited as pledges, or against property or other security. Their tasks include: evaluating articles offered as pledges, calculating interest, and lending money; returning articles when the loan is paid or, in the event of non-payment, selling pledged articles; lending money as personal loans against success of future harvest and other similar undertakings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Moneylender - Pawnbroker - Clerk, loan - Loan processor 4215 DEBT COLLECTORS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group collect payments and perform clerical duties associated with these collections. Their tasks include: telephoning or writing to customers to collect money or arrange for later payments; tracing addresses of customers and paying visits to collect debts; noting amount collected; recommending legal action when payment cannot be otherwise obtained; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC asking for and collecting charity payments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Collector, charity - Collector, debt - Collector, bill /cash - Collection clerk - Revenue collector - Tax collector - Bank collector - Billing clerk - Bill courier 422 CLIENT INFORMATION CLERKS Workers in this minor group deal directly with clients in connection with travel arrangements, various types of information requested, appointments to be made, including those for hospitals, medical and dental surgeons, as well as in coming or requested telephone calls. Tasks performed usually include preparing itineraries and making travel and hotel reservations for clients; receiving clients or patients, providing relevant information and making appointments on behalf of various establishments, including hospitals, medical or dental surgeons; operating a telephone switchboard. Supervision of other workers maybe included. 4221 TRAVEL AGENCY CLERKS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group supply information, arrange travel itinerariesand obtain necessary reservations. Their tasks include: advising customers on itineraries and method of travel; preparing itineraries; making necessary reservations; issuing tickets, vouchers and other documents; obtaining visas, if necessary; preparing bills and receiving payments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, ticket issuing/travel - Clerk, travel/airlines - Clerk, travel agency Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Clerk, ticket issuing/except travel 4211 - Consultant, travel 3414 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Department Manager, production/ travel agency 1229 - General Manager, travel agency 1319 4222 RECEPTIONISTS AND INFORMATION CLERKS Workers in this unit group receive clients orpatients, provide information and make appointments on behalf of various establishments including hospitals, medical or dental surgeons. Their tasks include: receiving clients or patients, noting inquiries and providing relevant information; making appointments for clients or patients; dealing with telephone requests for information or appointments; directing clients or patients to appropriate location or persons; making reservations and arranging registration for hotel guests or patients, as well as keeping records, or presenting bills on departure; supplying information pamphlets, brochures or forms. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Clerk, information - Receptionist - Call center assistant/representative - Counter clerk - Customer service assistant - Desk clerk - Receiving clerk - Reservation clerk - Information clerk - Admission clerk 4223 TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate a telephone switchboard or a section thereof, and deal with local or long distance calls, and various telephone inquiries. Their tasks include: establishing contact between caller and person called; making connections for outgoing calls and sorting long distance calls; recording charge; dealing with telephone inquiries and sending messages. Example of the occupation classified here are: - Switchboard operator, telephone - Career relation payphone & access services - Message handling operator - Communication telephone operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Call center assistant/representative 4222 - Customer service assistant 4222 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 5. SERVICE WORKERS AND SHOP AND MARKET SALES WORKERS Workers in this major group provide personal and protective services related to travel, housekeeping, catering, personal care, or protection against fire and unlawful acts or they pose as models for artistic creation and display, or demonstrate and sell goods in wholesale or retail shops and similar establishments, as well as at stalls and on market. Tasks performed by service workers and shop and market sales workers usually include: organization and provision of services during travel; housekeeping; preparation and serving of food and beverages; child care; rudimentary nursing and related care at homes or in institutions; personal care, such as hairdressing or beauty treatment; companionship; astrology and fortune-telling; embalming; funeral arrangements; protection of individuals and property against fire and unlawful acts and enforcement of law and order; posing as model for advertising artistic creation and display of goods; selling goods in wholesale or retail establishments, as well as at stalls and on markets; demonstrating goods to potential customer. Supervision of other workers may be included. 51 PERSONAL AND PROTECTIVE SERVICES WORKERS Workers in this sub-major group provide personal and protective services related to travel, housekeeping, catering, personal care, or protection against fire and unlawful acts. Tasks performed by personal and protective services workers usually include: organization and provision of services during travel; housekeeping; preparation and serving of food and beverages; child care; rudimentary nursing and related care at homes or in institutions; personal care, such as hairdressing or beauty treatment; companionship; astrology; and fortune telling,embalming, funeral arrangements;protection of individuals andproperty against fire and unlawful acts and enforcement of law andorder. Supervision of other workers may be included. 511 TRAVEL ATTENDANTS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group provide various personal services in connection with travelling by aircraft, train, ship, bus or other vehicle, and escorting individuals and groups on travel tours, sightseeing visits and excursions. Tasks performed usually include: ensuring the comfort and safety of passengers, serving food and refreshments; providing necessary or requested information and answering various questions in connectionwith the journey; collecting or issuing ticketson board public transport; accompanying individuals orgroups on sightseeing tours or excursions and describing point of interest; providing other guide services. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5111 TRAVEL ATTENDANTS AND TRAVEL STEWARDS Workers in this unit group render personal servicesto ensure the comfort and safety of passengers, serve meal and beverages, or plan and coordinate housekeeping and social activities on ships and ther vehicles. Their tasks include: greeting passengers entering aircraft, conducting them to their seats, ensuring that the seatbelts aref astened and "no smoking" and similar signs are obeyed; explaining the use of safety equipment such as life belts and oxygen masks; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC distributing reading materials, headphones, blankets,and similar items and answering passengers' inquiries; serving pre-prepared meals as well as beverages; selling duty free goods; administering minor medical aid to passengers in need; taking appropriate action in case of emergencies or accident; taking care of passengers at airports; taking care of general needs and comfort of ships' passengers, keeping cabins tidy and serving meals in them, on request. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Aircraft cabin attendant - Airlines steward and hostess - Flight stewardess - Ship's steward 5112 TRANSPORT CONDUCTORS Workers in this unit group collect or issue tickets and take care of safety and comfort on trains, trams, buses and other public transport vehicles. taking care of sleeping-car on a passenger train,including the checking of passengers tickets, their safety and information requests; ensuring safety regulations are respected; giving information to passengers especially about stops and connections; cooperating with the driver in maintaining time schedules; taking appropriate action in case of emergencies or accidents. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bus conductor - Passenger car conductor - Railway passenger train guard - Road freight conductor 5113 TRAVEL GUIDES Workers in this unit group accompany individual or groups on sightseeing tours or excursions, describe points of interest and provide other guide services. Their tasks include: escorting tourists and looking after their comfort; accompanying tourists on sightseeing tours and describing point of interest; accompanying tourists to museums and exhibitions and givingin formation on exhibits; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC guiding groups through factories and similar establishments and giving relevant information; conducting excursions such as mountain climbing, hunting or fishing. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Travel /tour guide - Sightseeing guide - Museum guide - Recreational attendant - Mountaineering guide 512 HOUSEKEEPING AND RESTAURANT SERVICES WORKERS Workers in this minor group organize, supervise and carry out housekeeping functions in commercial establishments, institutions or private households or perform various kinds of work related to the preparation and cooling of meals and the serving of food and beverages in various commercial establishments, institutions, private households, ships or passenger trains. Tasks performed usually include: engaging, training and discharging domestic staff, organizing and conducting the work of domestic; taking care of general welfare and suitable conduct of individuals in institutions; controlling the purchase, storage and issue of supplies; preparing and cooking food stuffs;serving food and beverages. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5121 HOUSEKEEPERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group organize, supervise and carry out housekeeping functions in hotels, clubs, boarding schools and other enterprises and institutions and in private households. Their tasks include: engaging, training, discharging, organizing and supervising workers employed as domestic staff; purchasing or controlling the purchase of supplies; controlling storage and issue of supplies; supervising general welfare and conduct of individuals in institutions; assisting in cases of minor injury or illness by performing tasks such as taking temperature, giving medicine, putting on bandages. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Housekeeper (institutional) - Housekeeping (private service) - House steward - Chamber maid - Institutional worker 5122 COOKS Workers in this unit group plan, organize, preparea nd cook food stuffs in hotels, restaurants and other public eating places, on boardships, on passenger trains and in private households. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: planning meals, preparing and cooking foodstuffs; planning, supervising and coordinating work in the kitchen. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Head cook - Cook, except private service - Cook, private service - Ship's cook - Chef 5123 WAITERS, WAITRESSES AND BARTENDERS Workers in this unit group serve food and beverages in commercially-operated dining and drinking places, clubs, institutionsand canteens, on board ship and on passenger trains. Their tasks include: serving food and beverages; advising on the choice of wines and serving them; serving alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks at a bar. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Head waiter - Bartender - Waitress/waiter - Food server - Food attendant - Service crew 513 PERSONAL CARE AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group provide child care and help in looking after school children, perform various tasks in order to assist medical and nursing professionals and associate professionals in their duties at hospitals and other institutions, provide home based personal care, or help veterinary, pharmaceutical or other professionals in their tasks. Tasks performed usually include: taking care of employers' children and helping teachers by taking care of children at lunch or other school breaks or outings; providing rudimentary nursing and related care in hospitals and similar institutions, or to patients at home; helping veterinary and pharmaceutical professionals in their duties. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5131 CHILD-CARE WORKERS Workers in this unit group take care of employers' children and oversee their daily activities, or engage in helping teachers to look after school children. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: assisting children to bathe, dress and feed themselves; taking children to and from school or outdoors for recreation; playing games with children or entertaining children by reading or story-telling; maintaining order in childrens' bedrooms and playrooms; taking care of schoolchildren at lunch or other school breaks; taking care of school children on excursions, museum visits and seminar outings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Nursemaid - Baby sitter - Nursery school attendant - Nursery aide 5132 INSTITUTION-BASED PERSONAL CARE WORKERS Workers in this unit group perform simple tasks to assist medical, nursing, midwifery and dental professionals or associate professionals in their duties. Their tasks include: preparing patients for examination or treatment; changing bed linen and helping patients with thei rtoilet activities; providing hot-water bottles and other comforts for patients; serving and collecting food trays and feeding patients needing help; sterilizing surgical and other instruments and equipment; assisting dentists by adjusting lights and passing tools and materials as requested. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Hospital attendant - Hospital aide - Nursing aide - Barangay health aide - Dental aide - Medical Aide - Nursing attendant - Surgery attendant Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Aide, nursing/home 5133 - Nurse, associate professional 3231 - Nurse, professional 2230 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 5133 HOME-BASED PERSONAL CARE WORKERS Workers in this unit group attend to various personal needs and in general provide personal care for persons in need of such care at their own homes because of physical or mental illness or disability orbecause of impairment due to old age. Their tasks include: assisting persons in getting into and out of bed and making the appropriate change in dress; changing bed linen and helping persons with their bath and toilet activities; serving food prepared by them or others and feeding persons needing help; giving or ensuring that persons take the necessary medicaments; watching for any sign of deterioration in the persons' health and informing the relevant medical doctor or social services. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Aid, nursing/home - Houseparent - Care giver Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Aid, nursing/clinic 5132 - Nurse, associate professional 3231 - Nurse, professional 2230 - Social worker,associate professional 3460 - Social worker, professional 2646 5139 PERSONAL CARE AND RELATED WORKERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED This unit group covers other personal care functions not elsewhere specified in Minor group 513 -Personal Care and Related Workers. Workers classified here are those who are engaged in helping veterinary or pharmaceutical professionals or associate professionals in performing their tasks. In such cases, tasks would include: bathing and feeding animals; leading or carrying animals to treatment room and holding them during treatment; cleaning and sterilizing veterinary surgical instruments; labelling drugs, chemicals and other phamaceutical preparations and replenishing stock on shelves; sterilizing bottles, beakers and other equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Aide, pharmacy - Aide, veterinary Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 514 ASTROLOGERS, FORTUNE-TELLERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group predict future events in persons' lives by practicing astrology or by other techniques and give warning and device on possible courses of action. Tasks performed usually include: making forecasts of future events based on the position of stars and planets at specified times or on characteristics of clients' palms, samples of playing cards drawn at random, position of tea leaves or coffee remnants in a cup and similar techniques. 5141 ASTROLOGERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group predict future events in persons' lives by practicing astrology or related techniques and give warnings and advice on possible courses of action. Their tasks include: casting horoscopes of individuals at birth or later to recount pastand forecast; future events and conditions of their lives; determining auspicious times for various human activities such as inaugurations, marriages, journeys and other religious ceremonies; studying the influence of the constellation of stars and of other phenomena on a person's life and situation; advising individuals on precautions to be taken to avoid evil influences. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Astrologer 5142 FORTUNE-TELLERS, PALMISTS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group recount past and forecast future events on the basis of the characteristics of clients' palms, samples of playingcards drawn at random or other factors. Their tasks include: interpreting characteristics of clients' palms, samples of playing cards, position of tea leaves or coffee remnants in a cup, shapes and patterns of bones of dead animals, etc.; forecasting future events on the basis of these interpretations; giving warnings and advice on possible courses of action. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fortune-teller - Numerologist - Palmist - Fengshui 515 OTHER PERSONAL SERVICES WORKERS Workers in this minor group perform various tasks in order to improve the appearance of individuals, provide companionship or look after the wardrobe and other personal effects of employers, or provide embalming and funeral services. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usually include: cutting and dressing hair; showing and trimming beards; giving beauty treatment and applying cosmetics and make-up; shaping and polishing finger and toe-nails and treating minor ailments of the human foot; attending to clients taking bath and administering elementary massage; providing services as companions or valets; providing embalming and funeral services. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5151 HAIRDRESSERS, BARBERS, BEAUTICIANS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group cut and dress hair, shave and trim beards, give beauty treatment, apply cosmetic and make-up and give other kinds of treatment to individuals in order to improve their appearance. Their tasks include: cutting, washing, tinting and waving hair; cutting and washing hair and shaving or trimming beards; giving scalp treatment; fitting wigs according to customers requirements; cleaning and applying creams, lotion and related products to face and parts of the body; giving facial and body massage; applying make-up to clients of a beauty parlor; applying make-up to actors and other performers; cleaning shaping and polishing finger and toe-nails and treating minor ailments of the human foot such ascorns, calluses or deformed toe-nails; attending to clients taking baths and administering elementary massage. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Barber-hairdresser - Beautician - Chiropodist - Manicurist/pedicurist - Attendant, Sauna Bath/Body massage/Foot spa/Body scrab - Beauty consultant - Cosmetologist - Make-up artist 5152 COMPANIONS AND VALETS Workers in this unit group provide companionship and attend to various personal needs of the employer. Their tasks include: providing companionship to employer by accompanying him/her to various places, reading, conversing and participating to activities such as sports; assisting in entertaining visitors in employer's home; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC keeping wardrobe and personal effects of the employer in good order. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Companion - Chaperon - Personal maid, valet Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Escort, social 5149 - Partner, dancing 5149 5153 UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS Workers in this unit group perform various tasks in the disposal of dead human bodies. Their tasks include: making arrangements for, and conducting funerals, cremations and burials; embalming human bodies to retard or arrest the process of decays. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Funeral undertaker - Embalmers - Cremators - "Sepulturero" - Grave digger - Autopsy attendant 5159 OTHER PERSONAL SERVICES WORKERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED This unit group covers miscellaneous tasks not elsewheres pecified in minor group 514 - Other Personal Services Workers. Workers classified here are those who undertake to be dancing partners or social escorts, or perform duties of club or night club hostesses or hosts. In such cases tasks would include: accompanying clients to restaurants and other outings; acting as a dancing partner; welcoming clients to a night club and ensuring that they are entertained well. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Escort - Host/Hostesses - Hospitality girls ( GRO's) - Ushers/Usherette - Dancing partner Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Companion 5142 516 PROTECTIVE SERVICES WORKERS Workers in this minor group protect individuals and property against fire and other hazards, maintain law and order and enforce laws and regulations. Tasks performed usually include: preventing, fighting and extinguishing fires, rescuing persons and salvaging property and goods during and after fire and major accidents; maintaining law and order, protecting persons and property from hazards and unlawful acts and arresting persons for contraventions of the law; directing traffic and assuming authority in the event of accident; watching over and maintaining discipline among inmates of prisons, reformatories or penitentiaries. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5161 FIRE-FIGHTERS Workers in this unit group present, fight and try to extinguish fires, rescue persons and salvage property and goods during and after fires and major accidents. Their tasks include: preventing, fighting and extinguishing fires; fighting special types of fires and using special equipment in industrial establishments; preventing and extinguishing fires in crashed or damaged aircraft and rescuing crew and passenger; rescuing persons and salvaging property and goods during and after fires and major accidents; preventing or limiting the spread of dangerous substances in case offires or accidents. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fire-fighter - Fireman - Fire-salvaged specialist - Fire-brigade/marshall - Fire aide Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Inspector, fire 3151 - Investigator, fire 3151 - Specialist, fire prevention 3151 - Fire control officer 3151 5162 POLICE OFFICERS Workers in this unit group maintain law and orderand enforce lawsa nd regulations. Their tasks include: maintaining law and order; protecting persons and property from hazards and unlawful acts; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC arresting persons for contraventions of laws; directing traffic and assuming authority in the event of accidents. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Constable - Patrolman, police - Patrolwoman, police - Police officer - Traffic enforcer - Traffic Aide Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Chief constable, police 1120 - Commissioner, police 1120 - Inspector-general, police 1120 5163 PRISON GUARDS Workers in this unit group watch over and maintain discipline among inmates of prisons, reformatories or penitentiaries. Their tasks include: searching arriving prisoners, putting their valuables in safekeeping, escorting prisoner to cells and locking them in; making periodic inspection tours of cells; supervising prisoners at work, meals or during walks and patrolling prison areas to prevent escape. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Prison guard - Jail guard - Warden - Inmate guidance officer 5169 PROTECTIVE SERVICES WORKERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED This unit group covers miscellaneous tasks not elsewhere specified in minor group 516 - Protective Services Workers. Workers classified here are those who patrol buildings and areas to prevent illegal entry, theft, violence and other unlawful acts, andwho, if necessary, use force to prevent such act as bodyguard, lifeguard or game wardens. In such cases tasks would include: patrolling buildings and areas to prevent theft, violence, infractions of rules and other irregularities; if necessary, exercising the right to use force and to apprehend perpetrators; performing the duties of a bodyguard; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC patrolling beaches and swimming pools to prevent accidents and to rescue bathers from drowning; patrolling natural reserves, game parks, forest areas and enclosures to prevent theft and killing of game. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bodyguard - Bouncer - Lifeguard - Security guard - Watchman - Confidential agent - Gatekeeper/roving guide - Guard patrol - Harbor patrol - Motorcycle escort - Parks & games warden - Private detective - Security agent - Survelliance officer - House detective ( Hotel) 52 MODELS, SALESPERSONS AND DEMONSTRATORS Workers in this sub-major group pose as models for artistic creation and display, or demonstrate and sellgoods in wholesale or retail shops and similar establishments, as well as at stalls and on market. Tasks performed by models, salespersons and demonstrators usually include: posing as models for advertising, artistic creationand display of good; selling goods in wholesale or retail establishments, or at stalls usually placed at particular places and on markets; demonstrating goods to potential customers. 521 FASHION AND OTHER MODELS Workers in this minor group wear and display clothing and other items for sale or pose as models for advertising or for artistic creation. Tasks performed usually include: putting on clothing and other items for sale or pose as models for advertising or for artistic creation. 5210 FASHION AND OTHER MODELS Workers in this minor group wear and display clothing and other items for sale or pose as models for advertising or for artistic creation. Their tasks include: dressing in sample of parcel of new or current styles or of type wanted by customers; walking, turning and otherwise demonstrating style and other characteristics to best advantage; posing as model for artistic photography, sculpture or painting; posing as model for photography or films in the field of advertising. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Model, advertising /commercial - Model, artist - Model, fashion - Model, "mannequin" 522 SHOP SALEPERSONS AND DEMONSTRATORS Workers in this minor group sell goods in wholesale or retail establishments and demonstrate and explain functions and qualities of these goods. Tasks performed usually include: selling goods in wholesale establishments to retailers or large-scale consumers; selling goods to customers of retail establishments; demonstrating and explaining qualities and functions of these goods. Supervision ofo ther workers may be included. 5220 SHOP SALESPERSONS AND DEMONSTRATORS Workers in this unit group demonstrate and sell goods in wholesale establishments to retailers and large-scale consumers or to customers in retail establishments. Their tasks include: moving goods to be sold from storage area to sales area and placing them on display; assisting customer in making a choice; quoting prices, credit terms and discounts; packing and arranging delivery of goods if necessary; writing bill, invoice, docket or receipt; verifying cashier's receipt, if necessary; giving demonstrations of articles on sale in order to inform customers about their characteristics and mode of use, as well as to stimulate buying interest. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Product demonstrator - Salesman/saleslady - Salesperson, retail/wholesale establishment - Counter checker - Maintenance storekeeper - Marker tender - Promo girl - Promo merchandiser - Sales helper/baggers - Gasoline attendant Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Salesperson, kiosk 5230 - Salesperson, market 5230 - Salesperson, street stall 5230 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 523 STALL AND MARKET SALESPERSONS Workers in this minor group sell various goods, suchas leather or textile craft products, wood carvings, embroidery, lace, or newspapers, periodicals, postcards, cigarette, chocolates and icecreams, at stalls which are usually placed by license at particular places in streets or other open spaces, or they sell fruit, vegetables and other, mostly perishable, foodstuffs on markets. Tasks performed usually include: buying and then selling the above-mentioned or other similar goods at stalls usually grouped at particular places in streets or other open spaces by permission of the relevant local authorities; selling fruit, vegetables and other, mostly perishable, food stuffs on markets. Supervision of other workers may be included. 5230 STALL AND MARKET SALESPERSONS Workers in this unit group sell various goods such as leather or textile craft products, wood carvings, embroidery, lace, or newspapers, periodicals, postcards, cigarettes, chocolates and ice creams, at stalls usually grouped at particular places in streets or other open spaces by permission of the relevant local authorities, or they sell fruit, vegetables and other mostly perishable, food stuffs on markets. Their tasks include: obtaining from local authorities, permission to set up a stand at a particular place in streets or other spaces; buying or contracting a regular supply of various goods to be sold, such as leather or textile craft-products,wood carvings, embroideryor lace, displaying them on stands and selling them; buying or contracting a regular supply of newspapers, periodicals, postcards, cigarettes, chocolates and ice creams and selling the mat kiosk; buying from wholesale markets, or directly from farmers, fresh fruit and vegetables or other, mostly perishables, food stuffs and selling them on markets; loading or unloading goods for sales; receiving payments; keeping accounts. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Salesperson, kiosk - Salesperson, market - Salesperson, street stall - Package counterman - Store assistant Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Vendor, refreshments/cinema 9111 - Vendor, street/food 9111 - Vendor, street/non-food products 9112 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 6. FARMERS, FORESTRY WORKERS AND FISHERMEN Workers in this major group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest field or tree and shrub crops, gather wild fruits and plants, breed, tend or hunt animals, produce a variety of animal husbandry products, develop, utilize and conserve forest, breed or catch fish and cultivate or gather other forms of aquatic life, for sale on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: preparing the soil,sowing, planting, spraying, fertilizing and harvesting field crops such as rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables,cotton and fiber crops and other crops; growing coconut, fruit trees,tree nuts,coffee and cacao and other orchards and growing garden vegetables and horticultural products; growing forest trees, bamboo; growing and gathering wild animals mainly to obtain meat, milk, hair, skin, sericultural, apiarian or other products; developing, utilizing and conserving forests; breeding and raising fish or catching them; cultivating or gathering other forms of aquatic life; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; selling their products to purchasers, marketing organizations or at markets. Supervision of other workers may be included. 61 FARMERS AND OTHER PLANT GROWERS Workers in this sub-major group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest field and shrub crops, orchards, to grow vegetables and medicinal and other plants, and to produce horticultural and horticultural nurseries products depending upon the nature of the soil climate, irrigation and marketing facilities for sale or delivery on a regular basis for wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of field, tree and shrub crops to be grown, as well as vegetables and horticultural products, including those of horticultural nurseries; purchasing seeds, bulbs and fertilizers renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings working animals, equipment and machinery; preparing land, sowing planting, cultivating and harvesting various crops; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; producing saplings, bulbs and seeds; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 611 FIELD CROP FARMERS Workers in this minor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest field crops to grow and harvest rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, cotton and fiber crops, rootcrops, field legumes and other crops on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of crops to be grown such as rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, fiber crops and other crops to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing inland and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting and carrying out some basic processing; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; and delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 6111 RICE FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest rice for saleor delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. They may grow other secondary crops. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of rice to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals,equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting rice; storing and carrying out some basic processing of rice; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Upland rice farmers - Lowland rice farmers - Rainfed rice farmers - Irrigated rice farmers Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6112 CORN FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to growand harvest corn for saleor delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. They may grow other secondary crops. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of corn to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting cultivating and harvesting corn; storing and carrying out some basic processing of corn; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6113 SUGARCANE FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest sugarcane forsale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the variety and amounts of sugarcane to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,s owing, planting cultivating and harvesting sugarcane; storing and carrying out some basic processing of sugarcane; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6114 VEGETABLE FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest vegetable crops for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of vegetables to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting vegetables; storing and carrying out some basic processing of vegetables; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Eggplant farmer - Cabbage farmer - Tomato farmer - Roots vegetable farmer - Pechay farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6115 COTTON AND FIBER CROPS FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest cotton and fiber crops for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of cotton and fibercrops to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting fiber crops; storing and carrying out some basic processing of fiber crops; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cotton farmer - Abaca farmer - Jute farmer - Sisal farmer - Ramie farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6116 ROOT CROPS FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest root crops for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of root crops to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting fiber crops; storing and carrying out some basic processing of fiber crops; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Sweet potato farmer - Cassava farmer - White potato (Irish potato) farmer - Ube farmer - Gabi farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6117 FIELD LEGUMES FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest field legumes for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of field legumes to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting fiber crops; storing and carrying out some basic processing of fibercrops; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings,machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Soybeans farmer - Mongo beans farmer - Peanuts farmers Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6119 OTHER FIELD CROP FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest crops other than rice, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, cotton and fibercrops, rootcrops and field legumes for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of other crops to begrown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,sowing, planting; cultivating and harvesting other field crops; storing and carrying out some basic processing of other field crops; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Garlic/onion (and other spices) farmer - Black pepper farmer - Ginger farmer - Tobacco farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 612 ORCHARD FARMERS Workers in this minor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest trees and shrubs such as coconut, fruit trees, tree nuts, coffee and cacao, and other orchards depending upon the nature of the soil, climate, irrigation and marketing facilities, for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of orchards to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investinginl and and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 6121 COCONUT FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest coconuts for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. They may grow other secondary crops. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of coconut to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting coconut and other secondary crops; storing and carrying out some basic processing of coconut; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Some related occupations classified elswhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6122 FRUIT TREE FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow trees and harvest their fruits for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of fruit trees to begrown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting fruits; storing and carrying out some basic processing of fruit trees; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings,machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Mango farmer - Banana farmer - Citrus farmer - Papaya farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmheads and laborers 9211 6123 TREE NUT FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow trees and harvest their nuts for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizatins or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of nut trees to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting nuts; storing and carrying out some basic processing of tree nuts; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupation classified here are: - Cashew nut farmer - Pili nut farmer - African oil palm farmer - Casta├▒as farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6124 COFFEE AND CACAO FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow and harvest coffee and cacao for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the variety and amounts of coffee and cacao to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting nuts; storing and carrying out some basic processing of coffee and cacao; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6129 OTHER ORCHARD FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to grow other trees and harvest their leaves or sap and other extract products for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of other orchards to begrown; purchasing seeds, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,sowing, planting, cultivating trees and harvesting their products; storing and carrying out some basic processing of other orchard products; tending working animals and maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Rubber tree farmer - Tea farmer - Grapevine farmer - Passion fruit farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 613 ORNAMENTAL AND OTHER PLANT GROWERS Workers in this minor group perform necessary operations mainly to grow plants by intensive cultivation techniques to cultivate trees, shrubs, flowers and other ornamental plants and other plants not classified as ornamentals and to produce saplings, bulbs, and seeds for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of plants to be grown; purchasing seeds, bulbs, fertilizers and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, working animals, equipment andmachinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, planting, cultivating and harvesting; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 6131 ORNAMENTAL PLANT GROWERS Workers in this unit group perform necessary operations mainly to grow trees, shrubs, flowers and other ornamental plants and produce bulbs and seeds for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of ornamental plants to be grown; purchasing seeds, bulbs, fertilizer and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation, sowing, growing vegetables by intensive cultivation,cultivating flowers, trees or bushes and harvesting their products; operation and maintenance of green houses; producing saplings, bulbs and seeds; producing cut flowers, trees, shrubs and other plants inparks or public or private gardens; storing and carrying out some basic processing of ornamentals plants and cut flowers; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Orchid plant grower - Nursery grower - Foliage propagator - Rose grower Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6139 OTHER PLANT GROWERS Workers in this unit group carry out the necessary operations mainly to grow other plants and trees for perfumery, insecticidal, medicinal and other purposes which may or may not ornamental. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of plants to be grown; purchasing seeds, fertiliser and other supplies; renting or investing in land and land improvements, buildings, equipment and machinery; performing farm operations such as land preparation,sowing, planting cultivating plants and trees and harvesting their products; storing and carrying out some basic processing of other plants; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Perfumery plant grower such as ilang-ilang grower and citronella grower -Insecticidal and medicinal grower Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 62 ANIMAL PRODUCERS Workers in this submajor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend livestock such as cattle, carabao, hogs, goats or other animals, including poultry, birds, reptiles, game and other animals to produce a variety of animal husbandry products, for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining kinds and amounts of livestocks,poultry, game, birds, reptile, bees, silkworms and other animals to be raised; purchasinganimals, producing and purchasing fodder and supplies;renting or investing in grazing land and land improvements, building, machinery, livestock and other animals; performing farm operations such as breeding and raising livestock, poultry, etc., and producing various animal husbandry products; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farmbuilding, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 621 LIVESTOCK AND DAIRY FARMERS Workers in this minor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend livestock such as cattle, hogs, goats, carabao, deer and other than these animals for meat, milk, hairs, hides, and other products for sale or delivery ona regular basis for wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of livestocks and other these animals for meat, milk, hair, hides and other products; purchasing animals producing and purchasing fodder and other supplies; renting or investing in grazing land,buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending livestocks and other these animals; milking,slaugthering, skinning and preparing livestocks and other than these animals for market; storing and carrying out basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; and delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 6211 CATTLE AND DAIRY FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend cattle for meat and dairy products and deliver or sell these on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of cattle and dairy products to be produced; purchasing cattle, producing and purchasing fodder and other supplies; renting or investing in grazing land, buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending cattle; milking, slaughtering, skinning and preparing cattleand/or dairy products for market; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cattle herder - Pasture in-charge Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6212 HOG RAISING FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed,raise and tend hogs for meat and deliver or sell these on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of hogs to be produced; purchasing hogs, producing and purchasing fodder and othersupplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending hogs; slaughtering, skinning and preparing hogs for market; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6219 OTHER LIVESTOCK FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend livestock other than cattle and hogs, for meat, milk, hair, hides and other products and deliver or sell these on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts livestock other than cattle or hogs to be produced; purchasing livestock other than cattle and hogs, producing and purchasing fodder and other supplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending livestock other than cattle and hogs; milking, slaughtering, skinning and preparing livestock other than cattle or hogs for market; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Goat farmer - Carabao farmer - Deer farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 622 POULTRY FARMERS Workers in this minor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed raise and tend chicken,ducks and other poultry animals for sale or delivery of eggs, meat or feather on a regular basis for wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: determining the kinds and amounts of poultry and poultry products to be produced; purchasing chicks, growing and purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending poultry and raising eggs; killing, dressing and packing poultry for shipment; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Supervision of other workers maybe included. 6221 CHICKEN FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend chicken for sale or delivery of eggs, meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of chicken and eggs to be produced; purchasing and raising chicks, purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending chicken, and collecting eggs; slaugtering, dressing and packing chicken for shipment; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Chicken meat producer - Chicken egg layer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6222 DUCK RAISERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend ducks for sale or delivery of eggs, meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of ducks and eggs to be produced; purchasing and raising chicks; purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending ducks, and collecting eggs; killing, dressing and packing ducks for shipment; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their produce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Duck meat producer - Duck egg layer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 6229 OTHER POULTRY FARMERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed,raise and tend poultry other than chicken and ducks for sale or delivery of eggs,meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of poultry other than chicken and ducks, and their eggs to be produced; purchasing and raising chicks; purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in farm buildings, equipment and machinery; breeding, raising and tending poultry other than chicken and ducks, and collecting eggs; slaughtering, dressing and packing poultry other than chicken and ducks for shipment; storing and carrying out some basic processing of theirproduce; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Quail farmer - Turkey farmer - Geese farmer - Ostrich farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 629 OTHER ANIMAL RAISERS Workers in this minor group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed,raise and tend birds, insects, game cocks and other non-farm animals for sale or delivery of eggs, meat, honey and other products for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. 6290 OTHER ANIMAL RAISERS Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend birds, insects, game cocks and other non-farm animals for sale or delivery of eggs, meat, honey and other products for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: determining the kinds and amounts of other animal products to be produced; purchasing animals, producing and purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in buildings, equipment and machinery; performing operations such as feeding, breeding, raising and tending birds, insects and other non-farm animals and/or collecting their products; storing and carrying out some basic processing of their products; maintaining farm buildings, machinery and equipment; buildings, machinery and equipment; delivering or marketing farm products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Apiary farmer (apiarist) - Silkworm farmer (sericulturist) - Earthworm farmer (vermiculturist) - Crocodile farmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Farm managers and overseers 1231 - Farmhands and laborers 9211 63 FORESTRY AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this submajor group plan and manage the necessary operations to develop, utilize and conserve the forests under a sustainable management for the purpose of selling or delivering forest products on a continuous basis to organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: maintaining, establishing and caring forest stands and also forestrial tree farms for timber, fuel, pulp and paper or for environmental use; marking merchantible trees to be felled and estimating volume of timber; felling trees and sawing them into logs; trimming and topping trees;loading and unloading out timber; replanting and replacing cuttrees; and operating in simple kiln or digester to convert wood into turpentine from wood. Supervision of other workers may be included. 631 FOREST TREE PLANTERS Workers in this minor group plan and manage the necessary operations to cultivate trees for sale or delivery of forest products on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. 6310 FOREST TREE PLANTERS Workers in this unit group plan and manage the necessary operations to cultivate trees for sale or delivery of forest products on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: planting forest seeds or seedlings; maintaining and caring forest stands; maintaining, establishing and caring of forestrial tree farms for timber, for pulp and paper or for environmental use. Examples of occupation classified here are: - Watershed forester - Forest ranger - Forest technician Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Foresters and related professionals 2214 - Forest guard 3449 - Forestry laborers 9212 632 CONCESSIONAIRES AND LOGGERS Workers in this minor group plan and manage the necessary operations to log trees for sale or delivery of forest products to wholesale buyers, marketing organizatinsor at markets at a sustainable basis. 6320 CONCESSIONAIRES AND LOGGERS Workers in this minor group plan and manage the necessary operations to log trees for sale or delivery of forest products to wholesale buyers, marketing organizatinsor at markets at a sustainable basis. Their tasks include: marking merchantible trees to be felled and estimating volume of timber; marking trees to be cut; trimming, topping and felling trees and sawing them into logs; scaling and rescaling of felled trees; cutting trees into logs; cutting logs into timber; loading and unloading out timbers, other semi-finished or finished forest products; replanting and replacing cut trees; processing logs into timber, plywood, veneer, pulp or paper and other forest products; establishing and maintaining processing plants. Example of occupations classified here are: - Logger - Timber inspector - Log marker - Log scaler - Rafter - Tree feller - Tree marker - Lumber grader Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Foresters and related professionals 2214 - Forest guard 3449 - Forestry laborers 9212 - Forestry nursery worker 9212 633 CHARCOAL MAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group plan and manage the necessary operations to convert wood into charcoal or to obtain rude turpentine from wood using traditional techniques. 6330 CHARCOAL MAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group plan and manage the necessary operations to convert wood into charcoal or to obtain rude turpentine from wood using traditional techniques. Their tasks include: operating simple kiln to convert wood into charcoal by slow burning process; operating simple digester or still to obtain or distill crude wood turpentine; performing other related tasks. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Extractor operator - Charcoal maker 634 MINOR FOREST PRODUCT GATHERERS Workers in this minor group are directly concerned with gathering one or more of a variety of wild or semi-cultivated forest products such as rattan, bamboo, mushrooms, herbs, and other medicinally or commercially valuable plants, firewood, reeds and tree barks, ferns and orchids and other wild flowers and plants for domestication. 6340 MINOR FOREST PRODUCT GATHERERS Workers in this unit group are directly concerned with gathering one or more of avariety of wild or semi-cultivated forest products such as rattan, bamboo, mushrooms, herbs, and other medicinally or commercially valuable plants, firewood, reeds and tree barks, ferns and orchids and other wild flowers and plants for domestication. Their tasks include: locating and collecting of forest products; delivering and marketing products; performing other related tasks. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Rattan gatherer (with permit) - Firewood gatherer - Wild orchids gatherer - Wild honey and beeswax gatherer 64 FISHERMEN Workers in this submajor group breed and raise fishand cultivate other forms of aquatic life for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: preparing nets and other fishing gear and equipment; operating fishing vessels to, from and at fishing grounds; baiting,setting and hauling in fishing gear; cleaning,drying, bailing, freezing, icing or salting catch on- or off-shore; breeding, raising and cultivating fish, prawns, seaweeds, mussels or other forms of aquatic life. Supervision ofother workers may be included. 641 AQUA-FARM CULTIVATORS Workers in this minor group breed and raise fish and cultivate mussels, oysters, seaweeds and other forms of aquatic life, for sale or delivery on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Tasks performed usually include: constructing,maintaining fish ponds/ fish farms facilities; purchasing feeds and other supplies; breeding, raising and cultivating fish,mussels, oysters, seaweeds and other forms of aquatic life; catching and preparing fish and other products for market; cleaning, freezing, icing or salting catch on- or offshore; renting or investing in fish ponds/fish farms; delivering or marketing products.Supervision of other workers may be included. 6411 FISH FARM CULTIVATORS (Excluding Prawns) Workers in this unit group breed and raise fish for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in fish farm facilities; breeding, raising and cultivating fish; harvesting, sorting, cleaning, freezing, icing fish for market; constructing and maintaining fish farm facilities; delivering or marketing products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Bangus farm cultivator - Tilapia farm cultivator A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 6412 PRAWN FARM CULTIVATORS Workers in this unit group breed and raise prawns and shrimps for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in prawn farm facilities; breeding, raising and cultivating prawns and shrimps; preparing prawns and shrimps for market; cleaning,sorting, freezing, or icing prawns and shrimps; constructing and maintaining prawn facilities; delivering or marketing products. A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 6413 OYSTERS AND MUSSELS FARM CULTIVATORS Workers in this unit group raise and cultivate oysters and mussels for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing in farm facilities; raising, cultivating and harvesting oysters and mussels; preparing oysters and mussels for market; cleaning, sorting, freezing or icing oysters and mussels; constructing and maintaining farm facilities; delivering or marketing products. A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 6414 SEAWEEDS CULTIVATORS Workers in this unit group cultivate seaweeds forsale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: purchasing supplies; renting or investing in farm facilities; cultivating and harvesting seaweeds; drying and bailing of seaweeds; constructing and maintaining farm facilities; delivering or marketing products. A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Carageenan cultivators - Agar-agar cultivators A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 6419 OTHER AQUA PRODUCTS CULTIVATORS Workers in this unit group breed and raise other aqua products other than fish, prawn and shrimps, oysters and mussels and seaweeds for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: purchasing feeds and other supplies; renting or investing fish farm/pond facilities; breeding, raising and cultivating aqua products other thanf ish, prawn and shrimps,oysters and mussels, and seaweeds and preparing them for market; cleaning,sorting, freezing, icing or salting other aqua products; constructing and maintaining fish farm/pond facilities; delivering or marketing products. Examples of occupations classified here are: - Frog raiser - Fish hatchery/nursery farm operator - Aquarium fish farm operator (goldfish, corals, etc.) A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 642 INLAND AND COASTAL WATERS FISHERMEN Workers in this minor group work alone or as members of fishing vessel crews that catch fish or gather other forms of aquatic life in inland and coastal waters within 50 kilometers from shore for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets.They also protect coral reefs and other aquatic habitants. 6420 INLAND AND COASTAL WATERS FISHERMEN Workers in this unit group work alone or as members of fishing vessel crews that catch fish or gather other forms of aquatic life in inland and coastal waters within 50 kilometers from shore for sale or delivery on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets.They also protect coral reefs and other aquatic habitants. Their tasks include: preparing and repairing nets and other fishing gear and equipment; operating and maintaining fishing vessels to, from and at fishing grounds and other fishing facilities; baiting, setting and hauling in fishing gear; cleaning, freezing, icing or salting catch; delivering or marketing products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Coastal waters fisherman - Inland waters fisherman A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 643 DEEP-SEA FISHERMEN Workers in this minor group catch fish using vesselsof more than 3 tons beyond 15 kilometers from the shore on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizationsor at markets. 6430 DEEP-SEA FISHERMEN Workers in this unit group catch fish using vesselsof more than 3 tons beyond 15 kilometers from the shore on a regular basis to buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: preparing and repairing nets and other fishing gear and equipment; operating and maintaining fishing vessels to, from and at fishing grounds and other fishing facilities; baiting, setting and hauling in fishing gear; cleaning, sorting, freezing, icing or salting catch; delivering or marketing products. Some occupations classified here are: - Master fisherman A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fishery laborers and helpers 9213 649 FISHERMEN NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this minor group perform a variety of fishing tasks not elsewhere classified. 6490 FISHERMEN NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group perform a variety of fishing tasks not elsewhere lassified. Their tasks include: gathering clams, oysters, crabs, lobster and other inland and coastal mollusks and crustaceans by digging, trapping, or by operation of special tonging or dredging devices; Their tasks include: gathering clams, oysters, crabs, lobster and other inland and coastal mollusks and crustaceans by digging, trapping, or by operation of special tonging or dredging devices; gathering sea mosses, turtle eggs or shells; diving to sea bed to gather corals or sponges or harvest pearl oysters; catching and/or breeding fish and other sea creatures for aquariums and museums. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Pearl diver - Oyster diver - Fish catcher for aquarium - Seamoss gatherer A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Hunting and trapping laborers 9214 65 HUNTERS AND TRAPPERS Workers in this sub-major group catch and kill mammals and birds for meat, skin,feathers and other products, which they sell or deliver on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. 651 HUNTERS AND TRAPPERS Workers in this minor group catch and kill mammals and birds for meat, skin, feathers and other products, which they sell or deliver on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. 6510 HUNTERS AND TRAPPERS Workers in this unit group catch and kill mammals and birds for meat, skin, feathers and other products, which they sell or deliver on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Their tasks include: setting traps to catch mammals birds or reptiles; killing trapped or free mammals or birds with firearms orother weapons; skinning and otherwise treating killed mammals, birds or reptiles to obtain desired products for sale or delivery; delivering or selling trapped live mammals , birds or reptiles; repairing and maintaining equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Hunter - Trapper A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Hunting and trapping laborers 9214 659 HUNTERS AND TRAPPERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this minor group perform a variety of hunting tasks not elsewhere classified. 6590 HUNTERS AND TRAPPERS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group perform a variety of hunting tasks not elsewhere classified. - Pound keeper - Animal keeper A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Hunting and trapping laborers - 9214 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 7. CRAFT AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this major group apply their specific knowledge and skills in the fields of mining and construction,form metal, erect metal structures,set machine tools, or make, fit, maintain and repair machinery, equipment or tools,carry out printing work as well as produce or process food stuffs, textile, or wooden, metal and other articles, including handicraft goods The work is carried out by hand and by hand-powered and other tools which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an understanding of all stages of the production process, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final product The task performed by craft and trades related workers usually include: extracting and working solid minerals; constructing, maintaining and repairing buildings and other structures;casting, welding and shaping metal; installing and erecting heavy metal structures, tackle and related equipment; making machinery, tools, equipment,and other metal articles; setting for operators, or setting and operating various machine tools; fitting, maintaining and repairing industrialmachinery, including engines and vehicles , as well as electrical and electronic instruments and other equipment; making precision instruments, jewelry, household and other precious-metal articles, pottery, glass and related products; producing handicrafts; executing printing work; producing and processing foodstuffs and various articles made of wood, textiles, leather and related materials. Supervision of other workers may be included 71 MINING, CONSTRUCTION AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this sub-major group extract and work solid minerals from underground or surface mines or quarries,shapeand finish stone for buildingand other purposes, or construct, maintain and repair buildings and other structures The work is carried out by hand and by hand- powered and other tools which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an understandingof the work organization, the materials and the tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final produc Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major groupusuallyinclude: extracting and working solid minerals from undergroundor surface mines orquarries; cutting and shaping stone for building and other purposes; constructing, maintaining and repairing buildings and other structures; applying paint to buildings and other structures, as well as to various products such as vehicles, or various manufactured articles, or covering interior walls with wallpaper or fabric; and exterior surfaces of buildings and other structures.Supervision of other workers may be include 711 MINERS, SHOTFIRERS, STONE CUTTERS AND CARVERS Workers in this minor group extract solid minerals from underground or surface mines or quarries, charge and detonate explosives, or cut and shape stone for building and other purpose Tasks performed usuallyinclude: extracting solid minerals from undergroundor surface mines or quarries; charging and detonating explosives in mines, quarries, building sites and other places; cutting and shaping stone for building and other purposes Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7111 MINERS AND QUARRY WORKERS Workers in this unit group extract solid minerals from underground or surface mines or quarrie Their tasks include: extracting coal, ores and other solid minerals from under ground or surface mine extracting granite, limestone, slate, flint or other kinds of rocks from quarries; setting and operating machines which cut channelsor drill blasting holes into the open face of mines or quarries; cutting, fitting and installingwood or steel props, pillars and arches to support walls and roof of underground workings collecting samples of coal or ore for laboratory analysis; extracting chalk, clay, gravel or sand from open pits. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Miner - Quarrier, including salt - Underground timberman - Sampler, mine Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, drilling/mine 8111 - Machine-operator, mining/continuous 8111 7112 SHOTFIRERS AND BLASTERS Workers in this unit group determine location and force of explosions required, charge and detonate explo-sives to fragment or dislodge coal, ores, rock or other solid minerals in mines or quarries, or to clear building sites and similar places Their tasks include: ensuring observance of workplace safety procedures and regulations; determining location of explosions required and giving nstructions on holes to be drille deciding on force required and placing correct quantity of explosives, and preparing blasting sit firing blasting-charge in mines or quarries. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Blaster - Shotfirer Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7113 STONE SPLITTERS, CUTTERS AND CARVERS Workers in this unit group break quarried stone into slabs or blocks, or by using hand or handpowered tools cut, shape and finish stone for building, ornamental, monumental and other purposes. Their tasks include: driving wedges into quarried stone to break it into slabs or blocks; selecting and grading slabs and blocks of granite, marble,a nd other stone; cutting, shaping and finishing building and monumental stone such as granite or marble by using hand or hand-powered tools making patterns and marking shapes on stone for subsequent sawing, planing,drilling and other dressing and cutting operations cutting and carving characters, figures or designs on stone blocks used for monuments or memorials; setting stone in the erection of monuments and memorials; cutting and carving characters, figures or designs on stone used for decorative facings on building Examples of occupations classified here are: - Carver, stone - Cutter, stone - Mason, monument - Splitter, stone Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, carving/stone products 8212 - Machine-operator, cutting/stone products 8212 - Machine-operator, splitting/stone 8112 - Sculptor 2452 - Stonemason, construction 7122 712 BUILDING FRAME CONSTRUCTION AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group construct, maintain and repair foundations, walls and other main parts of buildings and other constructions, both internally and external Tasks performed usually include: erecting and repairing small and large buildings and other structures by using traditional and non-traditional building techniques and materials; preparing and placing concretef or structures;erecting and repairing foundations, walls and structures of brick, stone and similar materials; erecting reinforced concrete frameworks and structures and finishing cement surfaces; erecting and repairing various types of wooden structuresand fittings; performing miscellaneous construction and building maintenance tasks Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7121 BUILDERS (Traditional Materials) Workers in this unit group erect, maintain and repair small and large buildings and other structures by using traditional building techniques and materials,such as bamboo, hay, straw, reeds, mud, planks, poles or leaves Their tasks include: preparing ground for erecting building or other structures; collecting necessary materials; erecting structures to support roof, and building and covering walls with mud, straw or other material; fixing rafters to roof and covering with roofing materials; levelling floor to make it smooth and serviceable; maintaining and repairing existing structures. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Nipa house builder (sawali, straw) 7122 MASONS AND RELATED CONCRETE FINISHERS Workers in this unit group prepare and placec oncrete for structures; finish masonry surfaces by plastering, chipping, grinding, sand blasting, terrazzo and other related processes; install, lay, fit or set masonry products, such as brick, tile and mosaic panels; apply plaster to construct decorative and ornamental surfaces. Their tasks include: laying bricks, hollow tiles and similar building blocks to construct walls, partitions, arches, fire places and other structures laying firebricks or refractory blocks and tiles to build and repair furnaces, converters, kilns and ovens; building stone structures such as walls, piers and abutment constructing and repairing reinforced concrete floors,walls, tanks; silos and other concrete structures; finishing and smoothing surfaces of concrete structures; applying a durable, smooth surfacing composed of cement, sand pigment and marble particles to floors. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bricklayer, construction - Stonemason - Block layer and setter - Mason (general)* Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Concrete finisher, general * - Plasterer, general * Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, finishing/concrete 8212 - Operator, road surface 8332 laying machinery 7123 CARPENTERS AND JOINERS Workers in this unit group cut, shape, assemble, erect, maintain and repair various types of wooden structures and fittings Their tasks include: making, altering and repairing structuraland other woodwork at a work-bench and on a construction site; constructing, erecting and installing heavy-framed wooden structures on building site fitting, assembling and altering internal and external fixtures of buildings,such as walls, doors, door and window frames, facings and panelling making, repairing and fitting scenic equipment for theatrical performances, motion picture or television productions constructing, assembling, altering and repairing wooden fixtures and fittings in train coaches, aircraft, ships, boats, floats, pontoons and other vehicles cutting, shaping, fitting and assembling wooden parts, mainly at a work-bench. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Carpenter, general* - Joiner - Shipwright, wood - Housebuilder (except traditional materials)* - Wood and sash maker * - Carpenter, rough * - Carpenter, finish * ____________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Furniture and cabinet-maker * 7422 - Wheel-wright 7422 721 METAL MOLDERS, WELDERS, SHEET-METAL WORKERS, STRUCTURAL-METAL PREPARERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this unit group perform miscellaneous construction and building maintenance task Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: performing miscellaneousconstruction and building maintenance work on structures such as office buildings, apartment houses, factories and similar establishments in good repa performing construction, maintenance or repair work at unusual heights; erecting temporary metal or wooden scaffolding on building sites; demolishing buildings and other structures. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Demolition worker - Scaffolder - Building maintenance man * Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Laborer, construction/buildings 9313 - Laborer, demolition 9313 713 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FINISHERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group cover, apply or install, clean, maintain and repair roofs, floors, walls, insulation systems, in glass windows or other frames, aswell as plumbing and piping systems in buildings and other constructions Tasks performed usually include: covering rooff rameworks with one or more kinds of material; installingparquet and other kinds of flooring or covering floors and walls with tiles or mosaic panels; cleaning exterior surfaces of buildingsand other structures; applying insulating material to walls, floors and ceilings;cutting, fitting and setting glass in windows and similar openings; installing plumbing and pipeline system 7131 ROOFERS Workers in this unit group cover, maintain, and repair roof frameworks, with one or more kinds of material. Their tasks include: covering roof frameworks, with slates and tiles, synthetic materials, asphalt, metal sheets, or thatching materials Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Roofer, asphalt - Roofer, metal - Roofer, slate - Roofer, tile Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7132 FLOOR LAYERS AND TILE SETTERS Workers in this unit group install, maintain and repair parquet and other kinds of flooring, or they cover floors, walls and other surfaces with tiles or mosaic panels for decorative or other purpose Their tasks include: preparing floor areas for covering with parquet, tiles or other materials; assembling parquetry pieces or other materials and laying them on floors according to design and other specifications preparing wall areas for covering with tiles or other materials for decorative or other purposes such as acoustical insulation setting tiles and constructing and laying mosaic panels to walls, floors and other surface Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Parquetry worker * - Setter, marble - Tile setter, general * __________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7133 SANDBLASTERS AND RELATED CLEANERS Workers in this unit group clean exterior surfaces of buildings and other structures.Their tasks include: cleaning exterior surfaces of stone, bricks, metal or similar materials by means of chemicals, or a jet of steam or sand applied under great pressure Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cleaner, building exteriors - Sandblasters, building exteriors 7134 INSULATION WORKERS Workers in this unit group apply and repair insulating materials to buildings, boilers, pipes or refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment Their tasks include: applying slabs and sheets of insulatingor sound-absorbingmaterials to walls, floors and ceilings of buildings; Their tasks include: applying slabs and sheets of insulatingor sound-absorbingmaterials to walls, floors and ceilings of buildings; blowing and packing insulatingor sound-absorbingmaterials into cavities between walls, floors and ceilingsof buildings with power-driven machines Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC applying insulating materials to exposed surfaces of equipment such as boilers, pipes and tank insulating refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Insulator * - Insulation worker, accoustical A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, insulation 8290 _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7135 GLAZIERS Workers in this unit group cut, fit and set glass in windows, doors, shop fronts and other frame Their tasks include: selecting glass panes, cutting them to measure and fixing them in windows,doors and partitions of buildings; fastening glass panes in skylights; installing flat or curved glass in shop fronts, swing-doors, show-cases, portholes or other opening cutting, assembling and installing pieces of glass in leador copper framework to form decorative windows and panels installing ordinary or shatter-proof glass panels in windows doors and wind-screen of vehicle Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Glazier, construction * - Glazier, roofing - Glazier, vehicle ______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7136 PLUMBERS, PIPE FITTERS AND OTHER RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group assemble, fit, install and repair plumbing fixtures, or pipes and pipeline system. Their tasks include: cutting, threading, bending, jointing, assembling, installing maintaining and repairing pipes, fittings and fixtures of drainage, heating, water supply and sewerage systems Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC assembling, installing, maintaining and repairing pipeline systems in ships, aircraft, buildings, industrial plant,etc. laying clay, concrete or cast-iron pipes in ditches to form sewers, drains or water mains, or for other purposes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fitter, pipe - Layer, pipe - Plumber - Master plumber - Piping charge hand - Piping inspector A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, pipe installation 8290 714 PAINTERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group prepare surfaces, apply paint and similar materials to buildings and other structures, vehicles, or various manufactured articles, cover interior walls and ceilings with wallpaper.Tasks performed usually include: preparing surfaces and applying paint and similar materials to buildings and other structures; applying paint or varnish to vehicles or various manufactured articles, usually with a hand-sprayingdevice; covering interior walls and ceilings with wallpaper, silk or other fabrics 7141 PAINTERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group prepare surfaces of buildings and other structures for painting, apply protective and decorative coats of paint or similar materials or cover interior walls and ceilings of buildings with wallpaper, silk or other fabrics Their tasks include: cleaning and preparing walls and other surfaces of buildings for painting or wall paperin applying or spraying paint, varnish, shellac, and similar materials to surfaces,fixturesand fittings of buildings; measuring and mounting wallpaper, silk or other fabrics oni nterior walls and ceilings of buildings and ships; applying or spraying paint, red lead, bituminous emulsion and similar materials to ships' hulls and metal structures, steel frameworks of buildings, bridges and metal construction Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Painter, construction - Structural steel and ship painter - Wall paperhanger - House painter - Sprayman Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7142 VARNISHERS AND RELATED PAINTERS Workers in this unit group paint vehicles such a scars, buses or trucks, or apply protective coats of enamel or varnish on metal, wooden and other manufactured articles, usually with a handspraying device Their tasks include: painting cars, buses, trucks and other vehicles, anda pplying varnish and other protective coating applying paint as well as protective coating of enamel or varnish on metal,wooden and other manufactured products, usually with a hand-spraying device Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Painter, manufactured articles - Painter, automotive * - Varnisher, manufactured articles - Wood finisher, furniture * - Paint sprayer, varnishers - Painter, upholstery _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, painting/metal 8223 - Machine-operator, painting/wood 8240 - Painter, building 7141 - Painter, decorative 7324 - Sprayman 7141 72 METAL, MACHINERY AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this sub-major group cast, weld, forge and by other methods, form metal, erect, maintain and repair heavy metal structures, install electrical wiring system, engage in machine-tool setting as well as in fitting, maintaining and repairing machineries, including engines, vehicles, electrical and electronic instruments/equipment,or they produce tools and various non-preciousmetal articles. The work is carried out by hand and by hand-powered and other tools which are used to reduce the amount of physicaleffort and time required for specific tasks, aswell as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an understandingof the work organization, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final produc Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usuallyinclude: making molds and cores for casting metal; casting, welding and shaping metal; installing,erecting, maintaining and repairing heavy metal structures, tackle and related equipment; installing and repairing electrical wiring system, forging and forming steel and other non-precious metals to make and repair machinery,tools, equipment and other articles; settingfor operators or setting and operating various machine tools; fitting, maintainingand repairing industrialmachinery, includingengines and vehicles, as well as electrical and electronic instruments and other equipment. Supervision of other workers may be included. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 721 METAL MOLDERS, WELDERS, SHEET-METAL WORKERS, STRUCTURAL-METAL PREPARERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group make molds and cores forcasting metal, weld andcut metal parts, make and repair articles of sheet metal, install, erect, maintain and repair heavy metal structures, tackle, cable-cars and related equipment Tasks performed usually include: making molds and cores for casting metal; casting, welding and shaping metal parts; making and repairing articles of sheet metal such as sheet steel, copper, tin or brass; installing,erectingmaintaining and repairing heavy metal structures, as well as tackle, cable cars and related equipment. 7211 METAL MOLDERS AND COREMAKERS Workers in this unit group make molds and cores for casting metal. Their tasks include: making molds by hand or by using auxiliarymachines on a bench for small metal castings or on the foundry floor or in a pit for large castings making cores for use in metal molds. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Coremaker * - Molder, metal castings - Bench molder * - Floor and fit molder * ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-Operator, Coremaking/Metal 8211 7212 WELDERS AND FLAMECUTTERS Workers in this unit group weld and cut metal parts using gas flame, or an electric arc and other sources of heat to melt and cut, or to melt and fuse metal Their tasks include: welding metal parts using gas flame, or an electric arc, thermite compound or other method operating resistance-welding machines; using blow torch to make and repair lead linings, pipes, floors, and other lead fixture brazing metal parts together; cutting metal pieces using gas flame or an electric arc; joining metal parts by hand soldering. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Brazer - Flamecutter - Shielded metal arc welder * - Gas tungsten arc welder * - Body welder ______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7213 SHEET-METAL WORKERS Workers in this unit group make, install and repairarticles and parts of articles of sheet metal such as sheet steel, copper, tin, brass, aluminium, zinc or galvanized iro Their tasks include: marking sheet metal for cutting and shaping; making and repairing household utensils and other articles in tin, copper and light alloys, or ornamental articles and fittings making and repairing boilers, tanks, vats and similarc ontainers; installing and repairing sheet-metal parts of vehicles and aircraft. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Tinsmith - Air duct worker * - Sheet-metal worker * - Auto body repairman * - Plate metal worker - Automotive body builder ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7214 STRUCTURAL-METAL PREPARERS, ERECTORS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group shape, assemble and erect heavy metal girders and plates to form structures and frameworks Their tasks include: marking metal members as a guide when drilling, cutting and shaping them for use in buildings, ships and other structures drilling, cutting and shaping structural steel in a workshop; erecting steel members for buildings, bridges and other constructions; assembling and erecting the framework and other metal parts of ships' structures shaping and fitting structural-steel plates of ships under construction or repair; riveting structural-metal members by hand, machine orpneumatic riveter. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Erector, structural metal - Iron works fabricator - Riveter - Structural steel worker * - Steelman (rebar) _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, rivet production 8211 7215 RIGGERS AND CABLE SPLICERS Workers in this unit group erect tackle for lifting and hauling, or install and maintain cables, ropes and wires on construction sites, oil-and gas-well drilling sites, or in ships, aircraft, and other places. Their tasks include: setting up various types of cages, funicular railways,aerial cable ways,moving platforms, lifting tackle and other hoisting equipment for moving passengers, workers,materials, machinery and other heavy objects in mountainous areas, across deep gorges or fiords, about workshops, shipyards, or other locations joining, repairing and fitting attachment to wires, hempropes and cables; installing and repairing ropes, wires and cables on ships and aircraft; working as member of crew erecting and repairing derricks for drilling water,gas-and oil-wells and installing cables, hoisting and drilling equipmen working as member of cable crew fitting and installingwire cables in the construction of suspension bridges. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Rigger - Rigger, ship - Splicer, cable and rope A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, splicing/ 8290 cable and rope 722 BLACKSMITHS, TOOL-MAKERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group hammer and forge bars,rods or ingots of iron,steel and other metals to make and repair various kinds of tools, equipment and other articles, set for operators or set and operate various machine tools, and polish and sharpen metal surface Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usuallyinclude: hammering and forging iron, steel and other metals to make and repair various kinds of tools, equipment and other articles;setting for operators or setting and operating various machine tools working to fine tolerances; polishingand sharpeningmetal surfaces and tools. 7221 BLACKSMITHS, HAMMER-SMITHS AND FORGING-PRESS WORKERS Workers in this unit group draw wire, hammer and forge bars, rods, ingots and plates of iron, steel or other metals to make and repair various kinds of tools, metal articles, pieces of equipment, agricultural and related implements.Their tasks include Their tasks include: heating metal in forge furnace and manufacturing and repairing articles by drawing, bending, cutting, hammering metal on an anvil, punching, shearing, joining and hardening or temperin shaping heated metal into forgings on power hammer equipped with open dies; operating closed die-drop hammer to forge metal articles; operating a power press machine equipped with closed dies to forge metal articles drawing wire. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Blacksmith * - Drop-hammer worker - Forging-press worker - Hammer-smith ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, casting/metal 8122 - Machine-operator, machine-tool 8211 7222 TOOL-MAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group make and repair tools, sports guns, locks, dies, patterns and other metalarticles, as well as make engines or machinery components, and parts thereof, using hand and machine tools to work metal to fine tolerances Their tasks include: making, maintainingand repairing dies, jigs, gauges and fixtures, using hand tools and various kinds of machine tools; making engines or machinery components, and parts thereof; fitting and assembling parts to make and repair jigs,fixtures and gauges; repairing and modifying sports guns and other small arms; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC making, fitting, assembling, repairing and installing lockparts and locks; making and repairing form patterns from wood, metals and plastics for preparation of foundry molds; laying out lines and reference points on metal stock to guide other workers who cut, turn, mill, grind or otherwise shape metal Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Die maker * - Locksmith - Toolmaker * - Pattern-makers - Toolmaker foreman - Foundry worker _____________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, tool production 8211 7223 MACHINE-TOOL SETTERS AND SETTER-OPERATORS Workers in this unit group set for operators, or set and operate various machine tools working to fine tolerances. Their tasks include: setting one or more types of machine tools for operators to produce metal articles in standardized series; setting and operating a variety of machine tools; setting and operating particular types of metal working machines, such as lathe, milling, planing, boring, drilling, grinding or honing machines, including multi-purpose numerically controlled metalworking machines; performing similar tasks when machining plastics and other metal substitutes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Setter-operator, drilling machine/metalworking - Setter, operator, grinding machine/metalworking - Lathe setter-operator * - Milling machine setter-operator * ______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, drilling/metal 8211 - Machine-operator, grinding/metal 8211 - Machine-operator, machine tool 8211 7224 METAL-WHEEL GRINDERS, POLISHERS AND TOOL SHARPENERS Workers in this unit group grind and polish metal surfaces and sharpen tools. Their tasks include: operating fixed or portable buffing and polishing machines; sharpening cutting tools and instruments using grinding wheel or mechanically operated grinding machines; repairing, adjusting and sharpening saw blades and metal teeth of cylinders in textile carding machines. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Finisher, metal - Grinder, tool and cutter * - Polisher, metal _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, finishing/metal 8223 - Machine-operator, polishing/metal 8223 723 MACHINERY MECHANICS, FITTERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group fit, install, maintain and repair engines, vehicles, agricultural or industrial machinery, mechanical equipment and mechanical business machines equipmen Tasks performed usually include; fitting, installing,maintaining and repairing engines, vehicles, agricultural or industrial machinery, mechanical equipment and mechanical business machines equipment. 7231 MOTOR VEHICLE MECHANICS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this unit group, install, maintain, service and repair engines and related equipment such as motor cycles, passenger cars and delivery trucks nd other motor vehicle Their tasks include: examining, testing and servicing motor vehicle engines; replacing engine components or complete engines; examining, adjusting, dismantling, rebuilding and replacing defective parts of motor vehicle Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC installing or adjusting motors and brake and adjusting steering or other parts of motor vehicle Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Mechanic, small engine - Mechanic, automotive (light duty) * - Mechanic, diesel engine - Mechanic, motorcycle - Autolight mechanic - Camber mechanic - Repairman __________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: Assembler, engine/motor-vehicles 8281 7232 AIRCRAFT ENGINE MECHANICS AND FITTERS Workers in this unit group fit, service, repair and overhaul aircraft components, engines, accessories and related equipment Their tasks include: fitting, examining, testing and servicing aircraft engines; replacing engine components or complete engines; analyzing test data to evaluate the condition of engines, aircraft and equipment; compiling information from measurements and performance test; comparing the state of items such as fuel and oil levels and tire pressures, and the condition and cleanliness of mechanical equipment to required standards working to close tolerances and using precision measuring instruments and testing equipment to ensure adjustments and repairs are made according to manufacturer's specification standard manipulating hand and power tools to repair or replace defective parts. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fitter, engine/aircraft - Mechanic, engine/aircraft - Airmotive & equipment mechanic A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Assembler, engine/aircraft 8281 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7233 MARINE CRAFT MECHANICS Workers in this unit group service, overhaul and repair vessels' engines, boilers and mechanical equipment. Their tasks include: servicing and repairing vessels' engines, oilers and mechanical equipment; oiling and greasing stationary engines, machinery and vehicles (except ships'engine inspecting and testing new machinery and mechanical equipment for conformance with manufacturer's standards bolting, screwing, clipping or riveting together prepared metal parts. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Lubrication man - Ship fitter - Fitter, engine marine - Marine machinery mechanic 7234 AGRICULTURAL OR INDUSTRIAL-MACHINERY MECHANICS AND FITTERS 7234 Workers in this unit group fit, install, examine, service and repair engines(exceptmotor vehicle and aircraft engines), agricultural or industrial machinery and mechanical equipmen Their tasks include: fitting, installing, examining, servicing and repairing engines (except motorvehicle and aircraft engines), agricultural or industrial machinery and mechanical equipmen oiling and greasing agricultural and industrial machinery and equipment; inspecting and testing new machinery and mechanical equipment for conformity with st├índards and specifications. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fitter, mining machinery - Loomfixers - Mechanic, heavy equipment * - Mechanic, hydraulic * - Farm machinery mechanic - Power plant mechanic ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Assembler, textile machinery 8281 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7235 BUSINESS MACHINES MECHANICS AND REPAIRERS* Workers in this unit group service and repair mechanical business machines such as standard manual typewriter, adding machine, duplicator, manual accounting machine, manual checkwriter, manual bookeeping machine, watchman's clock, shredders, paper cutters, mechanical franking machines, coin counting/sorting machine and binders Their tasks include: examining faulty mechanical business machines to ascertain nature and location of defects; dismantling equipment, wholly or partly to remove damaged or worn parts repairing or replacing defective parts; assembling parts, doing suplementary tooling as necessary to ensure accurate f testing reassembled equipment and makes necessary adjustments; checking, adjusting and lubricating mechanical business machines equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Standard manual typewriter technician - Adding machine technician - Reprographic equipment technician - Electric typewriter technician _____________________ * Some industry firms refer to their skilled workers as service technicians while their job contents are appropriately classified under this category. 724 ELECTRICIANS, ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MECHANICS AND FITTERS Workers in this minor group fit, adjust, installel ectrical wiring system and repair electrical and electronic equipment such as electronic business machine equipment, sound and image recording and telecommunications systems and onstruct, install and repair electrical lines and joint cable Tasks performed usually include: fitting, adjusting and repairing electrical wiring system; installing electrical machinery and equipment; fitting and adjusting computer hardware, servicing and repairing electronic business machines andother electronic products; installing, repairing and servicing radio, television and hi-fi sound equipment; installing, servicing and repairing telegraph and telephone equipment; installing and repairing electrical lines and jointing cable 7241 BUILDING AND RELATED ELECTRICIANS Workers in this unit group install, maintain and repair electrical wiring systems and related equipment. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: installing, maintaning and repairing electrical wiring systems and related equipment in various buildings such as schools, hospitals, commercial establishments, residential buildings and other structures; installing, maintaining and repairing electrical equipment in theatres and radio or television studio Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Electrician, building wiring * - Rural/barangay electrician* - Industrial Electrician * - Maintenance electrician ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fitter, electrical 7242 7242 ELECTRICAL MECHANICS AND FITTERS Workers in this unit group fit, adjust, install and epair electrical machinery and other electrical apparatus and equipment in buildings factories, workshops, or other place Their tasks include: fitting, adjusting and repairing various kinds of electrical machinery and motors, generators, switchgear and control apparatus, instruments, or electrical parts of elevators and related equipmen fitting, adjusting and repairing electrical parts in domestic appliances, industrialmachines and other appliances, or electrical apparatus in aircraft, ships and vehicles inspecting and testing manufactured electrical products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Mechanic, electrical - Electric machine rewinder - Electric motor repairman * - Electric motor and generator fitter * - Electrical fitter _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Assembler, electrical equipment 8282 - Electrical helper 7242 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7243 ELECTRONICS FITTERS Workers in this unit group fit and adjust computer hardware, as well as sound and image recording and transmitting telecommunications and other electronic equipmen Their tasks include: fitting and adjusting computer hardware, sound and image recorders and transmitters, radar equipment, electronic components of musical instruments, medical or industrial equipment and signalling systems inspecting and testing manufactured electronic products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Fitter, electronics/computer equipment - Fitter, electronics/telecommunications equipment - Computer service/repairman * _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Assembler electronic equipment 8283 - Electronics communication services technician 3114 - Computer technicians 3122 - Audio-Visual technician 3114 7244 ELECTRONICS MECHANICS AND SERVICERS Workers in this unit group service and repair radio and television equipment, tape recorders, video cassette recorders, audio-visual equipment, and electronic business machines equipme Their tasks include: examining radio or television equipment, tape recorders, video cassette recorders and other videovisual equipment, replacing defective parts and making adjustments and repair Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Erector, radioaerial - Audio electronics service/repairman - Video electronics ( VHS , VCD, DVD ) service/repairman - Electronics business machines technicians 7245 TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT INSTALLERS AND REPAIRERS* Workers in this unit group install, service and repair telecommunication equipment in central sites or customer's premises Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: installing, servicing and repairing telecommunication equipment in central offices or customer's premises. performing other related tasks. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Telephone installer and repairman - Central office equipment installer - Switchman (Central office equipment technician) - PABX technician - Communication rigger ____________________ * Some industry firms refer to their skilled workers as service technicians while their job content are appropriately classified under this category. A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Fitter, electronics/ telecommunications equipment 7242 7246 LINEMAN, LINE INSTALLERS AND CABLE SPLICERS Workers in this unit group install and repair power, telephone, telegraph and cable television lines and cables. Their tasks include: installing and repairing overhead and underground electrical power and electrical traction line installing and repairing overhead and underground telephone and telegraph and cable television lines; splicing cables in overhead and underground cable systems. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cable splicers - Lineman/electric power * - Lineman, telephone/telegraph/cable TV - Cable and line installer - Cable pulling _____________________ * With Trade Skills Standards A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine operator, electric-line installation 8290 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 73 PRECISION, HANDICRAFT, PRINTING AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this sub-major group make and repair precision instruments, musical instruments, various articles such as jewelry, precious metal ware, ceramics, porcelainware and glassware, as well as handicrafts made of wood or textile, leather or related materials, or they perform printing or book-binding tasks by and and machines The work is carried out by hand and by hand-powereda nd other tools which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of the products. The taskscall for an understanding of the work organization, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final produc Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: makinga nd repairing nautical, meteoro-logical, optical and other precision instruments and equipment; making and repairing musical instruments; making jewelry and precious metal ware; making pottery, porcelainware, ceramics and glassware; painting and decorating various articles; producing handicraft articles in woodor textile, leather and related materials; performing printing or bookbinding tasks by hand and machine. Supervision of other workers may be include 731 PRECISION WORKERS IN METAL AND RELATED MATERIALS Workers in this minor group make and repairp recision instruments,musical instruments,jewelry ando ther articles of precious metals Tasks performed usually include: making and repairing watches, clocks, nautical , meteorological, optical,surgical, dental, orthopedic and other precision instruments and equipment; making and rapairing musical nstruments;cutting or setting gems, and making and repairing jewelry and precious metal ware. 7311 PRECISION INSTRUMENT MAKERS AND REPAIRERS Workers in this unit group make and repair mechanical watches, clocks, nautical, meteorological, optical, surgical, dental, orthopedic and other precision instruments and equipmen Their tasks include: making, adjusting and repairing mechanical watches and clocks; making, adjusting and repairing nautical and meteorological instruments and equipmen making, adjusting and repairing optical instruments; making, adjusting and repairing surgical instruments and other medical equipmen making and repairing medical, orthopedic and dental appliances and prosthese Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Maker and repairer, instrument/meteorological - Maker and repairer, instrument/surgical - Maker and repairer, orthopedic appliance - Watch and clock repairman * ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine operator, machine-tool 8211 7312 MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS AND TUNERS Workers in this unit group make, repair and tune stringed, wind or percussion instruments with hand o power tools. Their tasks include: making and repairing accordions, stringed and wind instruments; building and repairing organs and making parts for such organs; making instrumental parts of pianos and assembling and repairing such pianos; tuning organs, pianos and other instruments; making and repairing other musical instruments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Maker, instrument/musical (brass) - Maker, instrument/musical (string) - Maker, instrument/musical (woodwind) - Tuner, musical instrument 7313 JEWELRY AND PRECIOUS-METAL WORKERS Workers in this unit group make and repair jewelry and precious metal ware, cutand set gems and engrave designs on jewelry and precious metal articles by hand and machin Their tasks include: casting jewelry and other non-ferrous metal articles by hand and machine; making complete jewelry articles such as rings, brooches and bracelets; cutting and polishing gems and setting them in jewelry articles; making and repairing precious metalware; rolling and beating precious metals; engraving letters and designs on jewelry and precious metal ware. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Jewelry maker (goldsmith, silversmith) * - Jewelry casters, by hand and machine - Jewelry finishers, by hand and machine - Gem cutter/faceter - Jewelry polisher _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 732 POTTERS, GLASS-MAKERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group make bricks, tiles, pottery, porcelainware and glassware, engrave and etch designs on glass articles, and paint or decorate glass, ceramics and related articles and signs. Tasks performed usually include: making abrasive wheels, pottery, porcelain ware, bricks and tiles; making glassware; engraving and etching designs on glass articles; decorating glass and ceramic articles; applying decorative coatings of paint and similar materials to various articles, or applying letters and designs to signs. 7321 POTTERS AND RELATED CLAY AND ABRASIVE FORMERS Workers in this unit group make pottery, porcelainware, bricks, tiles and abrasive wheel Their tasks include: making articles of pottery and porcelain; making clay or plaster-of-Paris molds; forming articles on potter's wheel with hands, or using interior or exterior molding shapes and shaping tools forming articles by casting semi-liquid clay inplaster-of- Paris molds; forming bricks and tiles into special shapes by hand; making articles by pressing plastic clay into molds byhand; operating screw-press or hydraulic press to make products clay dust; operating a machine which extrudes moist clay for further processing; forming abrasive wheels by molding and pressing abrasive mixture. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Caster, pottery and porcelain - Modeller, pottery and porcelain - Potter - Mold makers - Decorators/lazers Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Kiln operator, brick and tile 8131 - Kiln operator, pottery and porcelain 8131 7322 GLASS-MAKERS, CUTTERS, GRINDERS AND FINISHERS Workers in this unit group blow, mold, press and roll hapes from molten glass and cut, grind and polish glass Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: shaping molten glass by means of blow-pipe, hand molding, heating and bendin heating, molding and pressing optical glass to make lens blanks; grinding and polishing lens blanks; grinding and levelling edges of glass; cutting sheet glass with hand tools and sawing prisms and other shapes from optical glass block Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Blower, glass - Cutter, glass - Finisher, glass - Grinder, glass A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Furnace-operator, glass production 8131 7323 GLASS ENGRAVERS AND ETCHERS Workers in this unit group engrave and etch designson glass articles. Their tasks include: engraving monograms and ornamental designs on glassware; etching decorative designs, calibration markings and other figures on glass articles Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cutter, crystal glass - Engraver, glass - Etcher, glass 7324 GLASS, CERAMICS AND RELATED DECORATIVE PAINTERS Workers in this unit group decorate articles made of wood, metal,textile, glass, ceramics, other materials, and plan, lay out and paint letters and designs to make sign Their tasks include: painting designs on articles with a brush, by spraying or by transferring designs using stencils, transfers, rubber stamps and other means applying paint, glaze, enamel, stain, varnish, lacquer and similar materials on articles by spraying and dipping; coating mirror glass with silver solutions; laying out and painting letters and designs to make signs. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Enameller, glass - Painter, decorative - Sign-maker Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, painting/ceramics 8131 - Machine-operator, painting/glass 8131 - Painter, building 7141 - Painter, manufactured articles 7142 - Painter, vehicle 7142 733 HANDICRAFT WORKERS IN WOOD, TEXTILE, LEATHER, CHEMICALS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group apply traditional techniques to produce various articles for personal or household use, as well as for decorative purposes Tasks performed usually include; preparing wood,straw rattan, reeds-bone,stone, shells and other materials; carving, molding, assembling, painting and decorating various articles; weaving, knitting, embroidering, lace- making; producing traditional footwear; producing handbags, belts and other accessories, candle and soap making 7331 HANDICRAFT WORKERS IN WOOD AND RELATED MATERIALS Workers in this unit group apply traditional techniques to prepare wood, straw, rattan, reeds, stone,clay, shells, and other materials and carve, mold, assemble, weave, or paint and decorate various articles for personal or household use, or for decorative purpose Their tasks include: preparing wood, straw, rattan, reeds, stone shells orsimilar materials; carving, assembling, weaving, painting and decorating various articles for personal or household use such as salad bowls, serving-spoons, cutting-boards, trays, vases,jugs, baskets, straw hats, straw mats and similar objects carving, assembling weaving and painting various decorative articles such as statues and other sculptures, hess pieces, jewelry, and similar objects Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Handicraft worker, reed weaving - Handicraft worker, stone articles - Handicraft worker, wooden articles - Cottage industry worker - Handicraft designer - Handicraft model maker - Rattan binder - Wood carver - Handicraft worker, paper Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Maker, brush 7424 - Machine-operator, carving/ 8212 stone products - Machine-operator, wood products 8240 7332 HANDICRAFT WORKERS IN TEXTILE, LEATHER AND RELATED MATERIALS Workers in this unit group apply traditional techniques and patterns to produce woven fabrics, knitted, embroidered, woven, and other garments and articles for household use, as well as traditional footwear, handbags, belts and other accessories Their tasks include: spinning and dyeing with natural dye-stuffs, wool, cotton and other fibers; lace-making and weaving, knitting or embroidering various garments and articles for household us preparing and dyeing hides with natural dyestuffs and making traditional ootwear or handbags, belts and other accessories Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Handicraft worker, carpets - Handicraft worker, leather - Handicraft worker, textiles Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, 8262 weaving/fabrics - Weaver, cloth 7432 7333 HANDICRAFT WORKERS IN CHEMICALS AND RELATED MATERIALS Workers in this unit group apply traditional techniques and patterns to produce candles and soaps for personal or household use, as well as for decorative purposes Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Candle making - Soap making 734 PRINTING BINDING AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group set and arrange printing type or copy by hand or by electronic key boarding through computer or other machines, such as typesetting machines. Make printing plates from typographically or electronically set-up type or copy, engrave gravure-cylinder, develop and process photographic films; make and print with silk-screens, print on paper board other materials, bind and finish books, magazines, labels, printed packaging materials, brochures and commercial printed jobs. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usually include: setting and arranging printing type or copy by hand or by electronic key boarding through computer or other machines, such as type setting machines, making printing plates from typographicallyor electronicallyset-up type or copy; engraving gravurecylinder, developing and processing photographic films; making and printing with silk-screens; printing on paper board or other materials; binding andfinishing books, magazines, labels, printed packaging materials, brochures and commercial printed jobs 7341 COMPOSITORS, TYPESETTERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group set and arrange printing type by hand, machine, or compute Their tasks include: setting type by hand and printing copies with simple machines; operating linotype, monotype and typecasting machines; arranging set-up of type and spacing material and illustration blocks to make page arranging pages in sequence for printing; operating electronic keyboarding machines which enable characters to be converted into film, sensitized tape or paper for subsequent photoplate-making performing word processing and typesetting words; performing front and back end system operations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Printer operator - Typesetter - Compositor, hot metal * - Compositor, cold type * - Platen press operator ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 7342 STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS Workers in this unit group make printing plates and printing forms from set-uptype by stereo typing and lectroplating processes Their tasks include: making molds of set-up type with papier mache, wax orother materials; making printing plates by casting metal in molds of papermache or other material bearing impression of type, or by putting lead alloy backing on copper shell made by electro-plating molds to reproduce type. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Electrotyper - Stereotyper Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7343 PRINTING ENGRAVERS AND ETCHERS Workers in this unit group engrave litho graphic stones and printing plates, rollers, dies and blocks by various processes Their tasks include: cutting designs through film applied to surface of lithographic stones; engraving steel and copper plates, rollers, dies or wood, rubber and linoleum blocks by han engraving metal plates and rollers by machine; transferring designs from lithographic stone to metal plates; etching metal plates or rollers with acid and retouching; performing all or several tasks in preparation of printing plates by photo gravure proces Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Engraver, printing/lithographic stone - Engraver printing/metal plate - Etcher, painting/metal plate - Photo- engraver 7344 PHOTOGRAPHIC AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group develop and process photographic film and paper and which processes exposed photographic film Their tasks include: processing black and white or color film and plates to obtain negatives or transparent positive printing and monitoring equipment which makes photographic film and paper; operating and monitoring machines for coating and backing photographic plate enlarging or reducing photographs; reproducing image from photographic filmnegatives/positives on metal plate for use in printing; (platemaker) evaluating color reproduction of originals by column separation process. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Developer, film color - Repro-cameraman * - Stripper, colored * - Stripper, black and white * _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Color separation technician 3131 - Black & White Scanner 3131 7345 BOOKBINDERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which bind and emboss books by hand or machine. Their tasks include: binding books and periodicals by hand; operating and monitoring bookbinding machines; embossing designs or titles on books by hand or machine. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bookbinder - Embosser, book - Stitcher - Collator/tabulator 7346 SILK-SCREEN, BLOCK AND TEXTILE PRINTERS Workers in this unit group cut stencils for use insilk-screen printing and printon paper, metal, textiles and other materials with silk-screens, blocks of rubber, wood or other materials, engraved printing rollers Their tasks include: cutting stencils for silk-screen printing; printing on paper, metal, textiles and other materials bysilk-screen process; printing designs and patterns on cloth or wallpaper with engraved blocks or machines equipped with engraved rollers Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cutter, stencils/silk-screen - Printer, block - Printer, silk-screen - Printer, textile 7347 PRESSMAN LETTERPRESS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group prepare, operate and monitor offset press and various types of machines to print single and multicolor copies from lithographicplates and print on paper, tin plate and other materials Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: setting and operating cylinder, plates, rotary, offset, direct lithographic,photo gravure and wallpaper printing presses comparing preliminaryor proof copies with work order specifications to detect printing imperfections and ensure correct color registration Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Offset Pressman (sheet fed) * - Offset Press (web fed) * - Letter Press-pressman * - Press operator printing/cylinder - Paper cutting machine operator - Press roller maker - Printing machine operator - Printing quality inspector - Printing scheduler ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 74 OTHER CRAFT AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this sub-major group treat and process agricultural and fisheries raw materials into food and other products, and produce and repair goods made of wood, textiles, leather, or other materials. The work is carried out by hand and by hand-powered and other tools which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an understandingof the work organization, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final produc Tasks performed by this sub-major group usually include: treating and processing meat, fish, grain, fruit, vegetables and related materials into food stuffs, and tobacco into tobacco products; tasting and grading food products and beverages; treating and processing natural fibers, skins and hides; making and repairing furniture and other goods made of wood; preparing hides and skins for further use; making and repairing textiles, garments, hats, shoes and related products. Supervision of other workers may be included 741 FOOD PROCESSING AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this unit group slaughter animals, kill fish, treat and prepare them and related food items for human and animal consumption, make various kinds of bread,cakes and other flour products, process and preserve fruit,vegetables and related foods, taste and grade various food products and beverages, or prepare tobacco and make tobacco products Tasks performed usually include: slaughtering animals; killing fish, treating meat and fish and preparing them and related food items; making various kinds of bread, cakes, and other flour products; processing and preserving fruit, vegetables and related foods; tasting and grading various food products and beverages; preparing tobacco and making tobacco products. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7411 BUTCHERS, FISHMONGERS AND RELATED FOOD PREPARERS Workers in this unit group slaughter animals, kill fish, clean, cut and dress meat and fish and prepare related food items or preserve meat, fish and other foods and food products by drying, salting or smoking Their tasks include: slaughtering animals or killing fish; flaying and trimming carcasses; cutting and dressing meat and fish for sale or further processing; preparing ingredientsand making sausages and similar products using simple chopping, mixing and shaping machines;curing meat, fish and other foods operating smokehouses or ovens to smoke meat, fish and other foodstuffs; cooking or in other ways preparing meat, fish and related food items for sale. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Butcher (Abattoir) * - Butcher (Hotel and Restaurant) * - Fishmonger ______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine operator, meat processing 8271 - Machine operator, fish processing 8271 7412 BAKERS, PASTRY COOKS AND CONFECTIONERY MAKERS Workers in this unit group make various kinds of bread, cakes, and other flour products, as well ash and made chocolate and sugar confectionery Their tasks include: making bread, cakes, biscuits, pastries, pies and other flour, rice and other rootcrops product making handmade confectionery from mixtures of sugar,chocolate and other ingredients with the help of tools and some machines Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Baker - Confectioner - Maker-chocolate - Pastry-cook - Oven/fryer man Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Noodle makers - Native cakes/kakanin makers Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Cook 5122 - Machine-operator, bakery products 8274 - Machine-operator, bread production 8274 - Machine-operator, chocolate 8274 production 7413 DAIRY PRODUCTS MAKERS Workers in this unit group process butter and various types of cheese, cream or other dairy products. Their tasks include: boiling milk, separating cream from milk, churning cream into butter; curdling milk, heating curd until it reaches desired firmness, draining curd and finally placing cheese into molds to press it into shape Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Maker, butter - Maker, cheese - Maker, ice cream - Milker - Milk collector Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, dairy products 8272 - Machine-operator, milk processing 8272 7414 FOOD PRESERVERS Workers in this unit group process and preserve fruits, nuts and other food stuffs in various ways including cooking, smoking, drying, freezing, salting, or juice or oil extraction. Their tasks include: cooking, salting, sterilizing, smoking, drying, freezing,meat, fish, fruit, vegetables or other foods in large quantities curing foodstuffs by salting or smoking; sterilizing foodstuffs prior to canning or bottling; making patis and bagoong; making jams, jellies, pickles, sauces and condiments fortable use; extracting juices from various fruits; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC extracting oils from oil-bearing seeds, nuts or fruits; preparing syrup, juice or other covering liquids. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Expeller, oil - Preserver, food - Preserver, vegetables - Preserver, fruit - Syrup man - Salted egg maker - Bottler /canner Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, canning/fruit 8275 - Machine-operator, canning/vegetables 8275 - Machine-operator, canning/food 8275 7415 FOOD AND BEVERAGE TASTERS AND GRADERS Workers in this unit group inspect, taste and gradev arious types of agricultural products, food and beverages. Their tasks include: inspecting, testing and tasting agricultural products, food and beverages at various stages of processing to etermine quality and grade into appropriate class Examples of the ocuupations classified here are: - Grader, food - Taster, food - Taster, liquor - Taster, wine 7416 TOBACCO PREPARERS AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS MAKERS Workers in this unit group prepare tobacco leaves and make various tobacco product Their tasks include: grading cured tobacco leaves by type, quality and locality where grown; mixing tobacco leaves according to formula to obtain a blend of distinct flavor; tending vacuum container which moistens tobacco for further processing; removing midribs and stalks from tobacco leaves and shredding tobacco; making cigars, cigarettes, snuff and other tobacco products by hand or with simple machine Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Grader, tobacco - Maker, cigar - Maker, cigarette Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, cigar production 8279 - Machine-operator, cigarette 8279 production 742 WOOD TREATERS, CABINET MAKERS AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group season and preserve wood and wooden items, make and repair wooden furniture, wooden fittings, patterns and models, by using tools and wood working machines; set or set and operate wood working machines, make wicker furniture and related articles, and decorate and repair wooden articles and wooden parts of goods Tasks performed usually include: seasoning and preserving wood; making, decorating and repairing wooden furniture; making, decorating and repairing parts of or entire wooden vehicles, wooden models, patterns, and variousarticlessuch as pipes, wooden skis, shoes, or sports goods; setting or setting and operating wood working machines such as precision sawing, shaping or carving; making wicker furniture, baskets and similar items, or brooms and brushe 7421 WOOD TREATERS Workers in this unit group season and preserve wood. Their tasks include: operating steam-heated kilns to season wood; treating wood with chemicals to protect it against decay or parasites. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Wood seasoner - Wood treater A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, treating/wood 8141 7422 CABINET/FURNITURE MAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group make, decorate and repair wooden furniture, wheels or other wooden parts of vehicles, wooden fittings, patterns, models and otheritems such as pipes, wooden skis, shoes, or sports racquet and sticks Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: making and repairing wooden articles such as cabinets and other furniture, using wood working machines and hand tools making and repairing wooden vehicles, wheels or othe wooden parts of vehicle making and repairing wooden articles, such as patterns, scale models and mock-ups, casks, tobacco pipes, woodenskis, shoes or sports racquets or sticks decorating furniture and fixtures by in-laying wood, applying veneer and carving design finishing surfaces of wooden articles or furniture. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cabinet/Furniture-maker * - Cart-wright - Wheel-wright - Mill-wright Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Carpenter 7123 - Joiner 7124 - Machine-operator, 8240 furniture production - Wood carver 7331 7423 WOODWORKING-MACHINE SETTERS AND SETTER-OPERATORS Workers in this unit group set and operate wood working machines, such as precision sawing, shaping, planing, boring, turning and wood carving machine Their tasks include: setting and adjusting various kinds of machines for operation by others; setting and operating one or several types of wood working machines. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Sawyer, precision woodworking - Setter, woodworking machine - Setter-operator, woodworking machine * - Turner, wood A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, woodworking 8240 7424 RATTAN, BAMBOO AND OTHER WICKER FURNITURE MAKERS Workers in this unit group make wicker furniture from bamboo, rattan, reeds, rushes and similar materials by hand Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: bending rods of materials over gas flame or steam jet to desired shape and fastens them together to form frame; weaving and winding willow, plaited rushes, split canes ors imilar materials in, through, and around frame; strengthening and concealing frame joints by winding materials around them; cutting off, concealing or weaving together loose ends to finish edges; laminating, bending and plattening of bamboo materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Wicker furniture maker - Bamboo furniture maker * - Rattan furniture maker * Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Rattan binder 7331 - Cottage industry worker 7331 7425 BASKETRY WEAVERS, BRUSH MAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group weave baskets, mats, bags and assemble brushes and broom Their tasks include: making various kinds of baskets by inter lacing osier, rattan, reeds, rushes or similar materia selecting and preparing brush materials such as bristles,nylon,fibers and wire, and setting them in brush base; making "sawali" and nipa shingles; weaving bags and mats from reeds, palm leaves and other similar materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Basket maker - Brush maker (hand) - Broom maker (hand) Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Handicraft worker, wooden articles 7331 - Machine-operator, woodworking 8240 743 TEXTILE, GARMENT AND RELATED TRADES WORKERS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this minor group prepare natural textile fibers, threads and yarns,andmake fabrics by weaving, knitting and other means, make and repair garments and other textile or they upholster furniture.Tasks performed usually include: preparing natural textile fibers, spinning, doubling, twisting and winding threads and yarns; making fabrics by weaving, knitting and other techniques;making tailored garments; participating in the manufacture of ready-to-wear garments; making, patterns and marking and cutting textiles and similar materials; sewing textiles and similar materials by handor hand-operated machines; upholstering furniture and making mattresses 7431 FIBER PREPARERS Workers in this unit group prepare wool, cotton, flax, jute, hemp and other natural textile fibers for pinning and winding Their tasks include: grading and classifying natural textile fiber; washing wool fibers; cleaning and fluffing textile fibers; forming fibers into sliver, combing them, combining sliver into sliver laps or forming sliver into rov Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Comber, fiber/textiles - Drawer, fiber/textiles - Rover, fiber/textiles - Fiber technician - Fiber aide A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine operator, combing/ 8261 textile fibers 7432 WEAVERS, KNITTERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group spin and wind yarn by hand, weave materials on hand looms, make carpets by using a knotting technique, knit garment fabrics by hand or hand-operated machine or perform similar manufacturing tasks by hand or hand-operated machine Their tasks include: spinning and winding yarn by hand; drawing warp threads into loom by hand; weaving plain or figured cloth, tapestry, lace, carpet or other fabrics on hand loom making carpets by using a knotting technique; knitting garments and other articles on hand-operated machine or by hand; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC crocheting or making braid by hand. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Knitter - Spinner - Threader, loom - Weaver, carpet - Weaver, cloth Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Handicraft worker, textiles 7332 - Machine-operator, knitting 8262 - Machine-operator, weaving 8262 7433 TAILORS, DRESSMAKERS AND HATTERS Workers in this unit group make suits, dresses and other garments from textile fabrics, leather or any other material, carry out alterations and repairs, or make hats, or participate in the manufacture of ready-to-wear garments. Their tasks include: making overcoats, suits, skirts, shirts, blouses,lingerie, corsetry and similar garments often to clients' individual requirements participating in the manufacture of ready-to-wear clothing; making hats; altering, restyling and repairing garments; making and caring for costumes used in theatrical, television and motion picture production Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Dressmaker * - Milliner - Tailor * - Patternmaker - Seamstress - Trimmer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Handicraft worker, textiles 7332 - Machine-operator, sewing 8263 7434 TEXTILE, LEATHER AND RELATED PATTERN MAKERS AND CUTTERS Workers in this unit group make patterns and mark andcut textile, leather ando ther materials in the manufacture of garments, gloves and miscellaneous products Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: drawing and cutting out patterns for making suits, dresses, shirts, blouses, gloves, hats and caps and other garments; making outlines of patterns on cloth, light leathers orother materials to guide cuttin performing pattern-making, marking and cutting tasks in the manufacture of other products such as soft furnishings, canvas goods and umbrellas Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cutter, garment - Cutter, glove - Hat and cap-pattern maker - Pattern-maker, garment A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, pattern-making/ 8269 textile 7435 SEWERS, EMBROIDERERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group sew together, repair and decorate garments, gloves and other products of textile, and other materials by hand or by using simple sewing machines, and perform various related tasks Their tasks include: performing various sewing tasks in making, altering and repairing articles of textile, and other materials; embroidering decorative designs on garments or materials; sewing sails, tents, awnings and similar articles; assembling and covering umbrellas. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Embroiderer (Multi-head machine) * - Maker, umbrella - Sewer, garments * Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Dressmaker 7433 - Handicraft worker, textiles 7332 - Machine-operator, sewing 8263 - Handicraft designer 7331 7436 UPHOLSTERERS AND RELATED WORKERS Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Workers in this unit group upholster furniture, make matresses, or make and install interior decorations of textile, leather and similar materials Their tasks include: installing, arranging and securing springs, padding and covering material tof urniture frame fitting and installing covers and cushioning for seats and other furnishings on vehicles, such as motor cars, railways coaches and aircraft making mattresses; fitting and installing soft furnishings and interior decorations of textile, leather and similar materia Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Maker, mattress - Upholsterer, furniture and automotive * 744 LEATHER AND SHOEMAKING TRADES WORKERS Workers in this minor group make leather from hides and skins, make and repair footwear and other articles made of natural or synthetic leather with the exception of garments, hats and gloves, or make various other articles from leather or similar materials. Tasks performed usually include: making leather from hides and skins; making and repairing footwear and other articles made from leather and similar materials, with the exception of garments, hats and gloves. 7441 TANNERS Workers in this unit group make leather from hides and skins. Their tasks include: sorting and grading hides and skins; removing flesh and hair from hides; operating machine to split hides edgeways; treating hides to convert them into leather; dressing and applying dyes and stains to leather. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Tanner A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine operator, tanning 8265 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 7442 SHOEMAKERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group make and repair standard or special footwear and, except for leather garments, hatsand gloves, make natural or synthetic leather articles,such as luggage, handbags, and belts, or participate in the manufacture of shoes and related goods Their tasks include: making patterns to guide the cutting of shoe parts; cutting out, preparing and fitting together shoe parts; sewing shoe parts together; examining and finishing footwear; making standard or orthopedic footwear to individual requirements; making other special types of footwear to order; repairing leather footwear; making and repairing articles such as saddles and harnessesfor animals, luggage, handbags, briefcases, leather bags and other accessories cutting out, shaping and padding parts for making leather articles; sewing and stitching leather parts by hand or machine; assembling leather goods and attaching fittings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Shoes and bag repairer - Leather goods assembler * - Shoemaker - Pattern-maker, footwear * A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Machine-operator, shoe production 8266 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 8. PLANT AND MACHINE OPERATORS AND ASSEMBLERS Workers in this major group operate and monitor industrial and agricultural machinery and equipment on the spot or by remote control, drive and operate trains, motor vehicles and mobile machinery and equipment, or assemble products from component parts according to strict specifications and procedures. The work mainly calls for experience with and an understanding of industrial and agricultural machinery and equipment as well as an ability to cope with machine-paced operations and to adapt to technological innovations. Tasks performed by plant and machine operators and assemblers usually include: operating and monitoring mining or other industrial machinery and equipment for processing metal, minerals, glass, ceramics, wood, paper, or chemicals, as well as operating and monitoring water-treating or electrical-power-generating installations, and related plant; operating and monitoring machinery and equipment used to produce articles made of metal, minerals , chemicals, rubber, plastics, wood,paper, textiles, or leather, and which process food stuffsand related products; driving and operating trains and motor vehicles; driving operating and monitoring mobilei ndustrial and agricultural machinery and equipment;assembling products from component parts according to strict specifications and procedures. Supervision of other workers may be included. 81 STATIONARY-PLANT AND RELATED OPERATORS Workers in this sub-major group operate and monitor,on the spot or by remote control, industrial plant for mining or for the processing of metal, minerals, glass, ceramics,wood, paper, chemicals, or water-treating,electrical- power-generating and other purposes, as wellas automated and semi-automated assembling processes and industrial robots. The work mainly calls for experience with and an understanding of the industrial plant which is being operated and monitored. Ability to cope with machine-paced operations and to adapt to innovations in machinery and equipment is often required. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: operating and monitoring industrial plant for mining or for the processing of metal, minerals,glass,ceramics, wood, paper, chemicals, or water-treating, electrical power-generating and other purposes;operating and monitoring automated or semi-automated assembly lines as well as industrial robots. Supervision of other workers may be included. 811 MINING- AND MINERAL-PROCESSING PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor plant for cutting channels in a mine workface, for processing mineral ore and stone, or for the drilling and sinking of wells. Task performed usually include: operating and monitoring machinery and equipment used for continuous mining or for drilling holes or cutting channels in a mineor quarry workface; operating and monitoring machinery and equipment used for processing mineral ore and stone, as well as for the drilling and sinking of wells. 8111 MINING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which cut channels in a mine o rquarry workface or drill holes for blasting or they operate continuousmining machines. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machinery for cutting channels in a mine or quarry work faceor for drilling holes for blasting in mines or quarries; operating and monitoring continuous mining machines. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine operator, cutting/mine - Machine operator, drilling/mine - Machine operator, mining/continuous - Prime miner operator - Pump operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Miner 7111 - Quarrier 7111 - Shotfirer 7112 8112 MINERAL-ORE-AND STONE-PROCESSING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment for processing mineral ore and stone. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring equipment which crushes and breaks lumps of minerals and stones to required size; operating and monitoring washing, separating, leaching, precipitating, filtering, extracting and combining equipment to wash mineral ores in order to remove waste material; combining mineral ores with solvents to facilitate further processing; separating metal or mineral concentrates from one or alluvial deposits by thickening, floatation, gravity separation, filtration, or magnetic or electrostatic separation. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Floatation worker, minerals - Machine operator, crushing/mineral ore - Machine operator, milling/minerals - Machine operator, stone processing Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Cutter stone 7113 - Splitter, stone 7113 8113 WELL DRILLERS AND BORERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group erect and operate drilling machinery and equipment and perform related tasks in the sinking and operation of wells. Their tasks include: preparing and operating derrick pipe-handling devices and slush pumps; operating rotary- or percussion-drilling machinery and equipment to drill oil or gas wells; cleaning and servicing oil or gas wells and replacing pumping rods, casings and tubings; setting up and operating drilling machinery and equipment to drill wells or bores other than for oil or gas; treating oil gas wells with acid to increase their production. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, boring equipment/wells - Operator, derrick/oil and gas wells - Operator, drilling equipment/wells - Well driller (cable tools) - Core driller - Well testing crew - Artesian well driller - Dredgeman 812 METAL-PROCESSING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor ore-smelting, metal-converting and refining furnaces, metal-rolling mills, metal-heat-treating or metal-extrusion plant. Task performed usually include: operating and monitoring furnaces for ore-smelting, melting, refining,converting or reheating metal, as well as plant forrolling, extruding or shaping metal. 8121 ORE AND METAL FURNACE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor ore-smelting, metal-converting and refining furnaces. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring blast furnaces to smelt ores for the production of ferrous or nonferrous metals; operating and monitoring furnaces to convert or refine pig-iron or scrap-metal to produce steel; operating and monitoring furnaces to convert or refine non-ferrous metals. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Furnace-operator, converting/non-ferrous metals - Furnace-operator, refining/steel (open-hearth furnace) - Furnace-operator,smelting/metal (blast furnace) 8122 METAL MELTERS, CASTERS AND ROLLING-MILL OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor rolling mills to roll metal, or furnaces to melt or reheat metal, or machines to cast metal. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring furnaces to melt ferrous and non-ferrous metal for casting; operating and monitoring furnaces to reheat stock metal forms prior to forging, powerpressing, rolling and further processing; operating and monitoring rolling mills to shape hot or cold steel into shapes for further processing, or into final shapes; operating and monitoring rolling mills to reduce or formhot or cold non-ferrous metal to specified shapes, such as plate, sheet or foil; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC operating and monitoring rolls to form seamless tubes and pipes from billets which have been pierced longitudinally; pouring molten metal into molds and operating andmonitoring casting machines; operating continuous mills in which hot steel slabs are passed through a series of rolls(stands) to produce finished plates or sheets in one continuous operation; operating rolling mills to reduce or form hot or cold non-ferrous metal into plate, sheet,foil, wire or rod of specified dimensions; manipulating controls or rolling mills according to signals from rollers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Furnace-operator, melting/metal - Machine-operator, casting/metal - Operator, rolling mill/non-ferrous metal - Die-caster furnace operators 8123 METAL HEAT-TREATING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor plant altering the physical properties of metal objects by heating, cooling and chemical treatment. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring furnace which heat and coolmetal objects to relieve internal stresses, restore ductility and refine grain structure; operating and monitoring furnaces which harden steel objects; operating and monitoring plant which imparts a hard skin and tough, ductile core to steel objects by treating them with chemicals, heating and quenching or cooling them; operating and monitoring furnaces which reheat hardened steel objects to relieve stresses and to impart toughness. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Annealer - Furnace-operator, hardening/metal - Furnace-operator, heat-treating/metal 8124 METAL DRAWERS AND EXTRUDERS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which draw and extrude metals to make wire, tubes and similar products. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring wire-drawing machines; operating and monitoring machines to draw seamless metal tubing; operating and monitoring extrusion pressed to make metal rods, bars and seamless tubing. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, drawing/wire - Machine-operator, extruding/metal Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 813 GLASS, CERAMICS AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor kilns, furnaces and other machinery and equipment used in the manufacture of glass as well as ceramic products. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring kilns, furnaces and other machinery and equipment used for making glass as well as ceramic products. 8131 GLASS AND CERAMICS KILN AND RELATED MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor kilns,furnaces and other machinery and equipment used in the manufacture of glass, ceramics, porcelain or bricks. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring glass-making furnaces; operating and monitoring glass-annealing furnaces to prevent or remove internal stresses; operating and monitoring tempering furnaces to toughen glass; operating and monitoring machines which shape glass articles by blowing or pressuremolding; operating and monitoring machines which draw or roll molten glass to a continuous sheet of flat glass; operating and monitoring floating-glass production plant; operating and monitoring machines which polish and levelplate-glass surfaces; operating and monitoring machines which make glass rods and tubes from molten glass by drawing or drawing and blowing; operating and monitoring kilns which bake pottery and porcelain ware or which fix glazing and decoration byre-baking; operating and monitoring kilns which bake bricks and tiles. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Furnace-operator, glass production - Kiln-operator, brick and tile - Kiln-operator, pottery and porcelainware - Machine-operator, blowing/glass Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Blower, glass 7322 - Cutter, glass 7322 - Molder, brick and tile 7321 8139 GLASS, CERAMICS AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS NOT ELSEWHERECLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment used to mixin gredients for glass-making or for the preparation of clay, glaze and abrasives, or which extrude molten glass in order to form fiberglass filaments. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which mix ingredients for glass-making; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC operating and monitoring machines which prepare clay for the production of ceramics and bricks; operating and monitoring machines for making glaze or abrasives; operating and monitoring machines which extrude molten glass to form fiber glass filaments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, mixing/clay - Machine-operator, mixing/glass 814 WOOD-PROCESSING AND PAPERMAKING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which saw,cut and grind wood in preparation for further use, convert wood and other materials into pulp, and make paper from pulp. Task performed usually include: operating and monitoring machinery and equipment which process wood for urther use, convert wood and other materials into pulp, and make paper from pulp. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring log in-feed and conveyor systems; operating and monitoring head saws, resaws and multi blade aws to saw logs, cants, flitches, slabs or wings and remove rough from sawn timber; operating and monitoring machines which cut veneer; operating and monitoring plywood core-laying machines and hot-plate plywood presses; grading wood according to quality and size. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, band-saw - Operator, sawmill - Operator, wood-processing plant - Press-operator, plywood Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Wood/seasoner 7421 - Wood/treater 7421 8142 PAPER PULP PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which converts materials such as wood, rags, esparto, straw, scrap-pulp and paper into stock for use in papermaking. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring chipper and grinding machines which reduce logs to pulp; operating and monitoring digesters which produce pulp from materials such as wood, rags, esparto, straw or scrap-pulp and scrap paper; operating and monitoring machines which bleach wood pulp, rags, esparto, straw or scrappulp and scrap paper; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC operating and monitoring machines which mix, beat and hydrate pulp and other ingredients to prepare stuff for making paper. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, grinding/wood - Operator, chipper/paper pulp - Operator, paper-pulp plant 8143 PAPERMAKING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which makes paper, paper boardsheet pulp from pulp stock. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring section of papermaking machinery and equipment in which wet pulp is formed into paper or in which paper is dried, calendered, wound, slit and rewound; operating and monitoring super calenders used to impart gloss and finish to surface of paper; operating and monitoring machinery and equipment used to glaze or impregnate paper with coating mixture; making high quality paper by hand. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, papermaking plant - Operator, supercalender 815 CHEMICAL-PROCESSING-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which process chemicals and related materials to obtain products with desirable properties. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machinery and equipment for processing chemicals by crushing, heating, mixing, distilling or filtering to obtain products with desirable properties, or plant for treating petroleum and petroleum-based products. 8151 CRUSHING, GRINDING AND CHEMICAL-MIXING MACHINERY OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery which crushes, grinds, mixesand blends chemicals and other materials used in chemical and related processes. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring mills and crushing machines which reduce solid chemicals and related materials to suitable size for further processing; operating and monitoring machines in which solids or liquids used in chemical and related processes are mixed or blended. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, crushing/chemical and related processes - Machine-operator, mixing/chemical and related processes - Operator, mill/chemical and related processes - Machine-operator, grinding/chemical and related process Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8152 CHEMICAL HEAT-TREATING PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which cook, roast and provide other types of heat treatment in chemical and related processes. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machinery and equipment whichcook materials in order to purify, mix or compound them, give them special properties or effect chemical changes in them; operating and monitoring ovens, kilns or similar devices which heat substances in ordert o dry them, give them special properties or effect chemical changes in them; operating and monitoring driers for the processing of chemicals and related materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Kiln-operator, chemical and related processes - Operator, cement production plant - Operator, roasting equipment/chemical and related processes 8153 CHEMICAL-FILTERING AND SEPARATING EQUIPMENT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines and equipment which filter and separate chemicals and related materials. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring equipment in which solutions areforced, under pressure, through a filtering unit; operating and monitoring equipment in which solutions are vacuum-drawn throughf iltering media fitted to a rotating drum; operating and monitoring machines which separate substances by centrifugal force; operating and monitoring equipment which removes sediment and water from crude oil. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, separator/chemical and related materials - Operator, treating equipment/crude oil - Filter press-operator, chemical and related materials 8154 CHEMICAL-STILL AND REACTOR OPERATORS (Except Petroleum andNatural G Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which distills and refines chemicals, except petroleum. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring equipment in which crude liquid chemicals are treated to refine or separate them into their chemical constituents; operating and monitoring equipment which performs a sequence of operations in a chemical reaction process; operating and monitoring evaporation tanks, vacuum pans or similar devices toc oncentrate solutions and suspensions. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, converter/chemical processes (except petroleum and natural gas) - Operator, reactor/chemical processes (except petroleum and natural gas) - Operator, still/turpentine 8155 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS REFINING PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor plan which refines, distills and treats petroleum, petroleum-based products and by-products, or natural gas. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring plant which removes sulphur from petroleum and petroleum-based products, and by-products; operating and monitoring pumps which circulate petroleum products or water and chemical solutions through refinery; operating and monitoring stills which distills or refinepetroleum products; operating and monitoring machines which blends petrol with hemicals and other additives; operating and monitoring machines which refine or otherwise treat natural gas. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, blender/petroleum and natural gas refining (ethyl) - Operator, paraffin plant - Operator, still/petroleum and natural gas refining 8159 CHEMICAL-PROCESSING PLANT OPERATORS NOT ELSEWHERECLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which treat chemical solutions with bleaching reagents, produce coke or gas from coal, extrude and form natural or synthetic fibers, produce fertilizers, or extract and process radio active materials. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring plant which treats chemical solutions with bleaching reagents; operating and monitoring plant which produce coke or gas from coal; operating and monitoring plant which extrudes or forms natural or synthetic polymakers into synthetic fibers; operating and monitoring fertilizers plant equipment; operating and monitoring plant which separates and extracts radio active materials from their ores or processes such materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, coke production plant - Operator, fertilizer plant - Operator, synthetic fiber production plant - Fuel tender Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 816 POWER-PRODUCTION AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machinery and equipment in an electricalpower-generating plant, and water-treatment, incinerator and related plant, and operate and maintain ships and other types of steam-engines, as well as boilers. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machinery and equipmentf or producing electric power; operating and monitoring steam-engines and boilers and ther stationary machinery and equipment such as incinerators or water-treatment plant and pumping stations. 8161 POWER-PRODUCTION PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery and equipment which produce electric or other power and control its distribution. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring coal-, oil- or natural-gas-firedsteam-power-generating plant; operating and monitoring nuclear-fuelled steam-power-generating plant; operating and monitoring hydraulic-power-generating stations; operating and monitoring other power-generating plant,such as solar, tidal, geothermal or wind energy; controlling power output and distribution of electricity from power stations. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, electric power plant - Operator, hydroelectric power plant - Operator, nuclear power plant - Operator, solar power plant - Operator, power plant - Mechanical plant operator 8162 STEAM ENGINE AND BOILER OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitorsteam-engines and boilers on land and at sea. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring coal- or oil-fired steam-enginesor boilers on land and at sea. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, boiler/ship - Operator, steam engine - Tender, boiler - Operator, mobile plant 8163 INCINERATOR, WATER-TREATMENT AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor various types of plant, such as incinerators, water-treatment plant, air and gas compressors, pumping stations, refrigeration or heating and ventilation systems. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: operating and monitoring incinerator machinery and equipment which burn garbage or other waste materials; operating and monitoring machinery and equipment which purify and clarify water for human consumption or use and later disposal into natural water systems; operating and monitoring air and gas compressors; operating and monitoring stations for transferring liquids, gases, semi-liquids and powdered substances from one location to another; operating and monitoring refrigeration systems for cool orcold storage or industrial processes; operating and monitoring heating and ventilation systems. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, incinerator, refuse disposal - Operator, pumping-station/water - Operator, water purification plant - Water treatment plant operator * ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 817 AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY-LINE AND INDUSTRIAL ROBOT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor automated or semi-automated assembly lines as well as industrial robots. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring or semi-automated assembly lines as well as industrial robots. 8171 AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY-LINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor automated or semi-automated assembly lines. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring automated or semi-automated assembly lines. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Operator, assembly-line/automated 8172 INDUSTRIAL-ROBOT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group load and unload industrial robots and perform related tasks. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring industrial robots. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Operator, robot A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Controller, robot 3123 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 82 MACHINE OPERATORS AND ASSEMBLERS Workers in this sub-major group operate and monitor machines, on the spot or by remote control, or they assemble products from parts according to strict specifications and procedures. The work mainly calls for experience with and an understanding of the industrial machinery and equipment which is being operated and monitored. Ability to cope with machine-paced operations and to adapt to technological innovations is often required. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: operating and monitoring machines which produce goods made of metal, minerals, chemicals, rubber, plastics, wood, paper, textiles, and leather, and which process food stuffs and related products; assembling products from component parts according to strict specifications and procedures. Supervision of other workers may be included. 821 METAL- AND MINERAL-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor metal working machines, or make products composed primarily of non-metallic mineral materials. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring metal working machines such as lathes, power shears, and boring, grinding and metal-sawing machine tools, or machines to extrude, mold, mix, grind and cut various pre-cast cement, concrete and stone products. 8211 MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor automatic or semi-automatic metalworking machines which perform repetitive work and are set up by machine-tool setters. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring one or more machine tools such as lathes, stamping presses, power shears, metal-bending, milling, planning, boring, drilling, grinding, honing or metal-sawing machines which may be numerically controlled or linked by an automatic-transfer machine. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Lathe-operator, capstan/metalworking - Machine-operator, boring/metal - Machine-operator, machine tool Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Setter, machine-tool 7223 - Setter-operator, machine tool 7223 8212 CEMENT AND OTHER MINERAL PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor extrusion, molding, mixing, grinding and cutting machines which manufacture and finish various pre-cast concrete and stone products or which make cast stone for building purposes. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring extrusion, molding , grinding and cutting machines which manufacture and finish various pre-cast concrete and stone products, such as flag stone,fencing posts, molded pipe sections and trench liners, walling and partitions slabs, building components, cable conduits, fume and dust extraction conduits; operating and monitoring machines which mix sand, gravel, cement and water to make concrete. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, cast-concrete products - Machine-operator, cast-stone products - Mixer operator - Production process operator Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Kiln-operator, cement production 8152 - Machine-operator, stone processing 8112 822 CHEMICAL PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machines which process a variety of chemicals and other ingredients to produce pharmaceuticals, toiletries, explosives, or other chemical products, or to finish,plate and coat metal articles. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machines which mold, filter, ferment, mix,blend and otherwise process chemicals and other materials to give them the desired properties for further industrial production, or to make finished products; operating and monitoring machines which finish, plate and coat metal products. 8221 PHARMACEUTICAL AND TOILETRY PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which process a variety of chemicals and other ingredients used in the production of pharmaceuticals and toiletries. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines for molding, filtering, fermenting, heating, mixing,grinding, filling and sealing materials used in the production of pharmaceuticals, toiletries, detergent and related products; operating controls to regulate temperature, pressure, flow and speed of operation; cleaning and disinfecting equipment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, detergent production - Machine-operator, pharmaceutical products - Machine-operator, toiletries production 8222 AMMUNITION AND EXPLOSIVE PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which process a variety of chemicals and other ingredients in the production of ammunition and explosives. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which mix, blend and otherwise process chemicals to produce explosive substances such as nitro cellulose, gelignite and various types of propellants; operating and monitoring machines which make fuses forexplosives and pyrotechnics; operating and monitoring machines which assemble and load shells, bombs, rockets, mines and similar devices. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, ammunition products - Machine-operator, explosives production - Machine-operator, match production 8223 METAL FINISHING-, PLATING- AND COATING-MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor equipment which finishes, plates and coats metal articles or parts, in order to give them improved resistance to corrosion andabrasion, for decorative purposes, or to impart electrical or magnetic properties. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring equipment which cleans metalarticles in preparation for electroplating, galvanizing, enamelling or similar processes; operating and monitoring electroplating equipment; operating and monitoring hot-dip equipment used to coat iron and steel products; operating and monitoring machines which automatically coat wire with non-ferrous metal; operating and monitoring equipment used to spray molten metal or other substances on metal products to provide aprotective or decorative coating or to build up worn or damaged surfaces; operating and monitoring equipment used to impart a rust-resistant finish to metal articles by treating them with chemicals and heating them. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, coating/metal - Machine-operator, finishing/metal - Machine-operator, plating/metal A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Electroplater, general 8224 PHOTOGRAPHIC-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor equipment which makes photographic film and paper,and which processes exposed photographic film and makes prints. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring equipment which makes photgraphic film and paper; operating and monitoring machines for coating and backing photographic plates; operating and monitoring equipment which processes colour and black-and-white films and plates to obtain negatives or transparent positive; and operating and monitoring equipment which prints black-and-white or colour photographs or which enlarger or reduces photographs. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, developing/photography - Machine-operator, enlarging/photography - Machine-operator, photographic/film production - Machine-operator, printing/photography (colour) Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Machine-operator, printing/photography (black and white) Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Developer, film colour 7344 - Repro-cameraman 7344 8229 CHEMICAL-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS NOT ELSEWHERECLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which produce chemical-based products such as linoleum, candles, halogen gases and related items. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which make linoleum,candles, halogen gases and related chemical products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, candles production - Machine-operator, halogen gas production - Machine-operator, linoleum production 823 RUBBER AND PLASTIC PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machines which knead and blend rubber and rubber compounds, and produce various components and products from natural and synthetic rubber and plastics. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machines which knead and blend rubber and rubber compounds, and produce various components and products from natural and synthetic rubber and plastics. 8231 RUBBER PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which knead and blend and rubber compounds, and produce various components and products, from natural and synthetic rubber, such as molded footwear, domestic articles, insulating materials, industrial accessories, or tires for bicycle, automobiles, tractors, aircraft and other vehicles. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which knead, mix and blend rubber and rubber compounds for further processing; operating and monitoring machines which produce sheets of rubber or rubberized fabric by a rolling process; operating and monitoring machines which build up tires on a form, vulcanize tires and mold or rebuild used tires. operating and monitoring machines which extrude compounded rubber or shape vulcanized rubber by molding; Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, extruding/rubber - Machine-operator, milling/rubber - Machine-operator, tire production Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8232 PLASTIC PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which knead and blend compounds to obtain plastic materials and which make various plastic components and articles. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which knead and blend compounds to obtain plastic materials; operating and monitoring machines which shape plastic materials by molding, extrusion,cutting and other means; materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, extruding/plastics - Machine-operator, molding/plastics - Machine-operator, plastics production 824 WOOD PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor automatic and semi-automatic woodworking machines which perform repetitive work and are always set up by wood working-machine setters. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring wood working machines for sawing, shaping, boring, planing, turning or carving wood. 8240 WOOD PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor automatic or semi-automatic wood working machines which perform repetitive work and are always set up by wood working-machine setters. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring one or more previously set up machines for sawing, shaping, planing, turning or carving wood. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, carving/wood - Machine-operator, furniture production - Machine-operator, wood products - Woodworking machine operator * _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Setter, woodworking machine 7423 - Setter, operator, woodworking machine 7423 825 TEXTILE AND LEATHER PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machines which prepare fibers and yarns. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machines which prepare fibers and spin and wind yarn and thread; weave and knit; manufacture machine-made garments from various materials; bleach, dye and clean textile garments; prepare hides,skins, to make leather; or make footwear and related products. 8251 FIBER-PREPARING, SPINNING AND WINDING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group prepare and monitor machines which prepare fibers, and spin, double, twist and wind yarn and thread. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which combine textile fibers into uniform blends; operating and monitoring machines which clean and fluff textile fibers, transform them into sliver, comb them into sliver for first drawing, combine sliver into sliver lapor sliver laps into ribbon lap, combine several slivers into one attenuated strand of regular quality and weight; operating and monitoring machines which transform sliver into roving; operating and monitoring machines which spin thread and yarn from roving, wind two or more threads on to boobin, twist two or more strands of yarn or thread into single heavier and stronger strand, or wind yarn or thread from one package to another. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, fiber preparing - Ring spinner * - Machine-operator, twisting/thread and yarn - Machine-operator, winding/thread and yarn A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Spinner * 7432 - Treader * 7432 _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 8252 WEAVING AND KNITTING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor weaving and knitting machines and related equipment used to produce materials and fabrics. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines used to weave or knit plain or figured cloth, tapestry, lace, carpets, garments, hosiery or other fabrics or articles. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, knitting - Machine-operator, net production - Machine-operator, weaving - Machine-operator, weaving carpets Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Knitter 7432 - Weaver, carpet 7432 - Weaver, cloth 7432 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8253 SEWING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor sewing machines to make textile, leather garments or embroider ornamental designs on garments or other materials. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring standard or specialized single-or multiple-needle sewing machines to make or repair garments, gloves and miscellaneous products in textiles,or leather; operating and monitoring standard or specialized single-or multiple-needle sewing machines to embroider ornamental designs on textiles or other materials. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Industrial sewing machine operator * _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Embroider 7436 - Handicraft worker, textiles 7332 - Tailor 7433 - Dressmaker 7433 8254 BLEACHING-, DYEING- AND CLEANING-MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which bleach, dye, wash and otherwise treat fibers, yarn, or cloth dry-clean textile and leather articles. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which treat textile products to make them lighter in color or to give them a specific color; operating and monitoring machines which wash or dry-clean textile, leather products to remove dirt, impurities, excess chemicals or natural gum; operating and monitoring machines which shrink cloth or strengthen the weave by inter locking the fibers; operating and monitoring machines which impregnate textiles with chemicals to render them water proof; operating and monitoring machines which treat silk to giveit body and weight; operating and monitoring machines which press, stretch, orimpart lustre, or other type of finish to textiles. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Finishing machine operators * - Curing machine operator * - Laundry machine operator ________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Launderer, hand 9133 - Pressser, hand 9133 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8255 LEATHER-PREPARING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitorvarious machines which prepare leather. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which remove flesh and fat from pelts before curing; operating and monitoring machines which remove long coarse hair from fur pelts, trim hair to even length, and dye, stretch and smooth dressed pelts; operating and monitoring machines which separate (residual wool from skins, or) flesh and hair from hides, and which split hides; operating and monitoring machines which treat hides ands kins in solutions and apply finishing product to convert them into leather; operating and monitoring machines which apply dyes and stains to leather. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, staining/leather - Machine-operator, tanning A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Tanner 7441 8256 SHOEMAKING AND RELATED MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which produce and repair standard or special footwear, handbags and other accessories mainly made of leather. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which mark patterns and cut shoe parts; operating and monitoring machines which sew shoe parts together, or edge, polish, orapply ornaments and perform finishing tasks; operating and monitoring machines which produce luggage, handbags, belts and other accessories, as well as other items such as saddles, collars or harnesses. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Machine-operator, footwear production - Machine-operator, leather production Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Shoes and bag repairer * 7442 - Leather assembler * 7332 _______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 8259 TEXTILE AND LEATHER PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which make hats or miscellaneous articles such as braids or other trimmings. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which form and make hats out of textiles or leather; operating and monitoring machines which make miscellaneous articles such as braids or other trimmings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine operator, braid production - Machine operator, hat making - Machine operator, pattern making/textiles Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Milliner 7433 - Pattern-maker, garment 7434 826 FOOD AND RELATED PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machines which process food stuffs and manufacture food and related products for human and animal consumption. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machines for slaughtering animals and cutting carcasses and fish into pieces for storage or sale; manufacturing meat and fish products; processing milk and cream and manufacturing dairy products;crushing and grinding grain;, spices or similar food stuffs, making bread, pasta and related products; processing fruit, nuts and vegetables; processing and refining sugar; processing tea, coffee and cocoa, or producing beer, wine, spirits and other beverages, or tobacco products. Supervision of other workers may be included. 8261 MEAT AND FISH PROCESSING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines used to slaughter animals, trim carcasses,prepare standard meat or fish cuts, and manufacture meat and fish products. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines used to slaughter animals and to cut carcasses or fish into standard pieces; operating and monitoring machines used to mince and mix meat or fish; operating and monitoring machines used to process meat and fish and manufacture various meat and fish products, such as sausages, smoked meat or smoked fish; operating and monitoring machines used to produce canned or frozen meat and fish dishes. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, fish processing - Machine-operator, meat processing Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Butcher 7411 - Fishmonger 7411 8262 DAIRY PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which process milk and cream and make dairy products. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which pasteurize, homogenize and heat-treat milk and cream; operating and monitoring machines which make condensed or powdered milk; operating and monitoring machines which make butter,cheese and other milk or milk-based products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, dairy products - Machine-operator, pasteurizing/milk Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Maker, butter 7413 - Maker, cheese 7413 - Maker, ice cream 7413 8263 GRAIN- AND SPICE-MILLING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machinery used to crush, grind, blend and otherwise process grain, spices and related foods tuffs for human or animal consumption. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machinery used for the production of flour, meal and animal feed and for processing rice; operating and monitoring milling machines used for grinding grain and spices. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, milling/grain - Machine-operator, milling/rice - Machine-operator, milling/spices - Machine-operator, milling/flour 8264 BAKED GOODS, CEREAL AND CHOCOLATE PRODUCTS MACHINEOPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor mixing, blending, shaping and baking machines which produce cereals, bread, pastry, pasta, chocolate and related products from flour, cocoa, and other ingredients. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which mix and blend flour with other ingredients to prepare dough for the production of bread, pastries, pasta and related products; operating and monitoring machines which extrude and shape dough for the production of bread, pastries, pasta and related products; operating and monitoring ovens used for baking bread, pastries, pasta and related products; operating and monitoring machines used for making cereals; operating and monitoring machines used for making chocolate and confectionery. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, bread production - Machine-operator, chocolate production - Machine-operator, confectionery production - Machine-operator, pastry production - Machine-operator, ice cream cones & wafers - Machine-operator, snack products such as corn curls, wheat crunchies & similar products Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Baker 7412 - Maker, chocolate 7412 8265 FRUIT, VEGETABLE AND NUT PROCESSING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which extract juice from fruit and vegetables or oil from oil-bearing seeds, nuts and fruit, and which process fruit, vegetables and nuts by drying, cooking, canning or freezing. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which extract juice from fruit and vegetables by heating or pressing; operating and monitoring machines which extract and refine oil from oil-bearing seeds, nuts and fruit; operating and monitoring machines which make margarine and similar products from animal and vegetable oils; operating and monitoring machines which dry, cook, can, freeze or otherwise process fruit, vegetables and nuts. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, fruit processing - Machine-operator, vegetable processing - Press-operator, edible oils - Machine-operator, canning/freezing fruits & vegetables Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Expeller, oil 7414 - Preserver, fruit 7414 - Preserver, vegetables 7414 8266 SUGAR PRODUCTION MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which process sugar-cane and sugar-beet and produce refined sugar. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which crush sugar-cane or extract liquor from sugar-beet; operating and monitoring tanks used to purify sugar liquor or produce sugar crystals from hot sugar liquor; operating and monitoring machine which refine sugar-beet or sugar-cane by a continuous process; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC operating and monitoring machines which extract and refine sugar juices from maple,palm and other vegetable sources; operating and monitoring machines which process honey. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, sugar production - Boiling pan tender (Boiler tender) * - Machine-operator, sugarcane crushing _____________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 8267 TEA, COFFEE AND COCOA PROCESSING MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines to blend and prepare tea leaves, coffee or cocoa beans and chicory roots. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines used to dry tea leaves, roll withered leaves or dry rolled leaves, and blend various grades of tea; operating and monitoring machines used to cut coffee or chocolate berries and remove and wash off pulp, peel off husk from beans, and cure and blend beans; operating and monitoring machines which roast blended coffee or cocoa beans or chicory roots; operating and monitoring machines which crush tea or grind coffee, cocoa or chicory. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, cocoa-bean processing - Machine-operator, coffee-bean processing - Machine-operator, tea-leaf processing 8268 BREWERS, WINE AND OTHER BEVERAGE MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which mix, press, or malt and ferment grains and fruit to make malt liquors, wine and other alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverages, except fruit and vegetable juices. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which process barley and other grains used in making distilled and malt liquors and controlling the fermentation process; operating and monitoring machines which process grapes and other fruit used in making wines and controlling the ermentation process; operating and monitoring stills which increase or reduce the alcohol content of alcoholic beverages; operating and monitoring machines which blend wines and liquors to obtain desired tastes and flavors; operating and monitoring machines which make non-alcoholic beverages, except fruit and vegetable juices. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Brewer - Machine-operator, malting/spirits - Machine-operator, softdrinks production - Machine-operator, mixer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, fruit juice production 8275 - Taster, wine 7415 8269 TOBACCO PRODUCTION MACHINE OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which process tobacco and make cigarettes and other tobacco products. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which process tobacco in preparation for manufacturing cigarettes and other tobacco products; operating and monitoring machines which produce cigarettes and other tobacco products. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Machine-operator, cigar production - Machine-operator, cigarette production - Machine-operator, tobacco processing Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Grader, tobacco 7416 - Maker, cigar 7416 827 ASSEMBLERS Workers in this minor group assemble components into products according to strictly laid down procedures. The products worked on may be moved from one worker to the next along assembly lines. Tasks performed usually include: assembling components into various types of products according to strictly laid down procedures. 8271 MECHANICAL MACHINERY ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group assemble the components or parts of mechanical machinery, according to strictly laid down procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the components or parts of mechanical machinery, engines and vehicles, according to strictly laid down procedures. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assembler, aircraft - Assembler, mechanical machinery - Assembler, vehicle A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Operator, assembly -line/automated 8171 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8272 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group assemble the components or parts of electrical equipment, according to strictly laid down procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the components or parts of electrical equipment, according to strictly laid down procedures. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Assembler, electrical equipment 8273 ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group assemble the components or parts of electronic equipment, according to strictly laid own procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the components or parts of electronic equipment, according to strictly laid down procedures. Example of the occupation classified here is: - Assembler, electronic equipment Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Audio electronics service/repairman 7244 - Video electronics ( VHS , VCD, DVD ) service/repairman 7244 8274 METAL, RUBBER AND PLASTIC PRODUCTS ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group perform limited, and specialized tasks in assembling the metal, rubber or plastic components or parts of various types of products such as toys, sports articles, bicycles, etc., according to strictly laid down procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the metal, rubber or plastic components or parts of various types of products, according to strictly laid down procedures. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assembler, metal products - Assembler, plastic products - Assembler, rubber products 8275 WOOD AND RELATED PRODUCTS ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group assemble the components or parts made from wood or related materials, of various types of products, according to strictly laid down procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the components or parts made from wood or related materials of various types of products, according to strictly laid down procedures. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Example of the occupation classified here is: - Assembler, wood products A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Sawyer, precision woodworking 7423 8276 PAPERBOARD, TEXTILE AND RELATED PRODUCTS ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group assemble the components o rparts made from paperboard, textile, leather and related materials, of various types of products, according to strictly laid down procedures. Their tasks include: assembling the component or parts made from paperboard, textile, leather and related materials of various types of products, according to strictly laid down procedures; attaching metal, plastic or other fittings. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assembler, leather products - Assembler, paperboard products - Assembler, textile products 829 OTHER MACHINE OPERATORS AND ASSEMBLERS Workers in this minor group operate and monitor machines which pack, label, and if needed, add revenue stamps to products, packages and containers, or assemble, according to strictly laid down procedures, products whose component parts are made of a wide range of materials. Tasks performed usually include: operating and monitoring machines which pack, label,and if needed, add revenue stamps to products, packages and containers; assembling, according to strictly laid down procedures, products whose components are made of awide range of materials. 8290 OTHER MACHINE OPERATORS AND ASSEMBLERS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines which pack, label, and ifneeded, add revenue stamps to products, packages and containers, or assemble, according to strictly laid down procedures, products whose component parts are made of a wide range of materials. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring machines which wrap and pack various products including liquid ones for storage or shipment; operating and monitoring machines which, by gluing or other methods, label products, packages and various containers, or add revenue stamps; assembling, according to strictly laid down procedures, products whose component parts are made of a very wider ange of materials. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Assembler, composite products - Machine-operator, labelling - Machine-operator, packing - Machine-operator, bottling Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Packer, hand 9322 83 DRIVERS AND MOBILE PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this sub-major group drive and tend trains and motor vehicles, or drive, operate and monitor mobile industrial and agricultural machinery and equipment, or execute deck duties on board ship and other water-borne craft. The work mainly calls for experience with and an understanding of the machinery and equipment which is being operated and monitored. Ability to cope with machine-paced operations and to adapt to technological innovations is often required. Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: driving and tending trains and motors vehicles; driving, operating and monitoring mobile industrial and agricultural machinery and equipment; carrying out deck duties on board ship and ther water-borne craft. Supervision of other workers may be included. 831 LOCOMOTIVE-ENGINE DRIVERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group drive locomotive engines to transport freight or passengers, maneouver railway coaches or operate railway signals. Tasks performed usually include: driving railway,engines, operating railway signals, switching rolling stock and making up trains in railway yards. 8311 LOCOMOTIVE-ENGINE DRIVERS Workers in this unit group drive, or assist indriving, locomotive engines to transport passengers and freight. Their tasks include: driving or assisting in driving a steam, electric or diesel-electric locomotive engine; driving and underground or elevated passenger train; driving a locomotive to haul carriages underground or on the surface of a mine or quarry. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, engine/mine - Driver, locomotive - Driver, train including Metro Rail Transit ( MRT ) and Light Railway Transit (LRT) 8312 RAILWAY BRAKERS, SIGNALLERS AND SHUNTERS Workers in this unit group take charge of and safeguard railway freight trains during runs, control the movement of railway traffic by operating signals, switch rolling stockand make up trains in railway yards, make uptrains for hauling in mines and control their movement. Their tasks include: taking charge of and safeguarding freight train during run; controlling flow of railway traffic over section of line by operating signals and switches from control panel or signal box; switching and coupling rolling stock in railway yards and sidings in accordance with orders about loading, unloading nd make-up of trains; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC making up trains for hauling by locomotive or cable and directing their movement along haulageways in a mine or quarry. Examples of the occupations classified here are; - Braker, railway - Shunter, railway - Signaller, railway 832 MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVERS Workers in this minor group drive and tend motorv ehicles to transport materials, goods and passengers. Tasks performed usually include: driving and tending motorcycles, cars, taxis, and buses, heavy trucks, lorries and vans, in order to transport materials, goods and passengers. 8321 MOTORCYCLE DRIVERS Workers in this unit group drive and tend motorcycles or motorized tricycles equipped to transport materials, goods or passengers. Their tasks include: driving and tending motorcycle or motorized tricycle to transport materials, goods and passengers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Dispatch-rider - Motorcyclist - Driver, tricycle A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Driver, pedal/vehicle 9331 8322 CAR, TAXI AND VAN DRIVERS Workers in this unit group drive and tend motor cars and vans to transport passengers, mail or goods. Their tasks include: driving and tending passenger cars or taxis; driving and tending cars, vans or small trucks to deliver mail or goods. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, car - Driver, taxi, FX - Driver, van - Driver, courier - Driver, ambulance 8323 BUS DRIVERS Workers in this unit group drive and tend buses or street tram cars to transport passengers, mail or goods. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: driving and tending motor bus, bus or motor coach to transport local or long-distance passengers, mail or goods; driving and tending street tram car transporting passengers. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Driver, bus - Driver, school bus 8324 HEAVY TRUCK AND LORRY DRIVERS Workers in this unit group drive and tend heavy motor vehicles to transport goods, liquids and heavy materials over short or long distances. Their tasks include: driving and tending a heavy motor vehicle, such as a lorry with or without trailer or a dumptruck, to transport goods, liquids or heavy materials over short or long distances. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, heavy truck - Operator, shuttle-car/mine - Driver, trailer - Driver, firetruck - Driver, dump-truck 833 AGRICULTURAL AND OTHER MOBILE-PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this minor group drive, tend, operate and monitor agricultural and other machinery and equipment for handling materials and heavy objects. Tasks performed usually include: driving, tending, operating and monitoring tractors and other specialized machinery in agricultural use, or earth-moving, hoisting, lifting and related equipment. 8331 MOTORIZED FARM AND FORESTRY PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group drive, tend, operate and monitor one or more types of motorized, mobile machinery or equipment used in farming or forestry operations. Their tasks include: driving and tending tractor or self-propelled plowing, planting, harvesting, baling or other special-purpose farm machinery, or similar tractor-drawn equipment; driving and tending tractor or self-propelled clearing, planting, harvesting, timber-carrying or other special-purpose forestry machinery. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, timber carrier - Driver, tractor - Operator, harvester - Operator, motorized farm equipment - Operator, loader Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8332 EARTH-MOVING AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor machines to excavate, grade, level and compact earth or similar materials and lay surfaces of asphalt and concrete. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring excavating machine, equipped with movable shovel, grab-bucket, or dragline bucket, to excavate and move earth, rock, sand, gravel or similar materials, or to tear down buildings or other structures; operating and monitoring machines for digging trenches for sewers, drainage, water, oil, gas or similar pipelines; operating and monitoring machines equipped with concave steel blade to move, distribute and level earth, sand, snow and other materials; operating and monitoring equipment to remove sand, gravel and mud from bottom of body of water; operating and monitoring machines for hammering wooden, concrete or steel piles into ground; operating and monitoring power roller to compact and smooth layers of materials in making roads, pavements and similar work; operating and monitoring machines which spread and smooth concrete or bituminous or tar preparations to construct roadways, roads, or similar work. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, bulldozer * - Operator, hydraulic (back hoe) excavator * - Operator, road-roller - Operator, motor grader * - Operator, wheel loader * - Operator, sand pro - Pay loader __________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 8333 CRANE, HOIST AND RELATED PLANT OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor cranesand other hoisting equipment. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring mobile or stationary cranes withmobile or fixed jib or boom; operating and monitoring equipment for hoisting, lowering or raising men and materials on construction site or in mine; operating and monitoring machinery to open and close bridge for the passage of road and water traffic. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Truck mounted crane operator * - Rough terrain crane operator * - Crawler crane operator * ______________________ * With Trade Skills Standards Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 8334 LIFTING-TRUCK OPERATORS Workers in this unit group operate and monitor lifting-truck or similar vehicle to transport, lift and stack pallets with goods. Their tasks include: operating and monitoring lifting-truck and similar equipment to load and unload, transport, lift and stackgoods and pallets in terminals, harbors, warehouses, factories and other establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Operator, fork-lift * - Tower crane operator * _________________________ * With Trade Skills Standards 834 SHIP'S DECK CREWS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group carry out deck duties onboard ship and similar duties on board other water-borne craft. Tasks performed usually include: standing look-out watches at sea and in harbor, steering ship according to instructions, and cleaning, painting and maintaining shipandits deck equipment as required. 8340 SHIP'S DECK CREWS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group carry out deck duties on board ship and similar duties on board other water-borne craft. Their tasks include: standing look-out watches at sea and when entering orleaving harbor or other narrow waters; steering ship according to instructions; handling mooring to instructions; maintaining and in some cases, operating ship's equipment, cargo gear, rigging, life-saving and fire-fighting appliances; performing deck and hull cleaning, scraping, painting and other maintenance duties as required. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Boatswain - Sailor - Seaperson - Boatman - Pumpboat operator - Coxswain - Dockman-diver - Dockman-rigger Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Major Group 9. ELEMENTARY OCCUPATION : LABORERS AND UNSKILLED WORKERS Workers in this major group perform simple and routine tasks which mainly require the use of hand-held tools and often some physical effort. Tasks performed usually include: selling goods in streets and public places, or from door-todoor; providing various street services, cleaning, washing, pressing, taking care of apartment houses, hotels, offices and other buildings;washing windows and other glass surfaces of buildings; delivering messages or goods; carrying luggage; doorkeeping and property watching; collecting garbage; sweeping streets and similar places; performing various simple tasks connected with mining, construction and manufacturing including product sorting and simple hand assem-bling of components; packing by hand; freight handling; pedalling or handguiding vehicles to transport passengers and goods;driving animal-drawn vehicles or machinery. 91 SALES AND SERVICES ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS Workers in this sub-major group perform tasks which are connected with public places, street or door-to-door sales or services or cleaning, property watching and care-taking, delivering goods and messages or carrying luggage. Tasks performed usually include: selling goods instreets and public places or from door-to-door; providing various street services; cleaning, washing, pressing, sweeping or garbage collecting; doorkeeping, property watching and building caretaking; washing windows or other glass surfaces; ushering; delivering messages or goods;stocking vending machines and carrying luggage. 911 MARKET STALL VENDORS, STREET VENDORS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group sell food and other goodsin public places such as markets and streets or from door-to-door or by telephone. Tasks performed usually include: preparing andselling or selling previously prepared foodstuffs, drinks or other goods, in streets and other public places; selling goods for establishments by going from door to door or by telephone. 9111 MARKET AND SIDEWALK STALL VENDORS Workers in this unit group sell hot or cold foods, vegetables, fruits, or any merchandise in public places such as markets and sidewalks. Their tasks include: obtaining food, drinks and various items for sale in public places such as market stalls and sidewalk stalls; preparing, either previously or on the spot, food, drinks, and various items for sale in public places such as markets and sidewalks; displaying food, drinks, and other merchandise and offering price; receiving payment on the spot. Examples of the occupations classified here are: Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Vendor, wet market - Vendor, newspaper stand - Vendor, dry goods market - Vendor, sidewalk stall - Vendor, flower Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Salespersons, department store - Salespersons, hotels and restaurants 9112 STREET AMBULANT VENDORS Workers in this unit group prepare and sell food and non-food items from place to place. Their tasks include: buying or making various items for sale from place to place; loading and unloading pushcart, bicycle or truck or other vehicle to transport goods to the streets or public places and elsewhere; displaying goods and offering price; approaching customer and selling newspapers or similar goods from place to place; receiving payment on the spot. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Vendor, street food - Vendor, newspaper - Vendor, cigarette and candy - Peddler Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Salesperson, market 5230 - Salesperson, street stall 5230 9113 DOOR-TO-DOOR AND TELEPHONE SALESPERSONS Workers in this unit group solicit business for an establishment, particularly from households, by going from door to door or by telephoning. Their tasks include: giving details of various goods or services and of the firm's terms of sale either by going from door to door or by telephoning; demonstrating goods by pointing to their main characterstics or showing how they work; taking note of orders received and forwarding them to thefirm; distributing advertising literature or leaving samples; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC collecting payment of installments, if necessary. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Salesperson, door-to-door - Salesperson, promo - Salesperson, "special offer" - Scrap buyer 912 SHOE CLEANING AND OTHER STREET SERVICES ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS Workers in this unit group consist of providing various on-the-spot street services such as cleaning shoes, washing car windows or running errands. Tasks performed usually include cleaning shoes in the street and other public places, washing car windows in the street and running errands. 9120 SHOE CLEANING AND OTHER STREET SERVICES ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS Workers in this unit group clean shoes, wash car windows, run errands, and provide other on-thespot street services of a similar kind. Their tasks include: obtaining the materials necessary to perform cleaning services; cleaning and polishing shoes, boots, and similar articles; cleaning and polishing car windows and similar items; running errands; receiving immediate payment. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Shoe polisher - Cleaner, car window - Repairman, shoe/umbrella - Errand boy - Car washer 913 DOMESTIC HELPERS ,CLEANERS, LAUNDERERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group perform various tasks in private households, hotels, offices, hospitals and other establishments, as well as in aircraft, trains, coaches,trams and similar vehicles in order to keep the interiors and fixtures clean, or they do hand-laundering & pressing. Tasks performed usually include sweeping, or vacuum cleaning, taking care oflinen, washing & polishing floors,furniture and other objects, or bed making; helping with various kitchen work or in private households, cooking and serving meals; performing the tasks of hand-launderers and pressers. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9131 DOMESTIC HELPERS AND CLEANERS Workers in this unit group sweep, vacuum clean, wash and polish, take care of household linen, purchase household supplies, prepare food, serve meals and perform other domestic duties. Their tasks include: sweeping, vacuum cleaning, polishing and washing floors and furniture or washing windows and other fixtures; washing, ironing and mending linen and other textiles; washing dishes; preparing, cooking and serving meals and refreshments; purchasing food and various other household supplies; performing additional duties, such as answering telephone and doorbells and feeding pets. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Housemaid - Houseboy - Cleaner, domestic - Helper, kitchen - Dishwasher - Market aide - Gardener - Greenkeeper Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Cleaner, hotel 9132 - Housekeeper 5121 - Hand-launderer 9133 - Sweeper, street 9162 9132 HELPERS AND CLEANERS IN OFFICES, HOTELS AND OTHER ESTABLISHMENTS Workers in this unit group perform various cleaning tasks in order to keep clean and tidy the interiors and fixtures of hotels, offices, and other establishments aswell as of aircraft, trains, buses and similar vehicles. Their tasks include: sweeping or vacuum cleaning, washing and polishing floors, furniture and other fixtures in buildings, coaches, buses, trams, trains and aircraft; making beds, cleaning bathrooms, supplying towels, soap and related items; cleaning kitchens and generally helping with kitchen work including dish washing; cleaning windows; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC helping guests with baggage and running errand for them; cleaning and servicing guest rooms in hotels or other lodging establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Janitor/Janitress - Cleaner, aircraft - Cleaner, hotel - Cleaner, trains & buses - Cleaning crew, restaurants & food chains Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Caretaker, building 9141 - Cleaner, domestic 9131 - Housekeeper 5121 - Sweeper, street 9162 9133 HAND LAUNDERERS AND PRESSERS Workers in this unit group launder, press ordry-clean linen and other textiles by hand. Their tasks include: laundering and pressing linen, clothing, fabrics & similar articles by hand in a laundry or other establishments; cleaning by hand and with chemical solution, clothing, fabrics, leather goods, and similar articles in a dry cleaning place or other establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Drycleaner, hand - Launderer. hand - Presser, hand - Spotter (dry cleaner) Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine operator, dry-cleaning 8254 - Machine operator, pressing/laundry 8254 - Machine operator, washing laundry 8254 914 BUILDING CARETAKERS, WINDOW AND RELATED CLEANERS Workers in this minor group take care of apartment houses, hotels, offices, churches, and other buildings and maintain them in a clear and orderly condition. Tasks performed usually include looking after and participating in the cleaning, simple repair and main-tenance of apartment houses, hotels, offices, churches and other buildings; regulating conduct of tenants and other users of the buildings in such matters as noise abatement or misuse of property; providing small services to absent tenants such as accepting deliveries on their behalf or providing requested information to callers, cleaning windows, showcases and other glass surfaces of building. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9141 BUILDING CARETAKERS Workers in this unit group take care of apartment houses, hotels, offices, churches and other buildings and maintain them in a clean and orderly condition. Their tasks include: participating in cleaning, simple repairs and maintenance of building interiors; tending furnaces and boilers to ensure provision of heat and hot water; regulating conduct of tenants and visitors in such matters as noise abatement or mis use of property; providing small services to absent tenants such as accepting deliveries on their behalf or providing requested information to callers. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Caretaker, building/cleaning - Concierge, building - Sexton - Groundskeeper - Lighthouse keeper - Warehouse aide - Cottage caretaker - Dorm caretaker 9142 VEHICLE, WINDOW AND RELATED CLEANERS Workers in this unit group clean windows, showcases or other glass surfaces of buidings. Their tasks include: cleaning, washing and polishing cars and other vehicles by hand or machine; washing windows or other glass surfaces with water or various solutions, drying and polishing them. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Cleaner, window - Washer, vehicle/hand - Wiper Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 915 MESSENGERS, PORTERS, DOORKEEPERS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this minor group deliver messages orgoods, carry luggage, attend to parking places and watch private and public properties to prevent illegal entry, theft or fire, perform ushering duties, or collect vending machine money. Tasks performed usually include delivering messages, packages and other items within an establishment or between establishments, to households or other places;carrying luggage especially at hotels, stations or airports; doorkeeping or watching properties; performing ushering duties; stocking vending machines and collecting money from them or from parking meters and other coin boxes. 9151 MESSENGERS, PACKAGE AND LUGGAGE PORTERS AND DELIVERERS Workers in this unit group carry and deliver messages, packages and other items within an establish mentor between establishments, to households and elsewhere, or carry luggage especially at hotels, stations and airports. Their tasks include: delivering messages, packages and other items within an establishment or between establishments or elsewhere; performing the duties of a post-runner; delivering various goods to and from enterprises, shops, households and other places; carrying and delivering luggage at hotels, stations, airports and elsewhere. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Deliverer, newspaper - Messenger - Porter, luggage - Post runner - Baggage handler - Bell boy - Letter carrier - Deliveryman/crew Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Postman 4142 - Postwoman 4142 - Courier 4142 9152 DOORKEEPERS, WATCHPERSONS AND RELATED WORKERS Workers in this unit group undertake doorkeeping duties in apartment houses and other buildings, attend to parking places, watch houses and other properties to prevent illegal entry or theft and detect fire or other hazards, collect tickets or perform ushering duties. Their tasks include: doorkeeping in hotels and helping guests especially on their arrival and departure, with luggage, keys or information about directions, etc.; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC watching houses and other properties to prevent illegal entry or theft, fire or other hazards; ushering people into courtrooms, sporting places and similar establishments; collecting tickets in cinemas, theaters, circuses and related places; taking charge of cloakrooms or lavatories in public places; attending to parking places. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Collector, ticket - Doorkeeper - Golf caddie - Pin boy - Parking attendant - Recreation facilities attendant/aide Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Bodyguard 5169 - Concierge, building 9141 - Game-warden 5169 - Usherette 5113 916 GARBAGE COLLECTORS AND RELATED LABORERS Workers in this minor group collect garbage from buildings, yards, streets and other public places, or keep streets and other public places clean, or perform odd-jobs for private households or establishments. Tasks performed usually include collecting, loading and unloading garbage, sweeping streets, parks and other public places; unloading coal or wood and putting it into the cellars of households or establishments; chopping firewood; carrying water; beating dust out of carpets, and performing other odd-job tasks. 9161 GARBAGE COLLECTORS Workers in this unit group collect and remove garbage from buildings, yards, streets and other public places. Their tasks include: collecting garbage by putting it into bigger containers; collecting garbage and loading it onto a vehicle. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Collector, garbage - Dumper, garbage Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9162 SWEEPERS AND RELATED LABORERS Workers in this unit group sweep and clean streets, parks, airports, stations and other public places or perform odd jobs. Their tasks include: sweeping streets, parks, airports, stations and similar public places; unloading coal or wood and putting it into cellars of private households or establishments; chopping and stacking wood; carrying water; shovelling snow; beating dust out of carpets by using a carpet-beater. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Metro aide - Sweeper, park - Sweeper, street - Sweeper, market 92 AGRICULTURAL, FORESTRY, FISHERY AND RELATED LABORERS Workers in this sub-major group mainly perform simple and routine farming, forestry, fishing, hunting or trapping tasks requiring the use of simple hand-held tools and often considerable physical effort. Tasks performed usually include digging, shovelling, loading, unloading, stacking, raking, pitching, spreading manure or fertilizers, watering and weeding, picking fruit, vegetables and various plants, feeding animals, cleaning animal quarters and farm yards, cleaning under growth in forest stands; cleaning sea-bed and performing other simple tasks connected with aquatic cultivation, gathering seaweed, sea mosses, clams and other mullusca; digging holes, keeping watch and performing other simple tasks connected with hunting and trapping. 921 AGRICULTURAL, FORESTRY AND FISHERY LABORERS Workers in this minor group mainly perform simple and routine farming, forestry, fishing, hunting or trapping tasks requiring the use of simple hand-held tools and very often considerable physical effort. Tasks performed usually include digging, shovelling, loading, unloading, stacking, raking, pitching, spreading manure or fertilizers; watering and weeding, picking fruit, vegetables and various plants; feeding animals; cleaning animal quarters and farm yards, cleaning undergrowth in forest stands; cleaning sea-bed and performing other simple tasks connected with aquatic cultivation; gathering seaweed, sea mosses, clams, and other mollusca; digging holes, keeping watch and performing other simple tasks connected with hunting and trapping. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9211 FARMHANDS AND LABORERS Workers in this unit group help with farm work by performing a variety of simple farming tasks. Their tasks include: digging and shovelling to clear ditches or for other purposes; loading, unloading various crops and other materials; raking, pitching and stacking hay; feeding, watering, and cleaning animals and keeping their quarters clean; weeding and watering plants and trees; picking fruits, vegetables and various plants; helping with planting, harvesting and general farmwork. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, farm - Picker, fruit - Laborer, livestock - "Sakada" Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Worker, skilled/field crops 6111 - Worker, skilled/livestock 6121 9212 FORESTRY LABORERS Workers in this unit group help with work in natural forests or in forestry plantations by performing a varietyof simple forestry tasks. Their tasks include: digging holes for tree planting; stacking logs and timber; clearing undergrowth in forest stands. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Laborer, forestry - "Kaingeros" A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Worker, skilled 6141 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9213 FISHERY LABORERS AND HELPERS Workers in this unit group help with work connected with fish and seafood cultivation. Their tasks include: cleaning the sea-bed and feeding fish and mollusca that are being cultivated; gathering seaweed, sea mosses, clams and other mollusks. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Laborer, fishery - Pond Aide - Fishery caretaker - " Bantay Dagat" 9214 HUNTING AND TRAPPING LABORERS Workers in this unit group help with work connectedwith hunting and trapping. Their tasks include: digging pits and holes, setting traps, keeping watch and performing other simple tasks connected with hunting and trapping. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, hunting - Laborer, trapping Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Hunter 6150 - Trapper 6150 93 LABORERS IN MINING, CONSTRUCTION, MANUFACTURING AND TRANSPORT Workers in this sub-major group mainly perform simple and routine tasks in connection with mining, construction, manufacturing and transport, requiring the use of simple hand-held tools and very often considerable physical effort. Tasks performed usually include digging, shovelling, lifting, moving, carrying, cleaning, loading, unloading, cleaning disused workings in mines and quarries; spreadinggravel, carrying bricks and performing simple tasks in the constructionof roads, dams or buildings; working on demo-lition sites; carrying out simple tasks in manufacturing, including product sorting and simple hand assembling of components; where it is not necessary to follow strictly laid-down rules, packing by hand, freight handling, pedalling hand-guiding vehicles to transport passengersand goods. 931 MINING AND CONSTRUCTION LABORERS Workers in minor group perform simple and routine tasks connected with mining or construction, requiring the use of simple hand-held tools and very often considerable physical effort. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Tasks performed usually include: digging, shovelling, lifting, moving, carrying, clearing, loading and unloading; clearing disused workings in mines and quarries; digging out chalk, clay, gravel or sand from open pits; working on demolition sites, spreading gravel, carrying bricks or performing similar tasks in the construction of roads, dams, or buildings. 9311 MINING AND QUARRYING LABORERS Workers in this unit group perform simple and routine tasks in connection with mining and quarrying. Their tasks include: removing wood and steel supports from disused workings in mines and quarries; digging out chalk, clay, gravel or sand from open pits; clearing various obstruction as instructed. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, digging/ quarry - Laborer, mining - Panner, gold - Handler, pan Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Miner 7111 - Quarrier 7111 9312 CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE LABORERS:ROADS, DAMS AND SIMILAR CONSTRUCTIONS Workers in this unit group perform simple and routine tasks in connection with the building and maintenance of roads, dams and similar constructions. Their tasks include: digging and filling holes and trenches, spreading gravel and related materials and performing other tasks related to the building and maintenance of railway tracks & roads; carrying bricks and mortar to bricklayer or helping in other ways in the building of dams & similar constructions. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, construction - Laborer, maintenance - Road service worker 9313 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION LABORERS Workers in this unit group perform simple and routine tasks in connection with various aspects of building construction work. cleaning used building bricks and doing other simple workon demolition sites; Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC clearing various obstructions as instructed; carrying bricks and mortar to bricklayer on construction site. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, construction building - Laborer, demolition Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Bricklayer, construction 7122 - Builder, traditional materials 7121 - Demolition worker 7129 932 MANUFACTURING LABORERS Workers in this minor group perform simple and routine tasks connected with manufacturing which require the use of simple hand-held tools and very often considerable physical effort, or they undertake product-sorting and simple hand-assembling of components. Tasks performed usually include: simple hand-assembling of components; lifting, carrying, loading, unloading, or washing raw materials or products in manufacturing establishments; packing by hand. 9321 ASSEMBLING LABORERS Workers in this unit group undertake product sorting or simple hand-assembling of components. Their tasks include: carrying out manual sorting of products or components; carrying out simple assembling of components. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Bottle sorter - Laborer, assembling - Sorter, newspaper & other paper products Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Assembler electrical/ equipment 8282 - Assembler electronic / equipment 8283 - Assembler, leather goods 8286 - Assembler rubber goods 8284 9322 HAND PACKERS AND OTHER MANUFACTURING LABORERS Workers in this unit group pack materials or products by hand and perform avariety of simple routine tasks connected with manufacturing. Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC Their tasks include: packing materials or products by hand in boxes, bags, cartons, crates, kegs and other containers for shipment or storage; moving, lifting, carrying, loading, unloading or washing raw materials or products in various manufacturing industries or repair and maintenance of establishments. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Laborer, manufacturing - Packer, hand - Food packer Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Machine-operator, labeling 8290 - Machine - operator, packing 8290 933 TRANSPORT LABORERS AND FREIGHT HANDLERS Workers in this minor group propel cycles and similar vehicles, drive animal-drawn vehicles, farm or other machinery, and carry out freight handling by hand. Tasks performed usually include propelling cycles and similar vehicles or driving animal-drawn vehicles to transport passengers and goods; driving animal-drawn machinery; freight handling. 9331 HAND OR PEDAL VEHICLE DRIVERS Workers in this unit group propel cycles and similar vehicles to transport passengers or goods. Their tasks include: loading or unloading goods, or assisting passengers ing etting on or off a vehicle; moving vehicle in the desired direction with due regard to other traffic and traffic regulations; making minor repairs and keeping vehicle in good order; collecting fares or charges. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, pedal vehicle - Pusher, cart A related occupation classified elsewhere is: - Driver, motorcycle 8321 - Driver, tricycle 8321 Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC 9332 DRIVERS OF ANIMAL-DRAWN VEHICLES AND MACHINERY Workers in this unit group transport passengers or goods as well as animal-drawn machinery usually in connection with farming. Their tasks include: harnessing animals and hitching them to vehicles or machinery; loading or unloading goods or assisting passengers in getting on or off a vehicle; driving animals in a desired direction with due regard to other traffic and traffic regulations; collecting fares or charges; driving animals to haul wagons in mines or quarries; driving animals hitched to farm or other machinery; making minor repairs and keeping vehicles in good order. Examples of the occupations classified here are: - Driver, animal-drawn vehicle/road - Driver, animal train Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Driver, car 8322 - Driver, locomotive 8311 9333 FREIGHT HANDLERS Workers in this unit group carry out tasks such as packing, carrying, loading and unloading furniture and other household items or loading and unloading ship and aircraft cargoes and other freight, or carrying and stacking goods in various warehouses. Their tasks include: packing office or household furniture, machines, appliances and related goods to be transported from one place to another; carrying goods to be loaded on or unloaded from vans, trucks, wagons, ships,or aircraft; loading or unloading grain, coal, sand and similar goodsby placing them on conveyor-belts, pipes, etc; connecting hoses between main shore installation pipes and tanks of barges,tankers and other ships to load and unload petroleum, liquified gases and other liquids; carrying and stacking goods in warehouses and similar establishments. Example of the occupations classified here is: - Handler, freight - Stevedore Updates to the Occupational Titles and Definitions 1992 PSOC - Boat loader - Docker - Railway & road vehicle loader - Warehouse porter Some related occupations classified elsewhere are: - Operator, crane 8333 - Operator, lifting, truck 8334